This article presents a selection of the charts and data for the South East Midlands Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP) available for users to view in the Local Enterprise Partnerships Profiles. The aim of the article is not to provide a comprehensive overview of the particular LEP chosen, but rather to provide an indication of some of the information available within the LEP profiles, and in particular within the LEP Local Authority Comparator Profiles.
The Local Enterprise Partnership Profiles provide data for LEPs covering the themes of Demography, Employment, Enterprise, Housing, Inclusion and Skills. A selection of the data available for the South East Midlands LEP has been used for this short article to illustrate the types of data and analyses available within the profiles.
The South East Midlands LEP is comprised of 11 local authorities. These are Aylesbury Vale, Bedford, Central Bedfordshire, Cherwell, Corby, Daventry, Kettering, Luton, Milton Keynes, Northampton and South Northamptonshire.
The population of the South East Midlands is relatively young when compared to most other LEPs in England. Of the 39 LEPs, it had the third highest share of 0 to 15 year-olds and the third lowest share of the 65 years and over age group. Within the LEP, Luton and Milton Keynes had the highest proportions of children (aged 0 to 15) and lowest proportions of the 65 years and over age group. By contrast, South Northamptonshire and Daventry had the highest proportions of the 65 years and over age group and the smallest proportions of children.
The employment rate for 16 to 64 year-olds in the South East Midlands LEP from October 2011 to September 2012 was 74.4%, which was above the England rate (70.7%). Both male and female employment rates (at 80.1% for males and 68.6% for females), were higher within the LEP than England overall (at 76.2% for males and 65.2% for females).
In August 2012, 11.7% of those aged 16 to 64 were claiming benefits in the South East Midlands LEP. The main contributor to this was the percentage of those claiming out-of-work benefits (9.5%). The local authority within the LEP with the largest proportion of the population claiming out of work benefits was Corby at 14.5%.
The qualifications of residents in the South East Midlands LEP were very similar to that of England overall with the same percentage of 16 to 64 year-olds educated to NVQ level 21 or above in 2012 (at 71.8%). The proportions aged 16 to 64 educated to NVQ level 3 or above (53.6%) and 4 or above (32.8%) were very slightly below the proportions for England (at 54.9% and 34.2% respectively). Bedford and Cherwell were the two local authorities within the LEP that had the highest percentages of residents with level 4 or above qualification levels, whilst Corby had the lowest.
The mean house price for the South East Midlands LEP was £207,100 in 2011; a small decrease from 2010 (at £210,600) and also lower than the mean house prices in England (£236,700 in 2011). Within the LEP, Aylesbury Vale, Cherwell and South Northamptonshire all recorded house prices above the English average in 2011, with mean house prices of £266,000, £257,600 and £249,200 respectively.
Within the South East Midlands LEP, amongst the 11 local authorities, Corby stands out as being distinctive in terms of the structure of its economy. Corby has the highest proportion of residents working in the manufacturing sector, a considerably higher share than other local authorities within both the LEP and England overall.
The remainder of the article focuses on each of the six themes in the Local Enterprise Partnership Profiles, providing further data and analysis for the South East Midlands LEP.
The total population of the South East Midlands LEP from the mid-2011 population estimates was 1,715,600. Within the LEP, Luton was the local authority with the highest population density (4,736 persons per square kilometre), which was much higher than the population density for both England and the LEP (at 408 and 363 persons per square kilometre respectively).
In 2011, one-fifth (20.6%) of the South East Midlands LEP population was aged 0 to 15.The LEP is in the top three out of all 39 LEPs for the highest percentages of population aged 0 to 15, with only Greater Birmingham and Solihull LEP and Thames Valley Berkshire LEP ranking higher, at 20.9% and 20.7% respectively.
Figure 1 shows that within the LEP, Luton (23.0%) and Milton Keynes (22.3%) had the highest proportion of children, although it is notable that all 11 local authorities within the LEP had a higher proportion of 0 to 15 year-olds than for England (18.9%).
In contrast, only 14.3% of the population of the LEP was aged 65 years and over. Of all LEPs, only Thames Valley Berkshire (13.6%) and London (11.1%) had a lower proportion of their populations aged 65 years and over.
Figure 2 shows that within the South East Midlands LEP South Northamptonshire and Daventry had the largest proportions of their population aged 65 years and over (both at 17.1%) and were the only two local authorities higher than the figure for England of 16.4%.
As shown in Figure 3, at 74.4%, the employment rate for 16 to 64 year-olds for October 2011 to September 2012 in the South East Midlands LEP, placed the LEP in the top 15 of all LEPs, and above the English rate of 70.7%. Within the LEP, Corby had the highest employment rate (85.3%), while Daventry had the lowest (65.7%).
For the South East Midlands LEP, from October 2011 to September 2012, the unemployment rate (6.8% of all people aged over 16) and economic inactivity1 rate (20.1%) were both below the English rates (7.9% and 23.1% respectively). However, this masks variations between the local authorities - Luton and Corby both had relatively high unemployment rates (at 10.4% and 8.2% respectively) compared with the English rate (7.9%). Daventry and Luton were above the English rate for economic inactivity (at 23.1%) with rates of 27.6 and 25.9% respectively.
There was a wide variation across local authorities within the LEP in terms of the proportion of employees working within the public sector. As shown in Figure 4, a number of local authorities, such as Bedford and Kettering, had a higher proportion of employees working within the public sector in 2011 compared with England overall (at 20.5%). However, South Northamptonshire, Corby and Daventry were all notable for having a relatively small share of total employee jobs within the public sector.
In 2011 for the South East Midlands LEP, as a percentage of total enterprise stock, the birth rate of enterprises was 1.2 percentage points higher than the death rate with 7,360 births compared with 6,510 deaths. Figure 5 shows, for local authorities within the LEP, the only net loss of enterprises was in Aylesbury Vale (-0.2%). All other local authorities experienced a higher birth rate of enterprises than deaths, with three out of the 11 local authorities within the LEP (Luton, Milton Keynes and Northampton) having a higher net percentage change than England (at 1.5%).
With regards to industry structure over the period January to December 2012, the South East Midlands LEP was similar to England for the percentage of the population aged 16 to 64 employed in the banking, finance and insurance sector (at 16.0%) compared with the English average (at 16.6%). The LEP ranks in the top ten of all LEPs for percentage of the population aged 16 to 64 employed in the construction sector (7.8%) and the transport and communication sector (10.6%).
The South East Midlands LEP had a higher proportion of the population aged 16 to 64 employed in the manufacturing sector than England overall. As shown in Figure 6, this is largely due to the high employment levels within this sector in Corby local authority. All other local authorities within the LEP were similar to the English rate of 10.0%.
In 2011 there were 22,197 residential property sales within the South East Midlands LEP. This was only a very small increase from the figure of 22,181 in 2010.
Moreover, there was a decrease in the mean house price1 for the LEP as a whole during the same period. In 2010 the mean house price was recorded at £210,600 which fell to £207,100 in 2011. The LEP ranks 17th out of 39 in terms of mean house price and was below the average for England at £236,700.
Mean house prices within the LEP varied widely, as shown in Figure 7. In 2011 the mean house price in Aylesbury Vale (£266,000) was more than double that of Corby (£132,400). Overall, there were three local authorities in the LEP with mean house prices above the English average (£236,700). These were Aylesbury Vale, Cherwell and South Northamptonshire.
In August 2012, 11.7% of all 16 to 64 year-olds in the South East Midlands LEP were claiming benefits; which was lower than the figure for England at 13.9%.
The proportion of 16 to 64 year-olds claiming out of work benefits1 in three local authorities within the South East Midlands LEP (Corby 14.5%, Luton 12.5%, and Northampton 11.7%) was higher than the proportion for England (at 11.4%).
Figure 8 shows that the LEP also, however, includes a number of local authorities where the share of 16 to 64 year-olds claiming out of work benefits was low, South Northamptonshire in particular.
In 2012, the South East Midlands LEP overall had a slightly lower proportion of people aged 16 to 64 educated to NVQ level1 3 or above (53.6%) and NVQ level 4 or above (32.8%) compared with England (at 54.9% and 34.2% respectively).
As shown in Figure 9, there was quite a wide variation across the local authorities in the LEP for those educated to degree level. Three of the 11 local authorities within the LEP had a proportion of 16 to 64 year-olds educated to NVQ Level 4 or above higher than the overall proportion for England. In Cherwell, 42.0% of 16 to 64 year-olds were educated to NVQ level 4 or higher, whilst in Corby; the proportion was 14.2%, considerably lower than the LEP and England overall.
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