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Frequency of release: Decennial
Geographical coverage: England and Wales
Geographical breakdown: Local Authority and County
Survey name(s): Census
In 2011, 13 per cent (7.5 million) of usual residents of England and Wales were born outside the UK; almost half (46 per cent or 3.4 million) of these held a UK passport.
The majority of both UK and foreign nationals aged 16 and over were economically active (64 per cent and 65 per cent respectively) and in employment (61 and 60 per cent respectively).
The proportion of foreign nationals who were students was more than double that of UK nationals: 17 per cent compared to 8.1 per cent; this difference is partly related to the younger age structure of the foreign national population.
For those in employment, foreign nationals were most concentrated in professional (20 per cent) and elementary occupations (19 per cent) while UK nationals were most concentrated in professional (18 per cent) and associate professional and technical occupations (13 per cent).
The proportion of foreign nationals employed in banking, finance and insurance (21 per cent) was higher than UK nationals (17 per cent); UK nationals were more concentrated in the public administration, education and health sector (29 per cent), compared to foreign nationals (23 per cent).
Foreign nationals were most frequently qualified at level 4+ (degree level or higher) (38 per cent); this compares with 29 per cent of UK nationals.
88 per cent (3.6 million) of foreign nationals aged 3 and over reported that they could speak English well, very well or as their main language; 1.7 per cent (70,000) of foreign nationals reported that they could not speak English at all.
73 per cent of UK nationals living in households lived in an owner occupied property, compared to 33 per cent of foreign nationals; foreign nationals were more likely to live in private rented accommodation (55 per cent) compared to UK nationals (14 per cent). These differences declined with increased length of residence in the UK.
Foreign nationals living in households who arrived in the UK before 1981 had similar levels of home ownership (75 per cent) as UK nationals (73 per cent).
Foreign nationals reported the highest levels of good health overall in the 2011 Census at 90 per cent, compared with 83 per cent for UK nationals; this is largely due to the younger age profile of foreign nationals.
For both UK-born and non-UK born, overall levels of good health are similar (81 and 83 per cent respectively); there is a general decline in reported good health status with age. Bangladeshi-born reported lower levels of good health than other countries of birth, Nigerian-born residents generally reported better health; these differences increased with age.
This release supplements previous releases of Detailed Characteristics tables for local authorities and regions, providing further detailed statistics at national, regional and local authority level.
Four of the tables included are Detailed Characteristics tables that provide of cross tabulations of two or more topics at region level. Two further Detailed Characteristics provide cross tabulations of Welsh language, for unitary authorities in Wales. A further 14 tables focus on topics relating to migration, at national level. Analysis of the characteristics of the non-UK born population and non-UK passport holders is also included.
During 2013 ONS will release further Detailed Characteristics tables for MSOAs and 2011 Census Merged Wards, and further statistics for lower levels of geography such as wards and super output areas. These will continue to provide an even richer and more valuable data source for the many users of the census.
Further information about the census estimates, including details about the methodology used and information about how other population sub-groups are counted and defined, is available in the in the 2011 Census user guide.
Further information on the fitness for purpose of the statistics in this release can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information
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These National Statistics are produced to high professional standards and released according to the arrangements approved by the UK Statistics Authority.