This bulletin contains detailed public sector employment estimates, including new estimates for Q2 2012. For most sources that contribute to these statistics, the employment is reported for a specific day in June 2012. The public sector comprises central government, local government and public corporations as defined for the UK National Accounts.
Estimates of public sector employment are provided on a headcount and full-time equivalent basis for sectors and industries, and also by region on a headcount basis only. In addition, Civil Service employment is provided by government department and agency.
Employment in Executive Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs) is aggregated by sponsoring department. Since 2009, some financial institutions have been classified to the public sector. English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations have been classified to the private sector with effect from 1 April 2012.
Estimates of public sector employment both including and excluding financial institutions, English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations have also been provided. Estimates of private sector employment are provided. These are derived as the difference between Labour Force Survey estimates of employment in the whole economy and the public sector estimates collected from public sector organisations.
The main uses of these statistics are in monitoring changes in the number of people employed in the public and private sector in the UK. They are the official measure of UK public sector employment.
|Quarter||Central government (incl. NHS)||Local government||Public corporations||Total public sector||Of which: Civil Service 1|
|Change on quarter||-175||-56||-4||-235||-5|
|Change on year||-171||-195||-28||-394||-29|
Total public sector employment was 5.664 million in Q2 2012, a decrease of 235,000 (4.0 per cent) compared with Q1 2012. This is the eleventh consecutive quarter that total public sector employment has decreased.
Of this 235,000 decrease, 196,000 can be explained by the reclassification of English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations from the public to private sector.
Employment in local government decreased by 56,000 (2.1 per cent) to 2.590 million. Of this approximately 20,000 (on a non-seasonally adjusted basis) can be explained by the reclassification of English sixth form college corporations to the private sector. Employment in central government decreased by 175,000 (6.3 per cent) to 2.589 million. Between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012, the reclassification of English further education colleges to the private sector resulted in an estimated 176,000 employment (non-seasonally adjusted) moving from central government to the private sector.
Approximately 17,000 employment (non-seasonally adjusted) moved from local government to central government between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012 as a result of local authority controlled schools, which are classified to local government, converting to Academy status (and as a result being classified to central government).
In Q2 2012 employment in UK public corporations decreased by 4,000 (0.8 per cent) compared with Q1 2012, to 485,000. In the same quarter, employment in the Civil Service in Great Britain decreased by 5,000 (1.1 per cent) to 459,000.
For Q2 2012, there was a decrease of 394,000 (6.5 per cent) in public sector employment compared with the same quarter the year previous. The largest annual decrease was in local government (195,000; 7.0 per cent), followed by central government, which decreased by 171,000 (6.2 per cent).
In the year to Q2 2012, approximately 62,000 employment moved from local government to central government as a result of local authority controlled schools converting to Academy status. In the year to Q2 2012, employment in the Civil Service decreased by 29,000 (5.9 per cent).
When public sector employment is analysed by industry (Standard Industrial Classification 2007), the largest decrease in Q2 2012, compared with Q1 2012, was in education (204,000; 12.8 per cent). The main reason for this was the reclassification of English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations which resulted in 196,000 employment moving to the private sector. Without the effects of this reclassification education still shows the largest decrease between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012 (around 8,000), followed by the NHS (7,000; 0.4 per cent).
Employment also decreased in 'other public sector' (6,000; 0.7 per cent), 'other health and social work' (5,000; 1.6 per cent), Police (2,000; 0.8 per cent) and HM Forces (1,000; 0.5 per cent) between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012. There was no change in the level of employment in public administration. Employment in construction increased (1,000; 2.4 per cent).
For Q2 2012, all industries showed decreases in employment when compared with the same quarter a year before (Q2 2011). The largest decrease over this time period was in education (236,000; 14.5 per cent). However when we remove the effects of the reclassification of the English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations, education employment decreased by around 40,000. With these effects removed, 'other public sector' shows the largest decrease (47,000; 5.4 per cent), followed by public administration (41,000; 3.6 per cent).
Table 3 provides full-time equivalent (FTE) estimates by sector classification while Table 4 provides FTE estimates by industry.
Total public sector employment on an FTE basis was 4.627 million in Q2 2012. This is a decrease of 164,000 (3.4 per cent) compared with Q1 2012, driven by decreases in central government (118,000; 5.0 per cent) and local government (43,000; 2.2 per cent). The overall decrease, and the decreases in central and local government, can mainly be attributed to the reclassification of English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations (in total 131,000 FTE).
The FTE employment in public corporations decreased by 3,000 (0.7 per cent) to 448,000. In Q2 2012 the number of FTE employees in the Civil Service stood at 424,000, a decrease of 5,000 (1.2 per cent) compared with the previous quarter.
By industry, the largest decrease in FTE employment in Q2 2012 compared with Q1 2012 was in education (135,000; 11.9 per cent), mainly due to the reclassification of English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations.
When we remove the effects of this reclassification education decreased by around 4,000 FTE. With these effects removed the largest decreases were seen in other health and social work (6,000; 2.5 per cent), other public sector (6,000; 0.8 per cent) and the NHS (6,000; 0.5 per cent).
Private sector employment totals are derived as the difference between Labour Force Survey employment estimates for the whole economy and the public sector estimates collected from public sector organisations.
In Q2 2012, private sector employment increased by 471,000 (2.0 per cent) to 23.896 million, when compared with Q1 2012. Employment in the public sector decreased by 235,000 (4.0 per cent) over the same period.
These movements were affected by the reclassification of the English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations. This resulted in an estimated 196,000 employment moving from the public to private sector. When we remove the effects of this reclassification, public sector employment decreased by 39,000 and private sector employment increased by 275,000.
At Q2 2012, the public sector accounted for 19.2 per cent of total employment in the UK. This is the lowest proportion of people employed in the public sector since the start of the Public Sector Employment Statistics series, which began at Q1 1999. It has decreased 0.9 percentage points from the 20.1 per cent seen at Q1 2012.
Compared with Q2 2011, private sector employment has increased by 824,000 (3.6 per cent), while public sector employment has decreased by 394,000 (6.5 per cent). When we remove the effects of the reclassification of the English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations, public sector employment decreased by 198,000 over the same period. Private sector employment increased by 628,000.
In Q2 2012 London was the region with the largest number of public sector employees (747,000) followed by the North West (647,000), the South East (639,000) and Scotland (580,000).
In Q2 2012 there were decreases in public sector employment for all English regions compared with Q1 2012. The largest decreases were in London (37,000; 4.7 per cent) and the South East (36,000; 5.4 per cent). Note that the English regions were affected by the reclassification of English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations from the public to private sector.
This resulted in estimated employment of 196,000 across the English regions moving from the public to the private sector between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012. Please see background note 9 for further details of this reclassification.
In Q2 2012 decreases were seen in England (228,000; 4.8 per cent), Wales (7,000; 2.1 per cent), Scotland (5,000; 0.8 per cent) and Northern Ireland (1,000; 0.6 per cent) when compared with Q1 2012. Note that when we remove the effects of the reclassification of English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations, public sector employment in England decreased by 32,000.
In the year to Q2 2012, England (358,000; 7.4 per cent), Scotland (17,000; 2.8 per cent), Wales (7,000; 2.0 per cent) and Northern Ireland (4,000; 1.7 per cent) all showed decreases in public sector employment.
In the year to Q2 2012, public sector employment in Great Britain decreased by 381,000 (6.6 per cent). Public sector employment in the UK decreased by 394,000 (6.5 per cent; seasonally adjusted). Note that if we remove the effects of the reclassification of English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations then public sector employment in Great Britain decreased by 185,000 and public sector employment in the UK decreased by 198,000 (seasonally adjusted).
In Q2 2012 Northern Ireland (28.4 per cent), Wales (25.9 per cent), the North East (24.9 per cent) and Scotland (24.0 per cent) were the regions with the highest proportion of their workforces employed in the public sector. The regions of the UK with the lowest proportion of their workforces employed in the public sector were the East of England (17.3 per cent), the South East (17.4 per cent), London (19.1 per cent) and the East Midlands (19.4 per cent).
Table 7 shows estimates of public sector employment both including and excluding publicly owned financial corporations such as Royal Bank of Scotland and Lloyds Banking Group, and English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations. A non-seasonally adjusted time series for financial corporations can be found at background note 8 of this statistical bulletin.
In Q2 2012, public sector employment (excluding financial corporations, English further education colleges and English sixth form college corporations) decreased by 18,000 (0.3 per cent) compared with the previous quarter, and by 178,000 (3.1 per cent) compared with the same quarter the previous year. Between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012, employment in publicly owned financial corporations decreased by 5,000, as did the full-time equivalent (FTE). At Q2 2012, publicly owned financial corporations accounted for 3.5 per cent of total public sector employment.
Table 8 shows employment by government department, whereas table 9 provides a more detailed breakdown of employment by agency.
In Q2 2012, the number of employees in the Civil Service decreased by 5,020 (1.1 per cent) compared with the previous quarter, to 459,480, and on a full-time equivalent (FTE) basis by 4,830 (1.1 per cent) to 424,220.
A large increase was seen across the Department for Education (1,210 headcount; 1,170 FTE) between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012. New Executive Agencies of the Department for Education were established on 1 April 2012 (Education Funding Agency, National College and Teaching Agency).
These new Executive Agencies had a combined headcount of 1,150, and FTE of 1,120. They have taken over some of the functions of a number of Department for Education sponsored Executive Non-Departmental Public Bodies, which closed on 31 March 2012. For further details on these newly created Executive Agencies please see background note 7.
Employment across the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills increased (130 headcount; 100 FTE). Small employment increases in the Intellectual Property Office and Met Office contributed to this. A small number of staff also transferred into the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (excluding Agencies) along with the Better Regulation Delivery Office.
The closure of the Central Office of Information on 31 March 2012 resulted in approximately 70 staff transferring into Cabinet Office (excluding Agencies) at the start of April, and also made a large contribution to the decrease between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012 across 'other Cabinet Office Agencies' (360 headcount; 350 FTE).
A small increase was seen in Welsh Government (70 headcount; 60 FTE) due to an intake of seasonal staff during early April.
An overall decrease was seen between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012 across the Ministry of Defence (1,780 headcount; 1,690 FTE). Small increases in the Defence, Science and Technology Laboratory, Defence Support Group and UK Hydrographic Office were offset by a large decrease in the main Ministry of Defence return (1,830 headcount; 1,730 FTE).
Employment in the Department for Work and Pensions decreased (1,420 headcount; 1,310 FTE). A large decrease in the Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission (260 headcount; 240 FTE) and smaller decrease in the Health and Safety Executive added to this resulting in a 1,720 headcount, 1,590 FTE employment decrease across the Department as a whole.
A large overall decrease was also seen between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012 across the Ministry of Justice. There was an increase in Ministry of Justice (excluding Agencies) (200 headcount; 200 FTE) which was entirely due to the transfer in of 200 staff from the National Offender Management Service (NOMS). Employment in NOMS decreased (690 headcount; 690 FTE (includes the 200 staff transferred to Ministry of Justice (excluding Agencies), as did employment in Her Majesty's Courts and Tribunals Service (740 headcount; 690 FTE).
Employment across HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) saw a large overall decrease (790 headcount; 790 FTE) between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012. This was the combined result of a small decrease in the Valuation Office and a large decrease in the main HMRC return.
Other smaller movements were seen among the other departments and agencies.
Table 10 provides the employment in Executive Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs), broken down by sponsoring department, on a headcount and full-time equivalent (FTE) basis.
In Q2 2012 total employment in Executive NDPBs decreased (1,560 headcount; 1,670 FTE) when compared to Q1 2012. Note that this does not include Executive NDPBs sponsored by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, as the estimate would potentially be disclosive.
The decrease was driven by the closure of a number of Executive NDPBs sponsored by the Department for Education. These closures resulted in a headcount decrease of 1,380 and FTE decrease of 1,330. Some of the functions of these Executive NDPBs transferred to the Department for Education and its newly created Executive Agencies (see background note 7 for details of these).
Between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012 an overall decrease was also seen across Executive NDPBs sponsored by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) (230 headcount; 190 FTE). The main reason for this was the closure of a small number of Executive NDPBs that were sponsored by DCLG.
Employment across Executive NDPBs sponsored by the Home Office also decreased (100 headcount; 110 FTE). Smaller decreases were also seen across NDPBs sponsored by each of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, Ministry of Justice, Department for Work and Pensions and Welsh Assembly.
Between Q1 2012 and Q2 2012, employment across Executive NDPBs sponsored by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport increased (150 headcount; 30 FTE). This was the result of small movements seen in a number of individual Executive NDPBs.
Smaller increases in employment were also seen across Executive NDPBs sponsored by each of the Ministry of Defence, Department for Energy and Climate Change, Department of Health, Department for Transport and Scottish Government.
Basic Quality Information
In 2005 the Office for National Statistics (ONS), in collaboration with other government departments and the devolved administrations, implemented major improvements to public sector employment (PSE) estimates. Standard definitions for public sector employment across all departmental statistics were agreed and a single definitive set of quarterly PSE estimates introduced. A new Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (QPSES) was established. ONS publishes official PSE estimates each quarter as National Statistics, in the form of a Statistical Bulletin, approximately 11 weeks after the period to which they refer.
Further details can be found in the Summary Quality Report for Public Sector Employment.
Relevance to Users
The public sector comprises central government, local government and public corporations as defined for the UK National Accounts. ONS produces the United Kingdom’s National Accounts. The National Accounts are an internationally comparable accounting framework that describes the activities in a national economy. The relevant international manuals are the System of National Accounts 1993 (SNA93) and the European System of Accounts 1995 (ESA95). As part of the process of producing the National Accounts, ONS decides on the classification of institutions and transactions within the economy using the current UK classification process.
The Public Sector Classification Guide provides information on the classification of organisations and institutions in the National Accounts.
The public sector employment estimates relate to the number of people employed according to returns from relevant organisations, but they include a number of workers with a second job in the public sector whose main job is in the private sector or in a separate public sector organisation. The private sector estimate, which is obtained by taking the difference between the Labour Force Survey estimate of people employed in the whole economy and the public sector total, will thus tend to be correspondingly understated by a small percentage.
Headcount estimates are based on the number of employees with an employment contract who are being paid by the organisation. Employees can be permanent, on a fixed-term contract or employed on a casual basis. Self-employed, contract workers and agency workers are excluded. Permanent employees, as defined in Tables 8 and 10, are employees with a contract with no agreed expiry date or a fixed term contract of more than 12 months. Temporary/casual employees are those with a fixed term contract of 12 months or less or employed on a casual basis.
As well as the headcount estimates, estimates have also been produced for the number of employees in full-time equivalents (FTE) back to 1999. This is based on converting part-time employees’ hours into a full-time employees’ equivalent and provides a better indication of total labour input than a simple headcount.
Common Pitfalls in Interpreting Series
Estimates of public sector employment for Q1 2012 to Q2 2012 are based partly on projections for some sources. As part of the development programme to improve the quality of public sector employment estimates, public sector organisations are working towards the production of timely quarterly estimates. Until this development programme is completed, there remains a requirement to include estimates for certain sources:
Police (including civilians) workforce estimates for England and Wales are published every six months (for two quarters) by the Home Office.
NHS workforce statistics for England are derived from a pay system which covers all but two English NHS organisations. This produces very good estimates of staff numbers. Figures for the two other organisations are estimated based on annual NHS Workforce Census figures. This new source of estimates will reduce the need to revise estimates in the future.
The Home Office has provided estimates for the Police in England and Wales. These estimates are based on projections and may be subject to revision.
All time series in the Public Sector Employment release are seasonally adjusted to aid interpretation. As seasonal adjustment does not preserve additivity within aggregation structures, relationships that hold in the unadjusted series do not necessarily hold for the seasonally adjusted series. For example, total public sector employment equals the sum total of all public sector industry estimates before seasonal adjustment, but this is not necessarily true after seasonal adjustment.
Public sector employment statistics have previously been published for periods up to and including Q1 2012. In line with the published revisions policy for public sector employment statistics, the statistics have been revised, to take account of late information from respondents.
Tables 1R to 5R illustrate the size of the revisions in each category.
Concepts and Definitions
Central government includes all administrative departments of government and other central agencies and Non-Departmental Public Bodies, as such it is wider than the Civil Service. This sector also includes HM Forces and the National Health Service (NHS). Within education, Academies are classified to central government. From 1 April 2005, central government includes the former Magistrates' Courts Service which has been brought together with the Court Service to form Her Majesty's Courts Service. The Magistrates' Courts Service was previously classified to local government.
Local government covers those types of public administration that only cover a locality and any bodies controlled and mainly financed by them. The sub-sector includes all areas of administrative authorities including parish councils, though these units are not covered by the current estimates for local authorities. It includes police forces and their civilian staff. All functions of local authorities are classified to the sub-sector, although trading activities that produce market output (for example, housing and municipally owned markets) are regarded as quasi-corporations and appear under public corporations. Local education authorities are part of local government, as are voluntary aided schools, county schools and, from September 1999, foundation schools (formerly grant-maintained).
Public corporations are companies or quasi-corporations controlled by government. Examples include Royal Mail and London Underground Ltd. These companies receive more than half their income from sales of goods or services into the market place (see background note 8 for details about financial institutions, for example Lloyds Banking Group and Royal Bank of Scotland Group, classified to the public sector).
The estimates of Civil Service employees count all home Civil Service employees (including from 1 April 2005 the employees of the former Magistrates' Courts Service). Civil Service employees can be classified to central government or public corporations. Examples of public corporations include the UK Intellectual Property Office and the Driving Standards Agency. Civil Service estimates exclude the Northern Ireland Civil Service and other Crown servants. Employees in these groups are included in estimates of central government employment.
Response rates: PSE statistics are compiled from a range of sources. The primary source is the Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (QPSES). The QPSES comprises three separate data collections; the home Civil Service, Local Authorities in England and Wales and Great Britain public corporations and Non-Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs). Returned questionnaires go through a series of automated validation tests to check for completeness and consistency and to identify any significant movements compared with the previous period reported (and the same period the previous year).
The automated checks are followed up with respondents where errors are detected or further explanation is required. The target is to clear 95 per cent of test failures prior to processing results. ONS targets for response to each of the three surveys ahead of compiling results are 85 per cent (number of respondents) and 90 per cent (of total employment). In addition, each survey has a list of critical respondents (usually those with the largest employment) for which special efforts are made to achieve 100 per cent response and clearance of test failures.
|Response (per cent of questionnaires returned)||Response (per cent of employment)|
|Local Authorities Survey||94||90|
|Public Bodies Survey||96||94|
|Civil Service Survey||100||100|
|Other Sources (see below)||100||100|
Data for non-responders are imputed based on previous returns and known annual changes in seasonality. It is extremely rare for a Local Authority, Public Body or Civil Service department to non-respond for two consecutive quarters. The data collection is statutory for Local Authorities and Public Bodies (Statistics of Trade Act 1947) and positive action is taken to address non-response issues as and when they occur.
So that estimates of total public sector employment can be made it is necessary for further information to be gathered from external sources.
|HM Forces||UK||MoD: DASA|
|National Health Service||England||Information Centre for Health and Social Care (IC)|
|Northern Ireland||Department of Finance and Personnel|
|Other Central Government||Great Britain||Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (ONS); Probation Service and Police Strength|
|Northern Ireland||Department of Finance and Personnel|
|Local Authorities||England and Wales||Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (ONS)|
|Scotland||Joint Staffing Watch (Scottish Government)|
|Northern Ireland||Department of Finance and Personnel|
|Police (including civilians)||England and Wales||Home Office|
|Scotland||Joint Staffing Watch (Scottish Government)|
|Northern Ireland||Department of Finance and Personnel|
|Great Britain||Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (ONS)|
|Northern Ireland||Department of Finance and Personnel|
ONS is now able to produce regional estimates of PSE based on returns from public sector organisations (Table 6). These supersede those produced using the Labour Force Survey (LFS) which previously had been used in conjunction with national PSE estimates to produce estimates by region.
Statistics for the NHS for England for Q4 2007 onwards are partly based on projections and informed modelled estimates have been supplied by the Information Centre for Health and Social Care. These estimates may be revised following the publication of the annual NHS workforce statistics.
Statistics for the Police (including civilians) for Q4 2007 onwards for England and Wales are based partly on projections supplied by the Home Office. These estimates may be revised following the publication of the latest Home Office statistics. Due to ongoing validation of data from the new HM Forces Personnel Administration System, figures for Q2 2007 onwards are provisional and subject to review.
The estimates of public sector employment in education (SIC division 85) differ from the school workforce estimates published by the Department for Education (DfE) (formerly Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF)) mainly as a result of differences in coverage and data sources. DfE estimates focus on the number of FTE teachers and support staff for England only.
By comparison, the ONS estimates are derived by allocating local authority employees to education using the Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR) and the Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (QPSES) in England and Wales. Estimates include all employees reported by local authorities as working in primary, secondary and adult education establishments including some groups who are not covered by the DfE statistics, such as adult education staff and certain categories of support staff. Employment estimates for education in Scotland and Northern Ireland are also included to give a wider UK coverage.
The different coverage of the ONS and DfE education statistics serve the needs of different users. Those who require information on the workforce in England who are directly involved in pupils' teaching and learning should use DfE published statistics. Users should also refer to DfE published statistics to gauge trends in education employment. Those who seek data on UK public sector employment in education, in its widest sense, should use the ONS data in this release.
For further information on the differences between DfE and ONS data on education please see pages 44 to 46 of the Public Sector Employment Trends 2005 article published in October 2005.
ONS estimates for the NHS also differ from the headline figure produced by the Information Centre for Health and Social care (IC). Again, this reflects the wider UK coverage (IC figures are for England only) plus the exclusion by ONS of general practitioners (GPs). ONS, in accordance with National Accounts practice, classifies GPs as part of the private sector.
ONS also include ‘hospital practitioners and clinical assistants’ who work in hospitals on a salaried pay scale but generally work as GPs leading the Information Centre to exclude them from their totals to avoid double counting. When these factors are allowed for, ONS and NHS data can be shown to be identical.
Sector classification and machinery of government changes in the period since 30 June 2011 are listed here:
National Offender Management Service (NOMS)
|During Q2 2012, around 200 staff transferred from NOMS to the Ministry of Justice.|
|Better Regulation Delivery Office||During Q2 2012, the Better Regulation Delivery Office (approx 30 staff) transferred into the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills.|
|Education Funding Agency||An Executive Agency of the Department for Education, established 1 April 2012. This brings together the functions of Partnership for Schools, the Young People's Learning Agency and the maintained schools funding division of the Department for Education.|
|National College||The National College of School Leadership became an Executive Agency of the Department for Education on 1 April 2012. This was previously an Executive Non-Departmental Public Body.|
|Teaching Agency||An Executive Agency of the Department for Education, established on 1 April 2012. The Teaching Agency has taken over some of the functions of the Training and Development Agency for Schools and the General Teaching Council for England.|
|Central Office of Information||COI closed on 31 March 2012. Following this, around 70 residual staff transferred to Cabinet Office on 1 April 2012.|
|Government Property Unit||As of March 2012, approximately 50 Government Property Unit staff moved from the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills to Cabinet Office.|
|Home Office||There is ongoing movement of staff between HQ Home Office and each of the Department's Executive Agencies (and vice versa) as staff move to meet the demands of the business. On 1 March 2012, approximately 7,470 full-time equivalents moved from the UK Border Agency to Home Office HQ in an internal restructure. Between Q2 2011 and Q3 2011 the headcount within Headquarters increased. The main reasons for this increase were restructuring within the Department and transfers of existing civil servants between government departments, in particular: 99 staff within UKBA's Immigration and Border Policy transferred from UKBA to become part of HQ Home Office; 30 staff within the UKBA Chief Inspectorate Unit, (previously an arms-length organisation and therefore excluded from earlier QPSES returns), joined HQ Home Office; 15 staff joined HQ as part of the roll out of Civil Service Learning, a Next Generation HR business, based within the Home Office on behalf of all government Departments, and; a further 31 staff moved out of HQ Home Office to its Executive Agencies or other Government Departments.|
|Standards and Testing Agency (STA)||The STA is a new executive agency of the Department for Education and commenced operating on 3 October 2011.|
|Department for Work and Pensions||Jobcentre Plus and the Disability and Carers Service ceased to have legal status with effect from 2 October 2011. This information has been aggregated with that of DWP Corporate and Shared Services to produce one figure for the Department for Work and Pensions. The Child Maintenance Enforcement Commission and the Health and Safety Executive are unaffected by this change and remain Crown Non-Departmental Public Bodies.|
|The Postal Services Commission (Postcomm)||Postcomm (at the time approximately 50 staff) was merged into the communications regulator Ofcom on 1 October 2011.|
|HM Land Registry||On 18 July 2011, HM Land Registry (at the time approximately 4,990 staff) moved from the Ministry of Justice to the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.|
|The Met Office||On 18 July 2011, the Met Office (at the time approximately 1,820 staff) moved from the Ministry of Defence to the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.|
|Ordnance Survey||On 18 July 2011, Ordnance Survey (at the time approximately 1,100 staff) moved from the Department for Communities and Local Government to the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.|
|Education Scotland||On 1 July 2011, HM Inspectorate of Education and Learning and Teaching Scotland (LTS) merged to form Education Scotland. Education Scotland is a Scottish Government Agency.|
Financial Institutions Classified to the Public Sector
On 19 February 2009, ONS announced the classification of Royal Bank of Scotland Group and Lloyds Banking Group as public corporations from 13 October 2008. To facilitate analyses of public sector employment estimates by users, the following non seasonally adjusted time-series has been created to demonstrate the full impact of recent financial corporations’ classifications to the public sector (based on Standard Industrial Classification 2007, industry 64 (Financial Intermediation)).
* Bank of England classified as a public financial corporation on 7 February 2008 from its inception (1946). Northern Rock classified as a public financial corporation from 9 October 2007.
** Bradford and Bingley plc classified as a public financial corporation from 26 September 2008.
*** Lloyds Banking Group classified as a public financial corporation from 13 October 2008. Royal Bank of Scotland Group classified as a public financial corporation from 13 October 2008.
****Northern Rock plc classified as private sector following its sale to Virgin Money Holdings (UK) Ltd, on 1 January 2012. More information about the sale can be found on the UK Financial Investments Ltd website.
Further Education Colleges
On 13 October 2010, ONS announced the reclassification of further education corporations and sixth form colleges to the public sector. ONS, as part of the Q4 2010 publication, took on employment estimates for Further Education colleges back to 1993 or their inception if later.
On 31 May 2012, ONS announced the reclassification of English further education corporations and sixth form colleges to the private sector, as Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households (NPISH), effective from 1 April 2012. As such, employment estimates for English further education colleges and sixth form college corporations are included in ONS estimates of public sector employment from 1993 or their inception if later, up to and including Q1 2012.
English further education corporations and English sixth form college employment estimates are not included in public sector employment estimates from Q2 2012 onwards. More information on this decision can be found in the Reclassification of Further Education Corporations and Sixth Form Colleges in England article published on 31 May 2012.
Table 7 provides headcount and full-time equivalent (FTE) series for English further education colleges and sixth form college corporations, public owned financial corporations and public sector employment minus English further education colleges, sixth form colleges and publicly owned financial corporations.
The Census is a count of the population in the UK. It takes place every 10 years and asks everyone the same questions to give a complete picture of the nation. This information is used to estimate the likely number of people and households in each area for the next 10 years. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) designs, manages and runs the census in England and Wales.
The General Register Office Scotland (GROS) and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) are responsible for the census in Scotland and Northern Ireland. All three agreed to conduct their 2011 censuses on the same day (27 March 2011) in order to produce consistent and coherent information that covers the whole of the UK. The Census generated approximately 40,000 temporary public sector jobs across the UK, covering a range of part-time and full-time roles.
The number of people in public sector employment was 6.058 million at Q2 2011, down 119,000 from Q1 2011. The estimate for Q1 2011 includes 15,000 people employed on a temporary basis in connection with the 2011 Census, but there were only 1,000 people employed in these temporary jobs at Q2 2011. Excluding people employed in temporary Census posts, the fall in public sector employment between Q1 and Q2 2011 was 109,000.
Non-Departmental Public Bodies
Since the release of the Q2 2011 Public Sector Employment statistical bulletin, ONS has published a table detailing employment in Non-Departmental Public Bodies by their sponsoring government department (Table 10). This table does not detail employment at an individual Non-Departmental Public Body level. ONS is working with Non-Departmental Public Bodies to gain consent to publish their individual returns to the Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey (QPSES) on the National Statistics website.
Coverage of Academies in England
Improvements to the way employment in public sector education in England are proposed. These improvements are expected to be implemented in the December 2012 release covering estimates for Q3 2012 (September 2012). At this time the entire Public Sector Employment series will be open to revision in line with the revisions policy for public sector employment statistics. Further details of the new method and the impact on Public Sector Employment estimates will be provided alongside publication of the new estimates. A description of the change and invitation to comment can be found on the consultation page of the ONS website.
The complete run of public sector employment data in the tables of this statistical bulletin is also available to view and download in other electronic formats free of charge using the ONS Time Series Data website service. Users can download the complete Public Sector Employment Time Series in a choice of zipped formats, or view and download their own selections of individual series.
ONS launched its new website on 27 August 2011. The new website improves the way users can access our statistics but many existing bookmarks and links will no longer work and users will need to update them. More information can be found on our Web Development page.
A list of those given pre-publication access to the contents of this release is available as a downloadable PDF document (33.7 Kb Pdf) .
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.
Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:
Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.
|Emily Carless||+44 (0)1633 455717||Labour Market Division, Office for National Statisticsemail@example.com|