The West Midlands sends the lowest percentage of waste to landfill. The proportion of people going to work by car is one of the highest in England.
The share of local authority collected waste sent to landfill in 2010/11 in the West Midlands was 26.7 per cent, the lowest of the nine regions of England. The household recycling and composting rate was 42.4 per cent for the same period, close to the England average of 43.3 per cent.
The proportion of workers in the region travelling to work by car was one of the highest, at 77 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2011 compared with 67 per cent for England.
Between 2001 and 2011 the total stock of dwellings in the West Midlands increased by 6.0 per cent, below the England average of 7.6 per cent and one of the smallest increases of the nine English regions. The region had one of the highest percentages of new dwellings built on previously developed land in 2010 at 85 per cent.
The West Midlands is the only land-locked region in England. Two of England’s three longest rivers flow through the region, lending their name to the former Severn Trent National Rivers Authority region which covers the majority of the West Midlands. In summer 2011 Severn Trent region had 30 per cent less rainfall than the long-term average, making it the English region showing the greatest divergence from the average.
The West Midlands region produced 7.4 tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per resident in 2010, close to the UK average (7.6 tonnes). At local authority level this varied from 5.1 tonnes per resident in Tamworth to 22.4 tonnes in Rugby.
The region has one of the largest proportions of land area designated as Green Belt, covering 268,000 hectares – 21 per cent of the West Midlands land area (after London and the North West at 22 per cent).
Source: Office for National Statistics
Notes and sources:
Waste and recycling data are from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
Method of travel to work data excludes those on government schemes, those who work from home or in the same grounds or building as their home, and those who work in different places using their home as a base. The data have been extracted from the Labour Force Survey by the Department for Transport.
Total housing stock estimates between 2002 and 2011 will be adjusted once the 2011 Census dwelling count is available. Data are from the Department for Communities and Local Government.
Numbers of dwellings built on previously developed land, including conversions of existing buildings, are from the Department for Communities and Local Government based on Ordnance Survey records. Estimates for 2010 are provisional.
Summer rainfall is the accumulation during April to September. Rainfall data are from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology based on Met Office records.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are measured according to the point of energy consumption. CO2 emissions data are from the Department for Energy Climate and Change.
Designated areas data are from Natural England.
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