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Census analysis: Health and social care

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is leading a Census Analysis Work Programme that provides detailed analyses of census data on a variety of topics. This page covers Health and social care, and the analyses are based on census data for England and Wales.

Unpaid care expectancies across NHS Clinical Commissioning Groups

2011 Census data give new insight into different patterns of care provision by men and women across geographical areas.

Females live longer than males but spend a larger proportion of their lives with a disability

Census analysis shows that people in the South of England have higher disability-free life expectancy than those in the North.

What was the healthy life expectancy of people at birth and at age 65?

ONS analysis looks at variation by Clinical Commissioning Groups using 2011 Census data

What does the 2011 Census tell us about health and disability?

ONS analysis looks at how age and area influence 'Good' health among disabled people.

The link between disadvantage and health status is strongest among the middle age (35 to 64)

What the 2011 Census reveals about health and disability in the most and least disadvantaged areas in England.

Severe disabilities may be restricting peoples' access to top jobs and careers

In England and Wales, the 'higher managerial and professional' occupation category had the lowest proportion of workers with severe disabilities in 2011.

Strong relationship between self-assessed health and area deprivation in England and Wales

Highest percentages of ‘Good’ health were clustered to the south and west of London in 2011.

Inequality exists across England and Wales in the proportion of people reporting that their daily activities were limited

Around a fifth of residents reported they had some form of activity limitation in 2011.

The largest health gaps between socio-economic classes are found in big cities

Islington in London had the largest health gaps for both men and women.

Ethnic variations in general health and unpaid care provision

Inequality in general heath and in the provision of unpaid care between ethnic groups in England and Wales.

Providing unpaid care may have an adverse affect on young carers’ general health

Analysis of unpaid care provision in England and Wales by 5 to 17-year-olds.

Gender gap in unpaid care provision

Investigates the provision of unpaid care by males and females in England and Wales in 2011, and how this varied by age, region and economic activity.

Unpaid care

Comparison of 2001 Census and 2011 Census over time on the number of unpaid carers and the extent of care they provide at national, regional and local level, and by level of area disadvantage.

General Health

Self-assessed health draws together an individual’s perception of all aspects of their health and wellbeing and is a useful indicator of general well-being and health-related quality of life.


Describes the health of the population of England and Wales in respect to activity limiting health problems or disabilities.

For more analysis from the 2011 Census covering different topics, visit Census Analysis.


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