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Statistical bulletin: Labour Market Statistics, September 2012 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 12 September 2012 Download PDF

For May to July 2012

  • The employment rate for those aged from 16 to 64 was 71.2 per cent, up 0.5 on the quarter. There were 29.56 million people in employment aged 16 and over, up 236,000 on the quarter.
  • The unemployment rate was 8.1 per cent of the economically active population, down 0.1 on the quarter. There were 2.59 million unemployed people, down 7,000 on the quarter.
  • The inactivity rate for those aged from 16 to 64 was 22.4 per cent, down 0.5 on the quarter. There were 9.01 million economically inactive people aged from 16 to 64, down 181,000 on the quarter.
  • Total pay (including bonuses) rose by 1.5 per cent on a year earlier, down 0.3 on the three months to June 2012. Regular pay (excluding bonuses) rose by 1.9 per cent on a year earlier, up 0.1 on the three months to June.

In this bulletin

This Statistical Bulletin contains the latest estimates for employment, unemployment, economic inactivity, claimant count, average earnings, labour productivity, vacancies and labour disputes. The estimates are used by a wide range of users, particularly across government and the media, to monitor developments in the labour market. All estimates discussed in this Statistical Bulletin are for the United Kingdom and are seasonally adjusted except where otherwise stated. The Statistical Bulletin is accompanied by data tables in spreadsheet format.

Regional estimates are available from the Regional Labour Market release.

There is a separate release for Public Sector Employment.

In this Statistical Bulletin, estimates sourced from the Labour Force Survey for the three month period May to July 2012 are compared with estimates for February to April 2012. There have been revisions to the Average Weekly Earnings estimates back to the start of the time series in 2000. See Background Notes for further details.

New this month:

  • Labour Force Survey and Average Weekly Earnings estimates for May to July 2012.

  • Claimant count estimates for August 2012.

  • Vacancies estimates for June to August 2012.

  • Labour disputes estimates for July 2012.

  • Workforce jobs estimates for June 2012.

  • Public and private sector employment estimates for June 2012.

Summary of labour market statistics published on 12 September 2012

There is a short video explaining this story.

Between February to April 2012 and May to July 2012, the number of people in employment increased by 236,000, the number of unemployed people fell by 7,000 and the number of economically inactive people, aged from 16 to 64, fell by 181,000.

Between March to May 2008, when the number of people in employment reached a pre-recession peak of 29.57 million, and May to July 2012:

  • the number of people in full-time employment fell by 640,000,

  • the number of people in part-time employment increased by 628,000,

  • the number of unemployed people increased by 978,000,

  • the number of economically inactive people, aged from 16 to 64, fell by 60,000.

Changes in number of people in labour market statuses between March to May 2008 and May to July 2012, seasonally adjusted

Changes since 2008
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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The employment rate for those aged from 16 to 64 for the three months to July 2012 was 71.2 per cent. This is the highest figure since the three months to April 2009 and it is up 0.5 percentage points on the previous quarter. The number of people in employment aged 16 and over increased by 236,000 on the quarter to reach 29.56 million, the largest quarterly increase since the three months to July 2010.

The number of full-time workers increased by 102,000 on the previous quarter to reach 21.44 million and the number of part-time workers increased by 134,000 to reach 8.12 million, the highest figure since comparable records began in 1992. The number of employees and self-employed people who were working part-time because they could not find a full-time job increased by 24,000 on the quarter to reach 1.42 million, the highest figure since comparable records began in 1992.

The unemployment rate for the three months to July 2012 was 8.1 per cent of the economically active population, down 0.1 on the quarter. The total number of unemployed people fell by 7,000 over the quarter, but increased by 61,000 on the year, to reach 2.59 million. The number of people unemployed for over one year was 904,000. This is the highest figure since the three months to May 1996 and it is up 22,000 on the previous quarter.

The economic inactivity rate for those aged from 16 to 64 for the three months to July 2012 was 22.4 per cent. This is the lowest figure since 1991 and it is down 0.5 percentage points on the previous quarter. The number of economically inactive people aged from 16 to 64 fell by 181,000 over the quarter to reach 9.01 million. There were falls over the quarter in all categories of economic inactivity with the largest fall occurring among people who were not active in the labour market because they were students, which fell by 75,000 over the quarter to reach 2.16 million. 

The number of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance fell by 15,000 between July and August 2012 to reach 1.57 million.

The whole economy earnings annual growth rate for total pay was 1.5 per cent in the three months to July 2012, down from 1.8 per cent in the three months to June. This fall in the growth rate was largely due to a relatively high growth rate for April, when bonuses were higher than usual, dropping out of the latest three month average time period.

 

Employment

Employment measures the number of people in paid work and differs from the number of jobs because some people have more than one job. A comparison between estimates of employment and jobs is available in an article published on the website. A short video explaining the basic labour market concepts of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity is available on the ONS YouTube channel. The employment rate for those aged from 16 to 64 was 71.2 per cent in the three months to July 2012, up 0.5 percentage points on the three months to April and up 0.8 from a year earlier.

Employment rate (aged 16 to 64), seasonally adjusted

Employment rate
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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The employment rate for men aged from 16 to 64 was 76.3 per cent, up 0.4 percentage points on the previous quarter. The corresponding employment rate for women was 66.1 per cent, up 0.5 on the previous quarter.

The number of people in employment was 29.56 million in the three months to July 2012, up 236,000 from the three months to April and up 431,000 on a year earlier. The number of people in full-time employment was 21.44 million in the three months to July 2012, up 102,000 from the three months to April. The number of people in part-time employment was 8.12 million in the three months to July 2012, up 134,000 from the three months to April.

The number of employees increased by 144,000 on the quarter to reach 25.07 million and the number of self-employed people increased by 52,000 on the quarter to reach 4.22 million. The number of unpaid family workers (people who work in a family business who do not receive a formal wage or salary but benefit from the profits of that business) increased by 15,000 on the quarter to reach 113,000. The number of people on government supported training and employment programmes increased by 24,000 on the quarter to reach 152,000.

People in employment changes on quarter between February to April 2012 and May to July 2012

People in employment changes on quarter
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Public and private sector employment

The number of people employed in the public sector was 5.66 million in June 2012, down 235,000 from March 2012. The number of people employed in the private sector in June 2012 was 23.90 million, up 471,000 from March 2012. These large quarterly movements reflect the reclassification of some educational bodies from the public sector to the private sector. See Background Notes for further details.

Excluding this reclassification, the number of people employed in the public sector fell by 39,000 between March and June and the number of people employed by the private sector increased by 275,000.

Further information on public sector employment is available in the Public Sector Employment Statistical Bulletin.

Changes in number of people employed in public and private sectors between March and June 2012, seasonally adjusted

Public and private sector
Source: Quarterly Public Sector Employment Survey, Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Employment by country of birth and nationality, not seasonally adjusted (first published on 15 August 2012)

ONS publishes estimates of employment by both country of birth and by nationality. The number of  non-UK born people in employment is greater than the number of non-UK nationals in employment, as the non-UK born series includes many UK nationals. The estimates relate to the number of people in employment rather than the number of jobs. These statistics have sometimes been incorrectly interpreted as indicating the proportion of new jobs that are taken by foreign migrants.

The number of UK nationals in employment was 26.83 million in the three months to June 2012, up 246,000 on a year earlier. The number of non-UK nationals in employment was 2.58 million, up 15,000 from a year earlier.

The number of UK born people in employment was 25.21 million in the three months to June 2012, up 190,000 on a year earlier. The number of non-UK born people in employment was 4.19 million, up 67,000 from a year earlier.

Employment by country of birth and nationality, changes on year between April to June 2011 and April to June 2012, not seasonally adjusted

Employment by country of birth and nationality
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Actual hours worked

Actual hours worked measures the number of hours worked in the economy. Total hours worked per week were 934.9 million in the three months to July 2012, up 4.5 million from the three months to April and up 14.3 million on a year earlier. Average weekly hours worked in the three months to July 2012 were 31.6, down 0.1 from the three months to April but unchanged on a year earlier. The estimates for total hours worked and average hours worked can be affected by the arrangement of public holidays. There was one more public holiday than usual during the May-July period in 2012 (due to the Diamond Jubilee).

Total weekly hours, seasonally adjusted

Hours
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Earnings

Earnings measures money paid to employees in return for work done, before tax and other deductions from pay. The estimates relate to Great Britain and include salaries but not unearned income, benefits in kind or arrears of pay. As well as pay settlements, the estimates reflect bonuses, changes in the number of paid hours worked and the impact of employees paid at different rates joining and leaving individual businesses. The estimates also reflect changes in the overall structure of the workforce; for example, fewer low paid jobs in the economy would have an upward effect on the earnings growth rate.

Average total pay (including bonuses) was £471 per week in July 2012. In the three months to July 2012 total pay rose by 1.5 per cent on a year earlier, down 0.3 from the three months to June. Average regular pay (excluding bonuses) was £443 per week in July 2012. In the three months to July 2012 regular pay rose by 1.9 per cent on a year earlier, up 0.1 from the three months to June.

In the three months to July 2012 total pay (including bonuses) in the private sector rose by 1.8 per cent on a year earlier while regular pay (excluding bonuses) rose by 2.1 per cent on a year earlier. Total pay in the public sector rose by 1.2 per cent on a year earlier, while regular pay in the public sector rose by 2.1 per cent on a year earlier. Total pay in the public sector, excluding financial services, rose by 2.0 per cent on a year earlier while regular pay in the public sector, excluding financial services, rose by 1.9 per cent on a year earlier.

The public and private sector growth rates for June and July 2012 have been affected by the reclassification of English Further Education Corporations and Sixth Form College Corporations. From June 2012 onwards these educational bodies are classified to the private sector, but for earlier time periods they are classified to the public sector. ONS estimates that, if the reclassification had not occurred, the public sector single month growth rates for June and July 2012 would be between 0.6 and 0.8 percentage points lower and the corresponding private sector growth rates would be between 0.1 and 0.2 percentage points higher. Further information regarding this reclassification is available in an article published on the website on 31 May 2012.

Whole economy average earnings annual growth rates (Great Britain), seasonally adjusted

Earnings
Source: Monthly Wages and Salaries Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Labour productivity (first published on 29 June, 2012)

Labour productivity measures the amount of real (inflation adjusted) economic output that is produced by a unit of labour input (in terms of workers, jobs and hours worked). Whole economy output per worker fell by 0.7 per cent between the fourth quarter of 2011 and the first quarter of 2012. Whole economy unit labour costs increased by 1.4 per cent between these quarters. Further information is available in the Labour Productivity Statistical Bulletin published on 29 June 2012.

Output per worker and unit labour costs, percentage change on quarter (seasonally adjusted)

Productivity, July 2012
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Labour disputes (not seasonally adjusted)

These estimates measure disputes (ie, strikes) connected with terms and conditions of employment. In July 2012, there were 9,000 working days lost from 17 stoppages. In the twelve months to July 2012, there were 1.24 million working days lost from 129 stoppages.

Working days lost cumulative 12 months totals, not seasonally adjusted

Labour disputes
Source: Labour Disputes Statistics - Office for National Statistics

Notes:

  1. There was a one day strike on 30 November 2011 called by several trade unions in connection with a dispute over proposed changes to pension schemes for some public sector workers.
  2. Estimates of working days lost for the dispute mentioned in Note 1 do not include days lost due to people unable to attend work due to industrial action taken by others.
  3. There was a further one day strike on 30 May 2012 in connection with a dispute over proposed changes to pension schemes for some public sector workers.

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Unemployment

Unemployment measures people without a job who have been actively seeking work and are available to start work if a job is offered. A short video explaining the basic labour market concepts of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity is available on the ONS YouTube channel. The unemployment rate was 8.1 per cent in the three months to July 2012, down 0.1 percentage point from the three months to April but up 0.1 from a year earlier. Unemployment rates are calculated, in accordance with international guidelines, as the number of unemployed people divided by the economically active population (those in employment plus those who are unemployed).

Unemployment rate (aged 16+), seasonally adjusted

Unemployment rate
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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The number of unemployed people was 2.59 million in the three months to July 2012, down 7,000 from the three months to April but up 61,000 from a year earlier. The number of unemployed men was 1.49 million in the three months to July 2012, up 9,000 from the three months to April. The number of unemployed women was 1.10 million in the three months to July 2012, down 16,000 from the three months to April. The number of people unemployed for over one year was 904,000 in the three months to July 2012, up 22,000 from the three months to April. The number of people unemployed for over two years was 443,000 in the three months to July 2012, up 9,000 from the three months to April.

The unemployment rate for the European Union (EU) was 10.4 per cent of the economically active population in July 2012. The EU country with the highest unemployment rate was Spain, at 25.1 per cent, and the EU country with the lowest unemployment rate was Austria, at 4.5 per cent. The unemployment rate for Japan was 4.3 per cent in July 2012. The unemployment rate for the United States was 8.1 per cent in August 2012.

Young people in the labour market

In the three months to July 2012, there were 3.70 million 16 to 24 years olds in employment, up 58,000 from the three months to April. There were 2.56 million economically inactive 16 to 24 year olds (most of whom were in full-time education), down 75,000 on the three months to April. There were 1.02 million unemployed 16 to 24 year olds, up 7,000 from the three months to April.

The unemployment rate for 16 to 24 year olds was 21.6 per cent in the three months to July 2012, down 0.2 percentage points from the three months to April. In accordance with international guidelines, unemployment rates are calculated as the number of unemployed people divided by the economically active population (those in employment plus those who are unemployed). Increasing numbers of young people going into full-time education reduces the size of the economically active population and therefore increases the unemployment rate.

In accordance with international guidelines, people in full-time education are included in the youth unemployment estimates if they have been looking for work within the last four weeks and are available to start work within the next two weeks.

Excluding people in full-time education, there were 716,000 unemployed 16 to 24 year olds in the three months to July 2012, up 9,000 from the three months to April. The corresponding unemployment rate was 20.3 per cent of the economically active population for 16 to 24 year olds not in full-time education, down 0.1 percentage point from the three months to April.

Youth unemployment (aged 16 to 24) May to July 2012, seasonally adjusted

Youth unemployment
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Claimant count

The claimant count measures the number of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) and differs from unemployment (which measures people who meet the internationally agreed definition of unemployment). The claimant count in August 2012 was 1.57 million, down 15,000 on the previous month and down 3,600 on a year earlier. The claimant count rate was 4.8 per cent, unchanged on the previous month and from a year earlier.

The claimant count can be affected by changes to the overall benefits system. For example, from late 2008 until mid-2011 changes in eligibility rules for Lone Parent Income Support (LPIS) resulted in fewer lone parents (predominantly women) being able to claim that benefit resulting in more lone parents claiming JSA while they look for work. A further change to the eligibility rules for LPIS, which came into effect on 21 May 2012, has affected the claimant count since June 2012.

Another change to the benefits system which has affected the claimant count since April 2011 has been a re-assessment, by the Department for Work and Pensions, of claimants of Incapacity Benefit (IB) resulting in some people who have been declared ineligible for IB claiming JSA while they look for work. The effect of this exercise on monthly changes in the claimant count is likely to be small.

The claimant count for people claiming benefits for longer durations has also been affected by the introduction of the Work Programme in June 2011.  Previous employment initiatives saw a break in individual's JSA claims, leading to an individual having a succession of shorter duration claims. Under the Work Programme individuals are more likely to remain on JSA for a single unbroken duration.

Claimant count, seasonally adjusted

Claimant count
Source: Office for National Statistics, Work and Pensions

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Comparison between unemployment and claimant count

Unemployment is measured according to international guidelines specified by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). Unemployed people in the UK are:

  • without a job, have actively sought work in the last four weeks and are available to start work in the next two weeks or,

  • out of work, have found a job and are waiting to start it in the next two weeks.

People who meet these criteria are classified as unemployed irrespective of whether or not they claim Jobseeker’s Allowance or other benefits. The estimates are derived from the Labour Force Survey and are published for three month average time periods.

The claimant count measures the number of people claiming unemployment-related benefits; since October 1996 this has been the number of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA). Some JSA claimants will not be classified as unemployed. For example, people in employment working less than 16 hours a week can be eligible to claim JSA depending on their income.

The chart below and the associated spreadsheet compare movements in unemployment and the claimant count for the same three month average time periods. The unemployment estimates shown in this comparison exclude unemployed people in the 16 to 17 and 65 and over age groups as well as unemployed people aged from 18 to 24 in full-time education. This provides a more meaningful comparison with the claimant count than total unemployment because people in these population groups are not usually eligible to claim JSA.

When three-month average estimates for the claimant count are compared with unemployment estimates for the same time periods and for the same population groups (people aged from 18 to 64 excluding 18 to 24 year olds in full-time education), unemployment increased by 4,000 and the claimant count fell by 7,000, between February to April 2012 and May to July 2012.

Quarterly changes in unemployment and the claimant count (aged 18 to 64), seasonally adjusted

Unemployment and the claimant count
Source: Office for National Statistics, Work and Pensions

Notes:

  1. Unemployment estimates are sourced from the Labour Force Survey (a survey of households). The unemployment figures in this chart, and the associated spreadsheet, exclude unemployed people aged from 18 to 24 in full-time education.
  2. Claimant count estimates are sourced from administrative data from Jobcentre Plus (part of the Department for Work and Pensions).

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Economic inactivity

Economically inactive people are not in employment but do not meet the internationally accepted definition of unemployment because they have not been seeking work within the last four weeks and/or they are unable to start work within the next two weeks. A short video explaining the basic labour market concepts of employment, unemployment and economic inactivity is available on the ONS YouTube channel.

The economic inactivity rate for those aged from 16 to 64 was 22.4 per cent in the three months to July 2012, down 0.5 percentage points on the three months to April and down 0.9 from a year earlier. The number of economically inactive people aged from 16 to 64 fell by 181,000 over the quarter and by 375,000 over the year, to reach 9.01 million in the three months to July 2012.

Economic inactivity rate (aged 16 to 64), seasonally adjusted

Economic inactivity rate
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Redundancies

The redundancies estimates measure the number of people who have been made redundant or have taken voluntary redundancy. In the three months to July 2012, 142,000 people had become redundant in the three months before the Labour Force Survey interviews, down 13,000 from the three months to April and down 20,000 from a year earlier. The redundancy rate was 5.7 per 1,000 employees, down 0.5 on the previous quarter and down 0.8 on a year earlier.

Redundancies, seasonally adjusted

Redundancies
Source: Labour Force Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Jobs

Workforce jobs measures the number of filled jobs in the economy. It differs from the number of people in employment as some people have more than one job. A comparison between estimates of employment and jobs is available in an article published on the website.

There were 31.94 million workforce jobs in June 2012, up 93,000 over the quarter and up 708,000 on a year earlier. The sector showing the largest increase in jobs over the quarter was professional, scientific and technical activities which increased by 87,000 to reach 2.56 million. The sector showing the largest fall in jobs over the quarter was human health and social work activities which fell by 60,000 to reach 4.00 million.

Workforce jobs changes on quarter between March and June 2012, seasonally adjusted

Workforce jobs
Source: Office for National Statistics

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Vacancies

Vacancies are defined as positions for which employers are actively seeking to recruit outside their business or organisation. There were 473,000 job vacancies in the three months to August 2012, up 5,000 on the three months to May 2012 and up 14,000 on a year earlier. There were 1.8 vacancies per 100 employee jobs in the three months to August 2012, unchanged on the previous quarter but up 0.1 on the year.

Vacancies, seasonally adjusted

Vacancies
Source: Vacancy Survey - Office for National Statistics

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Data tables

The Index of Data Tables lists all of the regularly published labour market spreadsheets. These spreadsheets can be accessed from hyperlinks within this Index. The pdf version of this Statistical Bulletin includes all of the tables which appeared in the old style Labour Market Statistical Bulletin pdf files as published by ONS before the introduction of the current website on 27 August 2011.

Revisions

Estimates for the most recent time periods are subject to revision due to the receipt of late and corrected responses to business surveys and revisions to seasonal adjustment factors which are re-estimated every month.

Estimates are subject to longer run revisions, on an annual basis, resulting from reviews of the seasonal adjustment process. Estimates derived from the Labour Force Survey (a survey of households) are usually only revised once a year. Further information is available in the Labour Market Statistics Revisions Policy (36.7 Kb Pdf) .

One indication of the reliability of the key indicators in this Statistical Bulletin can be obtained by monitoring the size of revisions.  Data tables EMP17 (566 Kb Excel sheet) , UNEM04 (1.5 Mb Excel sheet) , JOBS06 (337 Kb Excel sheet) and CLA04 (1.48 Mb Excel sheet) record the size and pattern of revisions over the last five years.

These indicators only report summary measures for revisions. The revised data itself may be subject to sampling or other sources of error. The ONS standard presentation is to show five years worth of revisions (60 observations for a monthly series, 20 for a quarterly series).

Sampling variability and seasonal adjustment

Sampling variability

Data table A11 (63.5 Kb Excel sheet) shows sampling variabilities, calculated on not seasonally adjusted data, for the Labour Force Survey. These sampling variability ranges represent '95 per cent confidence intervals'. It is expected that in 95 per cent of samples the range would contain the true value. The sampling variability of the three month average vacancies level (95 per cent confidence interval) is around +/- 1.5 per cent of that level. The sampling variabilities of the whole economy single month Average Weekly Earnings growth rates (95 per cent confidence intervals) are as follows:

+/- 0.6 percentage points excluding bonuses,

+/- 0.7 percentage points including bonuses (April to November),

+/- 0.9 percentage points including bonuses (December to March).

Seasonal adjustment 

Like many economic indicators, the labour market is affected by factors that tend to occur at around the same time every year; for example school leavers entering the labour market in July and whether Easter falls in March or April.

In order to compare movements other than annual changes in labour market statistics, such as since the previous quarter or since the previous month, the data are seasonally adjusted to remove the effects of seasonal factors and the arrangement of the calendar. All estimates discussed in this Statistical Bulletin are seasonally adjusted except where otherwise stated.

Background notes

  1. This month’s Statistical Bulletin

    Workforce jobs

    A new data table showing self-employment jobs by industry has been introduced. This new data table shows a detailed breakdown of self-employment jobs similar to the breakdown of employee jobs shown at data table JOBS03. This new data table is labelled JOBS04 (739 Kb Excel sheet) and the data tables previously labelled JOBS04 and JOBS05 are now data tables JOBS05 and JOBS06 respectively.

    Average Weekly Earnings

    There have been revisions to estimates of Average Weekly Earnings, back to the start of the time series in 2000, resulting from a review of the seasonal adjustment process. There have also been some revisions resulting from a re-assessment of information provided by a small number of contributors to the Monthly Wages and Salaries Survey.

    Public sector employment

    On 31 May 2012, ONS announced the reclassification of Further Education Corporations in England and Sixth Form College Corporations (which only exist in England) to the private sector from 1 April 2012. This decision was made because the Education Act 2011, which came into force on 1 April 2012, removed government control from these educational bodies. Further information regarding this reclassification is available in an article published on the website on 31 May 2012.

    Consequently, in this month's Labour Market and Public Sector Employment Statistical Bulletins, they continue to be included in the public sector employment estimates up to March 2012, but they are not included in the estimates for June 2012. These educational bodies employ around 200,000 people and the reclassification has therefore resulted in a step change in the public and private sector employment series between March and June 2012.

    The following changes have been made to Table 4(2) in the pdf version of this Statistical Bulletin and to Data Table EMP04:

    • A new series covering Publicly owned English Further Education and Sixth Form College Corporations has been added.

    • The series showing public sector employment excluding financial corporations has been discontinued and replaced by a new series showing public sector employment excluding financial corporations, English Further Education Corporations and Sixth Form College Corporations. This new series shows a time series for public sector employment which excludes the effects of the reclassification of financial corporations and of the educational bodies. Corresponding changes have been made to the Public Sector Employment Statistical Bulletin and the associated data tables.

  2. Next month’s Statistical Bulletin

    There are no significant developments planned for next month’s release.

  3. Special Events: Olympics and Paralympics

    The Olympics took place from 27 July to 12 August 2012 (with a few events starting on 25 July). The Paralympics took place from 29 August to 9 September 2012. For most economic statistics, any direct effect of the Olympics will be mainly seen in the August estimates. Some July estimates may also be affected, particularly:

    • changes to travel patterns,

    • additional short-term employment connected with the Olympics,

    • inclusion of a proportion of ticket receipts in output and overseas trade.

    Wider effects, for example if the presence of the Olympics has influenced the number of non-Olympics tourist visits, may affect any of the summer months.

    This commentary is intended to help users to interpret the statistics in the light of events. As explained in ONS’s Special Events policy , it is not possible to make an estimate of the effect of the Olympics and Paralympics on particular series only on the basis of information collected in those series. More details of how certain series are affected are available in an Information Note.  

  4. Publication policy

    Publication dates up to the end of 2013 are available in the Background Notes to the June 2012 edition of this Statistical Bulletin. A list of the job titles of those given pre-publication access (34.9 Kb Pdf) to the contents of this Statistical Bulletin is available on the website.

  5. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

    Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

    • meet identified user needs;
    • are well explained and readily accessible;
    • are produced according to sound methods; and
    • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

    Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

Statistical contacts

Name Phone Department Email
Richard Clegg +44 (0)1633 455400 Labour Market Statistics Briefing labour.market@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Nick Palmer +44 (0)1633 455839 Labour Force Survey nicholas.palmer@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Bob Watson +44 (0)1633 455070 Claimant Count and Benefits bob.watson@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Emily Carless +44 (0)1633 455717 Workforce Jobs, Public Sector Employment and Vacancies emily.carless@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Eric Crane +44 (0)1633 455092 Average Weekly Earnings eric.crane@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Mark Franklin +44 (0)1633 455981 Labour Productivity mark.franklin@ons.gsi.gov.uk
James Scruton +44 (0)1633 456724 Labour Disputes james.scruton@ons.gsi.gov.uk
Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
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