This is a short video on young adults living with their parents.
Firstly we will look at the number of young adults, defined here as aged 20 to 34 and look at how many are living with their parents.
Here is the line for males and here is the line for females and you can see that over the period more men than women live at home with their parents.
In 2011 looking at men there were around 1.8 million living at home and for women there were around 1.1 million.
Both series have increased and over the period shown from 1997 there has been an increase of around 20 per cent overall in the number of young adults living with their parents. This is despite the population in this age group remaining largely the same during this period.
Looking at data for 2011 and in relation to the population of young men and young women, typically for every 6 men or every 6 women, around 2 men were living with their parents and around 1 woman.
We will now look at the percentage of men and women living with parents by age in 2011 using this bar chart.
Firstly looking at men you can see that as we move through the age range the percentage living at home with their parents falls. If we now plot on the bars for women you see a similar pattern albeit with a lower percentage.
At age 20, 64 per cent of men and 46 per cent of women lived with their parents. This decreases steadily until around the age of 30, after which the percentages remain largely stable. By the age of 34, only 7 per cent of men and 2 per cent of women lived with their parents.
A couple of factors are associated with this age pattern: Firstly, if we use this chart to look at the average earnings of young people, you can see that they tend to increase during their twenties and the sharp rise then stops as wages reach a peak and start to level off.
When it comes to moving out of the parental home, having a higher wage will make it more affordable and this increases with age.
Now if we use this chart to show young people who are cohabiting or married, plotting the line here, you can see that this is higher at older ages. At the age of 20, 11 per cent of people lived with a partner in 2011. This increases to over 68 per cent by the age of 31.
Having a partner to share the cost of renting or buying a home also makes it more affordable.
We will now look at the living arrangements of men and women using this chart.
Over 600,000 more young women than men were living as part of a couple in their own household in 2011. The main reason for this is that on average, men tend to form partnerships with women younger than themselves. Therefore there were more women in this age group who have formed cohabiting or married relationships than men.
In addition, over 600,000 more women than men were lone parents in their own household. When relationships break down, women are more likely than men to take the caring responsibilities for any children. Finally, women are more likely to participate in higher education than men, often moving away from the parental home to do so. All of these factors contribute to fewer women living with their parents than men.
Finally we will look at how the percentage of young adults living with their parents varies across the country using this map. If we shade in the different areas and bring up this key we can see that the darker areas have a higher percentage of young adults living with their parents.
Bringing up this bar chart to show the differences more clearly and plotting the bars we can see that Northern Ireland has the highest percentage living with their parents at 35 per cent.
A couple of factors give an indication of the reasons for the higher percentage of young adults living with parents in Northern Ireland. Firstly, the size of Northern Ireland means that it is more feasible to commute to work or university and remain living with parents than in other parts of the UK.
Secondly, the prevalence of cohabitation in Northern Ireland is around half of that observed in the rest of the UK.
The lowest percentage is in London at just under 20 per cent. London has a large influx of young adults from other areas of the UK and from abroad due to increased employment and study opportunities. Sharing a household with friends or housemates is more common among young adults and migrants than older adults as a way of reducing the cost of housing.