A report published today to mark 40 years of the General Lifestyle Survey shows the proportion of one-parent households tripled over four decades.
The 2011 General Lifestyle Survey Overview report by the Office for National Statistics reveals how society changed between 1971 and 2011. The data shows:
Over four decades, household size declined from 2.91 persons to 2.35.
The proportion of one-parent households tripled, and the proportion of families with only one dependent child increased by around a third.
The proportion of adults living alone almost doubled over the period, with the increase occurring in the first 30 years (between 1973 to 1998). Adults aged 25-44 were five times more likely to be living alone in 2011 (10%) than they were in 1973 (2%).
Over the last 30 years the proportion of women who were married has fallen by a third while the proportion cohabiting has tripled.
During the first 20 years of the survey (1972 to 1991) the proportion of people reporting a long-standing illness or disability increased from two-fifths to a third of all people, but has remained relatively stable since.
Although cigarette smoking has halved over the last 37 years (from 45% in 1974 to 20% in 2011) the number of cigarettes smoked by men and women has changed little since the early 1980’s.
The proportion of men and women drinking on 5 or more days a week fell from 23% of men in 1998 to 16% in 2011 and from 13% to 9% of women. Men and women aged 45 and over are more likely to drink on 5 or more days a week than younger people.
The proportion of households with a telephone (landline or mobile) has increased from less than half 40 years ago to almost all households by 2011.
Similarly, by 2011, 98% of households had central heating compared to 37% in 1972.
Forty years ago only half of all households had access to a car or van, in 2011 this had increased to three-quarters. Over the 40 years households with access to a single car or van has remained similar, but the proportion of households with access to multiple cars has trebled.
Access to a computer has risen continuously between 1984 and 2011, from 9% of households to 80%.
In 1971 the General Household Survey (GHS) was created to be a wide ranging Government service to gather information covering several main themes at the same time. These themes have remained constant over the 40 years of the survey:
Over the past 40 years the survey has monitored changes in the demographic, social and economic characteristics of households, families and people in Great Britain.
Issued by: Office for National Statistics, Government Buildings, Cardiff Road, Newport NP10 8XG
Tel Heath Jeffries 01633 456 289
Mobile: 07789 924 241
Fiona Dawe, Editor, GLS Overview Report
Tel: 01633 45 5296
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: email@example.com