Yorkshire and The Humber’s economy is based on a relatively high proportion of manufacturing. Productivity, employment rates and gross household income (GDHI) per head are all among the lowest of the English regions.
Manufacturing accounted for 15 per cent of Yorkshire and The Humber gross value added (GVA) in 2009, compared with only 10 per cent for the UK. In other respects the industrial distribution of GVA in Yorkshire and The Humber is similar to that for the UK excluding London, the South East and East of England. GVA by industry in the UK interactive map allows users to see how other industries contribute to the GVA of the area.
Productivity, as measured by GVA per hour worked, was 89 per cent of the UK rate in 2010, one of the lowest of the English regions. Within the region productivity was lowest in North Yorkshire (83 per cent of the UK rate) and highest in Leeds (101 per cent of the UK rate) in 2009.
The employment rate for the region’s residents was 67.9 per cent in Q4 2011. This was less than the UK average (70.3 per cent), but more than the North East and London. The unemployment rate was among the highest of the English regions at 9.9 per cent compared with the UK average of 8.4 per cent. Investigate how unemployment rates have changed over time at local authority level .
GDHI of Yorkshire and The Humber residents of £13,600 per head in 2010 was second lowest of the English regions, after the North East. It ranged from £11,150 in Kingston upon Hull to £16,830 in the North Yorkshire.
There were 170,000 residents in Yorkshire and The Humber claiming unemployment-related benefits in the quarter ending March 2011. See how the number and distribution of Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA) claimants has changed over time at local authority level .
The region has an above-average proportion of residents (aged 16 to 64 and working) employed in routine occupations requiring a low level of skills or qualifications, 13 per cent in 2011 compared with 11 per cent in the UK. By contrast, occupations which require the highest qualifications are under-represented, at 38 per cent of all employed residents compared with 43 per cent in the UK.
Yorkshire and The Humber was responsible for 7 per cent of the UK’s GVA. The region’s headline GVA was £89.7 billion in 2010. The latest subregional data (2009) show that nearly half (45 per cent) of the region’s GVA was generated in West Yorkshire (£39.3 billion).
Source: Office for National Statistics
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