What is a long-term international migrant?
A long-term international migrant is defined as someone who moves to a country other than that of his or her usual residence for a period of at least a year so that the country of destination effectively becomes his or her new country of usual residence. From the perspective of the country of departure the person will be a long-term emigrant and from that of the country of arrival, the person will be a long-term immigrant.
What is net migration?
Net migration is the difference between people moving into the UK (immigration) and people moving out of the UK (emigration). If net migration is positive then it means that more people have moved to live in the UK than have left to live elsewhere.
What are the latest headline figures?
The latest ONS provisional estimates of Long Term International Migration (LTIM) show that net migration stood at 243,000 in the year ending March 2014. This is up from 175,000 in the year ending March 2013. This was a statistically significant increase1.
560,000 people immigrated to the UK in the year ending March 2014, a statistically significant increase compared to 492,000 in the previous year. Emigration was stable with 316,000 people leaving the UK in the year ending March 2014 compared to 317,000 in the previous year.
Total long-term international migration estimates, UK, 1970 to 2014(1)
- Figures for the years ending March, June, September and December 2013 and for the year ending March 2014 are provisional rolling quarterly estimates and are denoted by a cross. All other figures are final calendar year estimates of LTIM.
Who is migrating to the UK?
Immigration into the UK for the year ending March 2014
Net migration of EU citizens has increased
Immigration of EU citizens (excluding British citizens) to the UK in the year ending March 2014 was 214,000, a statistically significant increase from 170,000 in the previous year. Emigration of EU citizens from the UK remained broadly similar over the same period, meaning that net migration of EU citizens saw a statistically significant increase to 131,000 from 95,000 in the previous year.
End of decline in immigration of non-EU citizens
Immigration of non-EU citizens has been declining over the last three years. The latest estimates show that this decline has ended with 265,000 non-EU citizens immigrating to the UK in the year ending March 2014 compared to 246,000 in the previous year. Net migration of non-EU citizens was 162,000 in the year ending March 2014 compared to 145,000 in the previous year.
Why are people immigrating to the UK?
The most common reason for migrating to the UK is work. This has been the case historically, with the exception of 2009 to 2012 when study was the most common main reason for migration.
In the year ending March 2014, 228,000 immigrated for work-related reasons. This is a statistically significant increase from the previous year when 190,000 people immigrated for work-related reasons. Of those immigrating for work-related reasons in the year ending March 2014, 61% (138,000) came with a definite job to go to and 39% (90,000) came to look for work.
Provisional estimates from the International Passenger Survey show that 61% (136,000) of those immigrating for work-related reasons were EU citizens (excluding British citizens), whilst 22% (48,000) were non-EU citizens.
The second most common reason for immigrating to the UK was formal study. In the year ending March 2014, 177,000 people immigrated to the UK for formal study. The majority (73%) were non-EU citizens while 22% were EU citizens.
Reasons for Immigrating into the UK, 2004 to 2014
Where can I get more information about migration?
These statistics were analysed by the Migration Statistics Unit at ONS. Long-Term International Migration estimates are based largely on data from the International Passenger Survey, carried out by ONS. If you would like to find out more about the latest international migration statistics, you can read the Migration Statistics Quarterly Report or visit our international migration page. If you have any comments or suggestions, we would like to hear them. Please email us at: email@example.com
1 A change between two estimates is described as ‘statistically significant’ when statistical tests have been carried out to reject the possibility that the change has occurred by chance. For more information about statistical significance, please refer to section 4 of the Long-Term International Migration Frequently Asked Questions and Background Notes.