Business Outputs and Developments Division
Telephone: +44 (0)1633 456756
Frequency of release: Annually
Geographical coverage: UK
Geographical breakdown: Region
Survey name(s): Research & Development Inquiry
In 2012, total business Research and Development (R&D) expenditure in the UK, in current prices, decreased by 2% to £17.1 billion compared with 2011. In constant prices, R&D expenditure decreased by 4% compared with 2011.
The largest decrease in expenditure in 2012 was in Pharmaceuticals which decreased by £727 million (15%), in current prices.
Defence R&D expenditure decreased by 10% in 2012 to £1.6 billion. This is partly due to government contracts awarded to UK businesses for the development of aircraft, naval ships, submarines and their systems and equipment moving from the research to production stages.
In 2012, expenditure on R&D in the UK by foreign owned businesses constituted 51% of total expenditure.
Business R&D expenditure in 2012 represented 1.1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a level it has been since 2007.
These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.