Skip to content

Regional Profiles: Environment - London, 2012

Released: 31 October 2012 Download PDF

Also in this release

Residual Household Waste Compared with England Average, 2010/11

Residual household waste compared with England average: by region, 2010/11
Source: Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Download chart data

London recycles or composts the lowest proportion of household waste of any English region, but the remaining waste per household is the lowest.

The household recycling rate in London was 32.4 per cent in 2010/11– the lowest rate of all English regions. London households produced the lowest weight of residual waste (899 kilogrammes), compared with the England average of 1,021 kilogrammes.

London produced nearly 44,700 kilotonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in 2010, an average of 5.7 tonnes per resident – the lowest rate of all English regions. There were differences at local authority level. At one extreme, Westminster produced a total of 3,200 kilotonnes of CO2 emissions, primarily from industry and commerce (75 per cent), while at the other Kingston upon Thames produced only 800 kilotonnes of CO2.

The average London resident travelled 5,000 miles in the year 2009 to 2010, 40 per cent of which was on public transport – the highest proportion in Great Britain.

London had the highest average daily motor vehicle flow on urban major roads at 27,400 vehicles per day in 2010, compared with 20,100 for England.

London completed construction of more than 18,800 permanent dwellings in 2010/11, one of the two highest amounts among the English regions. Between 2001 and 2011, the total stock of dwellings in the region increased by 7.4 per cent, slightly lower than the England average of 7.6 per cent.

Source: Office for National Statistics

Background notes

  1. Notes and sources:

    Waste and recycling data are from the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are measured according to the point of energy consumption. CO2 emissions data are from the Department for Energy Climate and Change.

    Distance travelled by mode of transport figures relate to region of residence of the traveller and include trips undertaken outside this region. Data are from the National Travel Survey, Department for Transport, for combined survey years 2009 and 2010.

    Average daily motor vehicle flow is annual traffic divided by road length and number of days in the year. Data are from the National Road Traffic Survey, Department for Transport.

    Total housing stock estimates between 2002 and 2011 will be adjusted once the 2011 Census dwelling count is available. Dwelling stock and house building data are from the Department for Communities and Local Government.  

  2. Data for 2010/11 residual household waste were updated after 13 October 2012 and so the chart on this page was updated accordingly on 17 January 2013.
  3. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting or from the Media Relations Office email:

Related Internet links

The ONS is not responsible for the content of external Internet sites

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.