Transcript – National Cancer Statistics for England - 2012 update
This is a short video from the ONS, describing the production of cancer statistics, and highlighting the latest figures for England.
In England, around 270,000 people are diagnosed with cancer every year. The number is increasing, mainly because the population is getting older. More than half of all cancers are diagnosed over the age of 65.
More than one in three people will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime.
And for every four people in England, cancer will be the underlying cause of at least 1 death.
Within ONS, a dedicated team collect and check the quality of cancer registrations sent in by the eight regional cancer registries in England. Cancer registrations are combined with death registrations, and the resulting figures are used as the basis for ONS statistics on cancer incidence and survival. These National statistics are published regularly on the ONS web-site.
There are many different types of cancers which you can see here. However, breast, lung, prostate and colorectal cancers are the most common. These four cancers alone accounted for more than half of all new cancers registered in 2010.
In 2010, for every one hundred thousand men, around 423 were newly diagnosed with some form of cancer. For every one hundred thousand females, it was slightly less at 369. Since 1999, there has been very little change in these statistics.
Among males diagnosed with cancer in 2010, around 26 per cent of cases were prostate cancer, an increase of almost 6 percentage points since 1999. Almost 14 per cent of male cancer diagnoses were for lung cancer, but this has decreased from 20 per cent in 1999. Similarly, almost 14 per cent of cancers were diagnosed as colorectal cancer; however this rate has remained largely unchanged since 1999.
The 5 year survival for men diagnosed with lung cancer is around 7%, so of these 14 men, 1 would survive for at least 5 years after being diagnosed. For men diagnosed with colorectal cancer, the survival rate is around 50%, so of these 14 men, 7 would survive. And finally, for men diagnosed with prostate cancer the survival rate is around 79%, so of these 26 men 20 would survive for at least 5 years.
For females diagnosed with cancer in 2010, around 31 per cent were diagnosed with breast cancer, with those groups diagnosed as having lung cancer or colorectal cancer, both representing around 11 per cent. Compared with 1999, these figures have changed very little.
The 5 year survival for women diagnosed with lung cancer is around 9%, so of these 11 women only 1 would survive for at least 5 years after being diagnosed. The survival rate for colorectal cancer is higher at around 51%, or 6 out of 11 women. Finally, the survival rate of breast cancer is about 83% so of these 31 women about 26 would survive for 5 years or more.
Focusing more on breast cancer, the incidence rate in 2010 was 126 per 100,000 women. There has been a steady increase since 1971, when the incidence rate was 66 per 100,000 women. But looking at the mortality rate for breast cancer over the same time, mortality rates have decreased. In 2011, the mortality rate for breast cancer was 24 per 100,000 women compared with 39 in 1971.
We can see noticeable decreases from around the time when screening was introduced in 1988. Early detection makes treatment more likely to be effective and helps to reduce mortality.
To learn more about cancer statistics from ONS, and for the latest data, please visit the ONS website.