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Regional Profile of Yorkshire and The Humber - Economy, June 2013

Released: 19 June 2013 Download PDF

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Labour productivity, 2011


Yorkshire and The Humber has lowest labour productivity of all the English regions
Source: Office for National Statistics


  1. GVA per hour worked is shown relative to the UK average

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Yorkshire and The Humber has the lowest labour productivity of all the English regions. Between 2006 and 2011 it was also the region with the lowest growth in gross disposable household income (GDHI) per head.

In 2011 productivity, as measured by gross value added (GVA) per hour worked, was 12% below the UK average. Relative productivity had declined the most of all English regions since 2001, when it was 6% below the UK average.

The gross disposable household income (GDHI) of Yorkshire and The Humber residents at £13,800 per head in 2011 was second lowest of the English regions, after the North East. The region had the lowest growth in GDHI per head between 2006 and 2011 at 11.2%, compared with 14.7% growth for England.

Yorkshire and The Humber had one of the highest increases in unemployment rates between Q4 2007 and Q4 2012, increasing by 3.5 percentage points from 5.4% to 8.9%. At its most recent peak the unemployment rate was 10.2% in Q3 2011. The economic inactivity rate reduced from 24.0% in Q4 2007 to 22.7% in Q4 2012.

The employment rate in Yorkshire and The Humber declined from 71.8% in Q4 2007 to 68.2% in Q4 2010. More recent data show it had still not recovered from the decline and stood at 70.2% in Q4 2012.

Yorkshire and The Humber was responsible for 6.9% of the UK’s GVA in 2011, amounting to £90.9 billion. Nearly half (46%) of the region’s GVA was generated in West Yorkshire (£41.6 billion).

Manufacturing accounted for 15.3% of Yorkshire and The Humber output in 2010, compared with the average of 10.8% for the UK. In other respects the industrial distribution in Yorkshire and The Humber is similar to that for the UK excluding London, the South East and East of England.

Source: Office for National Statistics

Background notes

  1. Notes and sources:

    The data section of this release (939 Kb Excel sheet)  provides more Economy data. All data are published by ONS.

    Gross disposable household income (GDHI) covers the income received by households and non profit-making institutions serving households and is net of tax payments. The data are unsmoothed.
    Use the GDHI per head interactive map to see how it has changed over time at regional level.

    Gross value added (GVA) is a key measure of economic performance. The data used here are consistent with the workplace based series, which allocates the incomes of individuals to their place of work, but are unsmoothed data for individual years.
    GVA interactive charts and maps allow users to select different regions and industries and see their relative significance over the period from 1997 to the latest available year.

    Standard Industrial Classification 2007 (SIC2007) defines the industries.

    Labour Market
    Employment, unemployment and economic inactivity rates are seasonally adjusted Labour Force Survey (LFS) headline indicators.
    Regional employment and economic inactivity rates are data for all people aged 16 to 64.
    Regional unemployment rates are data for all people aged 16 and over.
    Subregional employment data are from the Annual Population Survey (APS).
    Subregional unemployment data are from the Model-Based Estimates of ILO Unemployment for LAD/UAs, which uses APS and other data sources to calculate annual data every quarter. 
    Regional labour market statistics provides access to the latest key labour market figures.
    Nomis provides access to the most detailed and up-to-date UK labour market statistics from official sources.
    Labour market indicators are defined in the Glossary.
    Interpreting labour market statistics.
    Investigate how unemployment rates have changed over time at regional level.

    The Productivity handbook looks at measuring productivity at a regional level.
    Labour productivity provides access to the latest regional data.
    The Subregional productivity April 2013 article provides data at a subregional level.

  2. Further analysis:

    170 Years of Industrial change across England and Wales - 2011 Census statistics provide a rich source of information about the number, distribution and characteristics of the population in England and Wales. 2011 Census Analysis products present specific analyses on a variety of topics, including ethnicity, families, health, labour market, language, migration, and national identity, and religion. In particular, many of the analyses focus on geographical variations, changes over time, and how the census differs to other data sources.

    Regional Economic Indicators, March 2013 article discusses a selection of economic indicators in order to gain an overview of the economic performance of UK regions and countries. In this release a particular focus has been applied to how the regions/countries have fared through the economic downturn that began in 2008.

    The Spatial Distribution of Industries article investigates the patterns of spatial concentration of industries across Great Britain. Data tools and maps are provided for users to explore the data.

    Characteristics of Individual Insolvencies including Bankruptcies, England and Wales, 2011 article explores individual insolvency by region, local authority, age, gender and insolvency type. It is designed to highlight the type of analysis that can be carried out using individual insolvency data and how to use the individual insolvency data visualisation tool. Data on individual insolvency is published by the Insolvency Service.

    The Supply Side of Tourism - The Geography of Tourism Employment report details various aspects of the supply side of tourism. It includes a national level analysis of Gross Value Added (GVA), turnover and employment in the defined set of tourism industries. It also includes an estimate of employment in tourism industries for the regions and nations of the UK. The set of tourism industries used is based on international recommendations.

  3. You may use or re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email:
  4. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting or from the Media Relations Office email:

Further information

Regional Trends, No. 41, 2009 Edition - Portrait of Yorkshire and The Humber (Pdf 1160Kb) - The Portrait of Yorkshire and The Humber presents a wide range of information covering infrastructure, demographic, environmental and economic statistics for the region. It includes information for districts, unitary and local authorities which allows comparison between the various areas and the rest of the UK.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.