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Statistical bulletin: Regional Labour Market Statistics, May 2013 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 15 May 2013 Download PDF

Key points

  • Employment rate highest in the East of England (74.7%) and lowest in the North East (66.6%).
  • Unemployment rate highest in the North East (9.8%) and lowest in the South West (6.1%).
  • Inactivity rate highest in the North East (26.0%) and lowest in the East of England (19.8%).
  • Claimant Count rate highest in the North East (7.3%) and lowest in the South East (2.8%)

In this bulletin:

This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.
Data for Northern Ireland are available separately.
 
Updated this month
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period January to March 2013.
Claimant Count for April 2013.

Also in this release
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period January 2012 to December 2012.
Workforce Jobs estimates for December 2012

Overview of regional labour market statistics published 15 May 2013

The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to March 2013 compared to the three months to December 2012, showed a few large changes.

The largest increase was for Scotland which increased by 1.1 percentage points. Although this increase is quite large it is partially a result of some unusually low employment rate estimates during the autumn. It is unclear whether this is the start of a pattern of rises, with the general picture for Scotland being relatively flat for the last few years.

The next largest increase was for Wales which increased by 0.8 percentage points. However the general picture of employment rate in Wales over the last year suggests an ongoing slower increase.

Meanwhile the largest decrease was for the North East which decreased by 1.1 percentage points. The decreases since late last year may indicate the start of a period of decreases from a peak employment rate, following a period of increases for the North East over the previous year.

The next largest decrease was for the West Midlands which decreased by 1.0 percentage points following a general pattern of increases. This suggests that the growth in employment in this region over the last year is not as strong as previous figures had indicated.

Employment rates remain higher in the East of England at 74.7%, and the South East and South West at 74.6%, than the rest of the UK.

The employment levels for Yorkshire and The Humber and London are at record highs, although the rates remain below record levels due to increasing population numbers.

Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time.

None of the changes in the unemployment rates for the three months to March 2013 compared to the three months to December 2012 were particularly large, with no particularly strong patterns of change in unemployment rates over recent periods.

The rate for the North East is the highest in the UK at 9.8%.

Employment

The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 71.4% for the period January to March 2013.

The regions with the highest rate were the East of England at 74.7%, with the South East and the South West both at 74.6%. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 66.6%, followed by the North West at 69.3% and Wales at 69.5%.

The regions with the largest increase in the employment rate on the previous period (October 2012 to December 2012) were Scotland with an increase of 1.1 percentage points followed by Wales with an increase of 0.8. The region with the largest decrease in the employment rate was the North East with a decrease of 1.1 percentage points followed by the West Midlands and the East Midlands with a decrease of 1.0 and 0.7 percentage points respectively. The UK rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points.

Figure 1: Employment Rates, January to March 2013, Seasonally Adjusted

Figure 1: Employment Rates, January to March 2013, Seasonally Adjusted
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Over the year the regions with the largest change in the employment rate were London with an increase of 3.1 percentage points, followed by Yorkshire and The Humber at 1.5 percentage points and the South West and Wales at 1.4 percentage points. The region with the largest decrease in the employment rate was the East Midlands with a decrease of 1.4 percentage points.

 

Unemployment

The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over for the UK was 7.8% for the period January to March 2013.

The region with the highest rate was the North East at 9.8% followed by the West Midlands at 9.2% and Yorkshire and The Humber at 9.0%. The region with the lowest rate was the South West at 6.1%, followed by the South East at 6.6% and the East of England at 6.8%.

The regions with the largest decrease in the unemployment rate on the previous period (October 2012 to December 2012) were the North West and Wales both at 0.5 percentage points followed by Scotland which decreased by 0.4 percentage points.  The unemployment rate in the South West and the West Midlands both increased by 0.6 percentage points. The UK rate increased by 0.1 percentage points.

Figure 2: Unemployment Rates, January to March 2013, Seasonally Adjusted

Figure 2: Unemployment Rates, January to March 2013, Seasonally Adjusted
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were the North West and the North East both with a decrease of 1.5 percentage points and London with a decrease of 1.3 percentage points.

 An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.

Workforce Jobs

Workforce Jobs increased in 7 of the 11 regions of Great Britain between September 2012 and December 2012 with a decrease in other 4 remaining regions. The largest increase of 27,000 was in London, whilst the largest decrease of 31,000 was in the South East.

The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 13.4% whilst London had the lowest proportion at 2.9%. For the service sector London has the highest proportion at 92.3% whilst Wales has the lowest at proportion at 78.6%. 

Figure 3: Workforce Jobs by broad industry group, December 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Figure 3: Workforce Jobs by broad industry group, December 2012, Seasonally Adjusted
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Jobseeker’s Allowance

The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 4.5% in April 2013, unchanged from March, although the level was down 7,300.

The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.3%, down 0.1 percentage points from the previous month. The next highest rates were in Yorkshire and The Humber at 6.0% and the West Midlands at 5.6%.

The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 2.8%. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 2.9% and the East of England at 3.7%.

Figure 4: Claimant Count Rates, April 2013, Seasonally Adjusted

Figure 4: Claimant Count Rates, April 2013, Seasonally Adjusted
Source: Work and Pensions

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Local Authority Labour Market Indicators

For the period January 2012 to December 2012 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was South Norfolk at 86.4%. The next highest was South Bucks in Buckinghamshire at 85.0% and Corby in Northamptonshire at 84.6%. The lowest rates were Birmingham at 57.0%, followed by Middlesbrough 58.8% and Blaenau Gwent at 59.0%.

For the period January 2012 to December 2012 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Kingston upon Hull at 15.6%. The next highest was Middlesbrough at 15.4% and Blaenau Gwent 14.5%. The lowest rate was in West Dorset and Eden at 3.2% followed by South Lakeland in Cumbria at 3.3%.
 
In April 2013 the local authority with the lowest proportion of the population aged from 16 to 64 years claiming Jobseekers Allowance in Great Britain were the Isles of Scilly at 0.7% followed by Mid Sussex at 1.0% and Hart in Hampshire at 1.1%. These were followed by seven areas all at 1.2% and a further 75 areas with a proportion of less than 2%. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 8.6%, followed by Middlesbrough at 8.1%. These were followed by six local authorities with a proportion of 7.0% or more and a further thirteen local authorities with a proportion of 6.0% or more.

An interactive version of this map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available. This map also shows claimant count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.

In 2011 the highest jobs density in Great Britain was the City of London at 74.76 and the lowest was Lewisham at 0.39. Westminster (4.15), Camden (2.02) and Tower Hamlets (1.32), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs density outside London was Watford at 1.23. After Lewisham, the lowest jobs density was Waltham Forest at 0.40, followed by Newham, East Renfrewshire and East Dunbartonshire all at 0.41.

Index of Tables

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity):

Headline Indicators for All Regions (HI00) (6.92 Mb Excel sheet)

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity); Employment and Workforce Jobs estimates; Claimant Count; and Economic Activity and Inactivity estimates for each region are available in the following Tables:

Headline Indicators for North East (HI01) (2.13 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for North West (HI02) (1.88 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Yorkshire and The Humber (HI03) (2.32 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for East Midlands (HI04) (2.47 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for West Midlands (HI05) (2.3 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for East of England (HI06) (2.23 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for London (HI07) (1.91 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for South East (HI08) (1.89 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for South West (HI09) (1.88 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Wales (HI10) (2.16 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Scotland (HI11) (2.3 Mb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local labour market indicators for all regions:

Local Indicators for Unitary and Local Authorities (LI01) (250.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for Parliamentary Constituencies (LI02) (315.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (LI02.1) (115 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for Travel-to-Work Areas (LI03) (181 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for NUTS3 areas (LI04) (145 Kb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local claimant count data for all regions:

Claimant Count by Unitary and Local Authority (JSA01) (259.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Claimant Count by Parliamentary Constituency (JSA02) (619.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Claimant Count by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (JSA02.1) (120.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Other tables:

Summary of Headline Indicators (S01) (72.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Sampling Variability and Revisions Summary (S02) (41.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Claimant Count Denominators (S03) (96 Kb Excel sheet)

Model Based Estimates of Unemployment (M01) (1.81 Mb Excel sheet)

Background notes

  1. This Month’s Bulletin
    There are no significant changes in this month’s bulletin.

  2. Next Month’s Bulletin
    There are no significant changes in next month’s bulletin.

  3. Quality Issues
    One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (i.e. 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).

    Further information on the Quality of and Methods for Work Force Jobs estimates can be found in Summary Quality Report (295.4 Kb Pdf) .

  4. Other Quality information
    Quality and Methodology Information papers for labour market statistics are available on the website. Further information about the Labour Force Survey (LFS) is available from:
    • the LFS User Guide, and
    • LFS Performance and Quality Monitoring Reports.

  5. Sampling Variability
    Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of ‘errors’ in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical ‘error’ but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.

    Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent ‘95 % confidence intervals’. It is expected that in 95 % of samples the range would contain the true value.

  6. Special Events
    ONS has published commentary, analysis and policy on 'Special Events' which may affect statistical outputs. For full details go to the Special Events  page on the ONS website.

  7. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Bob Watson +44 (0)1633 455070 Regional and Local Data/Claimant Count bob.watson@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Nick Palmer +44 (0)1633 455839 Regional and National Labour Force Survey nicholas.palmer@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Emily Carless +44 (0)1633 455717 Workforce Jobs emily.carless@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
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