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Regional Profiles - Summary - Scotland

Released: 08 June 2011 Download PDF

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Population density map – Scotland (379.6 Kb Pdf)

Scotland had a population of 5.2 million in mid-2009, an increase of 2.3 per cent since 2004. This compares with an overall increase of 3.3 per cent for the UK over the same period. (Table 1.2)

People aged 65 and over in Scotland in 2009 made up 16.7 per cent of the population, compared with 17.6 per cent for the under-16s. This compares with averages for the UK of 16.4 per cent and 18.7 per cent respectively. (Table 10.2)

In Scotland men aged 65 in 2007–09 could expect to live another 16.4 years and women 19.0 years. This compares with 17.6 and 20.2 years in the UK as a whole. (Table 6.8)

The unemployment rate in Scotland stood at 8.0 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2010, compared with the UK rate of 7.9 per cent. (Table 1.1)

A lower proportion of children in Scotland (15.3 per cent) lived in workless households in the second quarter of 2010 than the averages for England (15.9 per cent), Northern Ireland (16.2 per cent) and Wales (21.1 per cent). (Table 8.6)

In April 2010, the median gross weekly earnings for full-time employees on adult rates who were resident in Scotland was £487, higher than Northern Ireland (£442) and Wales (£456). (Table 9.19)

Labour productivity (gross value added per hour worked) in Scotland in 2009 was 1.3 per cent below the UK average. (Table 3.2)

In Scotland, 59.5 per cent of pupils, in their last year of compulsory education, achieved five or more Standard Grades at level 1–3 or equivalent in 2008/09. (Table 4.8)

Councils in Scotland recycled or composted 38 per cent of household waste in 2009/10 which compares with 40 per cent in England, 36 per cent in Northern Ireland and 40 per cent in Wales. (Table 5.11)

Source: Office for National Statistics

Background notes

  1. Source:
    All data are published by ONS except those listed below.
    Population and life expectancy data for Scotland from National Records of Scotland.
    Education data from Scottish Government.
    Data on recycling from Scottish Government, Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs, Northern Ireland Environment Agency and Welsh Assembly Government.

  2. You may use or re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence, or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email:

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Related Internet links

National Records of Scotland - Link to the General Register Office for Scotland website.

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