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Statistical bulletin: Regional Labour Market Statistics, February 2012 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 15 February 2012 Download PDF

Key points

  • Employment rate highest in the East of England (74.6 per cent) and lowest in the North East (66.2 per cent).
  • Unemployment rate highest in the North East (11.2 per cent) and lowest in the South West (6.1 per cent).
  • Inactivity rate highest in the North East (25.3 per cent) and lowest in the East of England (19.6 per cent).
  • Claimant Count rate highest in the North East (7.4 per cent) and lowest in the South East (3.2 per cent).

In this bulletin:

This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.
 
Data for Northern Ireland is available separately.

Updated this month
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period October 2011 to December 2011.
Claimant Count for January 2012.

Also in this release
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period July 2010 to June 2011.
Workforce Jobs estimates for September 2011.

Overview of regional labour market statistics published on 15 February 2012

The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to December 2011 showed a few large movements for the regions of the UK, with most movements reflecting the normal sampling volatility of the survey estimates.

The only notable increase was for the North East, which increased by 1.2 percentage points, however, this increase was partially caused by a low estimate three months ago. The underlying pattern remains relatively stable. Small increases were seen in most other regions

The largest decreases were in the East Midlands at 0.6, and London and Scotland, both 0.4 percentage points. These decreases are consistent with an ongoing pattern of slow decline in the employment rate in these regions.

Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time. There was an increase of 0.7 percentage points in the North West continuing its recent trend. However, the 0.6 percentage point increase in Scotland, while partially due to recent volatility in the estimates, is part of an underlying pattern suggesting a gradual rate of increase.

The number of claimants of Jobseeker's Allowance (the claimant count) shows increases for most regions of the UK between December 2011 and January 2012. Small decreases were seen in Scotland and the South East with a slightly larger decrease in London of 900. The rate was unchanged for the UK. The North East, Yorkshire and The Humber, the East Midlands and Wales all sowing and increase in the rate of 0.1 percentage point.

The claimant counts for the North East, Yorkshire and The Humber, London, Scotland and Northern Ireland are all higher than they were at their recession peaks.

Employment

The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 70.3 per cent for the period October 2011 to December 2011.

The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the East of England, at 74.6 per cent, followed by the South East at 74.2 per cent and the South West at 74.0 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 66.2 per cent, followed by London at 67.5 and Yorkshire and The Humber at 67.9 per cent.

The regions with the largest change in the employment rate on the previous period (July 2011 to September 2011) was the North East an increase of 1.2 percentage points Followed by Wales with an increase of 0.8 percentage points and the East Midlands with a decrease of 0.6 percentage points. The UK rate increased 0.1 percentage points.

Over the year the region with the largest change in the employment rate was London with a decrease of 1.3 percentage points. This was followed by Wales with an increase of 0.8 percentage points and the South East with a decrease of 0.8 percentage points.

Employment Rates, October 2011 to December 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Employment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Unemployment

The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over was 8.4 per cent for the period October 2011 to December 2011.

The region with the highest rate was the North East at 11.2 per cent followed by London at 10.0 per cent and Yorkshire and The Humber at 9.9 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the South West at 6.1 per cent, followed by the South East at 6.3 per cent and the East of England at 7.0 per cent.

The region with the largest increase in the unemployment rate on the previous period (July 2011 to September 2011) was the North West at 0.7 percentage points followed by Scotland at 0.6 percentage points and the West Midlands and London both at 0.4 percentage points. The unemployment rate in the South West decreased by 0.5 percentage points, with decreases also seen in Yorkshire and The Humber, the North East and Wales. The UK rate increased by 0.1 percentage point.

Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were the North West with an increase of 1.6 percentage points, the North East and London both with an increase of 1.1 percentage points.

Unemployment Rates, October 2011 to December 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.

Workforce Jobs

Workforce Jobs increased in seven of the eleven regions of Great Britain between June 2011 and September 2011 with a decrease in three of the remaining four regions - Wales was unchanged. The largest increase of 101,000 was seen in London, whilst the largest decrease of 19,000 was seen in the South West.

The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 15.4 per cent whilst London had the lowest proportion at 2.8 per cent. For the service sector the situation is reversed with London having the highest proportion at 91.5 per cent and the East Midlands the lowest at 75.6 per cent.

Workforce Jobs by broad industry group, September 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Workforce Jobs by broad industry group
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Jobseeker's Allowance

The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 5.0 per cent in January 2012 unchanged from December 2011.

The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.4 per cent, up 0.1 percentage point on the previous month. The next highest rates were in the West Midlands and Yorkshire and The Humber, both at 6.3 per cent.

The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 3.2 per cent. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 3.4 per cent and the East of England at 4.0 per cent.

Claimant Count Rates, January 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Claimant Count Rates
Source: Work and Pensions

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Local authority labour market indicators

For the period July 2010 to June 2011 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was the Shetland Islands at 85.1 per cent. The next highest was East Northamptonshire at 82.8 per cent and Wychavon in Worcestershire at 82.7 per cent. The lowest rates were the City of London at 40.3 per cent, followed by the London borough of Newham at 54.5 per cent and Nottingham at 55.5 per cent and.

For the period July 2010 to June 2011 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Middlesbrough at 15.1 per cent. The next highest was the London borough of Newham at 14.7 per cent and Kingston upon Hull at 14.2 per cent. The lowest rates were in South Lakeland in Cumbria and the Shetland Islands, both at 3.5 per cent, followed by Ribble Valley at 3.6 per cent.

In January 2012 the local authority with the lowest claimant count proportion in Great Britain was the Isles of Scilly at 0.6 per cent. This was followed by the City of London at 1.2 per cent and Hart in Hampshire at 1.3 per cent. Seven local authorities had a proportion of 1.4 per cent. It was highest in Kingston-upon-Hull at 8.6 per cent, followed by Middlesbrough and Hartlepool, both at 8.0 per cent. A further 11 local authorities had a proportion of 7.0 per cent or more.

Claimant Count Map

Claimant Count Interactive Map
Source: Work and Pensions

An interactive version of this map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available. This map also shows claimant count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.

Index of tables

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity):

Table 1 for All Regions (2.58 Mb ZIP)

(2.58 Mb ZIP)  

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity); Employment and Workforce Jobs estimates; Claimant Count; and Economic Activity and Inactivity estimates for each region are available in the following tables:

Tables 1 to 11 - North East (1.97 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - North West (1.72 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - Yorkshire and The Humber (2.14 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - East Midlands (2.31 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - West Midlands (2.1 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - East of England (2.05 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - London (1.73 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - South East (1.71 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - South West (1.71 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - Wales (1.99 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - Scotland (2.12 Mb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local labour market indicators for all regions:

Table 12 – Local labour market indicators by Unitary and Local Authority (258 Kb Excel sheet) Table 13 – Local labour market indicators by Parliamentary Constituency (314 Kb Excel sheet) Table 13(2) - Local labour market indicators by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (114 Kb Excel sheet) Table 14 – Local labour market indicators by Travel-to-Work Area (175.5 Kb Excel sheet) Table 15 – Local labour market indicators by NUTS3 area (143.5 Kb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local claimant count data for all regions:

Table 16 – Claimant Count by Unitary and Local Authority (267.5 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 17 – Claimant Count by Parliamentary Constituency (617.5 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 17(2) – Claimant Count by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (120 Kb Excel sheet)

Regional Summary of Labour Market headline indicators Regional Sampling Variability and Revisions of Labour Market indicators (41.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Background notes

  1. This Month's Bulletin

    There are no significant changes in for this month's bulletin.

  2. Next Month's Bulletin

    Workforce Jobs: In next month’s Statistical Bulletin there will be revisions to estimates of workforce jobs. The most significant revisions will be caused by benchmarking to the latest estimates from the annual Business Register and Employment Survey (BRES). The revisions resulting from the benchmarking to BRES will go back to 2006. There will be further revisions to workforce jobs estimates going back to 1978 resulting from:

    • an improved methodology for estimating the industrial breakdown of jobs according to the latest internationally agreed classification (Standard Industrial Classification 2007)

    • a review of the seasonal adjustment process

    • the implementation of a number of methodological improvements, for example using ONS's Short-Term Employment Surveys for estimates of jobs in the construction sector in place of the Labour Force Survey.

    ONS plans to publish an article on the website to explain these developments in full. In addition, workforce Jobs estimates by region and industry will be revised to take account of a new methodology designed to reduce the volatility of estimates at this level. Further details about this planned change can be found on the website.

  3. Quality Issues

    One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (that is, 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).

  4. Sampling Variablility

    Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of 'errors' in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical 'error' but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.

    Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent '95 per cent confidence intervals'. It is expected that in 95 per cent of samples the range would contain the true value.

  5. Publication Policy

    Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available from the Media Relations Office.

    National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. They undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political interference.

    © Crown Copyright 2012

    You may use or re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. For further information, write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: psi@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk

  6. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Jonathan Knight +44 (0)1633 455253 Regional and local data and Claimant Count subnational.labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Nick Palmer +44 (0)1633 455839 Regional and national Labour Force Survey subnational.labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
David Matthews +44 (0)1633 456756 Workforce Jobs subnational.labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.