Skip to content

Consumer Price Inflation Briefing Note, June 2013 This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 23 July 2013 Download PDF

Summary

Consumer Prices Index (CPI)

The CPI is a measure of consumer price inflation produced to international standards and in line with European regulations. First published in 1997 as the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), the CPI is the inflation measure used in the Government’s target for inflation.

The CPI is also used for purposes such as uprating pensions, wages and benefits and can aid in the understanding of inflation on family budgets. For more information on the uses of the CPI see the article How ONS consumer price statistics are used.

  • The all items CPI is 125.9, down from 126.1 in May.

  • The all items CPI annual rate is 2.9%, up from 2.7% in May.

  • The annual rate for CPI excluding indirect taxes, CPIY, is 3.1%, up from 2.9% last month.

  • The annual rate for CPI at constant tax rates, CPI-CT, is 2.8%, up from 2.6% last month.

  • The CPI all goods index is 120.5, down from 121.0 in May.

  • The CPI all goods index annual rate is 2.5%, up from 2.0% last month.

  • The CPI all services index is 132.7, up from 132.6 in May.

  • The CPI all services index annual rate is 3.4%, down from 3.6% last month.

CPIH

CPIH is a new measure of UK consumer price inflation that includes owner occupiers’ housing costs (OOH). These are the costs associated with owning, maintaining and living in one’s own home. CPIH uses an approach called rental equivalence to measure OOH. Rental equivalence uses the rent paid for an equivalent house as a proxy for the costs faced by an owner occupier. In other words this answers the question “how much would I have to pay in rent to live in a home like mine?” for an owner occupier. OOH currently accounts for just over 12% of the expenditure weight of CPIH. This has increased gradually from a weight of 10% in 2005.

Currently, the method of calculation, the population coverage and the basket of goods and services are the same as the Consumer Prices Index (CPI), with the exception of OOH. The method of deriving the weights for CPIH and the data used for these are also the same as for CPI, with the exception of OOH. This can result in some differences from the CPI. ONS currently classifies CPIH as an experimental statistic. For further information see the article Introducing the new CPIH measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 2005 to 2012.

  • The all items CPIH is 123.8, down from 124.0 in May.

  • The all items CPIH annual rate is 2.7%, up from 2.5% in May.

  • The annual rate for CPIH excluding indirect taxes, CPIHY, is 2.8%, up from 2.6% last month.

  • The OOH component of CPIH is 107.5, up from 107.4 in May.

  • The OOH component annual rate is 1.0%, unchanged from last month.

  • The CPIH all goods index is 120.6, down from 121.1 in May.

  • The CPIH all goods index annual rate is 2.5%, up from 1.9% last month.

  • The CPIH all services index is 127.0, up from 126.9 in May.

  • The CPIH all services index annual rate is 2.8%, down from 3.0% last month.

Retail Prices Index (RPI) and RPIJ

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. The full assessment report can be found on the UK Statistics Authority website.

The RPI is a long-standing measure of UK inflation that has historically been used for a wide range of purposes such as the indexation of pensions and rents and index-linked gilts. For further information on current and historic uses of the RPI please see the article How ONS consumer price statistics are used.

RPIJ is an improved variant of the Retail Prices Index (RPI) which is calculated using formulae that meet international standards. The primary purpose of RPIJ is to enable users of the RPI to understand the impact the use of the Carli formula (which does not meet international standards) has on the RPI inflation rate. ONS currently classifies RPIJ as an experimental statistic. For further information on RPIJ please see the article Introducing the new RPIJ measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 1997 to 2012.

  • The all items RPI is 249.7, down from 250.0 in May.

  • The all items RPI annual rate is 3.3%, up from 3.1% last month.

  • The all items RPIJ is 233.2, down from 233.5 in May.

  • The all items RPIJ annual rate is 2.7%, up from 2.5% last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIX, the all items RPI excluding mortgage interest payments (MIPs) index is 3.3%, up from 3.1% last month.

  • The all goods RPI is 196.6, down from 197.2 in May. 

  • The all goods RPI annual rate is 3.2%, up from 2.5% last month.

  • The all services RPI is 333.9, up from 333.7 in May.

  • The all services RPI annual rate is 3.8%, down from 4.0% last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIY, the all items RPI excluding MIPs and indirect taxes index is 3.4%, up from 3.3% last month.

  • The Seasonally Adjusted RPIY (SARPIY) annual rate is 3.5%, up from 3.3% last month.

  • The Tax and Price Index (TPI) for June is 219.9, down from 220.2 in May.

  • The TPI annual rate is 2.3%, up from 2.2% in May. 

CPI summary

Contributions to change in the CPI annual rate

CPI COICOP DIVISIONS     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01: Food and non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 -0.1 -0.5 -0.05
02: Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 -0.5 -0.3 0.01
03: Clothing and footwear 65 68 -4.2 -1.9 0.15
04: Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 -0.1 0.1 0.03
05: Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 - -0.5 -0.03
06: Health 24 25 0.4 - -0.01
07: Transport 162 148 -0.5 0.1 0.10
08: Communication 27 31 -0.2 - 0.01
09: Recreation and culture 134 141 0.1 -0.2 -0.04
10: Education 19 21 - - -
11: Restaurants and hotels 114 117 - 0.1 0.01
12: Miscellaneous goods and services 96 103 -0.3 0.2 0.05

Download table

Large upward effects came from:

  • Clothing & footwear, where prices overall fell by 1.9% between May and June 2013 compared with a larger fall of 4.2% between the same two months in 2012. Prices usually fall between May and June as the summer sales begin but the fall between those months in 2012 was the largest on record and there were reports of sales starting earlier than in previous years. The main upward effect behind the change in the headline rate came from garments, particularly women’s outerwear and, to a lesser extent, children’s outerwear;

  • Transport, where prices overall rose by 0.1% between May and June 2013 compared with a fall of 0.5% between the same two months a year ago. The upward contribution came principally from motor fuels where prices, overall, rose between May and June this year but fell between the same two months a year ago. Petrol prices rose by 1.0 pence per litre this year, to stand at £1.34 in June, compared with a fall of 4.3 pence per litre, to £1.33, last year. Diesel prices rose by 0.9 pence this year compared with a 4.7 pence fall a year ago. The effect from motor fuels was partly offset by a downward contribution from air transport. Air fares fell by 2.8% on the month this year compared with a rise of 7.4% in 2012. The downward effect came from European and, to a lesser extent, long-haul routes; and

  • Miscellaneous goods & services, where prices overall rose by 0.2% between May and June 2013 compared with a fall of 0.3% between the same two months in 2012. The upward contribution came from a number of categories, the most significant being appliances and products for personal care.

A small upward effect came from:

  • Housing, water, electricity, gas & other fuels, where prices overall rose by 0.1% between May and June 2013 compared with a fall of 0.1% between the same two months a year ago. The main upward effect came from domestic heating oil.

Large downward effects came from:

  • Food & non-alcoholic beverages, where prices overall fell by 0.5% between May and June 2013 compared with a smaller fall of 0.1% between the same two months a year ago. The downward effect came from a variety of categories - most notably vegetables, fruit and bread & cereals; and

  • Recreation & culture, where prices overall fell by 0.2% between May and June 2013 compared with a rise of 0.1% between the same two months in 2012. The main downward effect came from package holidays.

A small downward effect came from:

  • Furniture, household equipment & maintenance, where prices overall fell by 0.5% between May and June 2013 but were mostly unchanged between the same two months a year ago.

CPI notable movements

CPI notable movements

All Items CPI Annual rate +2.9%, up from +2.7% last month
Highest since April 2012 (+3.0%)
All Items CPI excl energy, food Annual rate +2.3%, up from +2.2% last month
alcohol and tobacco Highest since March 2013 (+2.4%)
Clothing and footwear Annual rate +3.1%, up from +0.7% last month
Highest since March 2012 (+3.2%)
Furniture, household equipment and Annual rate 0.0%, down from +0.6% last month
maintenance Lowest since November 2006 (-0.5%)
Health Annual rate +2.0%, down from +2.4% last month
Lowest since December 2004 (+1.9%)
All goods Annual rate +2.5%, up from +2.0% last month
Highest since April 2012 (+3.1%)
All services Annual rate +3.4%, down from +3.6% last month
Also +3.4% in April 2013
Last lower in September 2012 (+3.2%)

Download table

CPI detailed briefing

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the CPI.

01 Food & non-alcoholic beverages

      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01  Food & non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 -0.1 -0.5 -0.05

Download table

  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to food and, to a lesser extent, non-alcoholic beverages.

01.1 Food

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.1  Food 98 93 -0.1 -0.5 -0.04
01.1.1  Bread and cereals 17 16 0.6 -0.4 -0.02
01.1.2  Meat 22 21 -0.5 0.7 0.03
01.1.3  Fish 4 4 -2.9 0.3 0.01
01.1.4  Milk, cheese and eggs 14 13 0.2 -0.4 -0.01
01.1.5  Oils and fats 2 2 -2.5 1.0 0.01
01.1.6  Fruit 9 9 1.2 -1.9 -0.03
01.1.7  Vegetables including potatoes  15 14 1.5 -1.7 -0.05
01.1.8  Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery 12 11 -1.8 -1.9 -
01.1.9  Food products not elsewhere covered 3 3 -0.2 2.1 0.01

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to vegetables including potatoes; and, to a lesser extent, fruit; bread and cereals; and milk, cheese and eggs.

  • Partially offset by meat; fish; oils and fats; and food products not elsewhere covered.

Bread and cereals

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for plain biscuits, sponge cakes and breakfast cereals.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from frozen pizzas, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Meat

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from home killed beef mince and cooked ham.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from meat pies, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Fish

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for fresh fish.

  • Cold weather in Norway has caused salmon growth rates to slow down, reducing production and causing prices to increase. (The Grocer 8 June 2013)

Milk, cheese and eggs

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for yoghurt/fromage frais.

  • Partially offset by an upward contribution from tubs of cheese spread, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Oils and fats

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for olive oil where prices have increased due to the poor Spanish olive crop last autumn. (The Grocer 25 May 2013)

Fruit

  • Small downward effect.

  • Due to grapes.

  • Partially offset by strawberries.

Fruit

Grapes Small downward effect.
  Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.
Strawberries Small upward effect.
  Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.
 

Download table

Vegetables including potatoes

  • Large downward effect.

  • Due to lettuces, premium potato crisps and frozen chips.

Vegetables including potatoes

Lettuces Small downward effect.
Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.
Prices have decreased from the high levels of May. Last month cold weather was delaying the British harvest and Spanish supply was also reduced. (The Grocer 11 May 2013)
UK production is now underway. (Market news June 2013)
Premium potato crisps Small downward effect.
Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.
Frozen chips Small downward effect.
Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Download table

Food products not elsewhere covered

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.2  Non-alcoholic beverages 14 13 -0.1 -0.7 -0.01
01.2.1  Coffee, tea and cocoa 4 3 3.1 -0.7 -0.01
01.2.2  Mineral waters, soft drinks and juices 10 10 -1.3 -0.6 0.01

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to coffee, tea and cocoa.

  • Partially offset by mineral waters, soft drinks and juices.  

Coffee, tea and cocoa

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from tea bags.

Mineral waters, soft drinks and juices

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from fruit juice and fruit squash.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from multipacks of fruit drink bottles, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

02 Alcoholic beverages and tobacco

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02  Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 -0.5 -0.3 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to alcoholic beverages.

  • Partially offset by tobacco.

02.1 Alcoholic beverages

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.1  Alcoholic beverages 18 20 -1.6 -0.7 0.01
02.1.1  Spirits 5 6 -1.4 -0.2 0.01
02.1.2  Wine 9 9 -1.1 -1.5 -
02.1.3  Beer 4 5 -2.7 -0.1 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to spirits and beer, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from vodka; and large packs of cans and bottles of lager.

02.2 Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.2  Tobacco 24 24 0.2 - -0.01

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall were little changed this year but rose a year ago.

03 Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03 Clothing and footwear 65 68 -4.2 -1.9 0.15

Download table

  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to clothing and, to a lesser extent, footwear including repairs.

03.1 Clothing

  Weight 2012   Weight 2013   1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.1  Clothing 56 59 -4.6 -2.1 0.14
03.1.2  Garments 52 54 -4.9 -2.3 0.13
03.1.3  Other clothing and clothing accessories 3 4 -1.3 -0.6 -
03.1.4  Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing 1 1 0.5 - -

Download table

  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to garments where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago. The main upward contributions came from a wide range of women’s outerwear; men’s suits and jumpers; boys’ jeans and branded sports tops; and children’s pyjamas.

  • Partially offset by downward contributions from women’s casual jackets and adults’ official football shirts.

03.2 Footwear including repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.2  Footwear including repairs 9 9 -1.7 -0.3 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

04 Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04  Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 -0.1 0.1 0.03

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to electricity, gas and other fuels; and regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling.

04.1 Actual rentals for housing

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.1  Actual rentals for housing 64 62 - - -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

04.3 Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.3  Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling 14 16 0.3 0.6 0.01
04.3.1  Materials for maintenance and repair 8 9 0.5 1.2 0.01
04.3.2  Services for maintenance and repair 6 7 - -0.2 -

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to materials for maintenance and repair, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from softwood.

04.4 Other services related to the dwelling

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.4  Other services related to the dwelling 10 11 - - -
04.4.1  Water supply 5 6 - - -
04.4.3  Sewerage collection 5 5 - - -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

04.5 Electricity, gas and other fuels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.5  Electricity, gas and other fuels 56 48 -0.4 - 0.02
04.5.1  Electricity 20 19 - - -
04.5.2  Gas 32 26 - - -
04.5.3  Liquid fuels 3 2 -7.7 -0.3 0.02
04.5.4  Solid fuels 1 1 -0.8 - -

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to liquid fuels, where overall prices for kerosene fell this year by less than a year ago.

05 Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05  Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 - -0.5 -0.03

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to furniture, furnishings and carpets; and, to a lesser extent, goods and services for routine maintenance.

  • Partially offset by household textiles.

05.1 Furniture, furnishings and carpets

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.1  Furniture, furnishings and carpets 20 20 1.9 -0.4 -0.05
05.1.1  Furniture and furnishings 16 16 1.9 0.3 -0.03
05.1.2  Carpets and other floor coverings 4 4 2.0 -3.0 -0.02

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to furniture and furnishings; and carpets and other floor coverings.

Furniture and furnishings

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from lounge furniture such as leather settees and sofa beds.

Carpets and other floor coverings

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for tufted carpets.

05.2 Household textiles

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.2  Household textiles 7 8 -3.5 -0.5 0.02

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, particularly for fabric roller blinds.

05.3 Household appliances, fitting and repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.3  Household appliances, fitting and repairs 9 9 -2.5 -2.2 -
05.3.1/2  Major appliances and small electric goods 8 8 -2.8 -2.4 -
05.3.3 Repair of household appliances 1 1 - 0.1 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

05.4 Glassware, tableware and household utensils

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.4  Glassware, tableware and household utensils 5 5 0.2 0.1 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

05.5 Tools and equipment for house and garden

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.5  Tools and equipment for house and garden 5 4 0.5 1.2 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

05.6 Goods and services for routine maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.6  Goods and services for routine maintenance 15 13 0.5 -0.2 -0.01
05.6.1  Non-durable household goods 6 5 1.0 -1.0 -0.01
05.6.2  Domestic services and household services 9 8 0.1 0.3 -

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to non-durable household goods, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from household cleaning products.

06 Health

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06  Health 24 25 0.4 - -0.01

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to medical products, appliances and equipment.

06.1 Medical products, appliances and equipment

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.1  Medical products, appliances and equipment 10 10 0.8 -0.3 -0.01
06.1.1  Pharmaceutical products 6 6 1.3 -0.8 -0.01
06.1.2/3  Other medical and therapeutic equipment 4 4 0.2 0.5 -

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to pharmaceutical products, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

06.2 Out-patient services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.2  Out-patient services  5 6 0.1 0.1 -
06.2.1/3 Medical and paramedical services 3 3 - - -
06.2.2  Dental services 2 3 0.2 0.1 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

06.3 Hospital services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.3  Hospital Services 9 9 0.1 0.2 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

07 Transport

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07  Transport 162 148 -0.5 0.1 0.10

Download table

  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to operation of personal transport equipment and, to a lesser extent, purchase of vehicles.

  • Partially offset by transport services.

07.1 Purchase of vehicles

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.1  Purchase of vehicles 43 38 -0.3 -0.2 0.01
07.1.1A  New cars 24 21 0.6 0.1 -0.01
07.1.1B  Second-hand cars 16 14 -1.8 -0.7 0.02
07.1.2/3  Motorcycles and bicycles 3 3 0.2 -0.7 -

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to second-hand cars, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from new cars, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.2  Operation of personal transport equipment 89 81 -1.6 0.5 0.18
07.2.1  Spare parts and accessories 5 5 0.1 -0.1 -
07.2.2  Fuels and lubricants 46 40 -3.2 0.7 0.18
07.2.3  Maintenance and repairs 22 22 0.2 0.2 -
07.2.4  Other services 16 14 -0.2 0.5 0.01

Download table

  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to fuels and lubricants; and, to a lesser extent, other services.

Fuels and lubricants

  • Large upward effect.

  • The average price of petrol across the month, as recorded for the CPI, rose by 1.0 pence per litre between May and June 2013 to stand at 134.3 pence per litre.

  • Last year, the average price of petrol fell by 4.3 pence per litre between May and June 2012 to stand at 132.8 pence per litre.

  • The average price of diesel rose by 0.9 pence per litre between May and June 2013 to stand at 139.4 pence per litre, compared with a fall of 4.7 pence last year to stand at 138.6 pence per litre.

Other services

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

07.3 Transport services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.3  Transport services 30 29 2.6 -0.4 -0.09
07.3.1  Passenger transport by railway 9 9 0.2 0.4 -
07.3.2  Passenger transport by road 12 13 0.1 0.4 -
07.3.3  Passenger transport by air 8 6 7.4 -2.8 -0.09
07.3.4  Passenger transport by sea and inland waterway 1 1 9.3 -0.1 -0.01

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to passenger transport by air; and, to a lesser extent, passenger transport by sea and inland waterway.

Passenger transport by air

  • Large downward effect.

  • Average air fares fell this year but rose a year ago, with downward contributions coming from European and, to a lesser extent, long haul flights. 

Passenger transport by sea and inland waterway 

  • Small downward effect.

  • Average sea fares fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from international routes.

08 Communication

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08 Communication 27 31 -0.2 - 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small upward contribution from telephone equipment and services.

08.1 Postal services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.1  Postal services 1 2 - - -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

08.2/3 Telephone equipment and services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.2/3  Telephone equipment and services 26 29 -0.2 - 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Average charges were little changed this year but fell a year ago.

09 Recreation and culture

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09  Recreation and culture 134 141 0.1 -0.2 -0.04

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to package holidays; and, to a lesser extent, audio-visual equipment and related products.

  • Partially offset by other recreational items, gardens and pets; and recreational and cultural services.

09.1 Audio-visual equipment and related products

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.1  Audio-visual equipment and related products 23 23 0.4 -0.5 -0.02
09.1.1  Equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures 6 6 -0.1 -0.1 -
09.1.2  Photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment 4 3 2.7 3.2 -
09.1.3  Data processing equipment 6 7 -0.6 -1.8 -0.01
09.1.4  Recording media 6 6 0.8 -1.6 -0.02
09.1.5  Repair of audio-visual equipment and related products 1 1 0.3 0.3 -

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to recording media and data processing equipment.

Data processing equipment

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from laptop computers.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from PC peripherals, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Recording media

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from DVDs.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from CDs purchased over the internet, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

09.2 Other major durables for recreation and culture

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.2.1/2  Major durables for in/outdoor recreation 10 9 - 0.1 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

09.3 Other recreational items, gardens and pets

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.3  Other recreational items, gardens and pets 35 32 -0.6 -0.2 0.02
09.3.1  Games, toys and hobbies 20 19 -1.1 -0.3 0.02
09.3.2  Equipment for sport and open-air recreation 3 3 0.1 -0.3 -
09.3.3  Gardens, plants and flowers 4 4 -0.6 0.5 0.01
09.3.4/5  Pets, related products and services 8 6 0.2 -0.4 -

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

  • Due to games, toys and hobbies; and gardens, plants and flowers.

Games, toys and hobbies

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from computer games.

Gardens, plants and flowers

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

09.4 Recreational and cultural services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.4  Recreational and cultural services  29 29 - 0.3 0.01
09.4.1  Recreational and sporting services 8 9 0.1 0.2 -
09.4.2  Cultural services 21 20 - 0.4 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to cultural services, where average admission prices for theatres rose this year but fell a year ago.

09.5 Books, newspapers and stationery

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.5  Books, newspapers and stationery 13 14 0.1 0.1 -
09.5.1  Books 3 4 -0.2 -0.4 -
09.5.2  Newspapers and periodicals 5 5 - -0.2 -
09.5.3/4  Misc. printed matter, stationery, drawing materials 5 5 0.4 0.7 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

09.6 Package holidays

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.6  Package holidays 24 34 1.0 -0.4 -0.04

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Average charges for foreign holidays fell this year but rose a year ago.

10 Education

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
10  Education 19 21 - - -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

11 Restaurants and hotels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11  Restaurants and hotels 114 117 - 0.1 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to accommodation services.

  • Partially offset by catering services.

11.1 Catering services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.1  Catering services 97 98 0.2 0.1 -0.01
11.1.1  Restaurants and cafes 86 88 0.2 0.2 -
11.1.2  Canteens 11 10 0.1 -0.2 -

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

11.2 Accommodation services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.2  Accommodation services 17 19 -0.9 0.1 0.02

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for overnight hotel accommodation.

12 Miscellaneous goods and services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12  Misc. goods and services 96 103 -0.3 0.2 0.05

Download table

  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to personal care, personal effects not elsewhere covered and financial services not elsewhere covered.

12.1 Personal care

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.1  Personal care 28 28 -0.9 0.2 0.03
12.1.1  Hairdressing and personal grooming establishments 8 7 0.1 0.2 -
12.1.2/3  Appliances and products for personal care 20 21 -1.2 0.2 0.03

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to appliances and products for personal care, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from tissues, moisturiser/day cream and deodorant. Partially offset by a small downward contribution from disposable nappies, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

12.3 Personal effects not elsewhere covered

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.3  Personal effects not elsewhere covered 13 13 -0.4 0.4 0.01
12.3.1  Jewellery, clocks and watches 8 8 1.1 -0.2 -0.01
12.3.2  Other personal effects 5 5 -2.6 1.2 0.02

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other personal effects, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for ladies’ handbags/shoulder bags and photo frames.

  • Partially offset by a small downward effect from jewellery, clocks and watches, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main contribution coming from diamond solitaire rings.

12.4 Social protection

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.4  Social protection 13 14 0.2 0.2 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

12.5 Insurance

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.5  Insurance 8 8 - -0.2 -
12.5.2  House contents insurance 3 2 -0.4 -1.7 -
12.5.3  Health insurance 2 2 - - -
12.5.4  Transport insurance 3 4 0.3 0.4 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

12.6 Financial services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.6  Financial services not elsewhere covered 23 30 0.1 0.3 0.01

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from mortgage arrangement fees.

12.7 Other services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.7  Other services not elsewhere covered  11 10 - 0.2 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

RPI summary

Contributions to the change in the RPI annual rate

GROUPS      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Food  114 116 -0.2 -0.5 -0.04
Catering 47 47 0.2 0.2 -
Alcoholic drinks 56 61 -0.4 -0.2 0.01
Tobacco  29 30 0.2 - -0.01
Housing 237 254 0.3 0.1 -0.03
Fuel and light 46 43 -0.5 - 0.02
Household goods 62 60 1.1 -0.4 -0.10
Household services 67 62 0.1 - -
Clothing and footwear 45 43 -3.9 -1.6 0.12
Personal goods and services 39 40 -0.1 0.2 0.01
Motoring expenditure 131 122 -1.8 0.3 0.27
Fares and other travel costs 23 18 2.0 -0.3 -0.05
Leisure goods 33 30 0.1 -0.2 -0.01
Leisure services 71 74 0.4 - -0.03

Download table

RPI notable movements

RPI notable movements

All Items RPI Annual rate +3.3%, up from +3.1% last month
  Also +3.3% in March 2013 and January 2013
  Last higher in April 2012 (+3.5%)
All Items RPI exc MIPS (RPIX) Annual rate +3.3%, up from +3.1% last month
  Also +3.3% in January 2013
  Last higher in April 2012 (+3.5%)
All Items RPI exc MIPS and indirect  Annual rate +3.4%, up from +3.3% last month
taxes (RPIY) Highest since April 2012 (+3.6%)
Tobacco Annual rate +7.5%, down from +7.8% last month
  Also +7.5% in April 2013
  Last lower in March 2011 (+7.3%)
Housing  Annual rate +2.0%, down from +2.2% last month
  Lowest since June 2012 (+1.9%)
Household goods Annual rate +1.1%, down from +2.6% last month
  Lowest since March 2008 (+0.7%)
Clothing and footwear  Annual rate +10.5%, up from +7.9% last month
  Highest since January 2012 (+10.9%)
Leisure services Annual rate +3.7%, down from +4.2% last month
  Also +3.7% in June 2012
  Last lower in May 2012 (+3.5%)
Furniture Annual rate +0.7%, down from +3.0% last month
  Lowest since June 2009 (-2.8%)
All goods Annual rate +3.2%, up from +2.5% last month
  Highest since January 2013 (+3.3%)
All services Annual rate +3.8%, down from +4.0% last month
  Also +3.8% in April 2013
  Last lower in January 2013 (+3.7%)

Download table

RPI detailed briefing

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. ONS consulted in March 2013 on whether to maintain this detailed RPI briefing and, based on views received, decided to continue with its publication.

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the RPI.

Food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Food 114 116 -0.2 -0.5 -0.04

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to seasonal food.

Seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Seasonal food 19 20 0.4 -1.7 -0.04
Home killed lamb 1 1 -3.7 -1.2 -
Fresh fish 2 2 -2.9 -1.3 -
Eggs 1 1 0.7 -1.6 -
Unprocessed potatoes 2 2 2.0 5.2 0.01
Other fresh vegetables  7 7 1.1 -3.2 -0.03
Fresh fruit  6 7 0.8 -2.2 -0.02

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other fresh vegetables and fresh fruit, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for lettuces and grapes. There is a partially offsetting upward contribution from strawberries, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

  • Partially offset by unprocessed potatoes, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from baking potatoes.

Non-seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Non-seasonal food 95 96 -0.3 -0.3 -
Bread 4 5 1.2 1.0 -
Cereals 4 4 -0.2 -1.0 -
Biscuits and cakes 7 7 2.4 -1.1 -0.02
Beef 4 4 0.2 2.0 0.01
Imported lamb 1 1 -2.2 -1.2 -
Pork 1 1 -0.6 -0.1 -
Bacon 2 2 -1.6 0.5 -
Poultry 4 4 0.1 1.8 0.01
Other meat 7 7 -0.7 0.2 0.01
Processed fish 2 2 -3.0 -2.5 -
Butter 1 1 0.4 0.7 -
Oils and fats 2 2 -3.2 0.8 0.01
Cheese 4 3 - 1.0 -
Milk, fresh 4 4 -0.5 0.3 -
Milk products 4 4 0.6 -2.1 -0.01
Tea 1 1 7.7 1.0 -0.01
Soft drinks 11 12 -1.0 -0.7 -
Sugar and preserves 1 1 -4.3 -2.1 -
Sweets and chocolates 11 13 -1.1 -0.9 -
Potato products 3 3 2.0 -3.0 -0.02
Processed vegetables 2 2 0.5 -2.3 -0.01
Processed fruit 2 1 -2.1 -0.5 -
Other foods 11 11 -0.6 0.8 0.01
Coffee and other hot drinks 2 1 -0.1 -2.1 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There are small downward contributions coming from:

  • Biscuits and cakes, potato products, milk products and processed vegetables, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from plain biscuits, sponge cakes, frozen chips, premium potato crisps and yoghurt/fromage frais; and 

  • Tea, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

  • Offset by:

  • Other meat, oils and fats and other foods, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from cooked ham, olive oil, cook-in sauces and mayonnaise; and

  • Beef and poultry, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago.

Catering

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Catering 47 47 0.2 0.2 -
Restaurant meals 27 27 0.1 0.2 -
Canteen meals 3 4 0.1 - -
Take-away meals and snacks 17 16 0.5 0.1 -0.01

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There is a small downward contribution from take-away meals and snacks, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

Alcoholic drinks

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Alcoholic drinks 56 61 -0.4 -0.2 0.01
Beer on sales 21 21 0.1 0.1 -
Beer off sales 5 5 -2.0 0.2 0.01
Wines and spirits on sales 16 20 0.1 0.1 -
Wines and spirits off sales 14 15 -1.3 -1.0 -

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to beer off sales, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from large packs of cans and bottles of lager.

Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Tobacco 29 30 0.2 - -0.01
Cigarettes  25 26 0.2 - -0.01
Other tobacco products 4 4 0.1 - -

Download table

 

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to cigarettes, where prices overall were little changed this year but rose a year ago.

Housing

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Housing 237 254 0.3 0.1 -0.03
Rent 75 86 0.1 0.1 -
Mortgage interest payments 29 29 0.9 -0.1 -0.03
Council tax and rates 41 43 - - -
Water and other charges 13 14 - - -
Repairs and maintenance charges 9 10 0.1 -0.2 -
DIY materials 8 7 0.3 0.7 -
Dwelling insurance and ground rent 6 7 - -0.4 -
House depreciation 56 58 0.4 0.5 -

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to mortgage interest payments, where average charges fell this year but rose a year ago.

Fuel and light

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Fuel and light 46 43 -0.5 - 0.02
Coal and solid fuels 1 1 -0.8 - -
Electricity 21 20 - - -
Gas 21 19 - - -
Oil and other fuels 3 3 -6.5 -0.2 0.02

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to oil and other fuels, where average prices for kerosene fell this year by less than a year ago.

Household goods

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Household goods 62 60 1.1 -0.4 -0.10
Furniture 22 21 3.0 0.7 -0.05
Furnishings 9 9 1.1 -3.0 -0.04
Electrical appliances 6 6 -3.9 -2.6 0.01
Other household equipment 4 4 0.8 0.2 -
Household consumables 13 12 0.8 0.4 -
Pet care 8 8 0.2 -0.4 -0.01

Download table

  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Furniture, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from lounge furniture;

  • Fur nishings, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for tufted carpets; and, to a lesser extent

  • Pet care, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from electrical appliances, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

Household services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Household services 67 62 0.1 - -
Domestic services 13 13 0.2 0.3 -
Fees and subscriptions 29 24 0.1 -0.3 -0.01
Postage 1 1 - - -
Telephone charges 24 24 - 0.1 -

Download table

  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There is a small downward contribution coming from fees and subscriptions, where estate agent fees fell this year but rose a year ago.

Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Clothing and footwear 45 43 -3.9 -1.6 0.12
Men’s outerwear 9 9 -1.4 -1.1 -
Women’s outerwear 16 16 -7.4 -3.5 0.07
Children’s outerwear 5 5 -4.2 - 0.02
Other clothing 6 5 -1.2 0.1 0.01
Footwear 9 8 -1.4 -0.2 0.01

Download table

  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Women’s outerwear and, to a lesser extent, footwear, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from a wide range of women’s clothing items;  

  • Children’s outerwear, where prices overall were little changed this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from boys’ branded sports tops; and

  • Other clothing, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Personal goods & services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Personal goods & services 39 40 -0.1 0.2 0.01
Personal articles 10 10 -0.2 0.3 0.01
Chemists' goods 15 15 -0.1 0.3 0.01
Personal services 14 15 0.1 0.1 -

Download table

  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to personal articles and chemists’ goods, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for ladies’ handbags/shoulder bags, moisturiser/day cream and deodorant. Partially offset by a small downward contribution from disposable nappies, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Motoring expenditure

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Motoring expenditure 131 122 -1.8 0.3 0.27
Purchase of motor vehicles 39 34 -0.8 -0.4 0.02
Maintenance of motor vehicles 20 19 0.2 0.2 -
Petrol and oil 47 45 -4.6 0.8 0.26
Vehicle tax and insurance 25 24 0.5 0.4 -

Download table

  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Petrol and oil, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago. The price of petrol, as recorded for the RPI, rose by 1.1 pence per litre between May and June 2013, to stand at 134.3 pence per litre, compared with a fall of 6.3 pence per litre last year to stand at 132.0 pence per litre. Diesel prices rose by 1.1 pence per litre, to stand at 139.4 pence per litre in June 2013, compared with a fall of 6.8 pence per litre last year to stand at 137.7 pence per litre; and, to a lesser extent

  • Purchase of motor vehicles, where prices for second hand cars fell this year by less than a year ago. Partially offset by a small downward contribution from the purchase of new cars, where average prices rose this year by less than a year ago.  

Fares and other travel costs

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Fares and other travel costs 23 18 2.0 -0.3 -0.05
Rail fares 6 6 0.2 0.4 -
Bus and coach fares 4 4 0.1 0.5 -
Other travel costs 13 8 3.4 -1.1 -0.06

Download table

  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other travel costs, where average charges fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for air fares and sea fares. The downward contributions came from European flights and, to a lesser extent, long haul flights and international sea routes.

Leisure goods

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Leisure goods 33 30 0.1 -0.2 -0.01
Audio-visual equipment 7 6 - -1.2 -
CDs and tapes 3 3 1.4 -1.9 -0.01
Toys, photographic and sports goods 10 9 0.4 0.4 -
Books and newspapers 8 7 0.1 -0.2 -
Gardening products 5 5 - 0.4 -

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to CDs and tapes, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from shop bought film DVDs.

Leisure services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change June 2012 1 month % change June 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Leisure services 71 74 0.4 - -0.03
TV licence and rentals 12 13 - - -
Entertainment and other recreation 17 15 -0.1 0.7 0.01
Foreign holidays 33 35 1.1 -0.4 -0.05
UK holidays 9 11 -0.4 - -

Download table

  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to foreign holidays, where average charges fell this year but rose a year ago.

  • Partially offset by a small upward effect from entertainment and other recreation, where average admission prices for theatres rose this year but fell a year ago.

Reconciliation of CPI and RPI

(Table 5 of the Consumer Price Inflation Reference Tables) (1.22 Mb Excel sheet)

This table identifies the main factors contributing to the differences between the unrounded inflation rates for the CPI and the RPI. These differences are broken down into: mortgage interest payments, other housing components excluded from the CPI, other differences in the coverage of goods and services, and the formula effect. The final column titled ‘other differences including weights’ is derived as a residual.

The difference between the CPI and RPI unrounded annual rates in June 2013 was -0.35%, narrowing from -0.41% in May 2013.

The main factors contributing to the narrowing were:

  • Formula effect, which decreased the RPI 12-month rate relative to the CPI 12-month rate by 0.03 percentage points between May and June 2013. The effect came from furniture, household equipment & maintenance, and recreation & culture; and

  • Mortgage interest payments, which decreased the RPI 12-month rate in June by 0.03 percentage points but are excluded from the CPI.

There were no significant factors to offset these narrowing effects.

RPI miscellaneous data

Selected average prices

Description                                April 2013  May 2013  June 2013
Petol per litre Diesel £1.42 £1.38 £1.39
  Petrol £1.37 £1.33 £1.34
Alcohol pub prices Draught bitter (pint) £2.87 £2.87 £2.87
  Draught lager (pint) £3.29 £3.29 £3.30
  Whisky (per nip) £2.44 £2.45 £2.45
Cigarettes Per 20 king size £7.75 £7.77 £7.77

Table notes:

  1. Average prices are as recorded for the RPI.

Download table

Changes in mortgage interest rates

This table gives an estimate of the contribution that changes in the average mortgage interest rate (MI) make to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

Changes in mortgage interest rates

Month     1-month % change in the RPI Approx. Change in average MI rate Approx.contribution to the 1-month % change  in the RPI
June 2012 -0.2 Up +0.02% points +0.02% points
July 2012 +0.1 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
August 2012 +0.4 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
September 2012 +0.5 Negligible -
October 2012 +0.6 Up +0.07% points +0.06% points
November 2012 +0.0 Down -0.08% points -0.07% points
December 2012 +0.5 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
January 2013 -0.4 Down -0.01% points -0.01% points
February 2013 +0.7 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
March 2013 +0.4 Negligible -
April 2013 +0.3 Negligible -
May 2013 +0.2 Negligible  -
June 2013 -0.1 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
                                                                                                                                                        

Table notes:

  1. A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approx 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

Download table

 

Outlook

The outlook is a summary of seasonal trends, selected news cuttings and other sources of information. It gives some indication of expected changes to the annual rate of the CPI and RPI in the next few months.

Food

Seasonal food
  • Seasonal food prices have tended to decrease in July of recent years and are typically dependent on weather conditions both in the UK and around the world.

Food

Seasonal food

Monthly % change for CPI seasonal food index  
Year May June July
2007 1.3 1.1 -4.0
2008 1.8 2.1 -0.9
2009 2.0 -0.5 -2.5
2010 -0.6 0.9 0.7
2011 2.9 0.5 -1.0
2012 0.5 0.7 -0.5
2013 -0.3 -1.5  

Table notes:

  1. Seasonal food prices in the RPI tend to show a similar movement.

Download table

Clothing and footwear

  • Prices tend to fall sharply in July as a result of the summer sales.

Clothing and footwear

Monthly % change for CPI clothing and footwear index
Year May June July
2007 - -0.2 -4.0
2008 - -1.4 -3.2
2009 0.4 -1.5 -3.2
2010 0.3 -2.1 -4.9
2011 0.4 -1.9 -3.5
2012 -0.1 -4.2 -2.6
2013 1.2 -1.9  

Table notes:

  1. The clothing and footwear group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

Download table

Electricity, gas and other fuels

  • Power NI has announced that it is increasing prices with effect from 1 July 2013 as a result of significant increases in the costs of purchasing wholesale electricity. The announcement means an extra £1.73 per week in electricity costs for a typical household as a result of the 17.8% price increase. (powerni.co.uk 22 May 2013)

Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

  • Prices tend to fall in July as a result of summer sales.

Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

Monthly % change for CPI furniture, household equipment and maintenance index
Year May June July
2007 1.1 2.2 -4.2
2008 1.4 2.3 -3.2
2009 1.0 1.0 -2.7
2010 1.2 0.7 -1.9
2011 0.4 0.4 -1.1
2012 0.6 - -1.1
2013 1.1 -0.5  

Table notes:

  1. The household goods group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

Download table

Transport

Fuels and lubricants
  • Brent crude rose to near $109 a barrel as worries about demand growth ebbed following news that the economy of China expanded in line with expectations. Brent crude had gained 15 cents to $108.96 a barrel, swinging between a high of $109.17 and a low of $108.61. (uk.reuters.com 15 July 2013)

  • When considering the price of petrol between June and July 2013, it may be useful to note that the average price of petrol fell by 1.2 pence per litre between June and July 2012, to stand at 131.6 pence per litre as measured in the CPI.

  • A 1 pence change on average in the cost of a litre of road fuel contributes approximately 0.03 percentage points to the 1-month change in the CPI.

Passenger transport by air
  • Air fares tend to rise in July.

Passenger transport by air

Monthly % change for CPI air fares index
Year May June July
2007 12.8 3.8 16.9
2008 9.4 5.9 20.7
2009 6.9 3.0 12.2
2010 6.0 10.0 9.6
2011 -11.1 8.5 9.8
2012 1.4 7.4 21.7
2013 22.0 -2.8  

Table notes:

  1. The air fares index used in the RPI is the same as that used in the CPI, and is included in the other travel costs section.

Download table

Housing (RPI)

Mortgage interest payments (MIPs)
  • The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% on Thursday 4 July 2013.

  • The change in average mortgage interest rates recorded in the RPI was +0.01 percentage points between June and July 2012. The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% in June 2012.

  • A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approximately 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI. 

Contacts

Media contact:

Tel: Luke Croydon  +44 (0) 0845 6041858

      Out of hours media line +44 (0) 7867 906553

Email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Statistical contact:

Tel: Philip Gooding  +44 (0) 1633 455896

Email: philip.gooding@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Website: www.ons.gov.uk

Email: cpi@ons.gsi.gov.uk

CPI/RPI recorded message (available after 9.45 am on release day):

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456961

CPI/RPI Enquiries:

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456900

Background notes

  1. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
© Crown Copyright applies unless otherwise stated.