Demographic Analysis Unit
Telephone: +44 (0)1329 444681
Frequency of release: Annually
Geographical coverage: England and Wales
Geographical breakdown: Country
Life expectancy at birth in England and Wales in 2009-2011 was 78.7 years for boys and 82.6 years for girls.
The gap between life expectancy at birth between boys and girls has narrowed from six years in 1980-1982 to four years in 2009-2011.
Over the last three decades life expectancy at birth has increased by four hours per day for females and six hours per day for males.
According to mortality rates in 2009-2011, 91% of baby girls and 86% of baby boys born in this period will reach their 65th birthdays. This has increased from 84% and 74% respectively in 1980-1982.
The chance of surviving from birth to age 85 has more than doubled for men over the last three decades from 14% in 1980-82 to 38% in 2009-2011.
Interim life tables, which are produced annually for the UK and its constituent countries, give statistics on period life expectancy by age and sex. A ‘period’ life expectancy is the average number of additional years a person would live if he or she experienced the age-specific mortality rates of the given area and time period for the rest of their life. Each interim life table is based on population estimates, births data and deaths data for a period of three consecutive years. They are known as interim life tables since fully graduated or smoothed life tables are also prepared every ten years, based on data around a census year. A guide to calculating interim life tables is available and gives a summary of the methodology used to produce these life tables.
These data are released alongside the England and Wales Estimates of the Very Old (including centenarians).
This release focuses on England and Wales as a whole and England and Wales as separate countries. The release does not include figures for the UK or Great Britain (GB), because the population estimates for 2002-2010/11 based on the 2011 Census are not yet available for Scotland and Northern Ireland.
The 2009-2011 Scottish Interim Life Tables are also available. Please note the Scottish tables use population estimates rolled forward from 2001, whereas the tables for England and Wales use population estimates based on the 2011 Census.
These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.