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Data Sources and References This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 30 May 2014 Download PDF

Data Sources

For detailed information about the statistical sources used here, refer to the User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales (ONS, 2014)1.


Data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) are badged as National Statistics.

The CSEW is a face-to-face survey in which people resident in households in England and Wales are asked about their experiences of crime in the 12 months prior to the interview.

The CSEW fieldwork was carried out by TNS-BMRB. In the year ending March 2013, the CSEW had achieved a nationally representative sample of 35,169 adults and 2,879 children, with a response rate of 75% and 67% respectively. The survey is weighted to adjust for possible non-response bias and to ensure the sample reflects the profile of the general population.

Being based on a sample survey, CSEW estimates are subject to a margin of error. Unless stated otherwise, all changes in CSEW estimates described in the main text are statistically significant at the 95 per cent level. For more information on statistical significance and confidence intervals for CSEW data, see Section 8 of the User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales (ONS, 2013).

CSEW 10 to 15 year olds

Since January 2009, the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) has asked children aged 10 to 15 resident in households in England and Wales about their experience of crime in the previous 12 months. In the year ending March 2013, the CSEW achieved a nationally representative sample of 2,879 children.

The refusal rate among children for completing the survey is broadly similar to that of the adult survey (17%). However, parental refusal (where the parent does not allow their child to complete the survey) is much more common than refusal by the selected child. The reasons for parental refusals are not known, but previous development work on the children’s CSEW has shown the characteristics of 10 to 15 year old respondents to be approximately in line with those of the population as a whole and responses are weighted to account for non response bias. As detailed in Section 7.3 of the report ‘Extending the British Crime Survey to children: a report on the methodological and development work’ for more information.

The questionnaire has been refined since its inception and the most recent data was published in Crime in England and Wales, year ending December 2013. Violence accounts for a large proportion of the crimes experienced by 10 to15 year olds. Methodological differences mean that direct comparisons cannot be made between the adult and child data (Millard and Flatley, 2010).

Notes for Data Sources

1. The User Guide is the standard source of information on both the CSEW and police recorded crime figures.

List of products

Release tables published alongside the commentary include a set of bulletin tables containing the data tables and numbers appearing behind graphs in this publication, and more detailed estimates and counts of crime levels as set out in the table below.

The following are URL links associated with the production of Crime Statistics.

  1. Crime statistics publications on the Home Office website

  2. Historic police recorded crime

  3. Previous quarterly publication

  4. User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales

  5. The 2012/13 Crime Survey for England and Wales Technical Report Volume 1 (1.08 Mb Pdf)

  6. Analysis of Variation in Crime Trends (methodological note) (175.4 Kb Pdf)

  7. Possible order effect on responses to questions on attitudes to the police and criminal justice system arising from changes to the CSEW questionnaire (methodological note) (167 Kb Pdf)

  8. Future dissemination strategy – Summary of responses

  9. Presentational changes to National Statistics on police recorded crime in England and Wales (methodological note)

  10. ‘Focus On: Public Perceptions of Policing 2011/12’. Published 29 November 2012

  11. ‘Focus On: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences 2012/13’. Published 13 February 2014

  12. ‘Focus On: Property Crime, 2012/13’. Published 28 November 2013

  13. ‘Short Story on Anti Social Behaviour, 2011/12’. Published 11 April 2013

  14. ‘An overview of hate crime in England and Wales’. Published 17 December 2013

  15. National Statistician’s Review of Crime Statistics (456.8 Kb Pdf)

Anonymised datasets from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (in SPSS format) are currently available on the UK Data Service and the ONS Virtual Micro data Laboratory (VML).

In addition to these National Statistics releases, provisional police recorded crime data drawn from local management information systems sit behind street level figures released each month, via Police recorded crime, street level mapping tool.

Crime Statistics for Scotland are available from the Scottish Government.

Crime Statistics for Northern Ireland are available from the Police Service of Northern Ireland.


Association of Chief Police Officers, 2010, 'Children and Young People Strategy 2010-2013'

Bradford, B, 2011, Assessing the impact of police-initiated stop powers on individuals and communities: the UK picture

Bradford, B. and Jackson J., 2011a, ‘Why Britons Trust their Police

Bradford, B. and Jackson J., 2011b, ‘When Trust is Lost: the British and their Police after the Tottenham Riots

Bradford, B., Jackson, J., Stanko, E., 2009, Contact and confidence: revisiting the impact of public encounters with the police

Chandek, M., 1999 Race, expectations and evaluations of police performance: An empirical assessment, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 22(4), pp 675-695.

Chaplin, Flatley and Smith, eds. 2011 ‘Crime in England and Wales 2010/11’, Home Office statistical bulletin 10/11

Dalgleish, D., and Myhill, A., 2004, ‘Reassuring the public: A review of international policing interventions

Dillman, D., Smyth, J., and Christian, L., 2009, ‘Internet, Mail, and Mixed-mode Surveys: The Tailored Design Method

Franklyn, R., (Ministry of Justice), 2012, ‘Satisfaction and willingness to engage with the Criminal Justice System: Findings from the Witness and Victim Experience Survey, 2009-10

Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC), 2013, ‘Policing in Austerity: Rising to the Challenge

Home Office, 2004, ‘Crime in England and Wales 2002/03: Supplementary Volume 2: Crime, disorder and the Criminal Justice System – public attitudes and perceptions

Home Office, 2006, ‘Rebalancing the criminal justice system in favour of the law-abiding majority: Cutting crime, reducing reoffending and protecting the public

Home Office, 2013, ‘Police workforce, England and Wales

Jackson, J., Bradford, B., Stanko, E.A., and Hohl, K., 2012, Just Authority? Trust in the Police in England and Wales

Lamont, E., Macleod, S., Wilkin, A., 2011, Police Officers in Schools: A scoping study

Millard and Flatley, eds. 2010, ‘Experimental statistics on victimisation of children age 10 to 15; findings from the British Crime Survey for the year ending December 2009 England and Wales’, Home Office statistical bulletin 11/10

Ministry of Justice, 2010, ‘Breaking the Cycle: Effective Punishment, Rehabilitation and Sentencing of Offenders

Ministry of Justice, 2013, ‘Support for victims: Findings from the Crime Survey for England and Wales

Office for National Statistics, 2012a, ‘Focus On: Public Perceptions of Policing: Findings from the 2011/12 Crime Survey for England and Wales

Office for National Statistics, 2012b, ‘ Methodological note on the possible order effect on responses to questions on attitudes to the police and criminal justice system arising from changes in the CSEW questionnaire (167 Kb Pdf)

Office for National Statistics 2013a, ‘Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending March 2013

Office for National Statistics 2013b, ‘Focus on Property Crime, 2012/13

Office for National Statistics, 2014a, ‘Crime Statistics, year end December 2013

Office for National Statistics 2014b, ‘Focus on Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2012/13

Office for National Statistics, 2014c, ‘User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales

Povey, K., (Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary), 2001, ‘Open all hours: A thematic inspection report on the role of police visibility and accessibility in public reassurance

Schuman, H., and Presser, S., 1996, ‘Questions and Answers in Attitude Surveys

Sindall, K. and Sturgis, P., 2013, ‘Austerity policing: Is visibility more important that absolute numbers in determining public confidence in the police' European Journal of Criminology 10(2) pp137-153

Skogan, W.G., 2006, Asymmetry in the Impact of Encounters with Police

Skogan, W.G., 2009, ‘Concern about Crime and Confidence in the Police: Reassurance or Accountability’ Police Quarterly 12(3) pp 301-318

Smith, ed. ‘Hate crime, cyber security and the experience of crime among children: Findings from the 2010/11 British Crime Survey: Supplementary Volume 3 to Crime in England and Wales 2010/11’, Home Office statistical bulletin 06/12

TNS BMRB, 2013, ‘The 2012/13 Crime Survey for England and Wales: Technical Report, Volume One

Wakefield, A., 2006, ‘The Value of Foot Patrol: A Review of Research

Background notes

  1. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting or from the Media Relations Office email:

    The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.

    Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:

    • meet identified user needs;
    • are well explained and readily accessible;
    • are produced according to sound methods; and
    • are managed impartially and objectively in the public interest.

    Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.

Get all the tables for this publication in the data section of this publication .
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