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Consumer Price Inflation Detailed Briefing Note, November 2013 (HTML Version) This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 19 December 2013 Download PDF

Summary

Consumer Prices Index (CPI)

The CPI is a measure of consumer price inflation produced to international standards and in line with European regulations. First published in 1997 as the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), the CPI is the inflation measure used in the Government’s target for inflation.

The CPI is also used for purposes such as uprating pensions, wages and benefits and can aid in the understanding of inflation on family budgets. For more information on the uses of the CPI see the article 'Users and uses of consumer price inflation statistics'.

  • The all items CPI is 127.0, up from 126.9 in October.

  • The all items CPI annual rate is 2.1%, down from 2.2% in October.

  • The annual rate for CPI excluding indirect taxes, CPIY, is 2.2%, down from 2.3% last month.

  • The annual rate for CPI at constant tax rates, CPI-CT, is 2.0%, down from 2.1% last month.

  • The CPI all goods index is 121.6, up from 121.4 in October.

  • The CPI all goods index annual rate is 1.6%, down from 1.7% last month.

  • The CPI all services index is 133.7, down from 133.8 in October.

  • The CPI all services index annual rate is 2.6%, down from 2.7% last month.

CPIH

CPIH is a measure of UK consumer price inflation that includes owner occupiers’ housing costs (OOH). These are the costs of housing services associated with owning, maintaining and living in one’s own home. OOH does not include costs such as utility bills and minor repairs and maintenance which are already included in the index. CPIH uses an approach called rental equivalence to measure OOH. Rental equivalence uses the rent paid for an equivalent house as a proxy for the costs faced by an owner occupier. In other words this answers the question “how much would I have to pay in rent to live in a home like mine?” for an owner occupier. OOH does not seek to capture increases in house prices. Although, this may be inconsistent with some users’ expectations of measures of OOH, the inclusion of an asset price and therefore capital gains makes the measure less suitable for a measure of consumption. OOH currently accounts for just over 12% of the expenditure weight of CPIH. This has increased gradually from a weight of 10% in 2005.

Currently, the method of calculation, the population coverage and the basket of goods and services are the same as the Consumer Prices Index (CPI), with the exception of OOH. The method of deriving the weights for CPIH and the data used for these are also the same as for CPI, with the exception of OOH. This can result in some differences from the CPI.

On 21 November 2013, the UK Statistics Authority confirmed the designation of CPIH as a National Statistic. This follows ONS implementing a number of enhancements set out by the Authority in its assessment of consumer price statistics (Statistics on Consumer Price Inflation), published on 25 July 2013. ONS has removed the experimental statistics classification from CPIH.

For further information on CPIH please see Introducing the new CPIH measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 2005 to 2012

  • The all items CPIH is 124.8, unchanged from last month. 

  • The all items CPIH annual rate is 1.9%, down from 2.0% in October.

  • The annual rate for CPIH excluding indirect taxes, CPIHY, is 2.0%, down from 2.1% last month.

  • The OOH component of CPIH is 107.9, up from 107.8 in October.

  • The OOH component annual rate is 1.0%, unchanged from last month.

  • The CPIH all goods index is 121.7, up from 121.5 in October.

  • The CPIH all goods index annual rate is 1.6%, down from 1.7% last month.

  • The CPIH all services index is 127.8, down from 127.9 in October.

  • The CPIH all services index annual rate is 2.2%, down from 2.3% last month.

Retail Prices Index (RPI) and RPIJ

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. The full assessment report can be found on the UK Statistics Authority website.

The RPI is a long-standing measure of UK inflation that has historically been used for a wide range of purposes such as the indexation of pensions and rents and index-linked gilts. For further information on current and historic uses of the RPI please see the article 'Users and uses of consumer price inflation statistics'.

RPIJ is an improved variant of the Retail Prices Index which is calculated using formulae that meet international standards. The rationale for creating RPIJ was to give users a better alternative to the RPI if their needs were for a measure of inflation based on the same population, classifications, weights etc as the RPI. Currently, RPIJ also acts as an analytical series, in that it allows users to see the impact of using the Jevons (which meets international standards) in place of the Carli formula (which does not meet international standards) in the RPI. The use of the different formulae at the elementary aggregate level is currently the only difference between the two indices. ONS does not produce detailed goods and services indices for RPIJ.

On 21 November 2013, the UK Statistics Authority confirmed the designation of RPIJ as a National Statistic. This follows ONS implementing a number of enhancements set out by the Authority in its assessment of consumer price statistics (Statistics on Consumer Price Inflation), published on 25 July 2013. ONS has removed the experimental statistics classification from RPIJ. For further information on RPIJ please see Introducing the new RPIJ measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 1997 to 2012

  • The all items RPI is 252.1, up from 251.9 in October.

  • The all items RPI annual rate is 2.6%, unchanged from last month.

  • The all items RPIJ is 235.1, up from 234.9 in October.

  • The all items RPIJ annual rate is 2.0%, up from 1.9% last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIX, the all items RPI excluding mortgage interest payments (MIPs) index, is 2.7%, unchanged from last month.   

  • The all goods RPI is 198.6, up from 198.3 in October. 

  • The all goods RPI annual rate is 2.4%, up from 2.3% last month.

  • The all services RPI is 336.5, up from 336.3 in October.

  • The all services RPI annual rate is 3.1%, unchanged from last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIY, the all items RPI excluding MIPs and indirect taxes index, is 2.8%, unchanged from last month.

  • The Seasonally Adjusted RPIY (SARPIY) annual rate is 2.9%, up from 2.8% last month.

  • The Tax and Price Index (TPI) for November is 222.2, up from 222.0 in October.

  • The TPI annual rate is 1.6%, unchanged from last month. 

CPI summary

Contributions to change in the CPI annual rate

CPI COICOP DIVISIONS     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01: Food and non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 1.1 - -0.12
02: Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 -0.5 -0.1 0.02
03: Clothing and footwear 65 68 0.6 0.7 0.01
04: Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 0.6 - -0.09
05: Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 -0.1 -0.1 -
06: Health 24 25 - - -
07: Transport 162 148 -1.0 -0.5 0.08
08: Communication 27 31 -0.2 -0.2 -
09: Recreation and culture 134 141 - 0.4 0.07
10: Education 19 21 - - -
11: Restaurants and hotels 114 117 0.5 0.1 -0.05
12: Miscellaneous goods and services 96 103 0.4 0.3 -0.01

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Large downward effects came from:

  • Food and non-alcoholic beverages, where prices overall were little changed between October and November 2013 compared with a rise of 1.1% between the same two months a year ago. The main downward contributions came from fruit, where prices rose by less than a year ago, and vegetables, where prices fell this year but rose a year ago. For some fresh produce, there were reports of low yields in 2012 caused by poor weather conditions. There was also a small downward effect from bread & cereals where prices fell slightly this year but rose a year ago;

  • Housing and household services, where prices overall were little changed between October and November 2013 compared with a rise of 0.6% between the same two months a year ago. The effect came almost entirely from gas and electricity and relates to the timing of price rises: none of the recently announced rises has entered the index this month whereas last winter’s increases began to affect the index in November 2012; and

  • Restaurants and hotels, where prices overall rose by less between October and November this year than between the same two months in 2012. The downward effect came from both accommodation services, particularly from hotel overnight stays, and catering services.

Large upward effects came from:

  • Transport, where prices overall fell by 0.5% between October and November 2013 compared with a fall of 1.0% between the same two months a year ago. Within the transport sector, the main upward contribution came from motor fuels. Petrol prices fell by 1.7 pence per litre between October and November this year compared with a larger fall of 3.0 pence per litre between the same two months a year ago. There were also smaller upward contributions from air transport and the purchase of vehicles; and

  • Recreation and culture, where prices overall rose by 0.4% between October and November this year, compared with a negligible change between the same two months in 2012. The upward contribution came from games, toys & hobbies (particularly computer games) and data processing equipment.

A small upward effect came from:

  • Alcoholic beverages and tobacco, where prices overall fell by 0.1% between October and November 2013 compared with a fall of 0.5% between the same two months a year ago. The upward effect came from tobacco.

CPI notable movements

CPI notable movements

All items CPI Annual rate +2.1%, down from +2.2% last month
  Lowest since November 2009 (+1.9%)
All items CPI exc energy, food,  Annual rate +1.8%, up from +1.7% last month
alcohol and tobacco Highest since September 2013 (+2.2%)
Food and non-alcoholic beverages Annual rate +2.8%, down from +3.9% last month
  Lowest since September 2012 (+2.0%)
Housing, water, electricity, gas and  Annual rate +3.4%, down from +4.1% last month
other fuels Lowest since November 2012 (+2.0%)
Restaurants and hotels Annual rate +2.3%, down from +2.8% last month
  Lowest since January 2010 (+2.2%)
Miscellaneous goods and services Annual rate +0.5%, down from +0.7% last month
  Also +0.5% in July 2000
  Never lower since official series began in January 1997
All goods Annual rate +1.6%, down from +1.7% last month
  Lowest since November 2012 (+1.5%)
All services Annual rate +2.6%, down from +2.7% last month
  Also +2.6% in December 2009
  Last lower in November 2009 (+2.3%)

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CPI detailed briefing

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the CPI.

01 Food & non-alcoholic beverages

      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01 Food & non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 1.1 - -0.12

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  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to food.

01.1 Food

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.1 Food 98 93 1.2 - -0.12
01.1.1 Bread and cereals 17 16 1.5 -0.1 -0.03
01.1.2 Meat 22 21 0.9 -0.2 -0.02
01.1.3 Fish 4 4 -1.9 0.2 0.01
01.1.4 Milk, cheese and eggs 14 13 - 0.4 0.01
01.1.5 Oils and fats 2 2 0.8 2.1 -
01.1.6 Fruit 9 9 6.5 0.6 -0.05
01.1.7 Vegetables including potatoes 15 14 1.4 -0.7 -0.03
01.1.8 Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery 12 11 0.5 -0.3 -0.01
01.1.9 Food products not elsewhere covered 3 3 -0.1 0.6 -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to fruit; and, to a lesser extent, bread and cereals; vegetables including potatoes; meat; and sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery.

  • Partially offset by fish; and milk, cheese and eggs.

Bread and cereals

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from bread, plain biscuits and frozen pizzas.

Meat

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for pork products such as loin chops and back bacon. Prices rose last year amid reports of the increasing price of feed, coupled with falling pig numbers and new EU pig welfare regulations (The Grocer 13 October 2012). Other small downward contributions have come from home killed lamb shoulders and individual meat pies.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from frozen imported lamb, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

Fish

  • Small upward effect. 

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Milk, cheese and eggs 

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but were little changed a year ago.

Fruit

  • Large downward effect.  

  • Due to grapes, cooking apples, dessert apples, pears and strawberries. 

Grapes                       • Small downward effect.
                                     • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.
Cooking apples        • Small downward effect.
                                     • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.
Dessert apples         • Small downward effect. 
                                     • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.
Pears                         • Small downward effect.
                                     • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago.
Strawberries             • Small downward effect.
                                     • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

Vegetables including potatoes

  • Small downward effect.

  • Due to old white potatoes, onions, cauliflowers and lettuces.

  • Partially offset by premium potato crisps.

Old white potatoes        • Small downward effect.
                                          • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago. Last year, growers reported a high percentage of wasted crops due to poor weather conditions (Market News November 2012).
Onions                            • Small downward effect.
                                         • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago.
Cauliflowers                  • Small downward effect.
                                         • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago. Last year, there were reports that yields were down due to persistent heavy rainfall affecting field vegetable crops nationwide (freshinfo 2 December 2012).
Lettuces                          • Small downward effect.
                                          • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago. Last year, the UK season came to an abrupt finish following ground frost across the country (Market News November 2012).
Premium potato crisps  • Small upward effect. 
                                            • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for cartons/boxes of chocolates.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from chocolate covered ice cream bars, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages 14 13 0.2 0.2 -
01.2.1 Coffee, tea and cocoa 4 3 1.0 0.6 -
01.2.2 Mineral waters, soft drinks and juices 10 10 -0.1 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

02 Alcoholic beverages and tobacco

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02 Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 -0.5 -0.1 0.02

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to tobacco.

02.1 Alcoholic beverages

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.1 Alcoholic beverages 18 20 -1.6 -1.7 -
02.1.1 Spirits 5 6 -1.6 -3.5 -0.01
02.1.2 Wine 9 9 -0.8 -0.5 -
02.1.3 Beer 4 5 -3.4 -1.6 0.01

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.   

  • There is a small downward contribution from spirits, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, particularly for whisky.

  • Offset by a small upward contribution from beer, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, particularly for large cases of bottled lager.

02.2 Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.2 Tobacco 24 24 0.3 1.2 0.02

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago.  

03 Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03 Clothing and footwear 65 68 0.6 0.7 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to footwear including repairs.

03.1 Clothing

  Weight 2012   Weight 2013   1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.1 Clothing 56 59 0.8 0.7 -
03.1.2 Garments 52 54 0.8 0.6 -0.01
03.1.3 Other clothing and clothing accessories 3 4 0.3 1.2 -
03.1.4 Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing 1 1 0.1 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

  • There is a small downward contribution coming from garments, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from women’s clothing such as casual trousers and formal, casual and showerproof jackets.

  • Partially offset by upward contributions coming from women’s formal trousers, long sleeve tops and vests/strappy tops, and men’s branded T-shirts.

03.2 Footwear including repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.2 Footwear including repairs 9 9 -0.3 1.0 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for children’s branded trainers.

04 Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04 Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 0.6 - -0.09

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to electricity, gas and other fuels; and, to a lesser extent, regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling.

04.1 Actual rentals for housing

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.1 Actual rentals for housing 64 62 0.1 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

04.3 Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.3 Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling 14 16 0.1 -0.3 -0.01
04.3.1 Materials for maintenance and repair 8 9 0.2 -0.6 -0.01
04.3.2 Services for maintenance and repair 6 7 -0.1 - -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to materials for maintenance and repair, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.  

04.4 Other services related to the dwelling

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.4 Other services related to the dwelling 10 11 - - -
04.4.1 Water supply 5 6 - - -
04.4.3 Sewerage collection 5 5 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

04.5 Electricity, gas and other fuels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.5 Electricity, gas and other fuels 56 48 1.6 -0.1 -0.09
04.5.1 Electricity 20 19 1.8 - -0.03
04.5.2 Gas 32 26 1.8 - -0.06
04.5.3 Liquid fuels 3 2 -2.3 -1.9 -
04.5.4 Solid fuels 1 1 0.4 1.0 -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.    

  • Due to gas and, to a lesser extent, electricity, where prices overall were unchanged this year but rose a year ago.

05 Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05 Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 -0.1 -0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There is a small downward contribution from household appliances, fitting and repairs.

  • Offset by small upward contributions coming from furniture, furnishings and carpets; and household textiles.

05.1 Furniture, furnishings and carpets

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.1 Furniture, furnishings and carpets 20 20 -0.8 0.1 0.02
05.1.1 Furniture and furnishings 16 16 0.7 0.4 -
05.1.2 Carpets and other floor coverings 4 4 -6.4 -1.0 0.02

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to carpets and other floor coverings, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, particularly for tufted carpets.

05.2 Household textiles

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.2 Household textiles 7 8 -0.5 1.1 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.   

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for curtains and duvets. 

05.3 Household appliances, fitting and repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.3 Household appliances, fitting and repairs 9 9 0.9 -2.1 -0.03
05.3.1/2 Major appliances and small electric goods 8 8 1.0 -2.4 -0.03
05.3.3 Repair of household appliances 1 1 - 0.1 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to major appliances and small electric goods, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for automatic washing machines and fridge freezers.

05.4 Glassware, tableware and household utensils

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.4 Glassware, tableware and household utensils 5 5 - -0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

05.5 Tools and equipment for house and garden

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.5 Tools and equipment for house and garden 5 4 0.8 0.8 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

05.6 Goods and services for routine maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.6 Goods and services for routine maintenance 15 13 0.2 - -
05.6.1 Non-durable household goods 6 5 0.4 -0.1 -
05.6.2 Domestic services and household services 9 8 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

06 Health

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06 Health 24 25 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

06.1 Medical products, appliances and equipment

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.1 Medical products, appliances and equipment 10 10 - -0.2 -
06.1.1 Pharmaceutical products 6 6 0.3 - -
06.1.2/3 Other medical and therapeutic equipment 4 4 -0.4 -0.4 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

06.2 Out-patient services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.2 Out-patient services 5 6 0.1 - -
06.2.1/3 Medical and paramedical services 3 3 0.1 0.1 -
06.2.2 Dental services 2 3 - -0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

06.3 Hospital services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.3 Hospital Services 9 9 - 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

07 Transport

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07 Transport 162 148 -1.0 -0.5 0.08

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  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.   

  • Due to operation of personal transport equipment and, to a lesser extent, purchase of vehicles and transport services.   

07.1 Purchase of vehicles

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.1 Purchase of vehicles 43 38 -0.1 0.4 0.02
07.1.1A New cars 24 21 - 0.1 -
07.1.1B Second-hand cars 16 14 - 0.7 0.01
07.1.2/3 Motorcycles and bicycles 3 3 -1.9 0.8 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to second-hand cars; and motorcycles and bicycles.

Second-hand cars

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but were little changed a year ago.

Motorcycles and bicycles

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for adults’ bicycles.

07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment 89 81 -1.0 -0.6 0.04
07.2.1 Spare parts and accessories 5 5 -0.3 -0.1 -
07.2.2 Fuels and lubricants 46 40 -1.8 -1.2 0.04
07.2.3 Maintenance and repairs 22 22 - 0.2 -
07.2.4 Other services 16 14 - - -

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to fuels and lubricants.

  • The average price of petrol across the month, as recorded for the CPI, fell by 1.7 pence per litre between October and November 2013 to stand at 129.9 pence per litre.

  • Last year, the average price of petrol fell by 3.0 pence per litre between October and November 2012 to stand at 135.1 pence per litre.

  • The average price of diesel fell by 1.5 pence per litre between October and November 2013 to stand at 137.5 pence per litre, compared with a fall of 1.5 pence last year to stand at 141.7 pence per litre.   

07.3 Transport services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.3 Transport services 30 29 -2.4 -1.6 0.02
07.3.1 Passenger transport by railway 9 9 0.2 0.3 -
07.3.2 Passenger transport by road 12 13 0.1 0.4 -
07.3.3 Passenger transport by air 8 6 -8.3 -8.1 0.02
07.3.4 Passenger transport by sea and inland waterway 1 1 -0.9 -1.8 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

  • Due to passenger transport by air, where average air fares fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from long haul routes.

08 Communication

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08 Communication 27 31 -0.2 -0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.    

08.1 Postal services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.1 Postal services 1 2 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.    

08.2/3 Telephone equipment and services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.2/3 Telephone equipment and services 26 29 -0.2 -0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

09 Recreation and culture

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09 Recreation and culture 134 141 - 0.4 0.07

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to audio-visual equipment and related products; and, to a lesser extent, other recreational items, gardens and pets; and books, newspapers and stationery. 

  • Partially offset by recreational and cultural services; and package holidays.

09.1 Audio-visual equipment and related products

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.1 Audio-visual equipment and related products 23 23 -2.2 -0.1 0.04
09.1.1 Equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures 6 6 0.7 -0.2 -
09.1.2 Photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment 4 3 -3.8 -2.8 -
09.1.3 Data processing equipment 6 7 -3.7 1.9 0.03
09.1.4 Recording media 6 6 -3.2 -1.1 0.01
09.1.5 Repair of audio-visual equipment and related products 1 1 0.2 0.2 -

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to data processing equipment and recording media.

Data processing equipment

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from PC peripherals, personal computers and laptop computers.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution coming from tablet computers.

Recording media

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from DVDs.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution coming from CDs.

09.2 Other major durables for recreation and culture

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.2.1/2 Major durables for in/outdoor recreation 10 9 0.7 0.4 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

09.3 Other recreational items, gardens and pets

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.3 Other recreational items, gardens and pets 35 32 0.7 1.8 0.03
09.3.1 Games, toys and hobbies 20 19 0.3 2.8 0.05
09.3.2 Equipment for sport and open-air recreation 3 3 1.1 -0.4 -0.01
09.3.3 Gardens, plants and flowers 4 4 1.5 0.9 -
09.3.4/5 Pets, related products and services 8 6 1.1 0.6 -0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.     

  • Due to games, toys and hobbies.

  • Partially offset by gardens, plants and flowers; and pets, related products and services.

Games, toys and hobbies

  • Large upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from computer games.

  • Partially offset by a downward contribution coming from computer game consoles, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Equipment for sport and open-air recreation

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Pets, related products and services

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for complete dry dog food.

09.4 Recreational and cultural services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.4 Recreational and cultural services 29 29 0.2 -0.1 -0.01
09.4.1 Recreational and sporting services 8 9 0.1 - -
09.4.2 Cultural services 21 20 0.3 -0.1 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to cultural services, where average theatre ticket prices fell this year but rose a year ago.  

09.5 Books, newspapers and stationery

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.5 Books, newspapers and stationery 13 14 -0.1 0.4 0.01
09.5.1 Books 3 4 -5.1 -0.7 0.01
09.5.2 Newspapers and periodicals 5 5 2.3 1.6 -
09.5.3/4 Misc. printed matter, stationery, drawing materials 5 5 0.7 0.1 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to books, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from hardcover books.

09.6 Package holidays

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.6 Package holidays 24 34 0.3 - -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall were little changed this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from foreign holidays.

10 Education

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
10 Education 19 21 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

11 Restaurants and hotels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11 Restaurants and hotels 114 117 0.5 0.1 -0.05

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.      

  • Due to accommodation services; and catering services.

11.1 Catering services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.1 Catering services 97 98 0.4 0.2 -0.02
11.1.1 Restaurants and cafes 86 88 0.4 0.3 -0.01
11.1.2 Canteens 11 10 0.3 -0.7 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to restaurants and cafes; and canteens.

Restaurants and cafes

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

Canteens

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

11.2 Accommodation services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.2 Accommodation services 17 19 1.3 -0.5 -0.03

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Charges overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for hotel overnight stays.

12 Miscellaneous goods and services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12 Misc. goods and services 96 103 0.4 0.3 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to personal effects not elsewhere covered and financial services not elsewhere covered.

  • Partially offset by insurance.

12.1 Personal care

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.1 Personal care 28 28 0.8 0.8 -
12.1.1 Hairdressing and personal grooming establishments 8 7 - 0.2 -
12.1.2/3 Appliances and products for personal care 20 21 1.1 1.0 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

12.3 Personal effects not elsewhere covered

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.3 Personal effects not elsewhere covered 13 13 0.6 0.1 -0.01
12.3.1 Jewellery, clocks and watches 8 8 0.2 -1.0 -0.01
12.3.2 Other personal effects 5 5 1.4 1.7 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to jewellery, clocks and watches, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

12.4 Social protection

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.4 Social protection 13 14 0.2 0.3 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.        

12.5 Insurance

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.5 Insurance 8 8 -0.7 0.2 0.01
12.5.2 House contents insurance 3 2 -0.2 -0.3 -
12.5.3 Health insurance 2 2 - - -
12.5.4 Transport insurance 3 4 -1.9 0.6 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to transport insurance, where average premiums for car insurance rose this year but fell a year ago.

12.6 Financial services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.6 Financial services not elsewhere covered 23 30 0.3 -0.1 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to mortgage arrangement fees, where average charges fell this year but rose a year ago. 

12.7 Other services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.7 Other services not elsewhere covered 11 10 0.3 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

RPI summary

Contributions to the change in the RPI annual rate

GROUPS      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
FOOD 114 116 1.0 - -0.11
CATERING 47 47 0.5 0.2 -0.01
ALCOHOLIC DRINKS 56 61 -0.3 -0.3 -
TOBACCO 29 30 0.3 1.2 0.03
HOUSING 237 254 -0.3 0.2 0.11
FUEL AND LIGHT 46 43 1.6 -0.1 -0.07
HOUSEHOLD GOODS 62 60 -0.3 0.1 0.02
HOUSEHOLD SERVICES 67 62 - 0.1 -
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR 45 43 0.3 0.7 0.01
PERSONAL GOODS AND SERVICES 39 40 0.8 0.6 -0.01
MOTORING EXPENDITURE 131 122 -1.0 -0.3 0.09
FARES AND OTHER TRAVEL COSTS 23 18 -2.1 -1.2 0.03
LEISURE GOODS 33 30 -0.5 1.1 0.05
LEISURE SERVICES 71 74 0.4 -0.1 -0.03

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RPI notable movements

RPI notable movements

All items RPI Annual rate +2.6%, unchanged from last month
  Also +2.6% in September 2012
  Last higher in September 2013 (+3.2%)
  Last lower in December 2009 (+2.4%)
All items RPI exc MIPS (RPIX) Annual rate +2.7%, unchanged from last month
  Last higher in September 2013 (+3.2%)
  Last lower in September 2012 (+2.6%)
All items RPI exc MIPS and indirect Annual rate +2.8%, unchanged from last month
taxes (RPIY) Last higher in September 2013 (+3.4%)
  Last lower in September 2012 (+2.6%)
Food Annual rate +2.7%, down from +3.8% last month
  Lowest since September 2012 (+1.9%)
Non seasonal food Annual rate +2.5%, down from +2.9% last month
  Lowest since September 2012 (+2.0%)
Seasonal food Annual rate +3.8%, down from +8.0% last month
  Lowest since September 2012 (+1.0%)
Catering Annual rate +2.4%, down from +2.7% last month
  Lowest since November 2009 (+1.9%)
Personal goods and services Annual rate +1.8%, down from +2.0% last month
  Also +1.8% in March 2006, January 2006, December 2005 and May 2005
  Last lower in April 2005 (+1.6%)
Leisure goods Annual rate +1.8%, up from +0.2% last month
  Also +1.8% in March 2013 and November 2012
  Last higher in January 2010 (+2.9%)
Leisure services Annual rate +1.8%, down from +2.2% last month
  Also +1.8% in June 2006 and May 2006
  Last lower in April 2006 (+1.7%)
All goods Annual rate +2.4%, up from +2.3% last month
  Highest since September 2013 (+2.9%)
All services Annual rate +3.1%, unchanged from last month
  Last higher in September 2013 (+3.7%)
  Last lower in September 2012 (+2.8%)

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RPI detailed briefing

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. ONS consulted in March 2013 on whether to maintain this detailed RPI briefing and, based on views received, decided to continue with its publication.

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the RPI.

Food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
FOOD 114 116 1.0 - -0.11

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  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to seasonal food and, to a lesser extent, non-seasonal food.

Seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
SEASONAL FOOD 19 20 3.0 -1.1 -0.08
Home killed lamb 1 1 -1.4 -5.2 -
Fresh fish 2 2 -2.5 -1.4 -
Eggs 1 1 1.0 -0.8 -
Unprocessed potatoes 2 2 7.0 -0.7 -0.02
Other fresh vegetables 7 7 0.2 -2.4 -0.02
Fresh fruit 6 7 7.7 0.6 -0.04

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to:

  • Fresh fruit, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from grapes, apples and pears; and, to a lesser extent,

  • Unprocessed potatoes and other fresh vegetables, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from old white potatoes, lettuces and onions.

Non-seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
NON-SEASONAL FOOD 95 96 0.6 0.2 -0.03
Bread 4 5 2.5 -0.4 -0.01
Cereals 4 4 -0.7 0.3 -
Biscuits and cakes 7 7 1.0 -0.3 -0.01
Beef 4 4 -0.2 0.8 -
Imported lamb 1 1 -9.5 -0.5 0.01
Pork 1 1 3.4 -2.5 -0.01
Bacon 2 2 2.7 -0.6 -0.01
Poultry 4 4 1.4 0.3 -
Other meat 7 7 0.6 0.7 -
Processed fish 2 2 -1.5 1.3 0.01
Butter 1 1 1.1 -2.0 -
Oils and fats 2 2 0.5 3.7 0.01
Cheese 4 3 -0.2 1.1 -
Milk, fresh 4 4 0.1 0.1 -
Milk products 4 4 0.2 0.3 -
Tea 1 1 2.1 -1.4 -
Soft drinks 11 12 -0.1 0.2 -
Sugar and preserves 1 1 2.7 -0.2 -
Sweets and chocolates 11 13 0.5 -0.7 -0.01
Potato products 3 3 -0.5 0.7 -
Processed vegetables 2 2 4.9 2.1 -0.01
Processed fruit 2 1 -0.6 0.3 -
Other foods 11 11 1.7 0.6 -0.01
Coffee and other hot drinks 2 1 0.4 2.1 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Bread, biscuits and cakes, pork, bacon and sweets and chocolates, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from garlic bread, plain biscuits, home killed pork loin chops, back bacon and cartons/boxes of chocolates; and

  • Processed vegetables and other foods, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from frozen pizzas and dried potted snacks.

  • Partially offset by:  

  • Imported lamb, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago;

  • Processed fish, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for frozen fish fingers; and

  • Oils and fats, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago.

Catering

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
CATERING 47 47 0.5 0.2 -0.01
Restaurant meals 27 27 0.6 0.3 -0.01
Canteen meals 3 4 0.4 -0.8 -
Take-away meals and snacks 17 16 0.2 0.2 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to restaurant meals, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.      

Alcoholic drinks

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
ALCOHOLIC DRINKS 56 61 -0.3 -0.3 -
Beer on sales 21 21 0.3 0.2 -
Beer off sales 5 5 -2.5 -1.3 0.01
Wines and spirits on sales 16 20 0.4 0.4 -
Wines and spirits off sales 14 15 -1.2 -1.7 -0.01

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There is a small downward contribution coming from wines and spirits off sales, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago.

  • Offset by a small upward contribution coming from beer off sales, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, particularly for large cases of bottled lager.   

Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
TOBACCO 29 30 0.3 1.2 0.03
Cigarettes 25 26 0.3 1.2 0.02
Other tobacco products 4 4 - 1.3 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to cigarettes, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, and other tobacco products, where prices overall rose this year but were little changed a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from hand rolling tobacco.      

Housing

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
HOUSING 237 254 -0.3 0.2 0.11
Rent 75 86 0.1 0.1 -
Mortgage interest payments 29 29 -2.2 -0.2 0.06
Council tax and rates 41 43 - - -
Water and other charges 13 14 - - -
Repairs and maintenance charges 9 10 - 0.1 -
DIY materials 8 7 0.2 - -
Dwelling insurance and ground rent 6 7 - 1.4 0.01
House depreciation 56 58 -0.1 0.5 0.04

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  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Mortgage interest payments, where average charges fell this year by less than a year ago;

  • House depreciation, with the smoothed house price index used to calculate this component rising this year but falling a year ago; and, to a lesser extent,

  • Dwelling insurance and ground rent, where average premiums for dwelling insurance rose this year by more than a year ago.

Fuel and light

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
FUEL AND LIGHT 46 43 1.6 -0.1 -0.07
Coal and solid fuels 1 1 0.4 1.0 -
Electricity 21 20 1.8 - -0.04
Gas 21 19 1.9 - -0.04
Oil and other fuels 3 3 -2.0 -1.6 -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to electricity and gas, where prices overall were unchanged this year but rose a year ago.

Household goods

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
HOUSEHOLD GOODS 62 60 -0.3 0.1 0.02
Furniture 22 21 0.6 0.4 -0.01
Furnishings 9 9 -5.2 0.1 0.05
Electrical appliances 6 6 -0.1 -2.9 -0.02
Other household equipment 4 4 0.4 0.8 -
Household consumables 13 12 0.4 0.3 -
Pet care 8 8 1.4 0.9 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to furnishings, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from tufted carpets and, to a lesser extent, floor rugs.

  • Partially offset by:

  • Electrical appliances, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from automatic washing machines and smartphone handsets; and 

  • Furniture, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

Household services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
HOUSEHOLD SERVICES 67 62 - 0.1 -
Domestic services 13 13 0.2 0.2 -
Fees and subscriptions 29 24 - - -
Postage 1 1 - - -
Telephone charges 24 24 -0.1 - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR 45 43 0.3 0.7 0.01
Men’s outerwear 9 9 1.2 1.1 -
Women’s outerwear 16 16 0.1 -0.1 -0.01
Children’s outerwear 5 5 1.3 1.4 -
Other clothing 6 5 0.2 1.7 0.01
Footwear 9 8 -0.4 1.0 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Other clothing, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago; and

  • Footwear, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for children’s branded trainers.

  • Partially offset by women’s outerwear, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from women’s casual, formal and showerproof jackets. Partially offset by small upward contributions from long sleeve tops and vests/strappy tops.

Personal goods & services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
PERSONAL GOODS & SERVICES 39 40 0.8 0.6 -0.01
Personal articles 10 10 0.7 0.4 -
Chemists' goods 15 15 1.5 1.2 -
Personal services 14 15 - 0.1 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for deodorant.

Motoring expenditure

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
MOTORING EXPENDITURE 131 122 -1.0 -0.3 0.09
Purchase of motor vehicles 39 34 0.1 0.5 0.01
Maintenance of motor vehicles 20 19 - 0.1 -
Petrol and oil 47 45 -1.9 -1.4 0.03
Vehicle tax and insurance 25 24 -1.4 0.4 0.04

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Vehicle tax and insurance, where average premiums for car insurance rose this year but fell a year ago; and, to a lesser extent,

  • Petrol and oil, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago. The price of petrol, as recorded for the RPI, fell by 1.9 pence per litre between October and November 2013, to stand at 129.7 pence per litre, compared with a fall of 3.1 pence per litre last year to stand at 135.1 pence per litre. Diesel prices fell by 1.5 pence per litre, to stand at 137.3 pence per litre in November 2013, compared with a fall of 1.4 pence per litre last year to stand at 141.7 pence per litre; and

  • Purchase of motor vehicles, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from used cars.

Fares and other travel costs

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
FARES AND OTHER TRAVEL COSTS 23 18 -2.1 -1.2 0.03
Rail fares 6 6 0.1 0.2 -
Bus and coach fares 4 4 - 0.7 -
Other travel costs 13 8 -3.6 -3.3 0.02

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other travel costs, where average charges fell this year by less than a year ago, particularly for air fares with the main upward contribution coming from long haul flights.

Leisure goods

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
LEISURE GOODS 33 30 -0.5 1.1 0.05
Audio-visual equipment 7 6 -1.1 1.2 0.01
CDs and tapes 3 3 -2.6 0.4 0.01
Toys, photographic and sports goods 10 9 -0.2 1.6 0.02
Books and newspapers 8 7 -0.1 0.8 0.01
Gardening products 5 5 0.7 0.9 -

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to toys, photographic and sports goods, audio-visual equipment, CDs and tapes and books and newspapers, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from computer games, hardback books and PC peripherals.

Leisure services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Nov-12 1 month % change Nov-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
LEISURE SERVICES 71 74 0.4 -0.1 -0.03
TV licence and rentals 12 13 - - -
Entertainment and other recreation 17 15 0.3 -0.1 -0.01
Foreign holidays 33 35 0.3 - -0.01
UK holidays 9 11 1.1 -0.1 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Entertainment and other recreation and UK holidays, where average charges for theatre tickets and hotel overnight stays fell this year but rose a year ago; and

  • Foreign holidays, where prices overall were little changed this year but rose a year ago.   

Reconciliation of CPI and RPI

(Table 5 of the Consumer Price Inflation Reference Tables) (1.22 Mb Excel sheet)

This table identifies the main factors contributing to the differences between the unrounded inflation rates for the CPI and the RPI. These differences are broken down into: mortgage interest payments, other housing components excluded from the CPI, other differences in the coverage of goods and services, and the formula effect. The final column titled ‘other differences including weights’ is derived as a residual.

The difference between the CPI and RPI unrounded annual rates in November 2013 was -0.56 percentage points, widening from -0.36 percentage points in October 2013.

The main factors contributing to the widening were:

  • Mortgage interest payments, which increased the RPI 12-month rate in November by 0.06 percentage points but is excluded from the CPI.  

  • Other differences including weights, which increased the RPI 12-month rate relative to the CPI 12-month rate by 0.06 percentage points between October and November 2013. The effect came mainly from insurance.

  • Other housing components excluded from the CPI, which increased the RPI 12-month rate relative to the CPI 12-month rate by 0.05 percentage points. The effect came mainly from house depreciation which is not included in the CPI.

  • Formula effect, with the difference widening from -0.90 to -0.94 between October and November 2013. The effect came mainly from recreation and culture.

There were no factors to offset the widening effect.

RPI miscellaneous data

Selected average prices

Description                                September 2013 October 2013 November 2013
Petrol per litre Diesel £1.43 £1.39 £1.37
Petrol £1.38 £1.32 £1.30
Alcohol pub prices Draught bitter (pint) £2.88 £2.88 £2.89
Draught lager (pint) £3.31 £3.31 £3.31
Whisky (per nip) £2.47 £2.47 £2.48
Cigarettes Per 20 king size £7.87 £7.94 £8.03

Table notes:

  1. Average prices are as recorded for the RPI.

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Changes in Mortgage Interest Rates

This table gives an estimate of the contribution that changes in the average mortgage interest rate (MI) make to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

Changes in mortgage interest rates

Month     1-month % change in the RPI Approx. change in average MI rate Approx. contribution to the 1-month % change  in the RPI
November 2012 +0.0 Down -0.08% points -0.07% points
December 2012 +0.5 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
January 2013 -0.4 Down -0.01% points -0.01% points
February 2013 +0.7 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
March 2013 +0.4 Negligible -
April 2013 +0.3 Negligible -
May 2013 +0.2 Negligible -
June 2013 -0.1 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
July 2013 +0.0 Negligible -
August 2013 +0.5 Negligible -
September 2013 +0.4 Negligible -
October 2013 +0.0 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
November 2013 +0.1 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points

Table notes:

  1. A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approx 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

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Outlook

The outlook is a summary of seasonal trends, selected news cuttings and other sources of information. It gives some indication of expected changes to the annual rate of the CPI and RPI in the next few months.

FOOD

Seasonal food
  • Seasonal food prices tend to rise in December.

Food

Seasonal food

Monthly % change for CPI seasonal food index  
Year October November December
2007 2.6 0.5 0.2
2008 1.6 4.2 0.4
2009 2.1 3.6 1.7
2010 0.4 3.0 2.8
2011 -1.6 1.8 3.3
2012 0.9 2.5 2.9
2013 0.1 -0.1  

Table notes:

  1. Seasonal food prices in the RPI tend to show a similar movement.

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CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR

  • Prices for clothing and footwear tend to fall in December.   

Clothing and footwear

Monthly % change for CPI clothing and footwear index
Year October November December
2007 - 0.5 -0.8
2008 -0.6 - -4.2
2009 -0.4 0.6 -1.3
2010 -0.7 2.0 -1.9
2011 0.8 1.2 -2.8
2012 1.2 0.6 -1.5
2013 1.0 0.7

Table notes:

  1. The clothing and footwear group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

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ELECTRICITY, GAS AND OTHER FUELS

  • SSE (Scottish and Southern Energy plc) has announced it will increase average prices for both household electricity and household gas by 8.2% with effect from 15 November 2013. (sse.com 10 October 2013)

  • British Gas has announced an average increase of 9.2% in household energy prices – 8.4% on gas and 10.4% on electricity – from 23 November 2013. (britishgas.presscentre.com 17 October 2013)

  • npower has announced its electricity and gas prices will increase by 9.3% and 11.1% respectively from 1 December. (npowermediacentre.com 21 October 2013)

  • Scottish Power has announced plans to increase its domestic gas and electricity prices from 6 December 2013. Dual fuel prices will increase by an average of 8.6%. Gas prices will increase by an average of 8.5% and electricity prices by an average of 9.0%. (scottishpower.com 24 October 2013)

  • EDF Energy has announced a price rise of 3.9%, with effect from 3 January 2014. (newsroom.edfenergy.com 12 November 2013)

  • E.ON has announced an average dual fuel price increase of 3.7%, effective from 18 January 2014. Electricity only prices will increase on average by 3.7% and gas only prices by 4.6%. (pressreleases.eon-uk.com 6 December 2013)

  • Following the Government’s announcement of proposals to reduce the impact of the energy company price rises (2 December 2013), the major energy suppliers have announced their intentions to pass the savings on to customers. Scottish Power, SSE and npower are yet to announce the details of these reductions. E.ON and EDF Energy incorporated the savings into their announced increases. British Gas is reducing household gas and electricity prices by an average of 3.2%, taking effect from 1 January 2014.

FURNITURE, HOUSEHOLD EQUIPMENT AND MAINTENANCE

  • Prices tend to rise in December.

Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

Monthly % change for CPI furniture, household equipment and maintenance index
Year October November December
2007 -1.2 0.8 2.5
2008 -1.0 0.7 0.3
2009 -0.8 0.9 2.2
2010 -1.0 1.6 1.2
2011 -0.6 1.0 1.0
2012 -0.6 -0.1 1.3
2013 -0.4 -0.1

Table notes:

  1. The household goods group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

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TRANSPORT

Fuels and Lubricants

  • Brent oil futures held below $109 a barrel on the possible reopening of major Libyan ports this weekend and the expectations of Fed action. January Brent was broadly steady at $108.77 a barrel, while U.S. crude futures for January delivery edged up to $97.57 a barrel. (uk.reuters.com 13 December 2013)

  • When considering the price of petrol between November and December 2013, it may be useful to note that the average price of petrol fell by 2.8 pence per litre between November and December 2012, to stand at 132.3 pence per litre as measured in the CPI.

  • A 1 pence change on average in the cost of a litre of road fuel contributes approximately 0.03 percentage points to the 1-month change in the CPI.

Passenger transport by Air

  • Air fares tend to rise in December.  

Passenger transport by air

Monthly % change for CPI air fares index
Year October November December
2007 4.3 -13.3 26.6
2008 -6.2 -4.9 36.2
2009 1.5 -2.6 41.7
2010 2.7 -6.4 41.8
2011 -6.0 -7.5 40.9
2012 -3.5 -8.3 21.9
2013 -11.2 -8.1

Table notes:

  1. The air fares index used in the RPI is the same as that used in the CPI, and is included in the other travel costs section.

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HOUSING (RPI)

Mortgage interest payments (MIPs)

  • The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% on Thursday 5 December 2013.

  • The change in average mortgage interest rates recorded in the RPI was +0.01% between November and December 2012. The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% in November 2012.

  • A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approximately 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

Contacts

Media contact:

Tel: Luke Croydon  +44 (0) 845 6041858

Out of hours media line +44 (0) 7867 906553

Email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Statistical contact:

Tel: Philip Gooding +44 (0) 1633 455896

Email: philip.gooding@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Website: www.ons.gov.uk

Email: cpi@ons.gsi.gov.uk

CPI/RPI recorded message (available after 9.45 am on release day):

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456961

CPI/RPI Enquiries:

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456900

Background notes

  1. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

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