For September to November 2012, compared with the previous three months of June to August 2012, the number of unemployed people fell and the number of people in work increased. Fewer people claimed Jobseeker's Allowance in December than in November.
The fall in the number of people out of work and looking for a job was 37,000 when September to November 2012 are compared with the previous three months. Overall there were 2.49 million people unemployed in September to November. The number of unemployed men fell by 37,000 while the number of women unemployed was the same as the previous three months. Between September and November 2012, 1.41 million men and 1.08 million women were out of work, available for work and seeking a job.
The percentage of the labour force who were out of work, available for work and seeking a job was 7.7%, down 0.1 percentage points. The rate rose sharply at the onset of the 2008/09 recession and peaked towards the end of 2011 at 8.4%. Historically, since records began in 1971, the largest unemployment rate in the UK was in 1984 at 11.9%, with the lowest at 3.4% in 1973.
Claimants down in December
The claimant count was down 12,000 from November to December 2012, to 1.56 million. The claimant count measures the number of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA), and differs from unemployment as some people unemployed are not eligible for Jobseeker’s Allowance. For example someone unemployed but living in a household with an income over a certain threshold cannot receive the allowance.
Employment growth faster than population growth over the year
There were 90,000 more people in work in September to November than over the previous three months, and 29.68 million people aged 16 and over had a job. Compared with a year earlier, employment was up by over half a million (552,000), increasing at a faster rate than the population (up 367,000). The employment rate, which measures the percentage of people aged 16 to 64 in work, was up from 70.3% in September to November 2011, to 71.4% in the same months of 2012.
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