This is a short video on non-UK born short-term residents and uses data obtained from the 2011 Census of England and Wales. This is the first census of England and Wales to produce outputs relating to short-term residents.
A short-term resident was defined in the 2011 Census as anyone born outside the UK who intended to stay in the UK for a period of between 3 and 12 months, for any reason. There were estimated to be 195,000 short-term residents in England and Wales on 27th March 2011. This means there were 35 short-term residents per 10,000 usual residents.
Next we will look at the regional breakdown of short-term residents across England and Wales. London and the South East together contained 50 per cent of the short-term resident population; this compares to 30 per cent of the total usual resident population living in these two regions. The male to female ratios for all regions were quite even, with the national sex ratio being 98 males for every 100 females.
Now we will look at a map showing the number of short-term residents for every 10,000 usual residents. Many of the concentrations are in university towns and cities such as Oxford, Cambridge, Newcastle upon Tyne and Manchester. These all have over 100 short-term residents per 10,000 usual residents.
This population pyramid shows the distribution of short-term residents by age and sex. Nearly 70 per cent of the short-term resident population were aged 15-29 and 40 per cent of these were aged between 20 and 24. The orange and yellow lines show the distribution of the usual resident population for comparison. 20 per cent of the usually resident population were aged 15-29, showing that the short-term resident population is relatively much younger than the usual resident population.
Next we look at the top ten countries of birth for short-term residents; these accounted for 52 per cent of all short-term residents. The four highest ranking countries were India and China with 11 per cent of short- term residents being born in each of these countries, and the United States and France with 5 per cent each. These four countries therefore formed nearly a third of the short-term resident population in 2011.
Now we look at the nationalities of short-term residents based on information collected about the passports they held. These top ten nationalities accounted for 53 per cent of all short-term residents. Indian, Chinese and American nationalities again ranked highly and together accounted for 25 per cent of all short-term residents. A key difference when compared with the country of birth data is that non-UK born British nationals are included and make up 5 per cent of all short-term residents.
Finally we look at the main activity of short-term residents aged 16 and over by English regions and Wales. Nationally in 2011 55 per cent were full-time students, 27 per cent of short-term residents were working and 17 per cent were classified as ‘other’, which includes visiting relatives and extended vacations. The region with the highest proportion of students in its short-term resident population was the North East with 82 per cent. The region with the lowest population of students was London with 48 per cent. By contrast London had the highest proportion of its short-term resident population working at 32 per cent, while the North East had the lowest proportion at 9 per cent.