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Video Summary: Latest on the Labour Market, February 2013

Released: 20 February 2013

Also in this release

Welcome to the latest on the UK Labour Market, covering the period October to December 2012.

Firstly employment was 29.73 million, a rise of 154,000 compared with the previous three months and 71.5% of people aged 16 to 64 were employed.

Turning our attention to unemployment, 2.5 million people aged 16 and over were out of work, but seeking and available to work, a fall of 14,000 on the previous three months and 7.8% of the labour force aged 16 and over could not find a job.

Looking at those not in the labour force, known as economically inactive, 8.98 million people aged between 16 and 64 were either not looking for work or not available to work, a fall of 94,000.

In January 2013, 1.54 million people aged 18 and over were claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance, which is a benefit related to looking for work, a fall of 12,500 on December 2012.

Going back to employment and looking in a little more detail, we can see that 73% of people in work were working full-time with the remaining 27% working part-time.

We will now look at the annual changes in full-time and part-time employment and using this chart looking at it from when comparable records began in 1993.  Focusing on more recent times, we can see that between May to July 2008 and a year later, which was in the 2008/2009 recession there was a 753,000 fall in full-time workers and a 77,000 rise in part-time workers. In recent months full-time employment has been increasing and over the past year it has increased by 394,000, the largest annual rise in people working full-time since 2005.

We will now move back out and look at another aspect of employment, focusing in on the country of birth of those in employment.

In October to December 2012 around 29.8 million people were in work. Note this estimate differs slightly to that mentioned earlier as this is not seasonally adjusted. Of these people in work around 14 in every 100 were born outside of the UK accounting for around 4.3 million people. Compared to October-December 1997 employment was around 3.1 million higher in 2012. For October-December 1997 employment stood at 26.7 million and 2.0 million of those in employment were born outside of the UK.

Looking in a little more detail at the 3.1 million increase in employment since October to December 1997, 794,000 of the increase was for those born in the UK and 2.3 million were born outside of the UK.

Of those born outside of the UK, zooming in on this map, we can see that 672,000 of the increase was for those born in the EUA8, known as the East European accession countries that joined the European Union in 2004. 167,000 of the rise was for people born in the EU14 countries and the remaining 1.5 million of the increase was for those born in the rest of the world.

Since October to December 2011 employment has increased by around 589,000 and of this increase, 380,000 was for people born in the UK and 212,000 for those born outside of the UK. The majority of the foreign born increase was for those from the rest of the world, which increased 142,000. There was very little change in employment in those born in the EUA8 countries and a 68,000 rise in those born in the EU14 countries.

That was the latest on the UK labour market.

To accompany the labour market release published on 20 February 2013, a short animated briefing is available. It covers the following:

Employment for everyone aged 16 and over was 29.73 million in October to December 2012, a rise of 154,000 compared with the previous three months.

Unemployment for everyone aged 16 and over was 2.50 million in October to December 2012, a fall of 14,000 on the previous three months.

In recent months full-time employment has been increasing and over the past year it has increased by 394,000, the largest annual rise in people working full-time since 2005.

Since Oct-Dec 1997 employment has increased by around 3.1 million. 794,000 of the increase was for those born in the UK and 2.3 million were born outside the UK. Since Oct-Dec 2011 employment has increased by around 589,000 and of this increase, 380,000 was for people born in the UK and 212,000 for those born outside of the UK.

Source: Office for National Statistics

Background notes

  1. Further information is available in the Statistical Bulletin and the data tables .

  2. A number of video stories relating to labour market statistics are available from NOMIS® .

  3. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

    Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

    • meet identified user needs;
    • are well explained and readily accessible;
    • are produced according to sound methods; and
    • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

    Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

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