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Consumer Price Inflation Detailed Briefing Note, August 2013 (HTML Version) This product is designated as National Statistics

Released: 20 September 2013 Download PDF

Summary

Consumer Prices Index (CPI)

The CPI is a measure of consumer price inflation produced to international standards and in line with European regulations. First published in 1997 as the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), the CPI is the inflation measure used in the Government’s target for inflation.

The CPI is also used for purposes such as uprating pensions, wages and benefits and can aid in the understanding of inflation on family budgets. For more information on the uses of the CPI see the article How ONS consumer price statistics are used.

  • The all items CPI is 126.4, up from 125.8 in July.

  • The all items CPI annual rate is 2.7%, down from 2.8% in July.

  • The annual rate for CPI excluding indirect taxes, CPIY, is 2.8%, down from 2.9% last month.

  • The annual rate for CPI at constant tax rates, CPI-CT, is 2.6%, unchanged from last month.

  • The CPI all goods index is 120.5, up from 119.8 in July.

  • The CPI all goods index annual rate is 2.4%, unchanged from last month.

  • The CPI all services index is 133.8, up from 133.4 in July.

  • The CPI all services index annual rate is 3.0%, down from 3.1% last month.

CPIH

CPIH is a new measure of UK consumer price inflation that includes owner occupiers’ housing costs (OOH). These are the costs of housing services associated with owning, maintaining and living in one’s own home. OOH does not include costs such as utility bills and minor repairs and maintenance which are already included in the index. CPIH uses an approach called rental equivalence to measure OOH. Rental equivalence uses the rent paid for an equivalent house as a proxy for the costs faced by an owner occupier. In other words this answers the question “how much would I have to pay in rent to live in a home like mine?” for an owner occupier. OOH does not seek to capture increases in house prices. Although, this may be inconsistent with some users’ expectations of measures of OOH, the inclusion of an asset price and therefore capital gains makes the measure less suitable for a measure of consumption. OOH currently accounts for just over 12% of the expenditure weight of CPIH. This has increased gradually from a weight of 10% in 2005.

Currently, the method of calculation, the population coverage and the basket of goods and services are the same as the Consumer Prices Index (CPI), with the exception of OOH. The method of deriving the weights for CPIH and the data used for these are also the same as for CPI, with the exception of OOH. This can result in some differences from the CPI. ONS currently classifies CPIH as an experimental statistic. For further information see the article Introducing the new CPIH measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 2005 to 2012.  

  • The all items CPIH is 124.3, up from 123.8 in July.

  • The all items CPIH annual rate is 2.5%, unchanged from last month. 

  • The annual rate for CPIH excluding indirect taxes, CPIHY, is 2.6%, down from 2.7% last month.

  • The OOH component of CPIH is 107.6, unchanged from last month.

  • The OOH component annual rate is 1.0%, unchanged from last month.

  • The CPIH all goods index is 120.6, up from 119.9 in July.

  • The CPIH all goods index annual rate is 2.4%, unchanged from last month.

  • The CPIH all services index is 127.8, up from 127.5 in July.

  • The CPIH all services index annual rate is 2.5%, down from 2.6% last month.

Retail Prices Index (RPI) and RPIJ

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. The full assessment report can be found on the UK Statistics Authority website.

The RPI is a long-standing measure of UK inflation that has historically been used for a wide range of purposes such as the indexation of pensions and rents and index-linked gilts. For further information on current and historic uses of the RPI please see the article How ONS consumer price statistics are used.

RPIJ is an improved variant of the Retail Prices Index which is calculated using formulae that meet international standards. The rationale for creating RPIJ was to give users a better alternative to the RPI if their needs were for a measure of inflation based on the same population, classifications, weights etc as the RPI. Currently, RPIJ also acts as an analytical series, in that it allows users to see the impact of using the Jevons (which meets international standards) in place of the Carli formula (which does not meet international standards) in the RPI. The use of the different formulae at the elementary aggregate level is currently the only difference between the two indices. ONS does not produce detailed goods and services indices for RPIJ. ONS currently classifies RPIJ as an experimental statistic. For further information on RPIJ please see the article Introducing the new RPIJ measure of Consumer Price Inflation, 1997 to 2012.

  • The all items RPI is 251.0, up from 249.7 in July.

  • The all items RPI annual rate is 3.3%, up from 3.1% last month.

  • The all items RPIJ is 234.2, up from 233.2 in July.

  • The all items RPIJ annual rate is 2.6%, unchanged from last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIX, the all items RPI excluding mortgage interest payments (MIPs) index is 3.3%, up from 3.2% last month.   

  • The all goods RPI is 197.2, up from 195.7 in July. 

  • The all goods RPI annual rate is 3.4%, up from 3.2% last month.

  • The all services RPI is 336.0, up from 335.3 in July.

  • The all services RPI annual rate is 3.5%, down from 3.6% last month.

  • The annual rate for RPIY, the all items RPI excluding MIPs and indirect taxes index is 3.5%, up from 3.4% last month.

  • The Seasonally Adjusted RPIY (SARPIY) annual rate is 3.5%, up from 3.4% last month.

  • The Tax and Price Index (TPI) for August is 221.1, up from 219.9 in July.

  • The TPI annual rate is 2.3%, up from 2.2% in July. 

CPI summary

Contributions to change in the CPI annual rate

CPI COICOP DIVISIONS     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01: Food and non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 0.2 0.5 0.03
02: Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 0.2 -0.1 -0.01
03: Clothing and footwear 65 68 2.8 2.0 -0.04
04: Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 0.1 - -0.02
05: Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 0.8 1.8 0.06
06: Health 24 25 - 0.2 -
07: Transport 162 148 1.3 1.0 -0.07
08: Communication 27 31 0.1 -0.1 -0.01
09: Recreation and culture 134 141 -0.2 - 0.03
10: Education 19 21 - - -
11: Restaurants and hotels 114 117 0.1 -0.1 -0.02
12: Miscellaneous goods and services 96 103 0.3 0.1 -0.02

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Large downward effects came from:

  • Transport, where prices overall rose by 1.0% between July and August 2013 compared with a larger rise of 1.3% between the same two months in 2012. The downward contribution came principally from motor fuels and air transport. Petrol prices rose by 2.0 pence per litre this year, to stand at £1.37 in August, compared with a rise of 3.5 pence per litre, to £1.35, last year. Diesel prices rose by 2.0 pence per litre this year compared with a rise of 3.3 pence a year ago. Similarly air fares rose by 9.4% between July and August this year compared with 10.2% a year ago. The main downward effect came from domestic routes; and

  • Clothing and footwear, where overall prices for clothing and footwear usually rise between July and August as autumn ranges enter the shops and this year they rose by 2.0% compared with a larger rise of 2.8% a year ago. The main downward effect came from garments, particularly from a variety of women’s outerwear items.

 Small downward effects came from:

  • Miscellaneous goods and services, where prices overall rose by 0.1% between July and August 2013 compared with a larger rise of 0.3% between the same two months in 2012;

  • Restaurants and hotels, where prices overall fell by 0.1% between July and August 2013 compared with a rise of 0.1% between the same two months a year ago; and

  • Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels, where prices overall were little changed between July and August 2013 compared with a rise of 0.1% between the same two months in 2012. The main downward effect came from liquid fuels, where overall prices for kerosene rose this year by less than a year ago.

A large upward effect came from:

  • Furniture, household equipment and maintenance, where prices overall rose by 1.8% between July and August 2013 compared with 0.8% between the same two months a year ago. The upward contribution came principally from furniture and furnishings and major appliances and small electric goods.

Small upward effects came from:

  • Recreation and culture, where prices overall were little changed between July and August 2013 compared with a fall of 0.2% between the same two months in 2012. The main upward effect came from games, toys and hobbies; and

  • Food and non-alcoholic beverages, where prices overall rose by 0.5% between July and August 2013 compared with a rise of 0.2% between the same two months a year ago

CPI notable movements

CPI notable movements

All items CPI Annual rate +2.7%, down from +2.8% last month
  Also +2.7% in May 2013
  Last lower in April 2013 (+2.4%)
All items CPI exc energy, food,  Annual rate +2.0%, unchanged from last month
alcohol and tobacco Also +2.0% in April 2013
  Last higher in June 2013 (+2.3%)
  Last lower in November 2009 (+1.9%)
Health Annual rate +2.9%, up from +2.7% last month
  Highest since July 2012 (+3.0%)
Restaurants and hotels Annual rate +2.4%, down from +2.5% last month
  Also +2.4% in February 2010
  Last lower in January 2010 (+2.2%)
All goods Annual rate +2.4%, unchanged from last month
  Last higher in June 2013 (+2.5%)
  Last lower in May 2013 (+2.0%)
All services Annual rate +3.0%, down from +3.1% last month
  Lowest since April 2012 (+2.9%)

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CPI detailed briefing

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the CPI.

01 Food & non-alcoholic beverages

      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01 Food & non-alcoholic beverages 112 106 0.2 0.5 0.03

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to food.

01.1 Food

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.1 Food 98 93 0.3 0.5 0.02
01.1.1 Bread and cereals 17 16 1.2 1.3 -
01.1.2 Meat 22 21 -0.1 - -
01.1.3 Fish 4 4 2.5 3.3 -
01.1.4 Milk, cheese and eggs 14 13 0.5 1.8 0.02
01.1.5 Oils and fats 2 2 -3.2 0.1 0.01
01.1.6 Fruit 9 9 0.8 -0.7 -0.02
01.1.7 Vegetables including potatoes 15 14 -0.7 -0.1 0.01
01.1.8 Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery 12 11 - -0.4 -0.01
01.1.9 Food products not elsewhere covered 3 3 0.2 2.6 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to milk, cheese and eggs; oils and fats; vegetables including potatoes; and food products not elsewhere covered.

  • Partially offset by fruit; and sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery.

Milk, cheese and eggs

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from home produced Cheddar cheese and eggs.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from yoghurt/fromage frais, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.

Oils and fats

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Fruit

  • Small downward effect.

  • Due to strawberries. 

  • Partially offset by bananas.

Strawberries                                               Small downward effect. 
                                                                        Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.
Bananas                                                       Small upward effect. 
                                                                        Prices overall fell this year by less than a ago.

Vegetables including potatoes

  • Small upward effect.

  • Due to cauliflowers, broccoli and frozen vegetarian burgers/grills.

  • Partially offset by onions and premium potato crisps.

Cauliflowers                                                  Small upward effect. 
                                                                          Prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.
Broccoli                                                          Small upward effect. 
                                                                          Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.
Frozen vegetarian burgers/grills              Small upward effect.
                                                                          Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.
Onions                                                            Small downward effect.
                                                                          Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago.
Premium potato crisps                              Small downward effect. 
                                                                          Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Sugar, jam, syrups, chocolate and confectionery

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but were little changed a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from bags of sweets.

Food products not elsewhere covered

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago.

01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
01.2 Non-alcoholic beverages 14 13 -0.1 - -
01.2.1 Coffee, tea and cocoa 4 3 0.6 -0.8 -
01.2.2 Mineral waters, soft drinks and juices 10 10 -0.4 0.3 0.01

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There is a small upward contribution from waters, soft drinks and juices, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for bottles of cola flavoured drinks. Partially offset by a small downward contribution from fruit smoothies, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago. 

02 Alcoholic beverages and tobacco

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02 Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 42 44 0.2 -0.1 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to alcoholic beverages.

02.1 Alcoholic beverages

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.1 Alcoholic beverages 18 20 0.3 -0.5 -0.02
02.1.1 Spirits 5 6 2.3 -2.3 -0.03
02.1.2 Wine 9 9 - -0.1 -
02.1.3 Beer 4 5 -1.2 1.0 0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to spirits, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for whisky and vodka.

  • Partially offset by beer, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from lager.

02.2 Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
02.2 Tobacco 24 24 0.1 0.3 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

03 Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03 Clothing and footwear 65 68 2.8 2.0 -0.04

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to clothing.

  • Partially offset by footwear including repairs. 

03.1 Clothing

  Weight 2012   Weight 2013   1 month % change Aug 2012 1 month % change Aug 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.1  Clothing 56 59 3.3 2.2 -0.05
03.1.2  Garments 52 54 3.5 2.3 -0.05
03.1.3  Other clothing and clothing accessories 3 4 0.8 1.2 -
03.1.4  Cleaning, repair and hire of clothing 1 1 0.1 - -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to garments, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from women’s trousers, formal tops and jackets, skirts and jumpers; and also boys’ branded sports tops. Partially offset by upward contributions from men’s casual trousers and short sleeve tops, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago. 

03.2 Footwear including repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug 2012 1 month % change Aug 2013 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
03.2  Footwear including repairs 9 9 0.1 0.6 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago.

04 Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04 Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels 144 137 0.1 - -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to electricity, gas and other fuels; and actual rentals for housing.

  • Partially offset by regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling.

04.1 Actual rentals for housing

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.1 Actual rentals for housing 64 62 0.1 - -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Average rental charges were little changed this year but rose a year ago.

04.3 Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.3 Regular maintenance and repair of the dwelling 14 16 -0.4 0.1 0.01
04.3.1 Materials for maintenance and repair 8 9 -0.6 0.2 0.01
04.3.2 Services for maintenance and repair 6 7 -0.2 - -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to materials for maintenance and repair, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago. 

04.4 Other services related to the dwelling

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.4 Other services related to the dwelling 10 11 - - -
04.4.1 Water supply 5 6 - - -
04.4.3 Sewerage collection 5 5 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

04.5 Electricity, gas and other fuels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
04.5 Electricity, gas and other fuels 56 48 0.4 - -0.02
04.5.1 Electricity 20 19 - - -
04.5.2 Gas 32 26 - - -
04.5.3 Liquid fuels 3 2 7.1 0.1 -0.02
04.5.4 Solid fuels 1 1 - -0.1 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.    

  • Due to liquid fuels, where overall prices for kerosene rose this year by less than a year ago.

05 Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05 Furniture, household equipment and maintenance 61 59 0.8 1.8 0.06

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  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to furniture, furnishings and carpets; household appliances, fitting and repairs; glassware, tableware and household utensils; and tools and equipment for house and garden.

  • Partially offset by goods and services for routine maintenance.

05.1 Furniture, furnishings and carpets

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.1 Furniture, furnishings and carpets 20 20 0.9 2.3 0.03
05.1.1 Furniture and furnishings 16 16 1.4 3.0 0.03
05.1.2 Carpets and other floor coverings 4 4 -0.7 -0.4 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to furniture and furnishings, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from lounge and kitchen furniture.

05.2 Household textiles

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.2 Household textiles 7 8 1.8 2.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

05.3 Household appliances, fitting and repairs

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.3 Household appliances, fitting and repairs 9 9 0.1 3.2 0.03
05.3.1/2 Major appliances and small electric goods 8 8 0.1 3.6 0.03
05.3.3 Repair of household appliances 1 1 0.1 0.1 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to major appliances and small electric goods, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from washing machines and electric cooling fans.

05.4 Glassware, tableware and household utensils

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.4 Glassware, tableware and household utensils 5 5 3.0 4.2 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from flower vases.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution coming from crockery sets, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

05.5 Tools and equipment for house and garden

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.5 Tools and equipment for house and garden 5 4 -0.7 0.3 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.
  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago. 

05.6 Goods and services for routine maintenance

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
05.6 Goods and services for routine maintenance 15 13 0.3 -0.6 -0.01
05.6.1 Non-durable household goods 6 5 0.4 -2.0 -0.01
05.6.2 Domestic services and household services 9 8 0.2 0.2 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

  • Due to non-durable household goods, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for household cleaner cream/liquid.

06 Health

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06 Health 24 25 - 0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

06.1 Medical products, appliances and equipment

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.1 Medical products, appliances and equipment 10 10 - 0.5 0.01
06.1.1 Pharmaceutical products 6 6 - 0.7 -
06.1.2/3 Other medical and therapeutic equipment 4 4 -0.1 0.1 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year but were little changed a year ago.

06.2 Out-patient services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.2 Out-patient services 5 6 0.2 -0.1 -
06.2.1/3 Medical and paramedical services 3 3 0.2 - -
06.2.2 Dental services 2 3 0.1 -0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

06.3 Hospital services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
06.3 Hospital Services 9 9 - 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

07 Transport

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07 Transport 162 148 1.3 1.0 -0.07

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  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to operation of personal transport equipment and transport services.   

  • Partially offset by purchase of vehicles.

07.1 Purchase of vehicles

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.1 Purchase of vehicles 43 38 -0.8 -0.2 0.02
07.1.1A New cars 24 21 -0.1 -0.2 -
07.1.1B Second-hand cars 16 14 -2.0 -0.5 0.03
07.1.2/3 Motorcycles and bicycles 3 3 0.3 0.5 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to second-hand cars, where average prices fell this year by less than a year ago.

07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.2 Operation of personal transport equipment 89 81 1.3 0.8 -0.05
07.2.1 Spare parts and accessories 5 5 0.4 -1.5 -0.01
07.2.2 Fuels and lubricants 46 40 2.6 1.4 -0.06
07.2.3 Maintenance and repairs 22 22 -0.2 0.4 0.01
07.2.4 Other services 16 14 0.1 0.2 -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to fuels and lubricants; and, to a lesser extent, spare parts and accessories.

  • Partially offset by maintenance and repairs.

Spare parts and accessories

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

Fuels and lubricants

  • Large downward effect.

  •  The average price of petrol across the month, as recorded for the CPI, rose by 2.0 pence per litre between July and August 2013 to stand at 137.0 pence per litre.

  • Last year, the average price of petrol rose by 3.5 pence per litre between July and August 2012 to stand at 135.1 pence per litre.

  • The average price of diesel rose by 2.0 pence per litre between July and August 2013 to stand at 141.8 pence per litre, compared with a rise of 3.3 pence last year to stand at 140.3 pence per litre.

Maintenance and repairs

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward effect coming from brake fitting in fast fit centres.

07.3 Transport services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
07.3 Transport services 30 29 3.9 2.8 -0.04
07.3.1 Passenger transport by railway 9 9 - -1.3 -0.01
07.3.2 Passenger transport by road 12 13 0.1 0.5 0.01
07.3.3 Passenger transport by air 8 6 10.2 9.4 -0.04
07.3.4 Passenger transport by sea and inland waterway 1 1 11.2 13.4 -

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  • Large downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to passenger transport by air and, to a lesser extent, passenger transport by railway.

  • Partially offset by passenger transport by road.

Passenger transport by railway

  • Small downward effect.

  • Average fares fell this year but were little changed a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from international rail fares. 

Passenger transport by road 

  • Small upward effect.

  • Average fares rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from coach fares.

Passenger transport by air

  • Large downward effect.

  • Average air fares rose this year by less than a year ago, with downward contributions coming from domestic and European flights.

08 Communication

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08 Communication 27 31 0.1 -0.1 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to telephone equipment and services. 

08.1 Postal services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.1 Postal services 1 2 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

08.2/3 Telephone equipment and services

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
08.2/3 Telephone equipment and services 26 29 0.1 -0.1 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Average charges fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for mobile telephone applications.

09 Recreation and culture

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09 Recreation and culture 134 141 -0.2 - 0.03

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other recreational items, gardens and pets; and, to a lesser extent, audio-visual equipment and related products; and recreational and cultural services.

  • Partially offset by books, newspapers and stationery; and package holidays.

09.1 Audio-visual equipment and related products

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.1 Audio-visual equipment and related products 23 23 -2.3 -1.3 0.02
09.1.1 Equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures 6 6 -0.6 -1.6 -0.01
09.1.2 Photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment 4 3 -3.2 1.9 0.02
09.1.3 Data processing equipment 6 7 -1.5 0.9 0.02
09.1.4 Recording media 6 6 -4.5 -5.2 -
09.1.5 Repair of audio-visual equipment and related products 1 1 0.1 - -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment; and data processing equipment.

  • Partially offset by equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures.

Equipment for the reception and reproduction of sound and pictures

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago.

Photographic, cinematographic and optical equipment

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for digital camcorders.

Data processing equipment

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from laptop computers.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from PC peripherals, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

09.2 Other major durables for recreation and culture

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.2.1/2 Major durables for in/outdoor recreation 10 9 0.2 - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

09.3 Other recreational items, gardens and pets

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.3 Other recreational items, gardens and pets 35 32 -0.4 0.9 0.04
09.3.1 Games, toys and hobbies 20 19 -0.7 1.3 0.04
09.3.2 Equipment for sport and open-air recreation 3 3 -1.4 1.1 0.01
09.3.3 Gardens, plants and flowers 4 4 0.9 -0.3 -0.01
09.3.4/5 Pets, related products and services 8 6 0.1 0.3 -

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

  • Due to games, toys and hobbies; and, to a lesser extent, equipment for sport and open-air recreation.

  • Partially offset by a small downward contribution from gardens, plants and flowers.

Games, toys and hobbies

  • Large upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from computer games.

Equipment for sport and open-air recreation

  • Small upward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Gardens, plants and flowers

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

09.4 Recreational and cultural services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.4 Recreational and cultural services 29 29 0.1 0.4 0.01
09.4.1 Recreational and sporting services 8 9 0.2 - -
09.4.2 Cultural services 21 20 - 0.6 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to cultural services, where prices overall rose this year but were little changed a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from charges for nightclub entry.

09.5 Books, newspapers and stationery

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.5 Books, newspapers and stationery 13 14 1.0 -1.1 -0.03
09.5.1 Books 3 4 1.1 -4.5 -0.02
09.5.2 Newspapers and periodicals 5 5 2.4 1.6 -
09.5.3/4 Misc. printed matter, stationery, drawing materials 5 5 -0.6 -1.1 -

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to books, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for hard cover non-fiction books. Partially offset by a small upward contribution from non-fiction paperbacks, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

09.6 Package holidays

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
09.6 Package holidays 24 34 0.6 0.1 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Average charges for package holidays rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from foreign holidays.

10 Education

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
10 Education 19 21 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.  

11 Restaurants and hotels

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11 Restaurants and hotels 114 117 0.1 -0.1 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to catering services and accommodation services.

11.1 Catering services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.1 Catering services 97 98 0.1 0.1 -0.01
11.1.1 Restaurants and cafes 86 88 0.1 0.1 -
11.1.2 Canteens 11 10 0.2 -0.2 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small downward contribution from canteens, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago.

11.2 Accommodation services

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
11.2 Accommodation services 17 19 - -0.7 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall fell this year but were little changed a year ago.

12 Miscellaneous goods and services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12 Misc. goods and services 96 103 0.3 0.1 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to personal effects not elsewhere covered and personal care.

  • Partially offset by a small upward contribution from insurance.

12.1 Personal care

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.1 Personal care 28 28 0.2 -0.1 -0.01
12.1.1 Hairdressing and personal grooming establishments 8 7 0.2 0.1 -
12.1.2/3 Appliances and products for personal care 20 21 0.2 -0.2 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to appliances and products for personal care, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for electric razors. Partially offset by a small upward contribution from toilet rolls, where prices rose this year but fell a year ago.

12.3 Personal effects not elsewhere covered

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.3 Personal effects not elsewhere covered 13 13 2.0 0.3 -0.02
12.3.1 Jewellery, clocks and watches 8 8 1.5 0.5 -0.01
12.3.2 Other personal effects 5 5 3.0 - -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to jewellery, clocks and watches; and other personal effects.

Jewellery, clocks and watches

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for men’s watches.

Other personal effects

  • Small downward effect.

  • Prices overall were little changed this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from ladies’ handbags.

12.4 Social protection

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.4 Social protection 13 14 - 0.2 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.     

12.5 Insurance

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.5 Insurance 8 8 -0.6 0.3 0.01
12.5.2 House contents insurance 3 2 -0.2 0.1 -
12.5.3 Health insurance 2 2 - - -
12.5.4 Transport insurance 3 4 -1.3 0.5 0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to car insurance, where average premiums rose this year but fell a year ago.

12.6 Financial services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.6 Financial services not elsewhere covered 23 30 - - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change. 

12.7 Other services not elsewhere covered

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to CPI annual rate change
12.7 Other services not elsewhere covered 11 10 - 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

RPI summary

Contributions to the change in the RPI annual rate

GROUPS      Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
FOOD 114 116 - 0.5 0.05
CATERING 47 47 0.2 0.1 -
ALCOHOLIC DRINKS 56 61 0.1 -0.1 -0.01
TOBACCO 29 30 0.1 0.3 0.01
HOUSING 237 254 0.2 0.3 0.03
FUEL AND LIGHT 46 43 0.4 - -0.02
HOUSEHOLD GOODS 62 60 0.8 1.8 0.06
HOUSEHOLD SERVICES 67 62 - - -
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR 45 43 3.1 2.5 -0.03
PERSONAL GOODS AND SERVICES 39 40 0.4 0.2 -
MOTORING EXPENDITURE 131 122 0.2 0.9 0.09
FARES AND OTHER TRAVEL COSTS 23 18 3.2 2.1 -0.04
LEISURE GOODS 33 30 -0.4 -0.5 -
LEISURE SERVICES 71 74 0.4 0.2 -0.01

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RPI notable movements

RPI notable movements

All items RPI Annual rate +3.3%, up from +3.1% last month
  Also +3.3% in June 2013, March 2013 and January 2013
  Last higher in April 2012 (+3.5%)
All items RPI exc MIPS (RPIX) Annual rate +3.3%, up from +3.2% last month
  Also +3.3% in June 2013 and January 2013
  Last higher in April 2012 (+3.5%)
All items RPI exc MIPS and indirect Annual rate +3.5%, up from +3.4% last month
taxes (RPIY)  Highest since April 2012 (+3.6%)
Non seasonal food Annual rate +3.5%, up from +3.1% last month
  Also +3.5% in April 2013 and January 2013
  Last higher in May 2012 (+4.2%)
Catering Annual rate +2.7%, down from +2.8% last month
  Also +2.7% in January 2013
  Last lower in December 2009 (+2.5%)
Household goods Annual rate +3.3%, up from +2.2% last month
  Highest since July 2012 (+4.4%)
Motoring expenditure Annual rate +1.4%, up from +0.7% last month
  Highest since April 2012 (+1.9%)
Fares and other travel Annual rate +0.5%, down from +1.5% last month
  Lowest since September 2009 (+0.4%)
Leisure goods Annual rate -0.2%, down from -0.1% last month
  Lowest since May 2012 (-1.5%)
Leisure services Annual rate +3.1%, down from +3.3% last month
  Lowest since March 2012 (+2.5%)
All goods Annual rate +3.4%, up from +3.2% last month
  Highest since October 2012 (+3.5%)
All services Annual rate +3.5%, down from +3.6% last month
  Lowest since December 2012 (+3.4%)

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RPI detailed briefing

In accordance with the Statistics and Registration Service Act 2007, the Retail Prices Index and its derivatives have been assessed against the Code of Practice for Official Statistics and found not to meet the required standard for designation as National Statistics. ONS consulted in March 2013 on whether to maintain this detailed RPI briefing and, based on views received, decided to continue with its publication.

  • Weights are specified as parts per 1000 in the RPI.

Food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug 2012 1 month % change Aug 2013 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
Food 114 116 - 0.5 0.05

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to non-seasonal food and, to a lesser extent, seasonal food.

Seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
SEASONAL FOOD 19 20 -0.7 - 0.01
Home killed lamb 1 1 -1.1 -2.6 -
Fresh fish 2 2 -1.7 3.5 0.01
Eggs 1 1 -0.7 1.8 -
Unprocessed potatoes 2 2 0.9 -0.8 -
Other fresh vegetables 7 7 -1.6 0.5 0.02
Fresh fruit 6 7 0.5 -1.2 -0.01

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to other fresh vegetables and fresh fish, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from cauliflowers, broccoli and frozen prawns.

  • Offset by a small downward contribution from fresh fruit, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with small downward contributions coming from a variety of items. Partially offset by a small upward contribution from bananas, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

Non-seasonal food

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
NON-SEASONAL FOOD 95 96 0.2 0.5 0.04
Bread 4 5 0.6 -0.2 -
Cereals 4 4 0.7 1.2 -
Biscuits and cakes 7 7 -1.1 1.1 0.02
Beef 4 4 1.0 -1.0 -0.01
Imported lamb 1 1 1.1 0.2 -
Pork 1 1 0.5 2.1 -
Bacon 2 2 -1.3 0.5 -
Poultry 4 4 -2.1 1.8 0.02
Other meat 7 7 0.4 -0.3 -
Processed fish 2 2 4.5 2.4 -
Butter 1 1 -6.0 0.8 0.01
Oils and fats 2 2 -1.6 -0.9 -
Cheese 4 3 -0.5 3.5 0.01
Milk, fresh 4 4 -0.4 0.7 -
Milk products 4 4 2.8 1.2 -0.01
Tea 1 1 0.3 -1.7 -
Soft drinks 11 12 -0.4 0.4 0.01
Sugar and preserves 1 1 -3.4 -0.3 -
Sweets and chocolates 11 13 0.1 -0.7 -0.01
Potato products 3 3 1.7 -1.4 -0.01
Processed vegetables 2 2 -2.1 -0.2 -
Processed fruit 2 1 0.4 0.5 -
Other foods 11 11 1.7 2.5 0.01
Coffee and other hot drinks 2 1 -0.1 - -

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Biscuits and cakes, poultry, butter, cheese and soft drinks, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from packs of individual cakes, chicken breast fillets, home produced Cheddar cheese, bottles of cola flavoured drinks and fruit squashes. Partially offset by a small downward contribution from fruit smoothies; and

  • Other foods, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, particularly for mayonnaise and cook-in sauces. Partially offset by a small downward contribution from dried potted snacks.

  • Partially offset by:

  • Beef, sweets and chocolates and potato products, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, particularly for beef steaks, bags of sweets and premium potato crisps; and

  • Milk products, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for yoghurt/fromage frais.

Catering

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
CATERING 47 47 0.2 0.1 -
Restaurant meals 27 27 0.1 0.1 -
Canteen meals 3 4 0.1 -0.3 -
Take-away meals and snacks 17 16 0.2 0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.      

Alcoholic drinks

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
ALCOHOLIC DRINKS 56 61 0.1 -0.1 -0.01
Beer on sales 21 21 - 0.1 -
Beer off sales 5 5 -0.7 -0.1 -
Wines and spirits on sales 16 20 0.2 0.2 -
Wines and spirits off sales 14 15 0.5 -0.8 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to wines and spirits off sales, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from whisky, vodka and New World red wine. Partially offset by a small upward contribution from New World white wine, where prices overall fell this year by less than a year ago.

Tobacco

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
TOBACCO 29 30 0.1 0.3 0.01
Cigarettes 25 26 0.1 0.3 -
Other tobacco products 4 4 0.4 0.5 -

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago.  

Housing

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
HOUSING 237 254 0.2 0.3 0.03
Rent 75 86 0.1 0.1 -
Mortgage interest payments 29 29 0.5 0.2 -0.01
Council tax and rates 41 43 - - -
Water and other charges 13 14 - - -
Repairs and maintenance charges 9 10 -0.1 0.1 -
DIY materials 8 7 -0.5 0.1 0.01
Dwelling insurance and ground rent 6 7 -0.7 -0.1 -
House depreciation 56 58 0.5 0.9 0.03

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  • Small upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • House depreciation, with the smoothed house price index used to calculate this component rising this year by more than a year ago; and

  • DIY materials, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

  • Partially offset by mortgage interest payments, where average charges rose this year by less than a year ago.

Fuel and light

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
FUEL AND LIGHT 46 43 0.4 - -0.02
Coal and solid fuels 1 1 - -0.1 -
Electricity 21 20 - - -
Gas 21 19 - - -
Oil and other fuels 3 3 5.9 0.1 -0.02

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to oil and other fuels, where average prices for kerosene rose this year by less than a year ago.   

Household goods

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
HOUSEHOLD GOODS 62 60 0.8 1.8 0.06
Furniture 22 21 1.6 3.9 0.05
Furnishings 9 9 -0.2 0.5 0.01
Electrical appliances 6 6 0.5 3.9 0.02
Other household equipment 4 4 3.1 2.5 -
Household consumables 13 12 -0.3 -0.9 -0.01
Pet care 8 8 - 0.3 -

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  • Large upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Furniture and, to a lesser extent, electrical appliances, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago, with the main upward contributions coming from lounge furniture, kitchen furniture and electric cooling fans. There is a partially offsetting downward contribution coming from bookcases, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago; and

  • Furnishings, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

  • Partially offset by household consumables, where prices overall fell this year by more than a year ago, with the main downward contribution coming from household cleaner cream/liquid.

Household services

   Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
HOUSEHOLD SERVICES 67 62 - - -
Domestic services 13 13 0.1 0.2 -
Fees and subscriptions 29 24 -0.1 0.1 -
Postage 1 1 - - -
Telephone charges 24 24 - -0.3 -0.01

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There is a small downward contribution coming from telephone charges, where average prices for mobile telephone applications fell this year but rose a year ago.

Clothing and footwear

  Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
CLOTHING AND FOOTWEAR 45 43 3.1 2.5 -0.03
Men’s outerwear 9 9 -0.2 1.4 0.02
Women’s outerwear 16 16 7.2 3.6 -0.05
Children’s outerwear 5 5 2.9 2.9 -
Other clothing 6 5 1.2 1.7 -
Footwear 9 8 0.4 1.2 0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to women’s outerwear, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from trousers, formal tops, plain T-shirts and showerproof jackets.

  • Partially offset by:

  • Men’s outerwear, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, particularly for casual trousers; and

  • Footwear, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago.

Personal goods & services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
PERSONAL GOODS & SERVICES 39 40 0.4 0.2 -
Personal articles 10 10 1.6 0.8 -0.01
Chemists' goods 15 15 -0.2 0.1 -
Personal services 14 15 0.1 - -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There was a small downward contribution from personal articles, where prices overall rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for ladies’ handbags. Partially offset by a small upward contribution from flower vases, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago.

Motoring expenditure

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
MOTORING EXPENDITURE 131 122 0.2 0.9 0.09
Purchase of motor vehicles 39 34 -1.2 -0.4 0.03
Maintenance of motor vehicles 20 19 - 0.2 -
Petrol and oil 47 45 2.0 2.4 0.02
Vehicle tax and insurance 25 24 -1.0 0.4 0.04

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  • Largest upward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Vehicle tax and insurance, where average premiums for car insurance rose this year but fell a year ago; and to a lesser extent

  • Purchase of motor vehicles, where average prices for second-hand cars fell this year by less than a year ago; and

  • Petrol and oil, where prices overall rose this year by more than a year ago. The price of petrol, as recorded for the RPI, rose by 3.3 pence per litre between July and August 2013, to stand at 137.1 pence per litre, compared with a rise of 2.8 pence per litre last year to stand at 134.3 pence per litre. Diesel prices rose by 3.1 pence per litre, to stand at 141.8 pence per litre in August 2013, compared with a rise of 2.6 pence per litre last year to stand at 139.5 pence per litre. 

Fares and other travel costs

    Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
FARES AND OTHER TRAVEL COSTS 23 18 3.2 2.1 -0.04
Rail fares 6 6 - -1.3 -0.01
Bus and coach fares 4 4 -0.1 0.7 -
Other travel costs 13 8 5.4 5.0 -0.03

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  • Largest downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Other travel costs, where average charges rose this year by less than a year ago, particularly for air fares, with downward contributions came from domestic and European flights; and

  • Rail fares, where average charges for international rail journeys fell this year by more than a year ago. 

Leisure goods

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
LEISURE GOODS 33 30 -0.4 -0.5 -
Audio-visual equipment 7 6 -1.1 -1.2 0.01
CDs and tapes 3 3 -4.6 -5.5 -
Toys, photographic and sports goods 10 9 -1.1 1.0 0.02
Books and newspapers 8 7 1.8 -0.4 -0.02
Gardening products 5 5 0.8 -0.1 -

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  • Negligible overall effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • There are small upward contributions from:

  • Toys, photographic and sports goods, where prices overall rose this year but fell a year ago, with the main upward contribution coming from computer games; and

  • Audio-visual equipment, where average prices for laptop computers rose this year but fell a year ago.

  • Offset by books and newspapers, where prices overall fell this year but rose a year ago, with the main downward contributions coming from national daily newspapers and non-fiction hard cover books.

Leisure services

     Weight 2012 Weight 2013 1 month % change Aug-12 1 month % change Aug-13 Contribution to RPI annual rate change
LEISURE SERVICES 71 74 0.4 0.2 -0.01
TV licence and rentals 12 13 - - -
Entertainment and other recreation 17 15 - 0.6 0.01
Foreign holidays 33 35 0.7 0.2 -0.02
UK holidays 9 11 0.5 -0.2 -0.01

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  • Small downward effect on the all items 12-month rate change.

  • Due to:

  • Foreign holidays, where average charges rose this year by less than a year ago; and

  • UK holidays, where average charges fell this year but rose a year ago.

  • Partially offset by entertainment and other recreation, where average charges for theatre admissions rose this year by more than a year ago.

Reconciliation of CPI and RPI

(Table 5 of the Consumer Price Inflation Reference Tables) (1.22 Mb Excel sheet)

This table identifies the main factors contributing to the differences between the unrounded inflation rates for the CPI and the RPI. These differences are broken down into: mortgage interest payments, other housing components excluded from the CPI, other differences in the coverage of goods and services, and the formula effect. The final column titled ‘other differences including weights’ is derived as a residual.

The difference between the CPI and RPI unrounded annual rates in August 2013 was -0.59 percentage points, widening from -0.40 percentage points in July 2013.

The main factors contributing to the widening were:

  • Other differences including weights, which increased the RPI 12-month rate relative to the CPI 12-month rate by 0.12 percentage points between July and August 2013. The effect came mainly from fuels & lubricants, and insurance. Partially offsetting these widening effects was games, toys and hobbies;

  • Formula effect, with differences widening from -0.90 to -0.94 between July and August (increasing the RPI 12-month rate relative to the CPI 12-month rate by 0.05 percentage points); and

  • Other housing components, which, in August, increased the RPI 12-month rate by 0.03 percentage points but are excluded from the CPI. The effect came mainly from house depreciation.

There were no factors to offset the widening effect.

RPI miscellaneous data

Selected average prices

Description                                June 2013 July 2013 August 2013
Petrol per litre Diesel £1.39 £1.39 £1.42
Petrol £1.34 £1.34 £1.37
Alcohol pub prices Draught bitter (pint) £2.87 £2.87 £2.87
Draught lager (pint) £3.30 £3.30 £3.30
Whisky (per nip) £2.45 £2.46 £2.46
Cigarettes Per 20 king size £7.77 £7.77 £7.79

Table notes:

  1. Average prices are as recorded for the RPI.

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Changes in Mortgage Interest Rates

This table gives an estimate of the contribution that changes in the average mortgage interest rate (MI) make to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

Changes in mortgage interest rates

Month     1-month % change in the RPI Approx. Change in average MI rate Approx.contribution to the 1-month % change  in the RPI
August 2012 +0.4 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
September 2012 +0.5 Negligible -
October 2012 +0.6 Up +0.07% points +0.06% points
November 2012 +0.0 Down -0.08% points -0.07% points
December 2012 +0.5 Up +0.01% points +0.01% points
January 2013 -0.4 Down -0.01% points -0.01% points
February 2013 +0.7 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
March 2013 +0.4 Negligible -
April 2013 +0.3 Negligible -
May 2013 +0.2 Negligible -
June 2013 -0.1 Down -0.02% points -0.02% points
July 2013 +0.0 Negligible -
August 2013    +0.5 Negligible -
                                                                                                                                                    

Table notes:

  1. A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approx 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI.

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Outlook

The outlook is a summary of seasonal trends, selected news cuttings and other sources of information. It gives some indication of expected changes to the annual rate of the CPI and RPI in the next few months.

Food

Seasonal food
  • Seasonal food prices have shown a mixed pattern of rises and falls in September of previous years and are typically influenced by weather conditions both in the UK and around the world.

Food

Seasonal food

Monthly % change for CPI seasonal food index  
Year July August September
2007 -4.0 1.4 0.9
2008 -0.9 1.9 -0.8
2009 -2.5 -1.5 -2.2
2010 0.7 -0.5 -0.7
2011 -1.0 -1.0 0.8
2012 -0.5 0.2 -0.1
2013 0.2 0.2  

Table notes:

  1. Seasonal food prices in the RPI tend to show a similar movement.

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Clothing and footwear

  • Prices for clothing and footwear tend to rise in September.

Clothing and footwear

Monthly % change for CPI clothing and footwear index
Year July August September
2007 -4.0 1.4 1.6
2008 -3.2 1.4 2.2
2009 -3.2 1.3 3.6
2010 -4.9 2.8 6.4
2011 -3.5 3.7 4.4
2012 -2.6 2.8 4.7
2013 -3.2 2.0

Table notes:

  1. The clothing and footwear group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

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Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

  • Prices tend to rise in September.

Furniture, household equipment and maintenance

Monthly % change for CPI furniture, household equipment and maintenance index
Year July August September
2007 -4.2 0.5 1.8
2008 -3.2 0.8 1.6
2009 -2.7 1.5 1.6
2010 -1.9 1.0 1.7
2011 -1.1 2.0 1.2
2012 -1.1 0.8 0.5
2013 -1.0 1.8

Table notes:

  1. The household goods group in the RPI exhibits a similar seasonal pattern.

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Transport

Fuels and Lubricants
  • Global oil prices fell to a five-week low below $109 a barrel after the United States agreed to call off military action against Syria, easing supply concerns. Benchmark front-month Brent futures touched a six-month high of $117.34 a barrel in late August amid worries that a possible U.S. military strike against Syria would disrupt Middle East oil supplies already hit by outages in Libya and Iraq. (uk.reuters.com 16 September 2013)

  • When considering the price of petrol between August and September 2013, it may be useful to note that the average price of petrol rose by 3.9 pence per litre between August and September 2012, to stand at 139.0 pence per litre as measured in the CPI.

  • A 1 pence change on average in the cost of a litre of road fuel contributes approximately 0.03 percentage points to the 1-month change in the CPI.

Passenger transport by air
  • Airfares tend to fall sharply in September.

Passenger transport by air

Monthly % change for CPI air fares index
Year July August September
2007 16.9 7.4 -28.1
2008 20.7 11.1 -19.3
2009 12.2 8.3 -23.8
2010 9.6 16.1 -27.8
2011 9.8 11.2 -21.2
2012 21.7 10.2 -25.2
2013 13.9 9.4

Table notes:

  1. The air fares index used in the RPI is the same as that used in the CPI, and is included in the other travel costs section.

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Housing (RPI)

Mortgage interest payments (MIPs)
  • The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% on Thursday 5 September 2013.

  • The change in average mortgage interest rates recorded in the RPI was negligible between August and September 2012. The Bank of England Bank Rate remained unchanged at 0.5% in August 2012.

  • A one percentage point change in the average mortgage interest rate contributes approximately 0.9 percentage points to the 1-month percentage change in the RPI. 

Contacts

Media contact:

Tel: Luke Croydon  +44 (0) 845 6041858

      Out of hours media line +44 (0) 7867 906553

Email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Statistical contact:

Tel: Philip Gooding +44 (0) 1633 455896

Email: philip.gooding@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Website: www.ons.gov.uk

Email: cpi@ons.gsi.gov.uk

CPI/RPI recorded message (available after 9.45 am on release day):

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456961

CPI/RPI Enquiries:

Tel: +44 (0) 1633 456900

Background notes

  1. Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available by visiting www.statisticsauthority.gov.uk/assessment/code-of-practice/index.html or from the Media Relations Office email: media.relations@ons.gsi.gov.uk

    These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.

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