The East Midlands had a population of 4.5 million in mid-2010, an increase of 7.0 per cent since 2001, compared with an increase of 5.3 per cent for the UK over the same period.
The East Midlands covers 15,600 sq km, which represents 6 per cent of the total area of the UK.
The population density in the East Midlands was 287 people per square kilometres (sq km), below the England average of 401 but above the UK average of 257 in mid-2010.
There are large rural areas, including areas which attract many visitors such as the Peak District National Park in the north and the Lincolnshire Wolds in the east. There are also large conurbations and other relatively industrialised areas. The population density (people per sq km) ranges from 77 in West Lindsey in Lincolnshire to 4,182 in Leicester unitary authority (UA).
There was a 0.4 per cent decrease in house prices in the East Midlands in 2011, the joint smallest decrease compared with increases of 3.8 and 0.1 per cent in London and the South West respectively.
People aged 65 and over in the region in 2010 made up 17.1 per cent of the population, compared with 18.2 per cent for the under-16s. This compares with averages for the UK of 16.6 per cent and 18.6 per cent respectively.
Life expectancy at birth in the region in the three-year period 2008 to 2010 was 78.4 years for males and 82.4 years for females compared with 78.2 and 82.3 years respectively for the UK.
The employment rate in the East Midlands stood at 72.1 per cent in the first quarter of 2012, compared with the UK rate of 70.5 per cent.
In April 2011, the median gross weekly earnings for full-time employees on adult rates who were resident in the East Midlands was £472, lower than the UK median of £501.
In the region, 57.1 per cent of pupils achieved five or more grades A*–C at GCSE level or equivalent including English and mathematics in 2010/11, compared with 58.4 per cent for England as a whole. There is an interactive map of GCSE results for unitary authorities in England.
Gross disposable household income (GDHI) for the regions residents was £14,300 per head in 2010.
In 2010 over 6 per cent of the UK’s GVA was generated in the East Midlands.
The rate of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions in the East Midlands in 2009, at 7.7 tonnes per resident, was slightly above the UK average of 7.4 tonnes per resident.
Source: Office for National Statistics
Notes and sources:
All data are published by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) unless stated below.
The data section of this release provides more data.
The House Price Index is based on mix-adjusted house prices, which allow for differences between houses sold (for example type, number of rooms, location). The annual rate of change shown is percentage change between December 2010 and December 2011.
Life expectancy figures reflect mortality among those living in the area in each time period, rather than mortality among those born in each area. More information is available in Guide to: Life expectancy in the United Kingdom.
Employment rates are seasonally adjusted Labour Force Survey (LFS) headline indicators, for all people aged 16 to 64.
Median gross weekly earnings are residence-based estimates from the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) for full-time employees on adult rates whose pay for the survey pay-period was not affected by absence.
GCSE figures relate to pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 in Local Authority maintained schools only and are taken from revised (but not final) data published on 26 January 2012. GCSE data are from the Department for Education.
Gross disposable household income (GDHI) is a good indicator of the welfare of residents of an area. It covers the income received by households and non profit-making institutions serving households and is net of tax payments.
Gross value added (GVA) measures the economic output of an area. The estimates are workplace based, which allocates the incomes of individuals to their place of work.
Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions are measured according to the point of energy consumption. CO 2 emissions data are from the Department for Energy Climate and Change.
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