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Statistical bulletin: Regional Labour Market Statistics, December 2012 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 12 December 2012 Download PDF

Key points

  • Employment rate highest in the East of England, the South East and the South West (74.7%) and lowest in the North East (67.9%).
  • Unemployment rate highest in the North East (9.5%) and lowest in the South West (5.7%).
  • Inactivity rate highest in the North East (24.8%) and lowest in the East of England (19.5%).
  • Claimant Count rate highest in the North East (7.8%) and lowest in the South East (3.0%).

In this bulletin:

This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.

Data for Northern Ireland are available separately.

Updated this month

Labour Force Survey estimates for the period August to October 2012.

Claimant Count for November 2012.

Workforce Jobs estimates for September 2012.

Also in this release

Annual Population Survey estimates for the period July 2011 to June 2012.

Overview of regional labour market statistics published on 12 December 2012

The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to October 2012 compared to the 3 months to July 2012, showed a few large increases for the regions of the UK, along with a large decrease for one region, with the remaining movements reflecting the normal sampling volatility of the survey estimates.

The largest increase was for Yorkshire and The Humber, which increased 1.3 percentage points.  There were also notable increases for the North East and West Midlands at 1.0 and 0.7 percentage points respectively. All of these appear to be part of an underlying pattern of increasing employment rates for these regions.

Over the past year, the increases in the employment rates for the North East, Yorkshire and The Humber and West Midlands have all been statistically significant.

The only region of the UK that is showing a strong decrease in the employment rate is Scotland which decreased by 1.0 percentage points.  However, it is not yet clear whether this decrease is the start of a decreasing trend or due to sampling variability on the latest estimate and the estimate for the 3 months to July 2012.

Employment rates remain higher in the East of England, South East and South West than the rest of the UK with all three having a current employment rate of 74.7%.

Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time.

The largest decreases in the unemployment rate were in Yorkshire and The Humber, at 1.1 percentage points and the North East and Wales at 0.9 percentage points. The large decrease for Yorkshire and The Humber appears to be partially due to an unusually high estimate for the 3 months to July 2012, however despite that estimate the general pattern does suggest that the rate is falling. The decreases in the North East and Wales also appear to be part of a pattern in those regions.

The unemployment rate for the North East at 9.5% continues to be the highest in the UK.

Changes in the conditions for claiming Lone Parent Income Support are likely to have affected the Claimant Count across the UK, resulting in more females entering the count that would have been the case without the changes.  The impact has been than for most regions of the UK there have been increases or small decreases in the Claimant Count for men, with larger increases in the Claimant Count for women.

Employment

The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 71.2% for the period August to October 2012.

The regions with the highest rate in Great Britain were the East of England, the South East and the South West all at 74.7%, with the East Midlands at 71.3%. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 67.9%, with London at 69.1%.

The region with the largest increase in the employment rate on the previous period (May to July 2012) was Yorkshire and The Humber with an increase of 1.3 percentage points followed by the North East with an increase of 1.0 percentage point.

The region with the largest decrease in the employment rate was Scotland with a decrease of 1.0 percentage point. This was followed by the North West which decreased 0.5 percentage points and the East Midlands which decreased 0.4 percentage points.  The UK rate increased by 0.1 percentage points.

Figure 1: Employment Rates, August to October 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Employment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Over the year the regions with the largest change in the employment rate were Yorkshire and The Humber an increase of 2.8 percentage points, the North East with an increase of 2.7 percentage points and the West Midlands with an increase of 2.5 percentage points.  Scotland and the East Midlands were the only regions to see a decrease at 0.7 percentage points and 0.3 percentage points respectively.

Unemployment

The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over for the UK was 7.8% for the period August to October 2012.

The region with the highest rate was the North East at 9.5% followed by London at 9.0% and Yorkshire and The Humber at 8.8%. The region with the lowest rate was the South West at 5.7%, followed by the South East at 6.3% and the East of England at 6.9%.

The regions with the largest decrease in the unemployment rate on the previous period (May to July 2012) were Yorkshire and The Humber at 1.1 percentage points followed by the North East and Wales both at 0.9 percentage points. The unemployment rate in the East of England increased by 0.5 percentage points.  The UK rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points.

Figure 2: Unemployment Rates, August to October 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were North East with a decrease of 2.2 percentage points, Wales with a decrease of 1.2 percentage points and London with a decrease of 0.9 percentage points. 

An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.

Workforce Jobs

Workforce Jobs increased in 7 of the 11 regions of Great Britain between June 2012 and September 2012 with a decrease in other 4 regions. The largest increase of 41,000 was in Yorkshire and The Humber, whilst the largest decrease of 39,000 was in the East Midlands.

The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 13.8% whilst London had the lowest proportion at 3.1%. For the service sector London has the highest proportion at 91.7% whilst Wales has the lowest at proportion at 78.5%.

Figure 3: Workforce Jobs by broad industry group, September 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Workforce Jobs by broad industry group
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Jobseeker’s Allowance

The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 4.8% in November 2012 unchanged from October, although, the level was down 3,000.

The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.8%, unchanged from the previous month. The next highest rates were in Yorkshire and The Humber at 6.2% and the West Midlands at 6.0%.

The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 3.0%. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 3.2% and the East of England at 3.8%.

Figure 4: Claimant Count Rates, November 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Claimant Count Rates
Source: Work and Pensions

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Local Authority Labour Market Indicators

For the period July 2011 to June 2012 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was Suffolk Coastal at 85.8%. The next highest was Ribble Valley in Lancashire at 84.7% and Adur in West Sussex at 84.4%. The lowest rates were Fenland at 55.8%, followed by Birmingham at 57.0% and the London Borough of Newham at 57.2%.

For the period July 2011 to June 2012 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Hartlepool at 16.4%. The next highest was Kingston upon Hull at 15.8% and Middlesbrough at 15.5%. The lowest rate was in the Shetland Islands at 3.3% followed by South Lakeland and Eden both in Cumbria at 3.4% and Eden at 3.5% respectively.

In November 2012 the local authority with the lowest proportion of the population aged from 16 to 64 years claiming Jobseekers Allowance in Great Britain was the Isles of Scilly at 1.0%. This was followed by South Northamptonshire and Hart in Hampshire at 1.1%. Six local authorities had a proportion of 1.2%. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 8.2%, followed by Hartlepool and Middlesbrough both at 8.1%. A further six local authorities had a proportion of 7.0% or more.

Figure 5: Claimant Count Map

Claimant Count Interactive Map

An interactive version of this map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available. This map also shows claimant count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.

In 2010 the highest jobs density in Great Britain was the City of London at 40.37 and the lowest was East Renfrewshire at 0.38. Westminster (3.33), Camden (1.72) and Islington (1.34), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs density outside London was Crawley at 1.26. After East Renfrewshire, the lowest jobs density was Lewisham in London at 0.39, followed by East Dunbartonshire at 0.40.

Index of Tables

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity):

Headline Indicators for All Regions (HI00) (2.68 Mb ZIP)  

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity); Employment and Workforce Jobs estimates; Claimant Count; and Economic Activity and Inactivity estimates for each region are available in the following Tables:

Headline Indicators for North East (HI01) (2.26 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for North West (HI02) (2.01 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Yorkshire and The Humber (HI03) (2.45 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for East Midlands (HI04) (2.6 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for West Midlands (HI05) (2.41 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for East of England (HI06) (2.36 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for London (HI07) (2.03 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for South East (HI08) (2.02 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for South West (HI09) (2.01 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Wales (HI10) (2.3 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Scotland (HI11) (2.41 Mb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local labour market indicators for all regions:

Local Indicators for Unitary and Local Authorities (LI01) (253 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for Parliamentary Constituencies (LI02) (309.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (LI02.1) (114.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for Travel-to-Work Areas (LI03) (173.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Local Indicators for NUTS3 areas (LI04) (143 Kb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local claimant count data for all regions:

Claimant Count by Unitary and Local Authority (JSA01) (271.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Claimant Count by Parliamentary Constituency (JSA02) (617.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Claimant Count by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (JSA02.1) (120 Kb Excel sheet)

Other tables:

Summary of Headline Indicators (S01) (72.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Sampling Variability and Revisions Summary (S02) (41.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Model Based Estimates of Unemployment (M01) (1.81 Mb Excel sheet)

Background notes

  1. This Month’s Bulletin

    There are no significant changes in this month’s bulletin.

  2. Next Month’s Bulletin

    ONS expects to update the denominators used for Local and Unitary Authorities in tables LI01 and JSA01 to reflect the latest population estimates in next month's bulletin. The denominators for the UK and regions in tables LI01-LI04 and JSA01-JSA02 will also be updated.  Updated denominators in England and Wales will be based on 2011 Census estimates, whereas estimates for Scotland and Northern Ireland will be based on 2011 mid-year population estimates consistent with the 2001 Census. The UK population will be based on a combination of these sources.

    It is expected that 2011 Census estimates for Scotland and Northern Ireland will be released in 2013 and will be incorporated into this release as soon as practical after their release.

    ONS will also update the local and unitary authorities included in tables LI01 and JSA01 to remove areas abolished in the 2009 local authority reorganisation.

  3. Special Events

    ONS has recently published commentary, analysis and policy on 'Special Events' which may affect statistical outputs. For full details go to the Special Events page on the ONS website.

  4. Quality Issues

    One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (i.e. 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).

  5. Further information on the Quality of and Methods for Work Force Jobs estimates can be found in Summary Quality Report (295.4 Kb Pdf) .

  6. Sampling Variability

    Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of ‘errors’ in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical ‘error’ but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.

    Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent ‘95% confidence intervals’. It is expected that in 95% of samples the range would contain the true value.

  7. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

    Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

    • meet identified user needs;
    • are well explained and readily accessible;
    • are produced according to sound methods; and
    • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

    Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Bob Watson +44 (0)1633 455070 Regional and Local Data/Claimant Count bob.watson@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Nick Palmer +44 (0)1633 455839 Regional and National Labour Force Survey nick.palmer@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Emily Carless +44 (0)1633 455717 Workforce Jobs emily.carless@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
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