In 2011 there were an estimated 195,000 short-term resident (STRs) in England and Wales on census day, which is 35 STRs per 10,000 usual residents. A STR was defined in the 2011 Census as anyone living in England and Wales who was born outside the UK and who intended to stay in the UK for a period of between three and 12 months, for any reason. The 2011 Census was the first time this data was recorded.
Who are these short-term residents?
When looking at the age breakdown of this population, we see that it is much younger than the usual resident population, with nearly 70% aged 15-29 compared to 20% of usual residents. Figure 1 shows the comparison of the different populations, with the usual resident population distribution shown by the orange and yellow lines. There were 98 males to every 100 females in the STR population, a fairly even distribution.
Figure 1: Age distribution of non-UK born short-term residents compared to usual residents in England and Wales, 2011
Figure 2 below shows the top ten countries of birth for STRs in England and Wales; these accounted for 52% of the total STR population. The highest ranking countries were India and China with 11% of STRs being born in each country, followed by the United States and France with 5% each. Together, these four countries contributed nearly a third of the STR population in 2011.
Figure 2: Top ten countries of birth for STRs in England and Wales, 2011
Where do these short-term residents live?
The interactive map below shows the ratio of STRs per 10,000 usual residents across local authorities in England and Wales. The first of the three maps shows the distribution of all STRs. Many of the concentrations are in university towns and cities such as Oxford, Cambridge, Newcastle upon Tyne and Manchester. The darkest areas on the map have over 100 STRs for every 10,000 usual residents. This map also shows the distribution of STRs across England and Wales, divided to show where those from Europe and those from the rest of the world are living.
Interactive map: Non-UK born short-term residents per 10,000 usual residents, England and Wales local or unitary authority districts; 2011
Why are these short-term residents here?
The activity of STRs was also recorded in the 2011 Census. Over half (55%) of those aged 16 to 75 were here as full-time students; this compares to just 7% of the usual resident population who were students. Just over a quarter (27%) of STRs were working and the remainder (17%) were classified as ‘other’, a category that included visiting relatives and holidays.
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