For detailed information about the statistical sources used here, refer to the User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales (ONS, 2014)1.
Data from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) are badged as National Statistics.
The CSEW is a face-to-face survey in which people resident in households in England and Wales are asked about their experiences of crime in the 12 months prior to the interview.
The CSEW fieldwork was carried out by TNS-BMRB. In the year ending March 2013, the CSEW had achieved a nationally representative sample of 35,169 adults and 2,879 children, with a response rate of 75% and 67% respectively. The survey is weighted to adjust for possible non-response bias and to ensure the sample reflects the profile of the general population.
Being based on a sample survey, CSEW estimates are subject to a margin of error. Unless stated otherwise, all changes in CSEW estimates described in the main text are statistically significant at the 95 per cent level. For more information on statistical significance and confidence intervals for CSEW data, see Section 8 of the User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales (ONS, 2013).
Since January 2009, the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) has asked children aged 10 to 15 resident in households in England and Wales about their experience of crime in the previous 12 months. In the year ending March 2013, the CSEW achieved a nationally representative sample of 2,879 children.
The refusal rate among children for completing the survey is broadly similar to that of the adult survey (17%). However, parental refusal (where the parent does not allow their child to complete the survey) is much more common than refusal by the selected child. The reasons for parental refusals are not known, but previous development work on the children’s CSEW has shown the characteristics of 10 to 15 year old respondents to be approximately in line with those of the population as a whole and responses are weighted to account for non response bias. As detailed in Section 7.3 of the report ‘Extending the British Crime Survey to children: a report on the methodological and development work’ for more information.
The questionnaire has been refined since its inception and the most recent data was published in Crime in England and Wales, year ending December 2013. Violence accounts for a large proportion of the crimes experienced by 10 to15 year olds. Methodological differences mean that direct comparisons cannot be made between the adult and child data (Millard and Flatley, 2010).
1. The User Guide is the standard source of information on both the CSEW and police recorded crime figures.
Release tables published alongside the commentary include a set of bulletin tables containing the data tables and numbers appearing behind graphs in this publication, and more detailed estimates and counts of crime levels as set out in the table below.
The following are URL links associated with the production of Crime Statistics.
‘Focus On: Public Perceptions of Policing 2011/12’. Published 29 November 2012
‘Focus On: Violent Crime and Sexual Offences 2012/13’. Published 13 February 2014
‘Focus On: Property Crime, 2012/13’. Published 28 November 2013
‘Short Story on Anti Social Behaviour, 2011/12’. Published 11 April 2013
‘An overview of hate crime in England and Wales’. Published 17 December 2013
In addition to these National Statistics releases, provisional police recorded crime data drawn from local management information systems sit behind street level figures released each month, via Police recorded crime, street level mapping tool.
Crime Statistics for Scotland are available from the Scottish Government.
Crime Statistics for Northern Ireland are available from the Police Service of Northern Ireland.
Association of Chief Police Officers, 2010, 'Children and Young People Strategy 2010-2013'
Bradford, B. and Jackson J., 2011a, ‘Why Britons Trust their Police’
Bradford, B. and Jackson J., 2011b, ‘When Trust is Lost: the British and their Police after the Tottenham Riots’
Bradford, B., Jackson, J., Stanko, E., 2009, Contact and confidence: revisiting the impact of public encounters with the police
Chandek, M., 1999 Race, expectations and evaluations of police performance: An empirical assessment, Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 22(4), pp 675-695.
Chaplin, Flatley and Smith, eds. 2011 ‘Crime in England and Wales 2010/11’, Home Office statistical bulletin 10/11
Dalgleish, D., and Myhill, A., 2004, ‘Reassuring the public: A review of international policing interventions’
Dillman, D., Smyth, J., and Christian, L., 2009, ‘Internet, Mail, and Mixed-mode Surveys: The Tailored Design Method’
Franklyn, R., (Ministry of Justice), 2012, ‘Satisfaction and willingness to engage with the Criminal Justice System: Findings from the Witness and Victim Experience Survey, 2009-10’
Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC), 2013, ‘Policing in Austerity: Rising to the Challenge’
Home Office, 2013, ‘Police workforce, England and Wales’
Jackson, J., Bradford, B., Stanko, E.A., and Hohl, K., 2012, Just Authority? Trust in the Police in England and Wales
Lamont, E., Macleod, S., Wilkin, A., 2011, Police Officers in Schools: A scoping study
Millard and Flatley, eds. 2010, ‘Experimental statistics on victimisation of children age 10 to 15; findings from the British Crime Survey for the year ending December 2009 England and Wales’, Home Office statistical bulletin 11/10
Ministry of Justice, 2010, ‘Breaking the Cycle: Effective Punishment, Rehabilitation and Sentencing of Offenders’
Ministry of Justice, 2013, ‘Support for victims: Findings from the Crime Survey for England and Wales’
Office for National Statistics, 2012a, ‘Focus On: Public Perceptions of Policing: Findings from the 2011/12 Crime Survey for England and Wales’
Office for National Statistics, 2012b, ‘ Methodological note on the possible order effect on responses to questions on attitudes to the police and criminal justice system arising from changes in the CSEW questionnaire (167 Kb Pdf) ’
Office for National Statistics 2013a, ‘Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending March 2013’
Office for National Statistics 2013b, ‘Focus on Property Crime, 2012/13’
Office for National Statistics, 2014a, ‘Crime Statistics, year end December 2013’
Office for National Statistics 2014b, ‘Focus on Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2012/13’
Office for National Statistics, 2014c, ‘User Guide to Crime Statistics for England and Wales’
Povey, K., (Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary), 2001, ‘Open all hours: A thematic inspection report on the role of police visibility and accessibility in public reassurance’
Schuman, H., and Presser, S., 1996, ‘Questions and Answers in Attitude Surveys’
Sindall, K. and Sturgis, P., 2013, ‘Austerity policing: Is visibility more important that absolute numbers in determining public confidence in the police' European Journal of Criminology 10(2) pp137-153
Skogan, W.G., 2006, Asymmetry in the Impact of Encounters with Police
Skogan, W.G., 2009, ‘Concern about Crime and Confidence in the Police: Reassurance or Accountability’ Police Quarterly 12(3) pp 301-318
Smith, ed. ‘Hate crime, cyber security and the experience of crime among children: Findings from the 2010/11 British Crime Survey: Supplementary Volume 3 to Crime in England and Wales 2010/11’, Home Office statistical bulletin 06/12
Wakefield, A., 2006, ‘The Value of Foot Patrol: A Review of Research’
Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The United Kingdom Statistics Authority has designated these statistics as National Statistics, in accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007 and signifying compliance with the Code of Practice for Official Statistics.
Designation can be broadly interpreted to mean that the statistics:
Once statistics have been designated as National Statistics it is a statutory requirement that the Code of Practice shall continue to be observed.