In 2010 there were 268,758 newly diagnosed cases of malignant cancer registered in England. Of this total, 136,372 cancers were in males and 132,386 in females, representing an increase of 1.3 per cent (1,736 cases) in males and 1.8 per cent (2,343) in females, compared with 2009.
The age-standardised incidence rate of all cancers is 423 males and 370 females per 100,000 population, compared with 424 males and 367 females per 100,000 population in 2009.
The four most common sites for new cancer registrations are breast, prostate, lung and colorectal, accounting for around 53 per cent of the 268,758 new cases of malignant cancer.
The three most common cancers for men are prostate, lung and colorectal. Prostate cancer accounts for over 25 per cent of all male cancers diagnosed in 2010. Between 2001 and 2010 the age-standardised incidence rate for prostate cancer increased by around 10 per cent.1
Breast, lung and colorectal cancer are the three most common cancers in females. Breast cancer accounts for around one in three newly diagnosed cases of cancer in females. Between 2001 and 2010 the age standardised incidence rate increased by around 6.3 per cent. The chance of developing breast cancer incidence increases with age.2 In 2010, the rise in the number of newly diagnosed cases of female breast cancer started in women their mid-30s, increased in women in their 40s, becoming more prevalent in females in their 50s and beyond.
Lung cancer accounts for around 14 per cent of all cancers in males and 11 per cent of all cancers in females. The age-standardised rate of lung cancer in males and females is 56 and 38 respectively per 100,000 population. In the UK, around 91 per cent of lung cancer in men and more than 86 per cent in women are linked to lifestyle and environmental factors.3
Colorectal cancer is cancer of the colon and rectum combined. In 2010, there were a total of 33,218 newly diagnosed cases of colorectal cancer. The age-standardised incidence rate of colorectal cancer is 57 males and 36 females per 100,000 population.
Source: Office for National Statistics
Cancer incidence is coded as C00 to C97 using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10).
Statistics on cancer in Wales are available from the Welsh Cancer Intelligence Surveillance Unit
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