This is a short video looking at the latest on the UK labour market in December 2012.
It will cover August to October 2012, compared to May to July 2012.
We will show the level and the rate, and unemployment was down 82,000 to 2.51 million, with a rate of 7.8 per cent.
Employment for everyone aged 16 and over was 29.60 million, up 40,000, and 71.2 per cent of people aged 16 to 64 were in work. Inactivity for those aged from 16 to 64 was 9.07 million, up 60,000, and 22.6 per cent of people aged 16 to 64 were inactive.
Finally, the claimant count, the count of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance, in November 2012, was down 3,000 on October 2012 to stand at 1.58million. And the claimant count rate stood at 4.8 per cent.
We will start this month by looking at the population of working age in the UK. The UK population aged between 16 and 64 is 40.2 million for August to October 2012. Using these 100 characters we can see that for every 100 people, 71 will be employed, 6 will be unemployed and 23 will be inactive.
Now we will focus on unemployment. In August to October 2012, 2.49 million people aged between 16 and 64 were unemployed. First, using this chart, we can see the age breakdown of those unemployed. 945 thousand of those unemployed are aged between 16 and 24. 1.17 million are aged between 25 and 49 and 400 thousand are aged between 50 and 64.
This next chart shows the duration of unemployment for those 2.49 million people who are unemployed. As we can see, 1.16 million people have been unemployed less than 6 months. 439 thousand have been unemployed for between 6 and 12 months, and 892 thousand have been unemployed for over 12 months.
Next we will look at the duration of unemployment by age band. We will first look at those aged between 16 and 24, and as we can see, over 50% of those unemployed in this age band have been unemployed for less than 6 months.
For the next age band, those aged between 25 and 49, we can see that 44% of those unemployed have been unemployed for less than 6 months. Turning our attention to those aged between 50 and 64, we can see that 49% of those unemployed in this age band have been unemployed for more than 12 months.
This shows that, despite the small number of unemployed people in the oldest age band, if you are of this age and also unemployed you are most likely to have been unemployed for over 12 months.
Now we will focus on inactivity. As shown earlier for every 100 people, 23 of them will be inactive. For the period August to October 2012 the number of those aged between 16 and 64 who were inactive was 9.07 million.
Using this graph we will show the trend in inactivity levels from the start of the economic recession in April to June 2008. The red box highlights the large increase in inactivity levels between January to March 2009 and February to April 2010. The increase over this period was 358 thousand.
Using this new chart we can analyse the increase in inactivity levels. The blue horizontal bars show the increase in the number of people for each the five reasons for inactivity. As we can see, the largest increase, of 205 thousand, was for those that stated that they were students.
Removing this chart and returning to the previous graph we can see, highlighted by the red box, a large decrease in inactivity levels between May to July 2011 and May to July 2012. The decrease over this period was 375 thousand.
Using this new chart we can see what caused this decrease in inactivity levels. The blue horizontal bars show the decrease in the number of people for each of the five reasons for inactivity. As we can see the largest decrease was in the number of those retiring followed by students.