Yorkshire and The Humber’s economy is based on a relatively high proportion of manufacturing. Productivity, employment rates and gross household income (GDHI) per head are all among the lowest of the English regions.
Manufacturing accounted for 15 per cent of Yorkshire and The Humber gross value added (GVA) in 2009, compared with only 10 per cent for the UK. In other respects the industrial distribution of GVA in Yorkshire and The Humber is similar to that for the UK excluding London, the South East and East of England. GVA by industry in the UK interactive map allows users to see how other industries contribute to the GVA of the area.
Productivity, as measured by GVA per hour worked, was 89 per cent of the UK rate in 2010, one of the lowest of the English regions. Within the region productivity was lowest in North Yorkshire (83 per cent of the UK rate) and highest in Leeds (101 per cent of the UK rate) in 2009.
The employment rate for the region’s residents was 67.9 per cent in Q4 2011. This was less than the UK average (70.3 per cent), but more than the North East and London. The unemployment rate was among the highest of the English regions at 9.9 per cent compared with the UK average of 8.4 per cent. Investigate how unemployment rates have changed over time at regional level.
GDHI of Yorkshire and The Humber residents of £13,600 per head in 2010 was second lowest of the English regions, after the North East. It ranged from £11,150 in Kingston upon Hull to £16,830 in North Yorkshire.
There were 170,000 residents in Yorkshire and The Humber claiming unemployment-related benefits in the quarter ending March 2011. See how the number and distribution of Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA) claimants has changed over time at local authority level.
The region has an above-average proportion of residents (aged 16 to 64 and working) employed in routine occupations requiring a low level of skills or qualifications, 13 per cent in 2011 compared with 11 per cent in the UK. By contrast, occupations which require the highest qualifications are under-represented, at 38 per cent of all employed residents compared with 43 per cent in the UK.
Yorkshire and The Humber was responsible for 7 per cent of the UK’s GVA. The region’s headline GVA was £89.7 billion in 2010. The latest subregional data (2009) show that nearly half (45 per cent) of the region’s GVA was generated in West Yorkshire (£39.3 billion).
Source: Office for National Statistics
The data section of this release provides more economic data.
Gross value added (GVA) is a key measure of economic performance. The data are consistent with the headline workplace based series, which allocates the incomes of individuals to their place of work.
Standard Industrial Classification 2007 (SIC2007) defines the industries.
Labour productivity webpage provides access to the latest releases. The Productivity handbook looks at measuring productivity at a regional level. The Subregional productivity March 2012 article provides analysis at a subregional level.
GVA per head interactive map shows how GVA varies relative to the population of an area. GVA per head is not a measure of productivity.
Employment, unemployment and economic inactivity rates are seasonally adjusted Labour Force Survey (LFS) headline indicators. Regional employment and economic inactivity rates are data for all people aged 16 to 64. Subregional data are from the Annual Population Survey (APS), October 2010-September 2011.
Labour market indicators are defined in the Glossary.
Local Labour Market webpage provides access to the latest releases for employment, unemployment, inactivity, claimant count and other labour market data.
Model-Based Estimates of ILO Unemployment for LAD/UAs cover all people aged 16 or over.
Gross disposable household income (GDHI) covers the income received by households and non profit-making institutions serving households and is net of tax payments.
Employment by occupation data are from APS, July 2010–June 2011.
Routine occupations refers to SOC 2010 major group 9 Elementary occupations; occupations requiring higher qualifications refers to major groups 1 to 3 covering Managers and senior officials, Professional occupations, and Associate professional and technical occupations.
All data are published by ONS.
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