Comparing March-May 2013, with the previous three months, there was a small rise in the number of employed people, a rise in the number of people “not in the labour force”, or economically inactive, and a fall in the number of people who were unemployed
Comparing March-May 2013 with a year earlier, there were 336,000 more people in employment, 72,000 fewer unemployed people and 144,000 fewer people “not in the labour force” or economically inactive.
Employment up 16,000 on the quarter and 336,000 on the year
Overall, there were 29.71 million people in work, a small increase of 16,000 when comparing March-May 2013 with the previous three months. Looking over a longer time period, employment was up 336,000 on the year. The employment rate, which measures the percentage of people aged from 16 to 64 in work, was 71.4%.
Unemployment down 57,000 on the quarter and 72,000 on the year
Turning to unemployment, there were 2.51 million people out of work and looking for work, a fall of 57,000 when comparing March-May 2013 with the previous three months. The unemployment rate, which measures the percentage of the labour force aged 16 and over who were unemployed, was 7.8%.
Compared with a year earlier there were 72,000 fewer unemployed people. The number of people who had been unemployed for up to one year fell by 104,000 to reach 1.59 million, but the number of people who had been unemployed for over one year increased by 32,000 to reach 915,000 for March-May 2013, the highest figure since 1996. Looking in more detail at the 915,000 people who were unemployed for over a year, just over half (474,000) had been out of work and looking for work for over two years, the highest figure since 1997.
The number of vacancies within the UK continued to rise to reach 529,000 for April-June 2013, the highest since 2008.
A further fall in the number of claimants
Comparing June 2013 with a month earlier the number of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) fell by 21,200 to reach 1.48 million and, over the year, was down 117,700. The number of JSA claimants is the lowest since March 2011. The Claimant Count measures the number of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) and differs from unemployment as many unemployed people are not eligible for or do not claim Jobseeker’s Allowance.
Welcome to the latest on the UK labour market, covering the period March to May 2013.
Firstly looking at employment, the number of people in employment has been rising on the quarter and the year, so that in March to May 2013, 29.71 million people aged 16 and over were in work. This is a rise of 16 thousand on the previous quarter and 336 thousand on the year. 71.4% of people aged 16 to 64 were employed.
Turning to those not employed but seeking work i.e. the unemployed, overall unemployment is down on the quarter and the year. In March to May 2013, 2.51 million people aged 16 and over were out of work but seeking and available to work. This was a fall of 57 thousand on the previous quarter and a fall of 72 thousand on the number unemployed in March to May 2012. 7.8 per cent of the labour force aged 16 and over could not find a job.
Moving on to consider the duration of unemployment:
This chart shows the majority of those looking and available to work have been out of work for up to 1 year, this figure stood at 1.59 million in March to May 2013. However 915 thousand people had been without work for over 1 year. This is the highest number since 1996.
Considering changes in these numbers on where they stood one year ago, the number unemployed for up to 1 year has fallen by 104 thousand, but the number unemployed for over one year has risen, by 32 thousand.
Therefore we can see that over the past year total unemployment has fallen but there has been an increase in those looking for work for more than one year.
Focusing on those people seeking work and claiming benefits principally because they are not in work:
1.48 million people aged 18 and over were claiming Jobseeker’s allowance in June 2013, a benefit related to looking for work. This is the lowest number since March 2011 and it follows a fall of 21 thousand on the previous month and a fall of 118 thousand on the previous year. Around two thirds of claimants were men.
Finally considering those not employed and not seeking work (i.e. those not in the labour force), 9.04 million people aged between 16 and 64 were either not looking for work or not available to work in March to May 2013. This is a rise of 87 thousand on the previous quarter but a fall of 144 thousand on the year. Considering these figures as a rate, 22.5% of people aged 16 to 64 were not in the labour force.