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Release: Crime Statistics, period ending September 2013

Released: 23 January 2014 (Latest) Next edition: 24 April 2014

Contact

John Flatley

Crime, Regional and Data Access Division

crimestatistics@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0)20 7592 8695

Categories: Crime and Justice, Crime, Crime Trends, Violent and Sexual Crime, Property Crime, Drug Crime, Victims of Crime, Criminal Damage and Anti-Social Behaviour, Justice, Attitudes to Policing, Public Attitudes and Experiences

Frequency of release: Quarterly

Language: English

Geographical coverage: England and Wales

Geographical breakdown: Local Authority and County

Survey name(s): Crime Survey for England and Wales

  • In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, statistics based on police recorded crime data have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. The full assessment report can be found on the UK Statistics Authority website. Data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales continue to be badged as National Statistics.

  • ONS will continue to publish and provide commentary on police recorded crime data pending consultation with users about their needs for such data in the light of the forthcoming inspection of data integrity being carried out by Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary. Further information on the interpretation of recorded crime data is provided in the User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales.

  • Latest figures from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) estimate that there were 8.0 million crimes against households and resident adults in the previous twelve months, based on interviews with a nationally representative sample in the year ending September 2013. This was down 10% compared with the previous year’s survey, and is the lowest estimate over the history of the survey, which began in 1981.

  • The reduction of crime measured by the CSEW was led by statistically significant decreases in both household (vehicle and property related) crime and personal (theft from the person and violent) crime. Household crime was down 10%, while personal crime was down 9%.

  • The CSEW also estimated there were 859,000 crimes experienced by children aged 10 to 15 resident in the household population.

  • The police recorded 3.7 million offences in the year ending September 2013, a decrease of 3% compared with the previous year.

  • There were decreases across most of the main categories of police recorded crime. However, there are signs of increasing upward pressures in some offence types in the police recorded crime data. For example, shoplifting showed a 4% increase and theft from the person increased by 7%. Continuing falls in high volume crimes such as other types of theft offences and criminal damage mean that overall levels of crime have continued to fall.

  • The number of sexual offences recorded by the police increased by 17%. This increase is likely to be partly due to a continuation of a ‘Yewtree effect’, whereby a greater number of victims have come forward to report historical sexual offences to the police.

  • In the year ending September 2013, 201,035 fraud offences were recorded by the police and Action Fraud based on reports from members of the public. This represents a volume increase of 34%. This rise should be seen in the context of a move towards improved recording of fraud following a move to centralised recording by the police. In addition, there were 292,814 reports of fraud to the National Fraud Intelligence Bureau from industry bodies.

The most recent crime statistics from the Crime Survey for England and Wales and police recorded crime.

Other Useful Information

This quarterly release presents the most recent crime statistics from two different sources: the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW, previously known as the British Crime Survey) and police recorded crime. 

The CSEW is a face-to-face survey in which people resident in households in England and Wales are asked about their experiences of crime in the 12 months prior to the interview. For the crime types and population groups it covers, the CSEW provides a more reliable measure of trends in crime than police recorded crime statistics, as it has a consistent methodology and is unaffected by changes in levels of reporting to the police, recording practice or police activity.

Police recorded crime data are supplied to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) by the Home Office, who are responsible for the collation of recorded crime data supplied by police forces in England and Wales. Recorded crime figures are an important indicator of police workload. They can be used for analysis of crime at a local level and provide a good measure of trends in well-reported crimes. 

Following the Home Secretary’s acceptance of the recommendations of the National Statistician’s Review of crime statistics in June 2011 the collation and publication of crime statistics moved to the ONS on 1 April 2012. For previous publications please see the Home Office web-pages.

Following the transfer, ONS developed proposals for the future dissemination of crime statistics, with the aim of improving the presentation for users and providing a clearer picture of crime. A consultation which ran at the end of 2012 set out proposed changes to the content of regular crime statistics outputs and a summary response to the consultation was published in January 2013. As a result several changes were implemented in the year to March bulletin published in July 2013, including re-classifying some elements of the police recorded crime data series. This work has continued with the inclusion of ‘making off without payment’ which from now on will be included in the more appropriate ‘other theft offence’ category. Prior to this publication ‘making off without payment’ was previously recorded as fraud. 

For information on how to interpret the crime statistics please see the User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales.

For advance warning of future changes to the police recorded crime collection see methodological note.

Crime Statistics Advisory Committee 

In line with the National Statistician’s recommendations an independent Crime Statistics Advisory Committee has also been formed to provide advice on issues related to the collection and presentation of these statistics. Please see the UK Statistics Authority website for further information and minutes of meetings.

Further sources of police recorded crime data

Historic police recorded crime data tables can be found on the Home Office web-pages

Police forces publish provisional recorded crime data at street level on the police website (The Office for National Statistics is not responsible for the content of this website).

Further survey information

Further Crime Survey information is available from the Crime Statistics methodological page . This includes:

  • A technical report providing covering all aspects of  the CSEW survey design, including sampling strategy, field operations, response rates, weighting methodology, and data processing.

  • A copy of the CSEW survey questionnaires 

Anonymised datasets from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (in SPSS format) currently are available on:

Researchers, including students, who need data for dissertations or practical work can use these datasets.

See the following websites for the Scottish Crime and Justice Survey and the Northern Ireland Crime Survey.

Contact

If you have any queries regarding crime statistics for England and Wales please email crimestatistics@ons.gsi.gov.uk

The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

  • meet identified user needs;
  • are well explained and readily accessible;
  • are produced according to sound methods; and
  • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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