Business Outputs and Development Division
Telephone: +44 (0)1633 456756
Frequency of release: Annually
Geographical coverage: UK
Geographical breakdown: Region
Survey name(s): Research & Development Inquiry
In 2011, total business research and development (R&D) expenditure in the UK, in cash terms, increased by 8% to £17.4 billion, compared with 2010. In real terms, R&D expenditure increased by 6% compared to 2010.
The largest increases in R&D expenditure, in cash terms, were in computer programming and information service activities (£293 million; 19% increase), motor vehicles and parts (£288 million; 23% increase) and the pharmaceuticals industry (£169 million; 4% increase).
Defence R&D expenditure increased by 10% in 2011 to £1.8 billion. This was mainly driven by government awarded contracts to UK businesses to develop aircraft, naval ships, submarines and their systems and equipment.
Total R&D expenditure in 2011 represented 1.1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is in line with previous years.
For the first time, the ownership of businesses that perform R&D in the UK is split equally between foreign and UK owned companies.
Breakdowns of research and development spending and employment by UK business across different market sectors.
These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.