Electoral wards/divisions are the key building block of UK administrative geography, being the spatial units used to elect local government councillors in metropolitan and non-metropolitan districts, unitary authorities and the London boroughs in England; unitary authorities in Wales; council areas in Scotland; and district council areas in Northern Ireland.
Electoral wards are found in Scotland, Northern Ireland and most of England.
In Wales, the Isle of Wight and several of the new Unitary Authorities created as part of the LGR in 2009, the equivalent areas are legally termed 'electoral divisions', although they are frequently also referred to as wards.
The only part of the UK without electoral wards/divisions is the Isles of Scilly, which has its own council but no electoral zoning.
For statistical purposes however, ONS treats the islands' five parishes as electoral wards.
The often very small size of electoral wards/divisions can be appreciated from the map below.
Electoral wards/divisions (and the Scilly parishes) cover the whole of the UK; in addition, all higher administrative units are necessarily built up of whole electoral wards/divisions.
They are also used to constitute many other geographies such as the Nomenclature of Units for Territorial Statistics (NUTS) areas, health geographies and Westminster parliamentary constituencies.
English districts (metropolitan and non-metropolitan), London boroughs and unitary authorities average around 23 electoral wards/divisions each, Northern Irish districts around 22, Scottish council areas around 11 and Welsh unitary authorities about 40.
Population counts can vary substantially, even within a single local authority, but the national average is about 5,500.
More populous electoral wards/divisions tend to occur in large urban areas.
Electoral ward/division boundary changes are usually enacted on the first Thursday in May each year, to coincide with the local government elections.
As of 31 December 2011 the UK had 9,523 electoral wards/divisions.
County Electoral Divisions
Apart from the special cases of the Isles of Scilly and the Greater London Authority (GLA), the English county councils are the only type of local authority in the UK which does not use standard electoral wards/divisions for electing councillors.
Instead they use their own larger units, which are confusingly also termed electoral divisions.
These county electoral divisions must be confined within district boundaries, but need not be based on whole electoral wards.
Like electoral wards/divisions, county electoral divisions are defined by the Local Government Boundary Commission for England (LGBCE).
ONS Geography does not maintain lists of names and codes for county electoral divisions.
Statistical Wards, CAS Wards and ST Wards
Further information on statistical wards, Census Area Statistics (CAS) wards and Standard Table (ST) wards, can be found in the Related Links section.