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Consumer Price Inflation Detailed Briefing Note, July 2013 (HTML Version) This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 20 August 2013 Download PDF

Summary

Consumer Prices Index (CPI)

The CPI is a measure of consumer price inflation produced to international standards and in line with European regulations. First published in 1997 as the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), the CPI is the inflation measure used in the Government’s target for inflation.

The CPI is also used for purposes such as uprating pensions, wages and benefits and can aid in the understanding of inflation on family budgets. For more information on the uses of the CPI see the article How ONS consumer price statistics are used.

  • The all items CPI is 125.8, down from 125.9 in June.

  • The all items CPI annual rate is 2.8%, down from 2.9% in June.

  • The annual rate for CPI excluding indirect taxes, CPIY, is 2.9%, down from 3.1% last month.

  • The annual rate for CPI at constant tax rates, CPI-CT, is 2.6%, down from 2.8% last month.

  • The CPI all goods index is 119.8, down from 120.5 in June.

  • The CPI all goods index annual rate is 2.4%, down from 2.5% last month.

  • The CPI all services index is 133.4, up from 132.7 in June.

  • The CPI all services index annual rate is 3.1%, down from 3.4% last month.

CPIH

CPIH is a new measure of UK consumer price inflation that includes owner occupiers’ housing costs (OOH). These are the costs associated with owning, maintaining and living in one’s own home. CPIH uses an approach called rental equivalence to measure OOH. Rental equivalence uses the rent paid for an equivalent house as a proxy for the costs faced by an owner occupier. In other words this answers the question “how much would I have to pay in rent to live in a home like mine?” for an owner occupier. OOH currently accounts for just over 12% of the expenditure weight of CPIH. This has increased gradually from a weight of 10% in 2005.

Currently, the method of calculation, the population coverage and the basket of goods and services are the same as the Consumer Prices Index (CPI), with the exception of OOH. The method of deriving the weights for CPIH and the data used for these are also the same as for CPI, with the exception of OOH. This can result in some differences from the CPI. ONS currently classifies CPIH as an experimental statistic. For further information see the article Introducing the new CPIH measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 2005 to 2012.

  • The all items CPIH is 123.8, unchanged from last month.

  • The all items CPIH annual rate is 2.5%, down from 2.7% in June.  

  • The annual rate for CPIH excluding indirect taxes, CPIHY, is 2.7%, down from 2.8% last month.

  • The OOH component of CPIH is 107.6, up from 107.5 in June.

  • The OOH component annual rate is 1.0%, unchanged from last month.

  • The CPIH all goods index is 119.9, down from 120.6 in June.

  • The CPIH all goods index annual rate is 2.4%, down from 2.5% last month.

  • The CPIH all services index is 127.5, up from 127.0 in June.

  • The CPIH all services index annual rate is 2.6%, down from 2.8% last month.

Retail Prices Index (RPI) and RPIJ

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. The full assessment report can be found on the UK Statistics Authority website.

The RPI is a long-standing measure of UK inflation that has historically been used for a wide range of purposes such as the indexation of pensions and rents and index-linked gilts. For further information on current and historic uses of the RPI please see the article How ONS consumer price statistics are used.

RPIJ is an improved variant of the Retail Prices Index (RPI) which is calculated using formulae that meet international standards. The primary purpose of RPIJ is to enable users of the RPI to understand the impact the use of the Carli formula (which does not meet international standards) has on the RPI inflation rate. ONS currently classifies RPIJ as an experimental statistic. For further information on RPIJ please see the article Introducing the new RPIJ measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 1997 to 2012.

  • The all items RPI is 249.7, unchanged from last month.

  • The all items RPI annual rate is 3.1%, down from 3.3% last month.

  • The all items RPIJ is 233.2, unchanged from last month.

  • The all items RPIJ annual rate is 2.6%, down from 2.7% last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIX, the all items RPI excluding mortgage interest payments (MIPs) index is 3.2%, down from 3.3% last month.   

  • The all goods RPI is 195.7, down from 196.6 in June. 

  • The all goods RPI annual rate is 3.2%, unchanged from last month.

  • The all services RPI is 335.3, up from 333.9 in June.

  • The all services RPI annual rate is 3.6%, down from 3.8% last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIY, the all items RPI excluding MIPs and indirect taxes index is 3.4%, unchanged from last month.

  • The Seasonally Adjusted RPIY (SARPIY) annual rate is 3.4%, down from 3.6% last month.

  • The Tax and Price Index (TPI) for July is 219.9, unchanged from last month.

  • The TPI annual rate is 2.2%, down from 2.3% in June. 

CPI summary

Contributions to change in the CPI annual rate

CPI COICOP DIVISIONS     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01: Food and non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 0.2 0.2 0.01
02: Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 0.8 0.6 -
03: Clothing and footwear 65 68 -2.6 -3.2 -0.06
04: Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 0.4 0.4 -0.01
05: Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 -1.1 -1.0 0.01
06: Health 24 25 - 0.7 0.02
07: Transport 162 148 1.0 0.9 -0.03
08: Communication 27 31 0.4 0.3 -
09: Recreation and culture 134 141 0.2 -0.4 -0.09
10: Education 19 21 - - -
11: Restaurants and hotels 114 117 0.2 0.2 -
12: Miscellaneous goods and services 96 103 0.1 0.1 -

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Large downward effects came from:

  • Recreation & culture, where prices, overall, fell by 0.4% between June and July 2013 compared with a rise of 0.2% a year ago between the same two months in 2012. Overall, prices have tended to fall between June and July with last year’s modest rise unusual though not unique. The downward contribution came from price movements in most parts of the recreation & culture sector; and

  • Clothing & footwear, where prices, overall, fell by 3.2% between June and July 2013 compared with a smaller fall of 2.6% a year ago. Overall, prices for clothing & footwear always fall between June and July. The fall in 2012 was unusually small and followed reports of the summer sales starting earlier than normal due to the poor weather. The fall this year is in line with previous falls between these two months.

There was a mixed picture in the transport sector. Air fares (most notably for long haul flights) provided a large downward contribution with prices, overall, rising at a slower rate than a year ago. The downward effect from air fares was partially offset by petrol and diesel prices which rose by an average of 0.7p and 0.4p per litre respectively between June and July this year, compared with falls of 1.2p and 1.6p per litre a year ago.

CPI notable movements

CPI notable movements

All Items CPI Annual rate +2.8%, down from +2.9% last month
  Lowest since May 2013 (+2.7%)
All Items CPI excl energy, food, Annual rate +2.0%, down from +2.3% last month
alcohol and tobacco Also +2.0% in April 2013
  Last lower in November 2009 (+1.9%)
All goods Annual rate +2.4%, down from +2.5% last month
  Lowest since May 2013 (+2.0%)
All services Annual rate +3.1%, down from +3.4% last month
  Lowest since April 2012 (+2.9%)

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CPI detailed briefing

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the CPI.

01 Food & non-alcoholic beverages

      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01  Food & non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 0.2 0.2 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a large upward contribution from food, offset by a large downward contribution from non-alcoholic beverages.

01.1 Food

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.1  Food 98 93 -0.1 0.4 0.05
01.1.1  Bread and cereals 17 16 -0.6 0.3 0.01
01.1.2  Meat 22 21 -0.2 0.7 0.02
01.1.3  Fish 4 4 - -0.7 -
01.1.4  Milk, cheese and eggs 14 13 -0.4 -0.4 -
01.1.5  Oils and fats 2 2 3.3 0.8 -0.01
01.1.6  Fruit 9 9 -1.6 0.8 0.02
01.1.7  Vegetables including potatoes  15 14 - 0.1 -
01.1.8  Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery 12 11 1.1 2.0 0.01
01.1.9  Food products not elsewhere covered 3 3 0.5 -2.0 -0.01

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to meat; fruit; bread and cereals; and sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery.

  • Partially offset by oils and fats; and food products not elsewhere covered.

Bread and cereals

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from unsweetened breakfast cereal, individual cakes and dried potted snacks.

  • Partially offset by small downward contributions from frozen pizza and sweetened breakfast cereals.

Meat

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for home killed beef steak.

Oils and fats

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

Fruit

  • Small upward effect.

  • Due to grapes and strawberries.

  • Partially offset by bananas.

Grapes

Small upward effect.

Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

Strawberries

Small upward effect.

Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

Bananas

Small downward effect.

Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

 

Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, particularly for bags of sweets and chocolate covered ice cream bars.

Food products not elsewhere covered

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.2  Non-alcoholic beverages 14 13 2.1 -0.7 -0.04
01.2.1  Coffee, tea and cocoa 4 3 -0.9 1.0 0.01
01.2.2  Mineral waters, soft drinks and juices 10 10 3.3 -1.2 -0.05

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to mineral waters, soft drinks and juices.

  • Partially offset by coffee, tea and cocoa.  

Coffee, tea and cocoa

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Mineral waters, soft drinks and juices

  • Large downward effect.  

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from fruit squash, cola flavoured drinks and multipacks of fruit drink bottles.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from fruit smoothies, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

02 Alcoholic beverages and tobacco

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02  Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 0.8 0.6 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small upward contribution from alcoholic beverages, offset by a small downward contribution from tobacco.

02.1 Alcoholic beverages

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.1  Alcoholic beverages 18 20 0.7 1.4 0.02
02.1.1  Spirits 5 6 -1.9 3.0 0.03
02.1.2  Wine 9 9 0.6 1.4 0.01
02.1.3  Beer 4 5 4.3 -0.7 -0.02

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to spirits and wine.

  • Partially offset by beer.

Spirits

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for whisky and vodka.

Wine

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from New World red wine.

Beer

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from large packs of canned and bottled lager.

02.2 Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.2  Tobacco 24 24 0.8 0.1 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for some brands of cigarettes.

03 Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03 Clothing and footwear 65 68 -2.6 -3.2 -0.06

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to clothing and, to a lesser extent, footwear including repairs.

03.1 Clothing

  Weight 2012   Weight 2013   1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.1  Clothing 56 59 -3.0 -3.4 -0.05
03.1.2  Garments 52 54 -3.2 -3.5 -0.03
03.1.3  Other clothing and clothing accessories 3 4 -0.3 -3.4 -0.01
03.1.4  Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing 1 1 - 0.2 -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to garments and, to a lesser extent, other clothing and clothing accessories. 

Garments

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from women’s blouses, jumpers and showerproof jackets, men’s T-shirts, boy’s jeans and girl’s jackets.

  • Partially offset by women’s trousers and jeans.

Other clothing and clothing accessories

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell by more than a year ago, particularly for lady’s scarves.

03.2 Footwear including repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.2  Footwear including repairs 9 9 -0.5 -1.8 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago.

04 Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04  Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 0.4 0.4 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to actual rentals for housing.

  • Partially offset by electricity, gas and other fuels.

04.1 Actual rentals for housing

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.1  Actual rentals for housing 64 62 0.8 0.7 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Mainly due to Registered Social Landlords (RSL) rents, which have increased this year by less than a year ago.

04.3 Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.3  Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling 14 16 -0.2 -0.3 -
04.3.1  Materials for maintenance and repair 8 9 -0.3 -0.7 -
04.3.2  Services for maintenance and repair 6 7 -0.1 0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

04.4 Other services related to the dwelling

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.4  Other services related to the dwelling 10 11 - - -
04.4.1  Water supply 5 6 - - -
04.4.3  Sewerage collection 5 5 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

04.5 Electricity, gas and other fuels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.5  Electricity, gas and other fuels 56 48 0.1 0.3 0.01
04.5.1  Electricity 20 19 - 0.4 0.01
04.5.2  Gas 32 26 - - -
04.5.3  Liquid fuels 3 2 2.5 2.6 -
04.5.4  Solid fuels 1 1 0.3 0.3 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to electricity, where prices overall rose this year but were little changed a year ago, particularly for Northern Ireland.

05 Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05  Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 -1.1 -1.0 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to furniture, furnishings and carpets; and goods and services for routine maintenance.

  • Partially offset by household textiles; household appliances, fitting and repairs; glassware, tableware and household utensils; and tools and equipment for house and garden.

05.1 Furniture, furnishings and carpets

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.1  Furniture, furnishings and carpets 20 20 -3.2 -1.7 0.03
05.1.1  Furniture and furnishings 16 16 -3.5 -2.3 0.02
05.1.2  Carpets and other floor coverings 4 4 -1.9 0.8 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to furniture and furnishings; and carpets and other floor coverings.

Furniture and furnishings

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from sofa beds.

Carpets and other floor coverings

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for tufted carpets.

05.2 Household textiles

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.2  Household textiles 7 8 0.4 -2.5 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from bath sheets and fabric roller blinds.

05.3 Household appliances, fitting and repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.3  Household appliances, fitting and repairs 9 9 2.4 1.3 -0.01
05.3.1/2  Major appliances and small electric goods 8 8 2.8 1.4 -0.01
05.3.3 Repair of household appliances 1 1 -0.2 0.1 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to major appliances and small electric goods, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for washing machines, partially offset by fridge freezers, where prices rose this year by more than a year ago.

05.4 Glassware, tableware and household utensils

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.4  Glassware, tableware and household utensils 5 5 -2.1 -3.7 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from flower vases.

05.5 Tools and equipment for house and garden

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.5  Tools and equipment for house and garden 5 4 - -1.3 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.
  • Prices overall fell this year but were little changed a year ago. 

05.6 Goods and services for routine maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.6  Goods and services for routine maintenance 15 13 -0.7 0.8 0.02
05.6.1  Non-durable household goods 6 5 -2.1 1.5 0.02
05.6.2  Domestic services and household services 9 8 0.2 0.3 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to non-durable household goods, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from household cleaning products.

06 Health

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06  Health 24 25 - 0.7 0.02

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  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to medical products, appliances and equipment; and hospital services.

06.1 Medical products, appliances and equipment

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.1  Medical products, appliances and equipment 10 10 -0.2 0.4 0.01
06.1.1  Pharmaceutical products 6 6 - 0.7 0.01
06.1.2/3  Other medical and therapeutic equipment 4 4 -0.5 -0.1 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to pharmaceutical products, where prices overall rose this year but were little changed a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from antihistamine tablets.

06.2 Out-patient services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.2  Out-patient services  5 6 0.2 0.1 -
06.2.1/3 Medical and paramedical services 3 3 0.1 0.1 -
06.2.2  Dental services 2 3 0.2 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

06.3 Hospital services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.3  Hospital Services 9 9 0.1 1.4 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Charges overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from hospital in-patient services.

07 Transport

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07  Transport 162 148 1.0 0.9 -0.03

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to transport services.   

  • Partially offset by operation of personal transport equipment.

07.1 Purchase of vehicles

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.1  Purchase of vehicles 43 38 -0.4 -0.5 -
07.1.1A  New cars 24 21 0.1 -0.3 -0.01
07.1.1B  Second-hand cars 16 14 -1.0 -1.1 -
07.1.2/3  Motorcycles and bicycles 3 3 -0.6 0.8 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small downward contribution from new cars, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.2  Operation of personal transport equipment 89 81 -0.4 0.2 0.05
07.2.1  Spare parts and accessories 5 5 0.5 -0.4 -
07.2.2  Fuels and lubricants 46 40 -0.9 0.4 0.06
07.2.3  Maintenance and repairs 22 22 0.1 -0.1 -0.01
07.2.4  Other services 16 14 - -0.1 -

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to fuels and lubricants.

  • Partially offset by maintenance and repairs.

Fuels and lubricants

  • Large upward effect.

  • The average price of petrol across the month, as recorded for the CPI, rose by 0.7 pence per litre between June and July 2013 to stand at 135.0 pence per litre.

  • Last year, the average price of petrol fell by 1.2 pence per litre between June and July 2012 to stand at 131.6 pence per litre.

  • The average price of diesel rose by 0.4 pence per litre between June and July 2013 to stand at 139.8 pence per litre, compared with a fall of 1.6 pence last year to stand at 137.0 pence per litre.

Maintenance and repairs

  • Small downward effect.

  •  Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

07.3 Transport services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.3  Transport services 30 29 6.9 4.5 -0.08
07.3.1  Passenger transport by railway 9 9 0.7 0.6 -
07.3.2  Passenger transport by road 12 13 - 1.3 0.02
07.3.3  Passenger transport by air 8 6 21.7 13.9 -0.10
07.3.4  Passenger transport by sea and inland waterway 1 1 6.4 9.5 -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to passenger transport by air.

  • Partially offset by passenger transport by road.

Passenger transport by road

  • Small upward overall effect.

  • Average fares rose this year but were little changed a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from coach fares. 

Passenger transport by air 

  • Large downward effect.

  • Average air fares rose this year by less than a year ago, with downward contributions coming from long haul, and, to a lesser extent, European flights.

08 Communication

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08 Communication 27 31 0.4 0.3 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

08.1 Postal services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.1  Postal services 1 2 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

08.2/3 Telephone equipment and services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.2/3  Telephone equipment and services 26 29 0.4 0.3 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

09 Recreation and culture

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09  Recreation and culture 134 141 0.2 -0.4 -0.09

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  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other recreational items, gardens and pets; audio-visual equipment and related products; package holidays; recreational and cultural services; and books, newspapers and stationery.

09.1 Audio-visual equipment and related products

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.1  Audio-visual equipment and related products 23 23 -1.1 -1.8 -0.02
09.1.1  Equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures 6 6 0.2 -1.0 -0.01
09.1.2  Photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment 4 3 1.2 -1.4 -0.01
09.1.3  Data processing equipment 6 7 -3.4 -3.4 -
09.1.4  Recording media 6 6 -1.4 -1.5 -
09.1.5  Repair of audio-visual equipment and related products 1 1 - 0.2 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures; and photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment.

Equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from digital cameras.

09.2 Other major durables for recreation and culture

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.2.1/2  Major durables for in/outdoor recreation 10 9 0.1 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

09.3 Other recreational items, gardens and pets

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.3  Other recreational items, gardens and pets 35 32 -0.1 -0.9 -0.03
09.3.1  Games, toys and hobbies 20 19 0.6 -1.4 -0.04
09.3.2  Equipment for sport and open-air recreation 3 3 -2.0 -0.7 -
09.3.3  Gardens, plants and flowers 4 4 -0.1 -0.5 -
09.3.4/5  Pets, related products and services 8 6 -0.8 0.1 0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

  • Due to games, toys and hobbies.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from pets, related products and services.

Games, toys and hobbies

  • Large downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from computer games.

Pets, related products and services

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

09.4 Recreational and cultural services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.4  Recreational and cultural services  29 29 0.5 0.1 -0.01
09.4.1  Recreational and sporting services 8 9 0.6 0.7 -
09.4.2  Cultural services 21 20 0.4 -0.2 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to cultural services, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from entry to live music and cultural events.

09.5 Books, newspapers and stationery

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.5  Books, newspapers and stationery 13 14 1.4 0.7 -0.01
09.5.1  Books 3 4 -0.5 0.6 -
09.5.2  Newspapers and periodicals 5 5 4.0 1.4 -0.01
09.5.3/4  Misc. printed matter, stationery, drawing materials 5 5 0.1 0.2 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to newspapers and periodicals, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from national daily newspapers.

09.6 Package holidays

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.6  Package holidays 24 34 0.6 -0.2 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Average charges for late booked foreign holidays fell this year but rose a year ago.

10 Education

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
10  Education 19 21 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

11 Restaurants and hotels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11  Restaurants and hotels 114 117 0.2 0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

11.1 Catering services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.1  Catering services 97 98 0.2 0.1 -
11.1.1  Restaurants and cafes 86 88 0.2 0.1 -0.01
11.1.2  Canteens 11 10 - 0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small downward contribution from restaurants and cafes, where prices overall rose by less than a year ago.

11.2 Accommodation services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.2  Accommodation services 17 19 0.3 0.6 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from overnight hotel accommodation.

12 Miscellaneous goods and services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12  Misc. goods and services 96 103 0.1 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There were small downward contributions from personal effects not elsewhere covered; and other services not elsewhere covered.

  • Offset by a small upward contribution from financial services not elsewhere covered.

12.1 Personal care

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.1  Personal care 28 28 -0.2 -0.1 -
12.1.1  Hairdressing and personal grooming establishments 8 7 0.1 0.1 -
12.1.2/3  Appliances and products for personal care 20 21 -0.3 -0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

12.3 Personal effects not elsewhere covered

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.3  Personal effects not elsewhere covered 13 13 -0.1 -1.5 -0.02
12.3.1  Jewellery, clocks and watches 8 8 0.5 -0.5 -0.01
12.3.2  Other personal effects 5 5 -1.2 -3.0 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to jewellery, clocks and watches; and other personal effects.

Jewellery, clocks and watches

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from gold chains and diamond rings.

Other personal effects

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago.

12.4 Social protection

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.4  Social protection 13 14 0.1 0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.     

12.5 Insurance

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.5  Insurance 8 8 -0.3 0.2 -
12.5.2  House contents insurance 3 2 0.4 -0.8 -
12.5.3  Health insurance 2 2 -0.1 1.0 -
12.5.4  Transport insurance 3 4 -1.3 0.3 0.01

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small upward contribution from transport insurance, where average premiums rose this year but fell a year ago.

12.6 Financial services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.6  Financial services not elsewhere covered 23 30 -0.1 0.9 0.03

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from unit trusts commission and issuing of bankers drafts.

12.7 Other services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.7  Other services not elsewhere covered  11 10 2.1 0.3 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Charges overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from dating agency fees.

RPI summary

Contributions to the change in the RPI annual rate

GROUPS      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Food  114 116 0.3 0.2 -
Catering 47 47 0.2 0.1 -
Alcoholic drinks 56 61 0.4 0.5 0.01
Tobacco  29 30 0.8 0.1 -0.02
Housing 237 254 0.5 0.4 -0.01
Fuel and light 46 43 0.1 0.3 0.01
Household goods 62 60 -2.1 -1.0 0.07
Household services 67 62 0.4 0.2 -0.02
Clothing and footwear 45 43 -1.9 -3.0 -0.05
Personal goods and services 39 40 -0.1 - -
Motoring expenditure 131 122 -0.5 -0.4 0.02
Fares and other travel costs 23 18 5.6 3.6 -0.06
Leisure goods 33 30 - -0.5 -0.01
Leisure services 71 74 0.4 0.1 -0.03

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RPI notable movements

RPI notable movements

All Items RPI Annual rate +3.1%, down from +3.3% last month
Also +3.1% in May 2013
Last lower in April 2013 (+2.9%)
All Items RPI exc MIPS (RPIX) Annual rate +3.2%, down from +3.3% last month
Lowest since May 2013 (+3.1%)
All Items RPI exc MIPS and indirect Annual rate +3.4%, unchanged from last month
taxes (RPIY) Last higher in April 2012 (+3.6%)
Last lower in May 2013 (+3.3%)
Tobacco Annual rate +6.7%, down from +7.5% last month
Lowest since March 2010 (+6.5%)
All goods Annual rate +3.2%, unchanged from last month
Last higher in January 2013 (+3.3%)
Last lower in May 2013 (+2.5%)
All services Annual rate +3.6%, down from +3.8% last month
Lowest since December 2012 (+3.4%)

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RPI detailed briefing

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. ONS consulted in March 2013 on whether to maintain this detailed RPI briefing and, based on views received, decided to continue with its publication.

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the RPI.

Food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Food 114 116 0.3 0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small downward contribution from non-seasonal food.

Seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Seasonal food 19 20 -0.2 - -
Home killed lamb 1 1 -0.6 3.0 -
Fresh fish 2 2 2.2 1.1 -
Eggs 1 1 -0.8 -0.5 -
Unprocessed potatoes 2 2 0.5 2.8 -
Other fresh vegetables  7 7 0.5 -2.4 -0.02
Fresh fruit  6 7 -1.7 0.8 0.02

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small downward contribution from other fresh vegetables, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from cauliflower and broccoli.

  • Offset by a small upward contribution from fresh fruit, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from grapes, partially offset by a small downward contribution from bananas.

Non-seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Non-seasonal food 95 96 0.3 0.3 -0.01
Bread 4 5 -0.8 0.2 -
Cereals 4 4 0.5 - -
Biscuits and cakes 7 7 -0.9 1.5 0.02
Beef 4 4 -1.7 2.0 0.02
Imported lamb 1 1 0.5 -0.5 -
Pork 1 1 1.6 -0.5 -
Bacon 2 2 0.5 -0.6 -
Poultry 4 4 0.5 - -
Other meat 7 7 0.1 0.5 -
Processed fish 2 2 -0.6 -0.1 -
Butter 1 1 0.5 -1.0 -
Oils and fats 2 2 3.9 1.7 -
Cheese 4 3 0.3 0.7 -
Milk, fresh 4 4 - - -
Milk products 4 4 -1.3 -0.8 -
Tea 1 1 -1.1 -2.0 -
Soft drinks 11 12 3.2 -1.1 -0.05
Sugar and preserves 1 1 2.8 0.6 -
Sweets and chocolates 11 13 0.8 0.9 -
Potato products 3 3 -1.7 2.9 0.01
Processed vegetables 2 2 -0.2 2.3 -
Processed fruit 2 1 1.0 0.3 -
Other foods 11 11 -0.4 -0.9 -0.01
Coffee and other hot drinks 2 1 -0.5 3.0 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Soft drinks, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from fruit squash, bottled cola flavoured drink and packs of fruit drink bottles.  Partially offset by a small upward contribution from fruit smoothies; and

  • Other foods, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from tomato ketchup, cook-in sauces, frozen pizza and mayonnaise.  Partially offset by a small upward contribution from dried potted snacks.

  • Partially offset by:

  • Biscuits and cakes, beef and potato products, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from individual cakes, home killed beef steak and potato crisps.

Catering

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Catering 47 47 0.2 0.1 -
Restaurant meals 27 27 0.2 0.1 -
Canteen meals 3 4 0.1 0.1 -
Take-away meals and snacks 17 16 0.2 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.   

Alcoholic drinks

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Alcoholic drinks 56 61 0.4 0.5 0.01
Beer on sales 21 21 0.2 0.1 -
Beer off sales 5 5 3.0 -0.6 -0.02
Wines and spirits on sales 16 20 0.2 0.2 -
Wines and spirits off sales 14 15 -0.2 2.1 0.03

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to wines and spirits off sales, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for whisky, vodka and New World red wine.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from beer off sales, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from large packs of canned and bottled lager.

Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Tobacco 29 30 0.8 0.1 -0.02
Cigarettes  25 26 0.8 0.1 -0.02
Other tobacco products 4 4 0.6 - -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to cigarettes, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.  

Housing

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Housing 237 254 0.5 0.4 -0.01
Rent 75 86 0.9 0.7 -
Mortgage interest payments 29 29 0.6 0.2 -0.01
Council tax and rates 41 43 - - -
Water and other charges 13 14 - - -
Repairs and maintenance charges 9 10 -0.1 0.2 -
DIY materials 8 7 -0.1 -0.8 -0.01
Dwelling insurance and ground rent 6 7 0.3 0.9 -
House depreciation 56 58 0.7 0.7 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Mortgage interest payments, where average charges rose this year by less than a year ago; and

  • DIY materials, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago.

Fuel and light

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Fuel and light 46 43 0.1 0.3 0.01
Coal and solid fuels 1 1 0.2 0.3 -
Electricity 21 20 - 0.4 0.01
Gas 21 19 - - -
Oil and other fuels 3 3 2.0 2.1 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to electricity, where average charges rose this year but were little changed a year ago, particularly in Northern Ireland.

Household goods

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Household goods 62 60 -2.1 -1.0 0.07
Furniture 22 21 -4.4 -2.6 0.05
Furnishings 9 9 -1.6 -0.4 0.01
Electrical appliances 6 6 2.2 0.7 -0.01
Other household equipment 4 4 -1.5 -2.0 -
Household consumables 13 12 -1.5 - 0.02
Pet care 8 8 -0.6 0.3 0.01

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  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Furniture and furnishings, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from sofa beds, bookcases and tufted carpet;

  • Household consumables, where prices were little changed this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from household cleaning products; and

  • Pet care, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from electrical appliances, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for automatic washing machines.

Household services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Household services 67 62 0.4 0.2 -0.02
Domestic services 13 13 0.1 0.2 -
Fees and subscriptions 29 24 0.5 0.1 -0.01
Postage 1 1 - - -
Telephone charges 24 24 0.5 0.3 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to fees and subscriptions, where charges overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from dating agency fees.

Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Clothing and footwear 45 43 -1.9 -3.0 -0.05
Men’s outerwear 9 9 -1.2 -2.3 -0.01
Women’s outerwear 16 16 -5.1 -4.8 -
Children’s outerwear 5 5 1.7 -0.8 -0.01
Other clothing 6 5 -0.3 -2.0 -0.01
Footwear 9 8 0.1 -1.6 -0.01

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Men’s outerwear and other clothing, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago;   

  • Children’s outerwear, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from girls’ jackets; and

  • Footwear, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for women’s boots.

Personal goods & services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Personal goods & services 39 40 -0.1 - -
Personal articles 10 10 -0.2 -0.8 -0.01
Chemists' goods 15 15 -0.5 -0.2 -
Personal services 14 15 0.3 0.8 0.01

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small downward contribution from personal articles, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, with downward contributions coming from a wide range of products.  Partially offset by a small upward contribution from wall hanging mirrors, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

  • Offset by a small upward contribution from personal services, where charges overall rose this year by more than a year ago.

Motoring expenditure

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Motoring expenditure 131 122 -0.5 -0.4 0.02
Purchase of motor vehicles 39 34 -0.5 -0.7 -0.01
Maintenance of motor vehicles 20 19 0.2 -0.2 -0.01
Petrol and oil 47 45 -0.4 -0.4 -
Vehicle tax and insurance 25 24 -1.0 0.1 0.03

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Vehicle tax and insurance, where average premiums for car insurance rose this year but fell a year ago.

  • Partially offset by:

  • Purchase of motor vehicles, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago; and 

  • Maintenance of motor vehicles, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

  • To note:

  • The price of petrol, as recorded for the RPI, fell by 0.5 pence per litre between June and July 2013, to stand at 133.8 pence per litre, compared with a fall of 0.5 pence per litre last year to stand at 131.5 pence per litre. Diesel prices fell by 0.7 pence per litre, to stand at 138.7 pence per litre in July 2013, compared with a fall of 0.8 pence per litre last year to stand at 136.9 pence per litre.  Petrol and diesel prices had no impact on the change in the RPI annual rate.   

Fares and other travel costs

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Fares and other travel costs 23 18 5.6 3.6 -0.06
Rail fares 6 6 0.6 0.6 -
Bus and coach fares 4 4 -0.1 2.0 0.01
Other travel costs 13 8 9.4 6.4 -0.07

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  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other travel costs, where average charges rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for air fares. The downward contributions came from long haul flights and, to a lesser extent, European flights.

Leisure goods

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Leisure goods 33 30 - -0.5 -0.01
Audio-visual equipment 7 6 -2.2 -1.2 -
CDs and tapes 3 3 -1.6 -0.2 -
Toys, photographic and sports goods 10 9 -0.4 -0.9 -
Books and newspapers 8 7 2.4 1.0 -0.01
Gardening products 5 5 -0.1 -0.2 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to books and newspapers, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from national daily newspapers and non-fiction paper back books.  Partially offset by non fiction hard cover books, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Leisure services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change July 2012 1 month % change July 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Leisure services 71 74 0.4 0.1 -0.03
TV licence and rentals 12 13 - - -
Entertainment and other recreation 17 15 0.3 -0.2 -0.01
Foreign holidays 33 35 0.6 - -0.02
UK holidays 9 11 0.7 0.6 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Foreign holidays, where average charges were little changed this year but rose a year ago.  Partially offset by foreign holiday insurance, where charges rose this year but fell a year ago; and

  • Entertainment and other recreation, where overall charges fell this year but rose a year ago.

Reconciliation of CPI and RPI

(Table 5 of the Consumer Price Inflation Reference Tables) (1.23 Mb Excel sheet)

This table identifies the main factors contributing to the differences between the unrounded inflation rates for the CPI and the RPI. These differences are broken down into: mortgage interest payments, other housing components excluded from the CPI, other differences in the coverage of goods and services, and the formula effect. The final column titled ‘other differences including weights’ is derived as a residual.

The difference between the CPI and RPI unrounded annual rates in July 2013 was -0.40%, widening from -0.35% in June 2013.

The main factors contributing to the widening were:

  • Other differences including weights, which increased the RPI 12-month rate relative to the CPI 12 month rate by 0.06 percentage points between June and July 2013. The effect came mainly from furniture, furnishings, household textiles and carpets, clothing & footwear and insurance. Partially offsetting these widening effects was fuels & lubricants and financial services; and

  • Formula effect, which increased the RPI 12-month rate relative to the CPI 12-month rate by 0.02 percentage points between June and July 2013.  The effect came from recreation & culture and furniture, household equipment & maintenance. Partially offsetting these widening effects was miscellaneous goods and services.

Partially offsetting this widening effect was:

  • Other differences in coverage of goods & services, which increased the CPI 12-month rate relative to the RPI 12-month rate by 0.02 percentage points between June and July 2013.  The effect came from financial commission charges which are not included in the RPI.

RPI miscellaneous data

Selected average prices

Description                                May 2013  June 2013  July 2013
Petrol per litre Diesel £1.38 £1.39 £1.39
  Petrol £1.33 £1.34 £1.34
Alcohol pub prices Draught bitter (pint) £2.87 £2.87 £2.87
  Draught lager (pint) £3.29 £3.30 £3.30
  Whisky (per nip) £2.45 £2.45 £2.46
Cigarettes Per 20 king size £7.77 £7.77 £7.77

Table notes:

  1. Average prices are as recorded for the RPI.

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Changes in Mortgage Interest Rates

This table gives an estimate of the contribution that changes in the average mortgage interest rate (MI) make to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

Changes in mortgage interest rates

Month     1-month % change in the RPI Approx. Change in average MI rate Approx.contribution to the 1-month % change  in the RPI
July 2012 +0.1 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
August 2012 +0.4 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
September 2012 +0.5 Negligible -
October 2012 +0.6 Up +0.07% points +0.06% points
November 2012 +0.0 Down -0.08% points -0.07% points
December 2012 +0.5 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
January 2013 -0.4 Down -0.01% points -0.01% points
February 2013 +0.7 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
March 2013 +0.4 Negligible -
April 2013 +0.3 Negligible -
May 2013 +0.2 Negligible  -
June 2013 -0.1 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
July 2013 +0.0 Negligible -
                                                                                                                                                                                           

Table notes:

  1. A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approx 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

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Outlook

The outlook is a summary of seasonal trends, selected news cuttings and other sources of information. It gives some indication of expected changes to the annual rate of the CPI and RPI in the next few months.

Food

Seasonal food
  • Seasonal food prices have shown a mixed pattern of rises and falls in August of previous years and are typically influenced by weather conditions both in the UK and around the world.

Food

Seasonal food

Monthly % change for CPI seasonal food index  
Year June July August
2007 1.1 -4.0 1.4
2008 2.1 -0.9 1.9
2009 -0.5 -2.5 -1.5
2010 0.9 0.7 -0.5
2011 0.5 -1.0 -1.0
2012 0.7 -0.5 0.2
2013 -1.5 0.2  

Table notes:

  1. Seasonal food prices in the RPI tend to show a similar movement.

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Clothing and footwear

  • Prices tend to recover in August, following summer sales in July.

Clothing and footwear

Monthly % change for CPI clothing and footwear index
Year June July August
2007 -0.2 -4.0 1.4
2008 -1.4 -3.2 1.4
2009 -1.5 -3.2 1.3
2010 -2.1 -4.9 2.8
2011 -1.9 -3.5 3.7
2012 -4.2 -2.6 2.8
2013 -1.9 -3.2  

Table notes:

  1. The clothing and footwear group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

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Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

  • Prices tend to recover in August following summer sales in July.

Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

Monthly % change for CPI furniture, household equipment and maintenance index
Year June July August
2007 2.2 -4.2 0.5
2008 2.3 -3.2 0.8
2009 1.0 -2.7 1.5
2010 0.7 -1.9 1.0
2011 0.4 -1.1 2.0
2012 - -1.1 0.8
2013 -0.5 -1.0  

Table notes:

  1. The household goods group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

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Transport

Fuels and Lubricants
  • Brent crude rose towards $108 a barrel on Thursday, ending a four-day decline as robust Chinese data signalled the economy of the world’s No.2 oil consumer is stabilising.
     (uk.reuters.com 8 August 2013)

  • When considering the price of petrol between July and August 2013, it may be useful to note that the average price of petrol rose by 3.5 pence per litre between July and August 2012, to stand at 135.1 pence per litre as measured in the CPI.

  • A 1 pence change on average in the cost of a litre of road fuel contributes approximately 0.03 percentage points to the 1-month change in the CPI.

Passenger transport by air
  • Historically, air fares have tended to rise more slowly in August compared to July, although there has been a mixed pattern in more recent years.

Passenger transport by air

Monthly % change for CPI air fares index
Year June July August
2007 3.8 16.9 7.4
2008 5.9 20.7 11.1
2009 3.0 12.2 8.3
2010 10.0 9.6 16.1
2011 8.5 9.8 11.2
2012 7.4 21.7 10.2
2013 -2.8 13.9  

Table notes:

  1. The air fares index used in the RPI is the same as that used in the CPI, and is included in the other travel costs section.

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Housing (RPI)

Mortgage interest payments (MIPs)
  • The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% on Thursday 1 August 2013.

  • The change in average mortgage interest rates recorded in the RPI was +0.01 percentage points between July and August 2012. The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% in July 2012.

  • A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approximately 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI. 

Contacts

Media contact:

Tel: Luke Croydon  +44 (0) 845 6041858

      Out of hours media line +44 (0) 7867 906553

Email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Statistical contact:

Tel: Richard Campbell  +44 (0) 1633 651536

Email: richard.campbell@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Website: www.ons.gov.uk

Email: cpi@ons.gsi.gov.uk

CPI/RPI recorded message (available after 9.45 am on release day):

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456961

CPI/RPI Enquiries:

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456900

Background notes

  1. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

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