Colorectal cancer incidence and mortality rate by sex, 1971-2010
Source: Office for National Statistics
- Colorectal cancer is coded to 153-154 in the International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision (ICD-9) and to C18-C21 in the tenth revision (ICD-10)
- Figures are for newly diagnosed cancers registered in each calendar year and exclude non-residents
- Rates per 100,000 population, standardised to the European Standard Population
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in both men and women in England. In 2009 there were 18,538 new cases for men and 15,066 for women. This is equivalent to an incidence rate of 57 new cases per 100,000 men and 38 per 100,000 women.
Incidence rates for colorectal cancer increased by 33 per cent for men and 14 per cent for women between 1971 and 2009. Rates peaked at 58 cases per 100,000 in men in 2008. For women, rates were highest in 1992 and between 2007 and 2009 at 38 cases per 100,000 women.
Around 7,000 men and 6,000 women died from colorectal cancer in England in 2010, a rate of 21 deaths per 100,000 and 13 per 100,000 respectively. It is the third most common cause of cancer death, after lung and prostate cancer in men, and lung and breast cancer in women.
Mortality rates for colorectal cancer have halved for women between 1971 and 2010 and have decreased by 38 per cent for men.
Survival from cancer of the colon and rectum are calculated separately and have both doubled in 40 years. For colon cancer, five-year survival was 54 per cent for men and 55 per cent for women diagnosed in 2005-2009 and followed up to 2010. Five-year survival for those diagnosed in 1971-1975 and followed up to 1995 was 26 per cent for men and 25 per cent for women.
For cancer of the rectum, five-year survival was 55 per cent for men and 57 per cent for women diagnosed in 2005-2009 and followed up to 2010. Five-year survival for those diagnosed in 1971-1975 and followed up to 1995 was 27 per cent for men and 29 per cent for women
Office for National Statistics
- Colorectal cancer is coded to 153 and 154 in the International Classification of Diseases Eighth and Ninth Revisions (ICD-8 & 9) and to C18-21 in the Tenth Revision (ICD-10).
- Age-standardised rates allow comparisons between areas or over time where populations have different age structures. The method used here is direct standardisation using the European standard population.
- The five-year relative survival rates are for adults (ages 15-99) and have been age standardised to control for changes in the age profile of cancer patients over time. This enables figures for different time periods to be compared.
- Cancer incidence and mortality trends in the United Kingdom and constituent countries, 1993 to 2004 www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/hsq/health-statistics-quarterly/no--38--summer-2008/cancer-incidence-and-mortality--trends-in-the-united-kingdom-and-constituent-countries--1993-to-2004.pdf
- Cancer incidence and mortality in the United Kingdom and constituent countries, 2005–09
- Cancer Statistics: Registrations Series MB1
Mortality statistics: Deaths registered in England and Wales (Series DR) www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/all-releases.html?definition=tcm%3A77-27475
- Survival Rates in England, patients diagnosed 2005-2009 followed up to 2010 www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/cancer-unit/cancer-survival/2005-2009--followed-up-to-2010/summary-cancer-survival-2005-2009--followed-up-to-2010.html
- Bowel Cancer Awareness Month www.bowelcanceruk.org.uk/news-campaigns/latest-campaigns/bowel-cancer-awareness-month/
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