Business Outputs and Devlopments Division
Telephone: +44 (0)1633 456756
Frequency of release: Annually
Geographical coverage: UK
Geographical breakdown: Region
Survey name(s): Research & Development Inquiry
In 2011, the UK’s gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD), in current price terms, increased by 5% to £27.4 billion compared with 2010. Adjusted for inflation, in constant price terms, R&D expenditure increased by 2% compared with 2010.
The largest increase in UK R&D expenditure, in current price terms, was in the business sector. Business R&D increased by 8% in current price terms to £17.4 billion compared with 2010 and by 6% when adjusted for inflation.
Higher education R&D expenditure, in current price terms increased by 2% to £7.1 billion compared with 2010 and by 0.2% when adjusted for inflation.
Total R&D expenditure in the UK in 2011 represented 1.79% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is a slight increase from 1.77% in 2010.
International comparisons show that UK R&D expenditure in 2011 was below the EU-27 average of 2.03% of GDP.
This Statistical Bulletin supercedes the version available between 13 March 2013 and 27 March 2013. There have been minor corrections made to both civil and defence expenditure estimates. All other estimates remain unchanged.
This release provides estimates of R&D performed and funded by the following four sectors of the economy, as defined in the Frascati manual, Business Enterprise (BERD), Higher Education (HERD), Government (GovERD) which includes Research Councils, and Private Non-Profit (PNP) organisations. All these sectors’ R&D data are known collectively as GERD, which represents the gross domestic expenditure on R&D in the UK.
GERD uniquely provides information on total R&D expenditure in the UK, and is the preferred measure for use in international comparisons. This release reports on R&D expenditure in the UK irrespective of the residence of the ultimate owner or users of the R&D produced.
These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.