This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period May to July 2011.
Claimant Count for August 2011.
Workforce Jobs estimates for June 2011.
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period January 2010 to December 2010.
The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to July 2011 showed few large movements for the regions of the UK, with most movements reflecting the normal sampling volatility of the survey estimates.
The only notable increase was for Scotland, which increased by 0.7 percentage points, however this increase was partially caused by a particularly low estimate three months ago. The underlying pattern shows a much gentler rate of increase. Likewise, the two largest decreases of 1.0 percentage points for Wales and 0.7 percentage points for the West Midlands are influenced by unusually high estimates three months ago. However, the decrease for the West Midlands is part of a longer term pattern which has shown a significant decrease in the employment rate since the same period last year.
Meanwhile, smaller decreases in London, the South East and South West are consistent with an ongoing pattern of slow decline in the employment rate in those regions.
Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time. In particular, the 1.3 percentage point increase for the North East is partially due to recent volatility in the estimates, with the underlying pattern suggesting a much gentler rate of increase. However, it is notable that the estimated rate of 10.7 per cent for the North East is the highest unemployment rate for any region since 1997.
Meanwhile, despite the volatility of unemployment rates, it is also notable that Scotland is the only region which showed an estimated decrease of 0.2 percentage points in the unemployment rate.
The number of claimants of Jobseeker’s Allowance (the claimant count) shows increases for all regions of the UK between July and August 2011. All regions have shown an increase in the count for women and most regions have shown an increase in the count for men, with only the East of England and Northern Ireland being unchanged for men. Overall, these two regions had much lower percentage increases in the number of claimants than any of the other regions.
The claimant counts for the North East, London, Scotland and Northern Ireland are all higher than they were at their recession peaks. The rate of 7.1 per cent for the North East is the highest of any region since 1999.
The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 70.5 per cent for the period May to July 2011.
The region with the highest rate was the East of England, at 74.7 per cent, followed by the South East at 74.5 per cent and the South West at 73.0 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 65.9 per cent, followed by the West Midlands at 67.5 and Wales at 67.7 per cent.
The region with the largest change in the employment rate on the previous period (February to April 2011) was Wales with a decrease of 1.0 percentage point, followed by Scotland with an increase of 0.7 percentage points and the West Midlands with a decrease of 0.7 percentage points. The UK rate decreased 0.2 percentage points.
Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the employment rate were the West Midlands and the North East both with decreases of 2.1 percentage points. The South West decreased by 1.2 percentage points and the East of England increased 1.1 percentage points.
The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over was 7.9 per cent for the period May to July 2011.
The region with the highest rate was the North East at 10.7 per cent followed by London at 9.6 per cent and Yorkshire and The Humber and the West Midlands both at 9.1 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 5.8 per cent, followed by the East of England at 6.3 per cent and the South West at 6.6 per cent.
The region with the largest increase in the unemployment rate on the previous period (February to April 2011) was the North East at 1.3 percentage points followed by Wales and London both at 0.6 percentage points. Scotland was the only region to show a decrease in the rate down 0.2 percentage points. The UK rate increased by 0.3 percentage points.
Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were the North East with an increase of 1.5 percentage points and Scotland with a decrease of 1.2 percentage points.
An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.
Workforce Jobs increased in 5 of the 11 regions of Great Britain between March 2011 and June 2011 with a decrease in the remaining 6 regions. The largest increase of 50,000 was seen in London, whilst the largest decrease of 70,000 was seen in the South West.
The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 14.8 per cent whilst London had the lowest proportion at 3.0 per cent. For the service sector the situation is reversed with London having the highest proportion at 91.5 per cent and the East Midlands the lowest at 76.1 per cent.
The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 4.9 per cent in August 2011 up 0.1 percentage points from July.
The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.1 per cent which was an increase of 0.1 percentage points on the previous month. The next highest rates were in the West Midlands at 6.3 per cent and Yorkshire and The Humber at 6.1 per cent.
The regions with the lowest rate were the South East and the South West both at 3.2 per cent and both unchanged on the previous month. The next lowest rates were seen in the East of England at 3.9 per cent and London at 4.8 per cent.
For the period January 2010 to December 2010 the employment rate was highest in West Somerset at 87.0 per cent. The next highest was the Shetland Islands at 85.6 per cent and Test Valley in Hampshire at 82.4 per cent. The lowest rates were the City of London at 46.2 per cent, followed by Nottingham at 54.9 per cent and the London borough of Newham at 55.3 per cent.
For the period January 2010 to December 2010 the unemployment rate was highest in Middlesbrough at 14.3 per cent. The next highest was Nottingham at 13.9 per cent and Kingston upon Hull at 13.5 per cent. The lowest rates were in Ribble Valley in Lancashire at 3.3 per cent, followed by the Orkney Islands at 3.4 per cent and South Lakeland in Cumbria at 3.5 per cent.
In August 2011 the local authority with the lowest claimant count proportion in Great Britain was the Isles of Scilly at 0.2 per cent. This was followed by the City of London at 0.6 per cent and the Shetland Islands at 1.2 per cent. Ten local authorities had a rate of 1.3 per cent. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 7.9 per cent followed by Wolverhampton at 7.8 per cent and Birmingham at 7.6 per cent.
An interactive map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available at: http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/HTMLDocs/dvc6/jsamap.html
In 2009 the highest and lowest jobs densities in Great Britain were both in London. The highest was the City of London at 38.05 and the lowest was Lewisham at 0.40. Westminster (3.35), Camden (1.77) and Islington (1.42), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs densities outside London were Watford and Aberdeen City both at 1.27. After Lewisham, the lowest jobs density was East Renfrewshire in Scotland at 0.41, followed by East Dunbartonshire and Barking and Dagenham both at 0.42.
LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity); Employment and Workforce Jobs estimates; Claimant Count; and Economic Activity and Inactivity estimates for each region are available in the following Tables 1 to 11:
Tables 1 to 11 - North East (1.6 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - North West (1.35 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - Yorkshire and The Humber (1.77 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - East Midlands (1.93 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - West Midlands (1.73 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - East of England (1.67 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - London (1.36 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - South East (1.34 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - South West (1.34 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - Wales (1.54 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - Scotland (1.74 Mb Excel sheet)
The following tables contain local labour market indicators for all regions:
Table 12 – Local labour market indicators by Unitary and Local Authority (253.5 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 13 – Local labour market indicators by Parliamentary Constituenc (310 Kb Excel sheet) y
Table 13(2) - Local labour market indicators by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (111 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 14 – Local labour market indicators by Travel-to-Work Area (172 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 15 – Local labour market indicators by NUTS3 area (139 Kb Excel sheet)
The following tables contain local claimant count data for all regions:
Table 16 – Claimant Count by Unitary and Local Authority (267 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 17 – Claimant Count by Parliamentary Constituency (613.5 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 17(2) – Claimant Count by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (117.5 Kb Excel sheet)
Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (35 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent ‘95 per cent confidence intervals’. It is expected that in 95 percent of samples the range would contain the true value.
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