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Glossary of Labour Market terms

Employees − people who regard themselves as paid employees. People with 2 or more jobs are counted only once.

Self-employed − people who regard themselves as self-employed, that is, who work on their own account in their main employment, whether or not they have employees.

Unemployment − the measure based on the International Labour Organisation (ILO) guidelines. These count as unemployed those who are without a job, are available to start work in the next 2 weeks, who have been seeking a job in the last 4 weeks or are waiting to start a job already obtained.

Economically active (labour force) − those in employment plus ILO unemployed.

Economically inactive − people who are neither in employment nor unemployment. This includes those looking after a home or retired or permanently unable to work.

Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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