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Release: Business Enterprise Research and Development, 2012

Released: 22 November 2013


David Matthews

Business Outputs and Developments Division

Telephone: +44 (0)1633 456756

Categories: Business and Energy, Businesses, Research and Development in Business

Frequency of release: Annually

Language: English

Geographical coverage: UK

Geographical breakdown: Region

Survey name(s): Research & Development Inquiry

  • In 2012, total business Research and Development (R&D) expenditure in the UK, in current prices, decreased by 2% to £17.1 billion compared with 2011. In constant prices, R&D expenditure decreased by 4% compared with 2011.

  • The largest decrease in expenditure in 2012 was in Pharmaceuticals which decreased by £727 million (15%), in current prices.

  • Defence R&D expenditure decreased by 10% in 2012 to £1.6 billion. This is partly due to government contracts awarded to UK businesses for the development of aircraft, naval ships, submarines and their systems and equipment moving from the research to production stages.

  • In 2012, expenditure on R&D in the UK by foreign owned businesses constituted 51% of total expenditure.

  • Business R&D expenditure in 2012 represented 1.1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a level it has been since 2007.

Breakdowns of research and development spending and employment by UK business across different market sectors.

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.