In 2012, London had the highest GDHI per person in the UK at £21,446, which was 27.7% above the UK average. The South East, the East of England and the South West were the only other regions with GDHI per person above the UK average. Northern Ireland, meanwhile, had a GDHI per person of £13,902, or 17.2% below the average of the UK.
Map 1: Regional GDHI per person UK map, 2012
Of the 37 sub-regions in the UK, Inner London had the highest GDHI per person at £24,940 while the West Midlands had the lowest at £13,300. Of the 139 local areas, Inner London - West had the highest GDHI per person at £36,963 while Nottingham had the lowest at £11,411.
London was the only region where each local area had GDHI per person above the UK average. Northern Ireland and Wales were the only regions where each local area had GDHI per person below the UK average.
The rate of per person growth was higher in 2012 in all regions
GDHI per person growth was 3.3% for the UK in 2012 and growth was seen in every UK region. The highest per person growth was the North East at 4.0%; Northern Ireland had the lowest growth at 2.7%. The rate of per person growth in 2012 is higher than that in 2011, for all regions. The rate of growth increased the most in London from 1.3% in 2011 to 3.4% in 2012 and the North East from 1.9% from 2011 to 4.0% in 2012.
Figure 1: NUTS1 GDHI per person growth on previous year, 2010, 2011 and 2012
UK GDHI per person grew by 70.9% between 1997 and 2012 and growth was seen in every UK region. The highest per person growth across this period was in London at 78.4%. This was driven by large growth in the primary income, such as wages and salaries and self-employment income, of the household sector for London. The rate of the growth was lowest in Yorkshire and The Humber (64.6%) where growth in the primary income of the household sector was not as prominent.