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Statistical bulletin: Regional Labour Market, December 2011 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 14 December 2011 Download PDF

Key points

  • Employment rate highest in the East of England and South East (74.2 per cent) and lowest in the North East (65.1 per cent)
  • Unemployment rate highest in the North East (11.7 per cent) and lowest in the South East (6.1 per cent)
  • Inactivity rate highest in the North East (26.1 per cent) and lowest in the East of England (19.9 per cent)
  • Claimant Count rate highest in the North East (7.3 per cent) and lowest in the South East (3.2 per cent)

In this bulletin:

This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.

Data for Northern Ireland is available separately.

Updated this month
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period August to October 2011.
Claimant Count for November 2011.
Workforce Jobs estimates for September 2011.

Also in this release
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period April 2010 to March 2011.

Overview of regional labour market statistics published on 14 December

The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to October 2011 showed a few large movements for the regions of the UK, with most movements reflecting the normal sampling volatility of the survey estimates.

The only notable increase was for the South West, which increased by 0.7 percentage points, however this increase was partially caused by a low estimate three months ago. The underlying pattern remains relatively stable.

The largest decreases were in the North East and Yorkshire and The Humber, both at 0.8 percentage points. The East of England decreased by 0.5 percentage points. However, it is not yet certain whether this decrease is part of an ongoing pattern.

Meanwhile, decreases in London and the South East are consistent with an ongoing pattern of slow decline in the employment rate in those regions.

Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time. There was an increase of 1.0 percentage point in the North East continuing its recent trend. However, the 0.9 percentage point increase in Scotland and the 0.8 percentage point increase in the East of England, while partially due to recent volatility in the estimates, are part of an underlying pattern suggesting a gentler rate of increase. It is notable that the estimated rate of 11.7 per cent for the North East is the highest unemployment rate for any region since the 3 month period to November 1995.

The number of claimants of Jobseeker’s Allowance (the claimant count) shows increases for most regions of the UK between October and November 2011. Small decreases were seen in the West Midlands, South East, Wales and Scotland. The rate was unchanged for the UK and all regions. 

The claimant counts for the North East, Yorkshire and The Humber, London, Scotland and Northern Ireland are all higher than they were at their recession peaks.

Employment

The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 70.3 per cent for the period August to October 2011.

The regions with the highest rates in Great Britain were the East of England and the South East, both at 74.2 per cent, followed by the South West at 73.8 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 65.1 per cent, followed by the West Midlands at 67.5 per cent and Yorkshire and The Humber at 67.7 per cent.

The regions with the largest change in the employment rate on the previous period (May to July 2011) was the North East and Yorkshire and The Humber, both with a decrease of 0.8 percentage points, followed by the South West with an increase of 0.7 percentage points. The UK rate decreased 0.2 percentage points.

Over the year the region with the largest change in the employment rate was the North East with a decrease of 1.5 percentage points followed by the West Midlands with a decrease of 1.4 percentage points. The South West decreased by 1.0 percentage points whilst the East Midlands increased 1.0 percentage points.

Employment Rates, August to October 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Employment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Unemployment

The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over was 8.3 per cent for the period August to October 2011.

The region with the highest rate was the North East at 11.7 per cent followed by London at 9.9 per cent and Yorkshire and The Humber at 9.5 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 6.1 per cent, followed by the South West at 6.6 per cent and the East of England at 7.2 per cent.

The region with the largest increase in the unemployment rate on the previous period (May to July 2011) was the North East at 1.0 percentage points followed by Scotland at 0.9 percentage points and the East of England at 0.8 percentage points. The East Midlands was the only region to show a decrease in the rate down 0.1 percentage points whilst the South West was unchanged. The UK rate increased by 0.4 percentage points.

Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were the North East with an increase of 1.9 percentage points and the South West and London which both increased by 0.9 percentage points.

Unenployment Rates, August to October 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available.

Workforce Jobs

Workforce Jobs increased in 7 of the 11 regions of Great Britain between June 2011 and September 2011 with a decrease in 3 of the remaining 4 regions – Wales was unchanged. The largest increase of 101,000 was seen in London, whilst the largest decrease of 19,000 was seen in the South West.

The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 15.4 per cent whilst London had the lowest proportion at 2.8 per cent.  For the service sector the situation is reversed with London having the highest proportion at 91.5 per cent and the East Midlands the lowest at 75.6 per cent.

Workforce Jobs by broad industry group, September 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Workforce jobs by broad industry group
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Jobseeker’s Allowance

The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 5.0 per cent in November 2011 unchanged from October.

The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.3 per cent, unchanged on the previous month. The next highest rates were in the West Midlands at 6.3 per cent and Yorkshire and The Humber at 6.2 per cent.

The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 3.2 per cent. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 3.3 per cent and the  East of England at 4.0 per cent.

Claimant Count Rates, November 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Claimant Count Rates
Source: Work and Pensions

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Local authority labour market indicators

For the period April 2010 to March 2011 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was Maidstone at 84.0 per cent. The next highest was the Shetland Islands at 83.8 per cent and West Somerset at 83.7 per cent. The lowest rates were the City of London at 48.8 per cent, followed by the London borough of Newham at 53.7 per cent and Nottingham at 53.8 per cent and.

For the period April 2010 to March 2011 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Middlesbrough at 15.5 per cent. The next highest was the London borough of Newham at 14.4 per cent and Kingston upon Hull at 14.1 per cent. The lowest rates were in South Lakeland in Cumbria at 3.4 per cent, followed by Ribble Valley at 3.5 per cent and the Shetland Islands at 3.6 per cent.

In November 2011 the local authority with the lowest claimant count proportion in Great Britain was the Isles of Scilly at 0.5 per cent. This was followed by the City of London at 0.6 per cent and Hart and Eden both at 1.2 per cent. Seven local authorities had a proportion of 1.3 per cent. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 8.0 per cent, followed by Wolverhampton at 7.6 per cent and Birmingham at 7.5 per cent. A further 6 local authorities had a proportion of over 7.0 per cent.

Percentage of people claiming Jobseeker's Allowance by Local Authority

JSA
Source: Work and Pensions

An interactive version of this map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available. This map also shows claimant count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.

In 2009 the highest and lowest jobs densities in Great Britain were both in London. The highest was the City of London at 38.05 and the lowest was Lewisham at 0.40. Westminster (3.35), Camden (1.77) and Islington (1.42), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs densities outside London were Watford and Aberdeen City both at 1.27. After Lewisham, the lowest jobs density was East Renfrewshire in Scotland at 0.41, followed by East Dunbartonshire and Barking and Dagenham both at 0.42.

Index of tables

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity):
Table 1 for All Regions (2.57 Mb ZIP)

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity); Employment and Workforce Jobs estimates; Claimant Count; and Ecosic Activity and Inactivity estimates for each region are available in the following Tables:
Tables 1 to 11 - North East (1.74 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - North West (1.49 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - Yorkshire and The Humber (1.91 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - East Midlands (2.07 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - West Midlands (1.87 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - East of England (1.81 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - London (1.5 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - South East (1.48 Mb Excel sheet)
Tables 1 to 11 - South West (1.53 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - Wales (1.81 Mb Excel sheet) Tables 1 to 11 - Scotland (1.89 Mb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local labour market indicators for all regions:
Table 12 – Local labour market indicators by Unitary and Local Authority (257.5 Kb Excel sheet) Table 13 – Local labour market indicators by Parliamentary Constituency (314 Kb Excel sheet) Table 13(2) - Local labour market indicators by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (114 Kb Excel sheet) Table 14 – Local labour market indicators by Travel-to-Work Area (175.5 Kb Excel sheet) Table 15 – Local labour market indicators by NUTS3 area (142 Kb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local claimant count data for all regions:
Table 16 – Claimant Count by Unitary and Local Authority (267.5 Kb Excel sheet) Table 17 – Claimant Count by Parliamentary Constituency (617.5 Kb Excel sheet)
Table 17(2) – Claimant Count by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (120 Kb Excel sheet)

Regional Summary of Labour Market headline indicators (85.5 Kb Excel sheet)
Regional Sampling Variability and Revisions of Labour Market indicators (41 Kb Excel sheet)

Background notes

  1. THIS MONTH’S BULLETIN

    There are no significant changes in this month’s release 

  2. NEXT MONTH’S BULLETIN

    Local labour marker indicators: Tables 12 to 15, the local labour market indicators tables, will be updated in next month’s bulletin with employment and economic inactivity data from the July 2010 to June 2011 Annual Population Survey; unemployment from the APS (tables 13 to 15); model based estimates of unemployment for local authorities (table 12); and claimant count levels and proportions for July 2010 to June 2011.

    Unemployment by Age: ONS intends to introduce a new table next month. Table 2 will be expanded to include regional estimates of unemployment by age from the Annual Population Survey.

    Unemployment by Age: ONS also intends releasing regional estimates of unemployment by age from the Labour Force Survey. These estimates will NOT be designated as National Statistics but will cover comparable time periods to the National estimates of unemployment by age.

    Jobseeker’s Allowance: ONS intends to update the denominators used to calculate proportions for Parliamentary Constituencies in table17 to reflect the latest 2010 mid-year population estimates.

    Jobseeker’s Allowance: ONS will be updating the method of constructing local and unitary authority claimant count statistics in table 16 of this release. From January 2012 ONS’ output areas will be used as the building blocks for these geographies, replacing 1991 frozen census wards in line with ONS’ geography policy. This will result in small revisions back to October 2004 for some areas.

  3. QUALITY ISSUES

    One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41 Kb Excel sheet) available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (i.e. 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).

  4. SAMPLING VARIABLITY

    Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of ‘errors’ in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical ‘error’ but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.

    Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent ‘95 per cent confidence intervals’. It is expected that in 95 per cent of samples the range would contain the true value. 

  5. PUBLICATION POLICY

    Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available from the Media Relations Office.

    National Statistics are produced to high professional standards set out in the Code of Practice for Official Statistics. They undergo regular quality assurance reviews to ensure that they meet customer needs. They are produced free from any political interference.

    © Crown Copyright 2011

    You may use or re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence / or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: psi@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk

  6. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Jonathan Knight +44 (0)1633 455253 Regional and local data subnational.labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Nick Palmer +44 (0)1633 455839 Regional and national Labour Force Survey subnational.labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Jonathan Knight +44 (0)1633 455253 Claimant Count subnational.labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
David Matthews +44 (0)1633 456756 Workforce Jobs subnational.labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.