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Release: UK Environmental Accounts, 2012 - Detailed Energy: Energy Intensity and Fuel Use Data

Released: 31 July 2012 Next edition: 26 June 2013


Jawed Khan

Environmental Sustainability

Telephone: +44 (0)1633 456278

Categories: Environmental Accounts, Agriculture and Environment, Environment

Frequency of release: Ad-hoc

Language: English

Geographical coverage: UK

Geographical breakdown: UK

  • In 2010, total fuel use increased to 208.3 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe) from 200.5 Mtoe in 2009 but this was less than the 211.5 Mtoe used in 1990. This was driven by a 5.4 Mtoe increase in consumer expenditure not for travel, a 1.2 Mtoe increase in electricity production from gas and a 0.6 Mtoe increase in electricity production from coal despite reductions of 0.8 Mtoe in consumer expenditure on travel and 0.6 Mtoe in air transport services in the latest year.

  • During the 1990s natural gas replaced coal for electricity production but in the latest year there was a large increase in natural gas use driven by consumer expenditure not for travel and electricity production from natural gas and a slight increase in coal use driven by electricity production from coal and manufacture of coke oven products.

  • Over the longer term consumers have switched from petrol to diesel for travel, although petrol provided 68.2 per cent of energy used for consumer expenditure on travel on a UK resident basis in 2010 including cars for rural driving (26.9 percentage points), urban driving (29.0 percentage points) and motorway driving (11.0 percentage points). The industries using most energy from diesel were consumer expenditure on travel (including cars for rural driving 10.6 per cent, urban driving 10.6 per cent and motorway driving 5.7 per cent), freight transport by road (including articulated heavy goods vehicles for motorway driving 6.9 per cent and rural driving 4.6 per cent) and public transport (including buses and coaches for urban driving 4.9 per cent).

  • Shipping for water transport services was responsible for 74.6 per cent of energy from fuel oil and 17.6 per cent of energy from gas oil in 2010. Mobile machinery for products of agriculture and related services accounted for a further 19.1 per cent of energy from gas oil.

  • Between 2009 and 2010 there was a 6.6 Mtoe increase in reallocated energy consumption driven by a 5.2 Mtoe increase in consumer expenditure not for travel. This was despite reductions of 0.6 Mtoe in air transport services, 0.6 Mtoe in consumer expenditure for travel and 0.3 Mtoe for overall electricity production in the latest year, reversing long term upwards trends for these industries.

  • When compared with gross value added (GVA) in constant prices, the industries with high energy intensity in 2010 were manufacture of coke oven & refined petroleum products (401.8 TJ/£million), manufacture of basic iron & steel (100.9 TJ/£million), air transport services (92.6 TJ/£million) and manufacture of petrochemicals (89.6 TJ/£million).

In this release

Further detailed data on fuel use, energy consumption and energy intensity from UK Environmental Accounts - 2012 is being made available alongside UK National Accounts - 2012.

Get data on fuel use (545.5 Kb Excel sheet) which differs from energy consumption as some fuels are transformed, for example production of coke, solid smokeless fuel (SSF), benzoles, tars, coke oven gas and blast furnace gas and some energy is from other sources such as nuclear, imports, renewables and waste.

Get data on energy use by industry, source and fuel (1.82 Mb Excel sheet) which also includes industrial combustion of lubricants. This is the most detailed information showing which fuels are used by which sources within each industry.

Get detailed data on energy and energy intensity by industry (146.6 Kb Excel sheet) .

Other useful information

These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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