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Statistical bulletin: Regional Labour Market Statistics, April 2012 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 18 April 2012 Download PDF

Correction

An error has occurred in Table 9 - Economic Activity by Age of the Regional Labour Market Statistical Bulletin for all regions.

A clerical error and change to the format of the table has resulted in estimates for age groups 16-24 being included under 25-34; 25-34 being included under 35-49; 35-49 being included under 50-64; and 50-64 being included under 65+ for the period October 2010 to September 2011.

ONS apologies for any inconvenience.

Key points

  • Employment rate highest in the South East (74.8 per cent) and lowest in the North East (66.5 per cent).
  • Unemployment rate highest in the North East (11.2 per cent) and lowest in the South East (6.3 per cent).
  • Inactivity rate highest in the North East and North West (25.0 per cent) and lowest in the East of England (20.0 per cent).
  • Claimant Count rate highest in the North East (7.6 per cent) and lowest in the South East (3.2 per cent).

In this bulletin

This bulletin shows the latest key labour market statistics for the regions and countries of Great Britain along with statistics for local authorities, travel-to-work areas and parliamentary constituencies.

Data for Northern Ireland are available separately.

Updated this month
Labour Force Survey estimates for the period December 2011 to February 2012.
Claimant Count for March 2012.
Annual Population Survey estimates for the period October 2010 to September 2011.

Also in this release
Workforce Jobs estimates for December 2011.

Overview of regional labour market statistics published on 18 April 2012

The employment rate for those aged 16 to 64 for the three months to February 2012 compared to the three months to November 2011, showed a few large movements for the regions of the UK, with most movements reflecting the normal sampling volatility of the survey estimates.

There were notable increases for the North East, which increased by 1.4 percentage points, Yorkshire and The Humber, which increased 1.3 percentage points and the West Midlands which increased by 1.1 percentage points. For all three regions the increases were partially caused by low estimates three months ago with the underlying levels consistent with a much gentler pattern of increase.

Decreases were seen in the North West at 1.0 percentage points and London at 0.5 percentage points - these decreases are consistent with an ongoing pattern of slow decline in the employment rate in these regions. Whereas the 0.9 percentage point decrease in the South West was influenced by a high estimate 3 months ago with the underlying employment rate being relatively stable. The North West also shows a significant change on the year with the employment rate down 1.6 percentage points.

Regional figures for the unemployment rate are quite volatile, which needs to be allowed for when considering the pattern of change over time. There was an increase of 0.6 percentage points in the North West and 0.2 percentage points in London, continuing their recent increasing trend. A 0.2 percentage point increase was also seen in the South West.

There was a decrease of 0.9 percentage point in the unemployment rate for Yorkshire and The Humber - this was influenced by a particularly high estimate three months ago with the underlying pattern relatively stable. The North East saw a decrease in the unemployment rate of 0.8 percentage points. However, there has been a lot of volatility in this series recently with the underlying pattern unclear.

The number of claimants of Jobseeker's Allowance (the claimant count) shows increases for most regions of the UK between February 2012 and March 2012. A small decrease was seen in London, the West Midlands and the South West. The rate was unchanged for the UK. The North East was the only region to show an increase in the rate, of 0.1 percentage point.

The claimant counts for the North East, North West, Yorkshire and The Humber, Scotland and Northern Ireland are all higher than they were at their recession peaks.

Employment

The employment rate for people aged from 16 to 64 for the UK was 70.4 per cent for the period December 2011 to February 2012.

The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the South East, at 74.8 per cent, followed by the East of England at 74.6 per cent and the South West at 72.9 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the North East at 66.5 per cent, followed by London at 67.4 and the North West at 67.7 per cent.
 
The regions with the largest change in the employment rate on the previous period (September 2011 to November 2011) was the North East with an increase of 1.4 percentage points followed by Yorkshire and The Humber with an increase of 1.3 percentage points and the North West with a decrease of 1.0 percentage points. The UK rate increased by 0.1 percentage point.

Employment Rates, December 2011 to February 2012, Seaonally Adjusted

Employment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Over the year the region with the largest change in the employment rate was the North West with a decrease of 1.6 percentage points. This was followed by the South West and London both with a decrease of 1.3 percentage points.

Unemployment

The unemployment rate for people aged 16 and over for the UK was 8.3 per cent for the period December 2011 to February 2012.

The region with the highest rate was the North East at 11.2 per cent followed by London at 10.1 per cent and the North West at 9.6 per cent. The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 6.3 per cent, followed by the East of England at 6.6 per cent and the South West at 6.7 per cent.

The region with the largest increase in the unemployment rate on the previous period (September 2011 to November 2011) was the North West at 0.6 percentage points followed by London and the South West which both increased by 0.2 percentage points. The unemployment rate in Yorkshire and The Humber decreased by 0.9 percentage points, with decreases of 0.8 percentage points in the North East and 0.6 percentage points in the East of England. The UK rate decreased by 0.1 percentage point.

Unemployment Rates, December 2011 to February 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rates
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Over the year the regions with the largest changes in the unemployment rate were the North West with an increase of 1.7 percentage points, London with an increase of 1.0 percentage point and the North East with an increase of 0.9 percentage points.

An interactive chart showing regional unemployment rates over time is available on the ONS website.

Workforce Jobs

Workforce Jobs increased in nine of the eleven regions of Great Britain between September 2011 and December 2011 with a decrease in the remaining two regions. The largest increase of 35,000 was seen in the West Midlands, whilst the largest decrease of 19,000 was seen in Scotland.

The East Midlands had the highest proportion of jobs in the production sector at 13.6 per cent whilst London had the lowest proportion at 3.3 per cent. For the service sector the situation is reversed with London having the highest proportion at 91.2 per cent and the East Midlands the lowest at 78.0 per cent.

Workforce Jobs by Broad industry group, December 2011, Seasonally Adjusted

Workforce Jobs by broad industry group
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Jobseeker's Allowance

The seasonally adjusted claimant count rate for the UK was 4.9 per cent in March 2012 unchanged from February.

The region with the highest rate in Great Britain was the North East at 7.6 per cent, up 0.1 percentage point on the previous month. The next highest rates were in Yorkshire and The Humber at 6.3 per cent and the West Midlands at 6.1 per cent.

The region with the lowest rate was the South East at 3.2 per cent. The next lowest rates were seen in the South West at 3.3 per cent and the East of England at 4.0 per cent.

Claimant Count Rates, March 2012, Seasonally Adjusted

Claimant Count Rates
Source: Work and Pensions

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Local authority labour market indicators

For the period October 2010 to September 2011 the highest employment rate in Great Britain was East Northamptonshire at 84.7 per cent. The next highest was the Shetland Islands at 82.3 per cent and Reigate and Banstead in Surrey at 82.1 per cent. The lowest rates were the City of London at 47.3 per cent, followed by the London borough of Newham at 54.6 per cent and Middlesbrough at 54.7 per cent.

For the period October 2010 to September 2011 the highest unemployment rate in Great Britain was Middlesbrough at 15.8 per cent. The next highest was the London borough of Newham at 15.2 per cent and Kingston upon Hull at 14.9 per cent. The lowest rate was in Ribble Valley in Lancashire at 3.3 per cent followed by the Shetland Islands at 3.4 per cent and South Lakeland in Cumbria at 3.5 per cent.

In March 2012 the local authority with the lowest claimant count proportion in Great Britain was the Isles of Scilly at 1.1 per cent. This was followed by Hart in Hampshire at 1.3 per cent. Five local authorities had a proportion of 1.4 per cent. It was highest in Kingston upon Hull at 8.5 per cent, followed by Middlesbrough and Wolverhampton, both at 8.1 per cent. A further 10 local authorities had a proportion of 7.0 per cent or more.

 

Claimant Count Map

Claimant Count Interactive Map
Source: Work and Pensions

An interactive version of this map showing claimant count proportions by local authority over time is available on the ONS website. This map also shows claimant count proportions for males, females, 18 to 24 year olds and those claiming over 12 months.

In 2010 the highest jobs density in Great Britain was the City of London at 40.37 and the lowest was East Renfrewshire at 0.38. Westminster (3.33), Camden (1.72) and Islington (1.34), all in London were the next highest jobs densities. The highest jobs density outside London was Crawley at 1.26. After East Renfrewshire, the lowest jobs density was Lewisham in London at 0.39, followed by East Dunbartonshire at 0.40.

Index of tables

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity):

Headline Indicators for All Regions (Tables 1) (2.6 Mb ZIP)
 

LFS headline indicators (Employment, unemployment and inactivity); Employment and Workforce Jobs estimates; Claimant Count; and Economic Activity and Inactivity estimates for each region are available in the following tables:

Headline Indicators for North East (Tables 1 to 11) (2.06 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for North West (Tables 1 to 11) (1.82 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Yorkshire and The Humber (Tables 1 to 11) (2.24 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for East Midlands (Tables 1 to 11) (2.4 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for West Midlands (Tables 1 to 11) (2.2 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for East of England (Tables 1 to 11) (2.15 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for London (Tables 1 to 11) (1.83 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for South East (Tables 1 to 11) (1.81 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for South West (Tables 1 to 11) (1.81 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Wales (Tables 1 to 11) (2.08 Mb Excel sheet)

Headline Indicators for Scotland (Tables 1 to 11) (2.21 Mb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local labour market indicators for all regions:

Local indicators for Unitary and Local Authorities (Table 12) (258 Kb Excel sheet)

Local indicators for Parliamentary Constituencies (Table 13) (314 Kb Excel sheet)

Local indicators for Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (Table 13(2)) (114.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Local indicators for Travel-to-Work Areas (Table 14) (175.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Local indicators for NUTS3 areas (Table 15) (143.5 Kb Excel sheet)

The following tables contain local claimant count data for all regions:

Claimant Count by Unitary and Local Authority (Table 16) (267.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Claimant Count by Parliamentary Constituency (Table 17) (617.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Claimant Count by Constituencies of the Scottish Parliament (Table 17(2)) (120 Kb Excel sheet)

Other tables:

Summary of headline indicators (73 Kb Excel sheet)

Sampling Variability and Revisions Summary (41.5 Kb Excel sheet)

Model based estimates of unemployment (1.61 Mb Excel sheet)

Background notes

  1. This Month's Bulletin

    There have been revisions to the seasonally adjusted claimant count estimates back to January 2009 following the latest annual review of the seasonal adjustment process.

    The denominators used to calculate national and regional claimant count rates have been routinely updated and revised back to 1996 taking on board revisions to Workforce Jobs estimates. Rates from January 2011 will be based on mid-2011 denominators.

  2. Next Month's Bulletin

    There are no significant changes planned for next month's bulletin.

  3. Quality Issues

    One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions. These summary measures are available in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) available with this bulletin and show the size of revisions over the last five years. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (that is, 60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).

  4. Sampling Variability

    Very few statistical revisions arise as a result of 'errors' in the popular sense of the word. All estimates, by definition, are subject to statistical 'error' but in this context the word refers to the uncertainty.

    Some data in the bulletin are based on statistical samples and, as such, are subject to sampling variability. If many samples were drawn, each would give different results. The ranges shown in the Regional Labour Market Sampling Variability spreadsheet (41.5 Kb Excel sheet) , available with this bulletin, represent '95 per cent confidence intervals'. It is expected that in 95 per cent of samples the range would contain the true value.

  5. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

    Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

    • meet identified user needs;
    • are well explained and readily accessible;
    • are produced according to sound methods; and
    • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

    Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Jonathan Knight +44 (0)1633 455253 Regional and local data; Claimant Count jonathan.knight@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Nick Palmer +44 (0)1633 455839 Regional and national Labour Force Survey nicholas.palmer@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Emily Carless +44 (0)1633 455717 Workforce Jobs emily.carless@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
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