This is a short video on International Migration looking at detailed characteristics in England and Wales. It looks in more detail at country of birth and nationality using data obtained from the 2011 Census of England and Wales.
First we will look at the country of birth and nationality of the usually resident population. In 2011, 87 per cent of the resident population of England and Wales were born in the UK. Of this 87%, 70% held a UK passport, 16 per cent had no passport and 0.6 per cent held a non-UK passport.
The remaining 13 per cent of usual residents were born outside the UK. These include 7 per cent who held a foreign passport and 6 per cent who held a UK passport in 2011; 0.5 per cent had no passport.
Overall in 2011, there were 4.2 million foreign nationals in total.
Now we will look at the top ten nationalities as a per cent of all those who do not hold a UK passport in the resident population. Using this graph, we can see that Polish nationals were the biggest group with 13 per cent of the total. The second group were Irish nationals, around 9 per cent, and Indian nationals third with 8 per cent.
Bringing on the bars we can see that the top 10 accounted for 52 per cent of all foreign nationals living in England and Wales on census day 2011.
Next we will look at the top five non-UK countries of birth and non-UK nationalities. Here are the top five countries of birth, and here are the top 5 nationalities. There are differences in the numbers due to some of those born abroad being British citizens. Many people born in India have obtained British citizenship, so the number of Indian nationals is much lower than Indian born.
Poland had very similar numbers in each category, as Polish citizens have had the right to live and work in the UK since Poland joined the EU in 2004 and therefore had no need to obtain a UK passport.
Pakistan shows a similar pattern to India. The numbers of Irish born and Irish nationals were quite close, as Irish citizens have always had the right to live and work in the UK.
Completing the top five non-UK countries of birth is Germany, and Italians complete the top five non-UK nationalities.