This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.
Data for Northern Ireland are available separately.
Updated this month
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period May to July 2012.
Claimant Count for August 2012.
Workforce Jobs estimates for June 2012.
Also in this release
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period April 2011 to March 2012.
The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to July 2012 compared to the 3 months to April 2012, showed a few large increases for the regions of the UK, although most movements were small, reflecting the normal sampling volatility of the survey estimates.
The largest increases were for the South West, which increased 1.4 percentage points, London, which increased 1.3 percentage points and the North West, which increased by 1.0 percentage points. For both the North West and South West, these increases appear to be partially driven by low estimates for the three months ending in April 2012.
However, in both cases the recent pattern of estimates suggests that these increases could be part of general increase in employment rates. For London, the increase appears to be part of a pattern of increasing employment rates.
Employment rates remain higher in the East of England, South West and South East than the rest of the UK at 75.0 per cent, 74.8 per cent and 74.7 per cent respectively.
The employment levels for London, at 3.856 million, and East of England, at 2.910 million, are both record highs since current regional figures started in 1992. However, due to increasing population levels, the employment rates are still below the highest on record.
The increase in the employment level and rate for the South West are the highest since current regional figures started in 1992.
Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time.
None of the changes in unemployment rates this month are particularly large. However the decreases in the North East, London and the South West appear to be part of a pattern of decreasing unemployment rates in those regions.
The increase in the unemployment rate for Yorkshire and The Humber appears to mainly be due to an unusually low estimate for the three months ending in April 2012.
The unemployment rate for the North East, at 10.4 per cent, continues to be the highest in the UK, followed by Yorkshire and The Humber, with an unemployment rate of 10.0 per cent.
The historic patterns of economic inactivity rates for each of the regions of the UK have been relatively stable. However for three of the regions, Wales, the North West and Yorkshire and The Humber, the figures for the three months ending in July 2012 are the lowest since current regional figures started in 1992.
Changes in the conditions for claiming Lone Parent Income Support are likely to have affected the Claimant Count across the UK, resulting in more females entering the count than would have been the case without the changes. The impact has been that for most regions of the UK there have been small increases or decreases in the Claimant Count for women, with larger decreases in the Claimant Count for men.
The exception is Northern Ireland, where the impact has been a small increase in the count for women and no change in the count for men. The net effect has generally been small decreases, where the male decrease has outweighed any increase in the female count.
The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 71.2 per cent for the period May to July 2012.
The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the East of England at 75.0 per cent, followed by the South West at 74.8 per cent and the South East at 74.7 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 66.9 per cent, followed by Wales at 68.6 per cent and London at 69.2 per cent.
The regions with the largest increase in the employment rate on the previous period (February to April 2012) was the South West with an increase of 1.4 percentage point followed by London with an increase of 1.3 percentage points, the North West with an increase of 1.0 percentage points. The East Midlands had the largest decrease of 0.3 percentage points. The UK rate increased by 0.5 percentage points.
Over the year the regions with the largest change in the employment rate was the South West and the West Midlands with an increase of 1.9 percentage points. This was followed by the North West and London with an increase of 1.2 percentage points. The East Midlands had the largest decrease at 0.2 percentage points.
The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over for the UK was 8.1 per cent for the period May to July 2012.
The region with the highest rate was the North East at 10.4 per cent followed by Yorkshire and The Humber at 10.0 per cent and the North West at 9.0 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the South West at 5.7 per cent, followed by the South East at 6.3 per cent and the East of England at 6.5 per cent.
The region with the largest decrease in the unemployment rate on the previous period (February to April 2012) was the North East at 0.8 percentage points followed by London which decreased by 0.7 percentage points. The unemployment rate in Yorkshire and The Humber increased by 0.7 percentage points followed by West Midlands which increased by 0.5 percentage points. The UK rate decreased by 0.1 percentage points.
Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were the South West with a decrease of 1.0 percentage points, London with a decrease of 0.9 percentage points and Yorkshire and The Humber with an increase of 0.9 percentage points.
An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.
Workforce Jobs increased in 5 of the 11 regions of Great Britain between March 2012 and June 2012 with a decrease in 5 of the remaining 6 regions – East of England was unchanged. The largest increase of 67,000 was in North West, whilst the largest decrease of 28,000 was in the North East.
The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 13.7 per cent whilst London had the lowest proportion at 3.2 per cent. For the service sector the situation is reversed with London having the highest proportion at 91.6 per cent and the East Midlands the lowest at 77.4 per cent.
The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 4.8 per cent in August 2012 unchanged from July.
The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.7 per cent, unchanged from the previous month. The next highest rates were in Yorkshire and The Humber at 6.3 per cent and the West Midlands at 6.0 per cent.
The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 3.1 per cent. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 3.3 per cent and the East of England at 3.9 per cent.
For the period April 2011 to March 2012 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was Ribble Valley in Lancashire at 85.9 per cent. The next highest was Suffolk Coastal at 84.2 per cent and Melton in Leicestershire at 82.6 per cent. The lowest rates were Middlesbrough at 56.2 per cent, followed by Birmingham at 57.0 per cent and the London Borough of Newham at 57.1 per cent.
For the period April 2011 to March 2012 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Middlesbrough at 15.6 per cent. The next highest was Kingston upon Hull at 15.5 per cent and Hartlepool at 15.4 per cent. The lowest rate was in the Shetland Islands at 3.4 per cent followed by Ribble Valley at 3.6 per cent and South Hams in Devon, Mid Sussex, Eden and South Lakeland in Cumbria at 3.7 per cent.
In August 2012 the local authority with the lowest claimant count proportion in Great Britain was the Isles of Scilly at 0.4 per cent. This was followed by the City of London at 1.1 per cent and Hart in Hampshire and West Dorset at 1.2 per cent. Eleven local authorities had a proportion of 1.3 per cent. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 8.2 per cent and followed by Wolverhampton at 8.1 per cent and Middlesbrough at 8.0 per cent. A further five local authorities had a proportion of 7.0 per cent or more.
An interactive version of this map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available. This map also shows claimant count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.
In 2010 the highest jobs density in Great Britain was the City of London at 40.37 and the lowest was East Renfrewshire at 0.38. Westminster (3.33), Camden (1.72) and Islington (1.34), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs density outside London was Crawley at 1.26. After East Renfrewshire, the lowest jobs density was Lewisham in London at 0.39, followed by East Dunbartonshire at 0.40.
This Month’s Bulletin
The population estimates used in Table LI03 have been updated this month to reflect ONS latest mid-year population estimates published in 2011.
Next Month’s Bulletin
Local labour marker indicators: Tables 12 to 15, the local labour market indicators tables, will be updated in next month’s bulletin with employment and economic inactivity data from the July 2011 to June 2012 Annual Population Survey; unemployment from the APS (tables 13 to 15); model based estimates of unemployment for local authorities (table 12); and claimant count levels and proportions for July 2011 to June 2012.
ONS has recently published commentary, analysis and policy on 'Special Events' which may affect statistical outputs. For full details go to the Special Events page on the ONS website.
The Olympics took place from 27 July to 12 August 2012 (with a few events starting on 25 July). The Paralympics took place from 29 August to 9 September 2012. For most economic statistics, any direct effect of the Olympics will be mainly seen in the August estimates. Some July estimates may also be affected, particularly:
Canges to travel patterns.
Aitional short-term employment connected with the Olympics.
Iclusion of a proportion of ticket receipts in output and overseas trade.
Wider effects, for example if the presence of the Olympics has influenced the number of non-Olympics tourist visits, may affect any of the summer months.
This commentary is intended to help users to interpret the statistics in the light of events. As explained in ONS’s Special Events policy, it is not possible to make an estimate of the effect of the Olympics and Paralympics on particular series only on the basis of information collected in those series. More details of how certain series are affected are in an Information Note. An article explaining how various elements are reflected in the National Accounts was published in July 2012.
One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (56 Kb Excel sheet) available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (i.e. 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).
Further information on the Quality of and Methods for Work Force Jobs estimates can be found in this Summary Quality Report (295.4 Kb Pdf) .
Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of ‘errors’ in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical ‘error’ but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.
Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (56 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent ‘95 per cent confidence intervals’. It is expected that in 95 per cent of samples the range would contain the true value.
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: email@example.com
The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.
Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:
Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.
|Bob Watson||+44 (0)1633 455070||Regional and Local Data/Claimant Countfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Nick Palmer||+44 (0)1633 455839||Regional and National Labour Force Surveyemail@example.com|
|Emily Carless||+44 (0)1633 455717||Workforce Jobsfirstname.lastname@example.org|