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Statistical bulletin: UK Manufacturers' Sales by Product (PRODCOM) for 2013 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 26 June 2014 Download PDF

Key Points

  • The provisional estimate of the value of UK manufacturers’ product sales in 2013 was £355.0 billion. In current prices, this is a 3.3% increase on the value of sales in 2012, which was £343.8 billion.
  • The 2013 increase is a continuation of the recovery in manufacturers’ values of sales seen since 2009. In current prices, UK manufacturers’ product sales were 7% higher in 2013 than they were in 2008, at the start of the economic downturn.
  • The UK contributes between 5% and 10% of total EU manufacturers’ product sales, a similar proportion to Spain. Germany accounts for over a quarter of all EU manufacturers’ sales, while France and Italy are the only other Member States that contribute more than 10% of total EU-27 manufacturers’ sales.
  • The manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers, and semi-trailers (Division 29) was the industry which contributed most to the growth in the value of product sales in 2013. The manufacture of transport equipment (Division 30) and the manufacture of food products (Division 10) were also key drivers. Growths and reductions in all other industries were of lower magnitude and largely offset each other.
  • Diesel engine cars with engines between 1.5L and 2.5L was the product that showed the largest year-on-year value increase, with product sales more than £4 billion higher than 2012. The top 10 products based on sales value include products from the motor vehicle, aircraft, other transport, pharmaceutical, drinks, and repair of machinery industries.

Overview

The aim of this statistical bulletin and associated data tables are to inform users of the latest statistics for the value and volumes of manufacturers’ product sales in the UK. It provides provisional estimates of manufacturers’ sales by product, from businesses based in the UK in 2013. These statistics are commonly referred to as PRODCOM, from the French ‘PRODuction COMmunautaire’ (Community Production). In the UK, these were formally known as the Products of the European Community (PRODCOM) Survey.

The PRODCOM Survey is carried out annually by all EU member states, under EU regulation, to enable comparison and, where possible, produce a picture of emerging developments of an industry or product in a European context; the latest data for all EU members can be found on the Eurostat website.

The PRODCOM Survey has a wide range of uses: for example, PRODCOM statistics are used to produce the UK National Accounts Supply Use Tables, an integral part of measurement of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). PRODCOM statistics are used by the Devolved Administrations and central and local government to monitor and inform policy development. The PRODCOM estimates are accompanied by HMRC’s data on imports and exports, both intra (EU) and extra (non-EU) in this release. By combining this trade data with PRODCOM sales data the statistics are useful for helping users gauge market share, and for businesses to better understand how to establish new markets for their products. For other uses see Background Note 3.

All estimates of the value of sales are presented at current prices, meaning that they have not been adjusted for inflation; this is important to bear in mind when comparing value changes over time. This release contains data from 2008 to 2013; industry and product data prior to 2008 are difficult to make comparisons with, due to an industry reclassification in 2008.

ONS makes every effort to provide informative commentary on the data in this release. Where possible, the commentary draws on evidence from businesses or other reputable sources of information to help explain possible reasons behind the observed changes. However, in some places it can prove difficult to establish detailed reasons for movements, for example, businesses may state a ‘change in the production strategy’ or ‘products being made under a new contract order’. Consequently, it is not possible for all data movements to be fully explained.

Your Views Matter

We are constantly aiming to improve this release and its associated commentary. We would welcome any feedback you might have and would be particularly interested in knowing how you make use of these data to inform your work. Please contact us via email: prodcompublications@ons.gsi.gov.uk or telephone Craig Thomas on +44 (0)1633 456746

UK Manufacturers’ Sales by Product 2013

The provisional estimate of the value of UK manufacturers’ product sales, in current prices, was £355.0 billion, in 2013. This is an increase of 3.3% (£11.2 billion) compared with 2012, a continuation of the recovery in manufacturers’ values of sales seen since 2009, and at a greater rate than the previous year.

The intermediate estimate of the value of UK manufacturers’ product sales in 2012, originally published on 19 December 2013 has been revised to £343.8 billion. The final estimate of the value of UK manufacturers’ product sales for 2012 will be published as usual in December 2014. The 2011 final estimate also published on 19 December 2013 has been revised to £340.3 billion. Both revisions are due to data from the Annual Minerals Raised Inquiry (AMRI) being included for 25 products in the other mining and quarrying industry (Division 08). The previous estimates did not include AMRI data (see Background Note 1 for further information on revisions). AMRI data accounts for less than 1% of total UK manufactures’ product sales.

Following a reduction of nearly 10% between 2008 and 2009, the value of UK manufacturers’ product sales has grown year on year, in current prices. In the four years since 2009 the value of UK manufacturers’ product sales has increased by 18.5%, a value of £55 billion. Overall, since the start of the economic downturn in 2008, manufacturers’ product sales have grown by 7% in current prices. The reduction between 2008 and 2009, and the subsequent recovery in the value of industrial production sales described by the PRODCOM Statistics between 2009 and 2013 is broadly in line with trends seen in other data sources, such as the Annual Business Survey and National Accounts.

Figure 1: Total value of UK’s manufacturers’ product sales

Figure 1: Total value of UK’s manufacturers’ product sales
Source: Office for National Statistics

Notes:

  1. Data for 2011 and 2012 was revised on 26/06/2014 to include data from the Annual Minerals Raised Inquiry for 25 products in SIC 08. This data was not included in previous estimates.

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European Comparison

Map 1 shows the latest available data for the share of total value of EU-27 manufacturers’ product sales for each member state, using intermediate 2012 data. The UK contributes between 5% and 10% of total EU sold production. Germany accounts for over a quarter of all EU manufacturers’ sales. France and Italy are the only other Member States that contribute more than 10% of total EU-27 manufacturers’ sales. Greece, Bulgaria, Slovenia, and the Baltic countries each contribute less than 1% to the total EU-27 manufacturers’ sales.

Data are not available for Cyprus, Luxembourg and Malta. According to the terms of the PRODCOM Regulation, these countries are exempt from reporting PRODCOM data to Eurostat and zero production is recorded for them for all products.

This map is based on the 2012 Provisional Estimates, not the most recent data available for the UK, as this is the most recent comparable data across all EU Member States.

Eurostat report that in 2012, of the 30 highest ranked products in terms of the value of European manufacturers’ sales, the UK is a top five producer of 21 products but does not lead in the production sales value of any of these products.

The UK does lead EU product sales in many products outside the top 30, although comparisons can be difficult to make as often data from other countries are suppressed, disclosive or largely estimated.

In products where the majority of manufacturers’ sales data is available for other EU countries, the UK leads in several food products including: savoury baker’s products; condiments; sandwiches and other food preparations; and chocolate biscuits. Outside of food products, the UK also leads product sales in products such as soft drinks and flavoured waters; printed books and brochures; curtains and blinds made from woven materials; and base metal sign plates and name plates.

Map 1: Percentage share of the total value of manufacturers’ product sales in the EU-27, Intermediate 2012

Map showing how the European countires compare. Germany has the highest share.
Source: Office for National Statistics

Notes:

  1. Map 1 is based on the 2012 intermediate estimates, not the most recent data available for the UK, as this is the most recent comparable data across all EU Member States.

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Results by Industrial Division

The UK estimate of manufacturers’ sales by product covers 25 ‘Divisions’ in the Manufacturing sector (see Background Note 7 for more details on coverage).

The industry divisions with the highest production sales have been reasonably consistent over the past five years. For example, Food and Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers have consistently had the highest manufacturing product sales values during this time in the UK.

Figure 2: Contribution to growth in value of sales since 2012, by industrial division

Figure 2: Contribution to growth in value of sales since 2012, by industrial division
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Divisions Driving Growth in Overall Manufacturing Product Sales

The three main divisions which have driven growth in the value of product sales are the manufacture of motor vehicles; trailers and semi-trailers (Division 29), the manufacture of transport equipment (Division 30) and the manufacture of food products (Division 10).

There has been considerable growth in manufacturers’ product sales within Division 29, which has been mainly driven by the manufacture of motor vehicles, in particular cars with medium and large sized engines; these two specific products are now the two highest ranked products in the UK in terms of manufacturers’ value of sales.

The industry suffered a 25% reduction in the value of product sales during the economic downturn between 2008 and 2009, before returning to the pre-recession level in 2010 (in current prices). Two years of modest growth followed in 2011 and 2012, before a larger growth in 2013 of 13%. Overall in the five year period since 2008, the value of manufacturers’ product sales in the industry has grown by 22%, in current prices.

Within the manufacture of transport equipment industry (Division 30), there has been growth in the value of manufacturers’ sales in several high value products. Increased overseas demand for military aircraft has boosted growth in the manufacturers’ sales value of this product, after three years of relative stability. In addition, manufacturers’ sales of military ships and their repair increased modestly in this division.

Civilian transport products have also seen significant growth in 2013, in particular turbojets and turbo-propellers, and self propelled railway or tramway coaches. Both of these products have improved noticeably in UK manufacturers’ sales product rankings in recent years; turbojets moving from rank 41 in 2009 to rank 22 in 2013, and railway coaches moving from rank 156 in 2009, to rank 79 in 2013. The ‘all parts of aircraft’ product is the most valuable in this division, which also grew in 2013, contributing significantly to increases sales value in this division.

Similarly within the manufacture of food products (Division 10), there has been noticeable growth in the manufacturers’ sales value of top performing products in 2013. In an industry where demand patterns for products typically fluctuate less than in others, the manufacturers’ sales value increased by more than 8% in four out of the top five products in this industry. These top performing products include fresh bread; cakes and pastries; fresh beef; sandwiches and other food preparations; and dog or cat food. Moreover the 10 products with the highest sales value in 2013 have shown a steady upward trend in sales value for the last five years.

Divisions Restricting Growth in Overall Manufacturing Product Sales

Not all divisions reported an increase in the values of sales, therefore the growth in the manufacturing sector as a whole has been restricted by some divisions. The manufacture of chemicals (Division 20) and the manufacture of machinery and equipment not elsewhere included (Division 28) were the industries with the largest negative contributions to growth, and the only industries to restrict growth by more than 5%.

The manufacture of chemicals industry has suffered a contraction in the value of sales for a second year, albeit much more modestly in 2013. The Chemical Industries Association has suggested that businesses are currently subject to increasing energy costs, which may be restricting business opportunities. The PRODCOM survey findings are largely in agreement with the Chemical Industries Association findings in their 2013 report.

Division 28 is a diverse industry made up of manufactured machinery and equipment which are not elsewhere classified. Just over half of the products coded to this industry suffered a year on year decline in the value of sales. Many of the product headings are suppressed for disclosure reasons, however, for those which are published the biggest declines in the value of manufacturers’ sales in 2013 were appliances for pipes, boilers and tanks, parts of machines which have individual functions, and furnace burners for solid fuel and gas.
 

Results by Product

Figure 3 shows the value of sales for the ten products with the highest sales value for 2013 and highlights the change in rankings over the past six years. There is little change in the top 10 list of products from the 2012 intermediate estimates; of the current top 10, eight featured in the 2012 list.

Figure 3: Trend of Top 10 UK manufactured products with the highest production by sales value

Figure 3: Trend of Top 10 UK manufactured products with the highest production by sales value
Source: Office for National Statistics

Notes:

  1. Products relate to level 3 as specified within the PRODCOM list.
  2. Maritime structures of iron and steel was collected as two separate products prior to 2012 (Weirs, sluices, lock-gates, fixed landing stages, fixed docks and other maritime and waterway structures of iron or steel, and Iron or steel structures or parts of structures). These have been combined for 2008 to 2011 to allow a comparison over time.
  3. Full product names are given in the excel download.

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The products with the highest value of sales in 2013 were:

  • motor vehicles with a petrol engine greater than 1500 cc (£13.8 billion);

  • motor vehicles with a diesel engine less than 2500 cc (£10.2 billion);

  • medicaments excl. antibiotics, hormones, steroids, alkaloids and vitamins (some types of medicines) (£7.9 billion);

  • parts for all types of aircraft, for civil use excl. propellers, under carriages and engines (£7.6 billion); and

  • manufacture, installation and repair of military aircraft (£7.5 billion).

These five products represented 13.3% of the total value of sales in 2013. The fifth product in the list has a value of sales over twice as large as the sixth product.

Motor Vehicle Industry

The manufacture of motor vehicles with medium and large petrol engines remains the product with the largest value of sales in 2013, growing by around £0.5 billion since 2012 and nearly £5 billion over the past four years. The volume of motor vehicles of this type sold by UK manufacturers has actually decreased, but the price per unit sold has increased by 13% which has driven the value of sales growth.

The manufacture of motor vehicles with diesel engines between 1.5L and 2.5L showed a sharp year on year growth of around £4.2 billion in sales, which is a 70% increase. This is caused by the double effect of 70,000 more vehicles being sold by UK manufacturers in 2013 at a unit price nearly 50% greater than was seen in 2012.

The manufacture of motor vehicles industry (4 digit NACE: 2910) which contains 24 products, sold £33.8 billion in products, contributing 9.6% of total manufacturers’ sales. The industry value of sales increased by £5.8 billion in 2013; this growth was driven by the increase in sales value of the two highest ranking products in Figure 3.

It has been widely reported that the car industry in the UK performed well in 2013 and with the majority of UK manufactured cars being exported, strong demand in the US, India and a recovering European market (in particular Germany) stimulated this growth. The Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT), the UK car industry’s trade body, reported that the UK car industry continued to boom in early 2014. In addition to the increased demand for cars, the SMMT indicate that buying trends are altering, with customers “demanding ever-increasing levels of style, comfort and functionality from their cars”, which may explain part of the increases in the unit prices of cars.

Aircraft Industry

Manufacturing for all parts in civil aircrafts dropped a place in the product rankings, but still saw a considerable year on year growth in product sales of 17%. This follows a sustained four year period of steady growth. The repair and maintenance of civil aircraft showed a large growth in the value of product sales for the fourth consecutive year and has also moved up the product rankings every year since 2009.

The UK government has announced a number of considerable investments in the aircraft industry including a £2 billion investment announced in March 2013 which was preceded by a series of investments since 2011, as noted in this Department of Business Innovations and Skills article. Investments of this scale aim to retain the UK’s status as a leader in the aerospace industry. Furthermore, the International Air Transport Association report that demand for air travel continues to grow with the up-swing in advanced country’s economies. These two factors coupled together have likely resulted in increased opportunities for UK businesses in this sector.

The value of product sales for the manufacture, installation and repair of military aircraft showed a large increase of 30% between 2012 and 2013, having remained relatively stable between 2010 and 2012. Sales of this product category are heavily based on winning contracts and the growth in sales is likely to be a result of more lucrative contracts being won by UK manufacturers from overseas customers.

Drinks Industry

The three products in the top 10 from the drinks industry in 2012 remain in the 2013 top 10. The value of sales of soft drinks and flavoured waters reduced slightly in 2013 (for the second year in succession) and its ranking slipped to seventh overall. Conversely the volume of the same product increased for the second year in succession, which was aided by the heat wave in July 2013 according to the British Soft Drinks Association.

The value of sales of beer made from malt fell by 9%. This is the third consecutive year where the value of sales has reduced and the sales value has contracted by nearly a third since 2009. However the volume of beer made from malt actually increased by 10% between 2012 and 2013, off the back of a 20% decrease between 2011 and 2012.

It has been widely reported that the beer industry in the UK has been struggling for several years as the prices of inputs like malting barley have risen sharply and demand has been falling amidst changing tastes of consumers and increased availability of foreign beers and variety of substitute products. More recently the UK government reduced duty on beer which the British Beer and Pub Association suggest will bring some relief to the struggling industry, which may go some way stopping the decline in the value product sales.

Following an 8% rise in the value of manufacturers’ sales of whisky between 2011 and 2012, the value of sales has increased marginally (by 1%) between 2012 and 2013, and the product moved up one place in the top 10 product rankings due to the product ‘parts and accessories of motor vehicles’ suffering a slight decrease its value of sales. It is the fourth year in a row that sales and volumes of whisky have increased. Based on the latest information for Europe (intermediate 2012 results), the UK was the highest contributor of the total sold production value and volume of whisky, in the EU.

Other Industries

Medicaments excluding antibiotics, hormones, steroids, alkaloids and vitamins (that is, some types of medicines) remains a top three product in terms of value of sales for the fifth consecutive year. Despite dropping one place in the rankings, the product sales value were 6% greater in 2013 than they were in 2012. The increase since 2012 has stemmed a sharp downward trend in the product sales since 2010, where the value approached £10 billion.

The manufacture, installation and repair of military vessels and parts thereof product has entered the top 10 products for the first time. The product showed a steady increased in the value of sales from 2012 and has grown every year since 2008. Over the past 5 years product sales have increased by 60%, making it the product with the 10th highest value of sales in the UK.
 

Background notes

  1. UK Manufacturers’ Sales by Product (PRODCOM) Survey

    In 2013, a sample of approximately 21,500 UK businesses was selected for the survey from ONS’s Inter-Departmental Business Register (IDBR). A total of 234 manufacturing industries are surveyed and data collected on 3,800 products. Every business is classified to a specific manufacturing industry but can span a variety of products depending on its diversity. Visit the PRODCOM webpages for more in-depth information about PRODCOM, plus the latest news on survey changes and developments.

    A PRODCOM Glossary (80.4 Kb Pdf) of terms can be used to interpret the technical descriptions and abbreviations used throughout the report.

    Data collected by the Annual Minerals Raised Inquiry (AMRI) on mineral extraction are used in the PRODCOM survey to avoid duplication and to reduce the burden on business. AMRI collects data for England, Scotland and Wales, for 25 products in NACE divisions 0811, 0812 and 0893. Northern Ireland data is collected by PRODCOM. Due to delays in the production of 2012 AMRI survey results the AMRI data were not included in the 2012 intermediate and 2011 final PRODCOM estimates when published in December 2013, and was not estimated for. Data were made available in spring 2013 and as a result, both the 2012 intermediate and 2011 final figures have been revised in this statistical bulletin. The 2013 data contained in the current release for Division 08 is largely estimated for the products which are collected in the AMRI survey as AMRI results for 2013 will not be processed until late 2014.

    An extensive revision of NACE in 2007 lead to a revision of the UK Standard Industrial Classification (SIC UK), bringing both of the classifications in line. This resulted in changes to PRODCOM estimates for the 2008 survey onwards. All PRODCOM industry sectors now align exactly to the NACE classification. PRODCOM reports for data pre-2008 are available on request from prodcompublications@ons.gsi.gov.uk.

    ONS will investigate the possibility of creating a back series, prior to 2008, in 2014 and any update on this investigation will be published on the PRODCOM News Page.

    Data in the accompanying reference tables are presented by manufacturing ‘Division’ divided into ‘Industries’, followed by product aggregates and then individual products. The PRODCOM list, which is set by the European Commission, contains a comprehensive breakdown of industries. The structure of the PRODCOM codes are derived from various classification systems (detailed at 1.4). An example of the hierarchy of the published data is as follows:

  2. PRODCOM Quality Information

    A Quality and Methodology Information Report (147.8 Kb Pdf) (QMI) can be found on the Office for National Statistics (ONS) website. The aims of the QMI report are to provide users with a greater understanding of ONS’s statistics, their quality and the methods that are used to create them.

    A report on PRODCOM EU methodology is also available from the Eurostat website. Eurostat also produce an annual PRODCOM Quality Report containing comprehensive quality information based on the latest data received from all EU members.

    The following information is available to users for each PRODCOM Commodity Code:

    • an estimate of standard error,

    • standard error as a percentage of the published value (the coefficient of variation),

    • number of businesses providing data at the product level, and

    • total employment of businesses providing data for the product.

    Standard errors are an estimate of the sampling error, which arises because an estimate is based on a survey rather than a population census. It is a measure of the precision of the estimate. A low standard error therefore indicates a precise estimate. To aid comparison and interpretation, the standard error is also expressed as a percentage of the product’s estimated total sales. This quantity is sometimes called the coefficient of variation and it allows the standard errors to be put into context.

    Standard error estimates are available for most product level value estimates. The latest data are available in the accompanying publication tables.

  3. Uses of the Data

    The European Commission and national governments need data to monitor industry and markets and to develop their corresponding policies. To meet these requirements, Eurostat and Member States have developed the PRODCOM system and disseminate data which allows international comparisons between all Member States and other countries. The enterprises benefit from data provided by the PRODCOM system which allow them to evaluate markets and opportunities for development.

    By combining PRODCOM with overseas trade data, users can derive various other statistics. For example: the trade balance, the UK net supply to the market and unit prices for production, imports and exports; all at the product level. Caution should be taken when combining PRODCOM data with HMRC data for reasons outlined in Background Note 8.

    A summary of the users and uses of PRODCOM Statistics is given in the User Engagement for the PRODCOM Survey. Some of the known users of PRODCOM statistics are:

    • the European Commission, 

    • the national governments and their national authorities (i.e. public institutions, central and local administrations),

    • businesses and trade associations,

    • the research institutions and students, and

    • the media.

    There are numerous other users who use the data to produce various analyses and to inform policy decisions. Some specific examples are provided below.

    EU anti-dumping cases: EU PRODCOM survey data are regularly used in matters relating to EU anti-dumping cases providing vital product information for scrutiny during formal investigations.

    Environmental statistics: Increasingly the data are used in analysis relating to environmental statistics such as ONS’ review of measuring the environmental goods and services sector (107.2 Kb Pdf) which utilises PRODCOM data in an aim to identifying potential ‘green’ products.

    UK National Accounts: PRODCOM outputs are required as part of the National Accounts Supply Table, an integral part of the annual Supply and Use Tables balancing process which is used to reconcile the three approaches to measuring Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross National Income (GNI).

    Producer Prices: The PRODCOM Survey data identifies businesses that make particular products, and therefore are used to create a sampling frame for the ONS Producer Prices Index.

  4. Your Views Matter

    We would like to hear what the impact would be on users of PRODCOM data if the ONS were to not publish the ‘UK net supply’ figures, in the final column of each product table. For reasons outlined in Background Note 8, the ONS is considering removing this column from the dataset. In addition we would like to hear what associated variables users would like the ONS to publish alongside PRODCOM sales data.

    In addition, we are constantly aiming to improve this release and its associated commentary. We would welcome any feedback you might have, and would be particularly interested in knowing how you make use of these data to inform your work. Please contact us via email: prodcompublications@ons.gsi.gov.uk or telephone Craig Thomas on +44 (0)1633 456746.

    A summary of the users and uses of PRODCOM Statistics is given in the User Engagement for the PRODCOM Survey report. The document describes how we have acted upon user feedback, and outlines our plans for user engagement over the next year.

    The Changing Shape of Trade and Investment in the UK, an event coordinated jointly with the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS), took place in September 2013. The event featured a range of talks from users, producers and suppliers of business trade and investment statistics, not just from central government and the devolved administrations, but also local government, media, business representatives and researchers. To view the content of the day, please visit Storify.

  5. Revisions

    Provisional survey estimates are published six months after the end of the reference period; intermediate estimates 12 months after the end of the reference period and a final set of estimates 24 months after the reference period.

    The below tables outline the extent of the revisions, for the total value of manufacturing sales from UK based companies, for the last four years of data:

    Table 1: Values at each publication date

    £ billion
    Publication Date Reference year
      2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jun 2011 323.9 - - -
    Dec 2011 329.4 - - -
    Jun 2012 329.4 339.7 - -
    Dec 2012 322.3 338.0 - -
    Jun 2013 322.3 338.0 342.2 -
    Dec 2013 322.3 338.1 341.7 -
    Jun 2014 322.3 340.3 343.8 355.0

    Table source: Office for National Statistics

    Table notes:

    1. In June 2014 Data for reference years 2012 and 2011 revised outside of normal revisions cycle as noted in Background Note 1.

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    Table 2: Percentage difference since previous publication

    %
    Publication Date Reference year
      2010 2011 2012 2013
    Jun 2011 - - - -
    Dec 2011 1.7 - - -
    Jun 2012 0.0 - - -
    Dec 2012 -2.2 -0.5 - -
    Jun 2013 0.0 0.0 - -
    Dec 2013 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -
    Jun 2014 0.0 0.6 0.6 -
             

    Table source: Office for National Statistics

    Table notes:

    1. In June 2014 Data for reference years 2012 and 2011 revised outside of normal revisions cycle as noted in Background Note 1.

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    PRODCOM estimates are revised in line with the ONS’s Revisions Policy. Users of this release are advised to read this policy before using the data for research or policy related purposes.

    Planned revisions usually arise from either the receipt of additional data or the correction of errors to existing data by businesses responding to the PRODCOM survey. Those of notable magnitude will be highlighted and explained.

    All other revisions will be regarded as unplanned and will be dealt with by non-standard releases. All revisions will be released in compliance with the same principles as other new information.

  6. Response Rates

    These provisional estimates are based on a response rate of 80.1%. Late and revised returns are included in the intermediate and final estimates, which explain the higher response rates for past years.

    Table 3: Overall response rates

    %
    Period (Estimate)  
       
    2013 (provisional) 80.1
    2012 (intermediate) 83.5
    2011 (final) 83.4
    2010 (final) 82.1

    Table source: Office for National Statistics

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  7. General Information

    The PRODCOM list is updated annually to allow for the addition and deletion of products as the market evolves; clarification of product definitions and corrections where identified.

    Product information is collected from the following Manufacturing Divisions:

    Table 4: Industry coverage

    Division   Title
    8 Other mining and quarrying
    10 Food products
    11 Beverages
    12 Tobacco products
    13 Textiles
    14 Wearing Apparel
    15 Leather and related products
    16 Wood and of products of wood and cork (except furniture); articles of straw and plaiting materials
    17 Paper and paper products
    18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media
    19 Coke and refined petroleum products
    20 Chemicals and chemical products
    21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
    22 Rubber and plastic products
    23 Other non-metallic mineral products
    24 Basic metals
    25 Fabricated metal products (except machinery and equipment)
    26 Computer, electronic and optical equipment
    27 Electrical equipment
    28 Machinery and equipment, not elsewhere classified
    29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
    30 Other transport equipment
    31 Furniture
    32 Other manufacturing
    33 Repair and installation of machinery and equipment

    Table source: Office for National Statistics

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    Industry classification 2410, 2432 and 2433 are collected by the Iron and Steel Statistics Bureau (ISSB). The data are supplied to Eurostat, but are marked as confidential and not published. They are not included in the overall UK manufacturers’ product sales figures.

    Data for Division 58 - Publishing is collected but not published as part of this bulletin. These data are not a requirement of the EU and are collected to ensure complete coverage of products in (and therefore the quality of estimates in) Division 18 – Printing. Data for Division 58 is available on request from prodcompublications@ons.gsi.gov.uk.

    Intra and Extra EU Import and Export data are supplied by HMRC to measure the flow of goods into and out of the UK. These data are also used as part of the UK’s Balance of Payment Account to gauge the health of the UK. Users should note that the coding frames used for HMRC trade data and PRODCOM are different, as noted as part of Background Note 8. An alternative source of data can be derived from the UK National Accounts Supply/Use Tables.

  8. Data Strengths and Limitations

    The UK Manufacturers’ Sales by Product (PRODCOM) provides a comprehensive picture of industrial production in the UK. The reference tables associated with this release provide estimates of value, volume, and unit values (value per unit of volume) for each product group, where possible. Alongside the estimates of PRODCOM sales, estimates of Intra and Extra EU Imports and Exports are also reported. These data are collected by HMRC, and are matched with the PRODCOM codes and included within the PRODCOM tables for the benefit of demonstrating the UK trade balance, and UK Net Supply (UK manufacturers’ sales + imports - exports) by product.

    However, it is important that users are aware of the limitations of these data. The HMRC data are collected using the Combined Nomenclature (CN), a different coding frame to PRODCOM. The PRODCOM Quality and Methods (147.8 Kb Pdf) (QMI) Report provides a diagram (on page 3) to shows the links between the PRODCOM list and the CN, which then links up to the Harmonised System (HS) codes at a world-wide level.  More details on the inconsistencies between PRODCOM and the International Trade Statistics are given in the QMI report.

    For some products, the PRODCOM and Trade Data collect different units of volume (for example number of items and kilograms). Both units of volumes are displayed in the product table. In these cases the volumes and unit values (for example £ per Item/kilogram) are not comparable.

    As a result of the potential inconsistencies between PRODCOM data and HMRC trade data, the ONS are considering the usefulness of publishing the ‘UK net supply’ figure and whether it should continue to be included in future editions of the product reference tables, linked to this bulletin. 

    Inconsistencies with other statistics collecting information on similar topics are highlighted in the PRODCOM QMI report. For example, PRODCOM focuses on products, and the Annual Business Survey (ABS) focuses on activities. The total value of production for business in an industry may be different to the turnover reported by ABS for the same industry group. Enterprises may carry out other activities besides production that contribute to its turnover.

    This release contains data from 2008 to 2013. Responses from the user survey questionnaire indicate that for some users, a longer time series based on a consistent Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) would be useful. Prior to 2008, data were published classified by SIC 2003. Since that time, the classification used has been SIC 2007, and creating a back series based on SIC 2007 is not currently possible. All estimates of the value of sales are presented at current prices, meaning that they have not been adjusted for inflation; this is important to bear in mind when comparing value changes over time.

  9. Definitions of Symbols Used

    The sum of constituent items in tables may not always agree exactly with the totals shown due to rounding.
    The following symbols are used in the accompanying tables:

    S      Suppressed as disclosive.

    S*    Suppressed as disclosive but included in the aggregated for UK Manufacturer Sales of “Other” products aggregated for UK in the Sales    and Turnover table.

    N/A   Data not available.

    *      Not able to provide data due to secondary disclosure, different units of measurement or other technical issues.

    E      Data has low response, and therefore a high level of estimation, which may impact on the quality of the estimate

  10. Disclosure

    The ONS is required to maximise the access to data, while safeguarding the confidentiality of the individual business data. We are bound by the Statistics and Registration Services Act 2007 and the National Statistics Code of Practice to ensure data is kept confidential.

    An initial review of the disclosure control method used by PRODCOM confirmed that it is in line with the Government Statistical Service (GSS) Disclosure Control Policy. Unfortunately, the detailed level of our estimates often leads to PRODCOM estimates being suppressed. This is because there are either a small number of producers, or there is a dominant producer and the risk of disclosing the sales figures for an individual business is high.

    There is already a process in place to write to businesses and ask permission to publish PRODCOM estimates where there is a risk that their data is disclosed. ONS plan to carry out a further review of the disclosure control methods for PRODCOM. This will determine if PRODCOM estimates are over-suppressed and identify any methods that may be more suitable, to improve the utility of the estimates.

  11. National Statistics

    The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

    Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

    • meet identified user needs;

    • are well explained and readily accessible;

    • are produced according to sound methods, and

    • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

    Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

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  13. Government Statistical Service (GSS) Business Statistics

    To find out about other official business statistics, and choose the right data for your needs, use the GSS Business Statistics Interactive User Guide. By selecting your topics of interest, the tool will pinpoint publications that should be of interest to you, and provide you with links to more detailed information and the relevant statistical releases. It also offers guidance on which statistics are appropriate for different uses.

  14. Discussing ONS Business Statistics Online

    There is a Business and Trade Statistics community on the StatsUserNet website. StatsUserNet is the Royal Statistical Society’s interactive site for users of official statistics. The community objectives are to promote dialogue and share information between users and producers of official business and trade statistics about the structure, content and performance of businesses within the UK. Anyone can join the discussions by registering via either of the links above.

  15. Special Events

    ONS has published commentary, analysis and policy on 'Special Events' which may affect statistical outputs. For full details visit the Special Events page on the ONS website.

    Release Policy

  16. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Craig Thomas +44 (0)1633 456746 Business Outputs Division prodcompublications@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
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