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Presentation of Ethnic Group Data

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This section provides guidance on how ethnic group data should be presented for England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland, GB and the UK.

How should data for England and Wales be presented if using the country specific questions?

The presentation should follow the order of categories below when using the country specific ethnic group question for the England and Wales.

 

Note: XXX indicates where data will be in the presentation table
White
   English/ Welsh/ Scottish/ Northern Irish/ British XXX
   Irish XXX
   Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller * XXX
   Any other White background XXX

Mixed/ Multiple ethnic groups

   White and Black Caribbean XXX
   White and Black African XXX
   White and Asian XXX
   Any other Mixed/ Multiple ethnic background XXX

Asian/ Asian British

   Indian XXX
   Pakistani XXX
   Bangladeshi XXX
   Chinese XXX
   Any other Asian background XXX

Black/ African/ Caribbean/ Black British

   African XXX
   Caribbean XXX
   Any other Black/ African/ Caribbean background XXX
Other ethnic group
   Arab XXX
   Any other ethnic group XXX

Issues to note when presenting data based on using the country specific harmonised country specific ethnic group question for England and Wales

* Where numbers are too small or disclosive the category should be merged with ‘Other White.  It is recommended that 'Roma' responses are included under 'Other ethnic group' and a footnote should be presented to clarify this.

 

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How should data for Scotland be presented if using the Scottish country specific ethnic group question?

The presentation should follow the order of categories below when using the Scottish country specific ethnic group question.

 

Note: XXX indicates where data will be in the presentation table
White
Scottish XXX
Other British XXX
Irish XXX 
Gypsy/Traveller XXX 
Polish XXX
Any other white ethnic group XXX

Mixed or Multiple ethnic groups

Any mixed or multiple ethnic groups XXX

Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British

Pakistani, Pakistani Scottish or Pakistani British XXX
Indian, Indian Scottish or Indian British
Bangladeshi, Bangladeshi Scottish or Bangladeshi British XXX
Chinese, Chinese Scottish or Chinese British XXX
Any other Asian XXX

African

African, African Scottish or African British XXX
Any other African XXX
Caribbean or Black
Caribbean, Caribbean Scottish or Caribbean British XXX
Black, Black Scottish or Black British XXX
Any other Caribbean or Black XXX
Other ethnic group  
Arab, Arab Scottish or Arab British XXX
Any other ethnic group XXX

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How should data be presented if using the England and Wales ethnic group question in Scotland?

When the England and Wales question is used in Scotland the order of presentation of responses should follow order of categories as for England and Wales but putting Scottish first.

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How should data be presented if using the Northern Ireland country specific ethnic group question?

The presentation should follow the order of categories below when using the Northern Ireland country specific ethnic group question

 

Note: XXX indicates where data will be in the presentation table
White
Irish Traveller* XXX

Mixed/ Multiple ethnic groups

   White and Black Caribbean XXX
   White and Black African XXX

   White and Asian

XXX
   Any other Mixed/ Multiple ethnic background XXX

Asian/ Asian British

   Indian XXX
   Pakistani XXX
   Bangladeshi XXX
   Chinese XXX
   Any other Asian background XXX

Black/ African/ Caribbean/ Black British

   African XXX
   Caribbean XXX
   Any other Black/ African/ Caribbean background XXX
Other ethnic group
   Arab XXX
   Any other ethnic group XXX

Issues to note when presenting data based on using the harmonised country specific ethnic group question for Northern Ireland

*For Northern Ireland ‘Irish Traveller’ is collected under its own ethnic group and should be presented as Irish Traveller’. Where ‘Irish Traveller’ ‘numbers are small or disclosive it is recommended to output to ‘Any other ethnic group’. Note that 'Roma' responses should be recorded under 'Other ethnic group'. Northern Ireland's framework for monitoring minority ethnic and migrant people' published by the Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister in July 2011 recommends that Roma is categorised under 'Other' ethnic group. This is because there is a distinct category for Irish Travellers, who by law (Race Relations Order) are categorised as an ethnic group in their own right. Roma is not a subset of the Irish Traveller group and the need is to have accurate data on both Roma and on Irish Travellers.

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How should data be presented for a GB output when using the country specific questions?

  • If the harmonised country specific ethnic group questions for England, Wales and Scotland are used to produce a GB output then the presentation of data should follow the order of responses below.

  • It is important to note that due to some of the differences in the format and wording of Scotland’s harmonised country specific ethnic group question some responses are not directly comparable. Response categories should be aggregated and presented at the main level category only with footnotes to explain the issues surrounding the differences in the data collection process.

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Presentation for ethnic group data in GB when using the country specific questions for England, Wales and Scotland

Note: XXX indicates where data will be in the presentation table
White
   English/ Welsh/ Scottish/ Northern Irish/ British XXX
   Irish XXX

   Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller *

XXX
   Any other White background** XXX
Mixed/ Multiple ethnic groups***                                                    XXX

Asian/ Asian British

   Indian XXX
   Pakistani XXX
   Bangladeshi XXX
   Chinese XXX
   Any other Asian background XXX

Black/ African/ Caribbean/ Black British****

Other ethnic group
   Arab XXX
   Any other ethnic group XXX

Issues to note when presenting GB data based on using the harmonised country specific ethnic group questions for England, Wales and Scotland

* If data too small or potentially disclosive it should be combined with ‘Other White’. There are differences in data collection across GB - Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller is collected in England and Wales and ‘Gypsy/Traveller’ is collected in Scotland.

It is also recommended that 'Roma' responses are included under 'Other ethnic group' and a footnote should be presented to clarify this, however for Scotland it is likely that some ‘Roma’ might be included under Gypsy/Traveller.

**The Polish category from the country specific question for Scotland should be combined with the ‘Other White’ category. Also be aware of the possibility that ‘White Africans’ could have been recorded under ‘African’ and ‘Other White’ in Scotland.

*** Mixed/multiple ethnic groups isn’t broken down for the country specific question for Scotland and a footnote should be included to explain differences in data collection.

**** Differences in the terminology and data collection of the country specific Scotland question make these categories difficult to compare. The ‘African’ category in the Scottish question is presented in a separate section to the Caribbean or Black category, however under the harmonised output these two categories are output as part of ‘Black/African/Caribbean/Black British’.  The African categories used in Scotland could potentially capture ‘White/Asian/Other African in addition to Black identities.

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How should data be presented for a GB output when using the country specific ethnic group questions for England and Wales and the same question for Scotland?

The presentation should follow the order of categories below if using the country specific ethnic group questions for England and Wales and if the same question is used for Scotland

 

Note: XXX indicates where data will be in the presentation table
White
   English/ Welsh/ Scottish/ Northern Irish/ British XXX
   Irish XXX

   Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller *

XXX
   Any other White background XXX
Mixed/ Multiple ethnic groups***                                                   
   White and Black Caribbean XXX
   White and Black African XXX
   White and Asian XXX
   Any other Mixed/ Multiple ethnic background XXX

Asian/ Asian British

   Indian XXX
   Pakistani XXX
   Bangladeshi XXX
   Chinese XXX
   Any other Asian background XXX

Black/ African/ Caribbean/ Black British

   African XXX
   Caribbean XXX
   Any other Black/ African/ Caribbean background XXX

Other ethnic group

 
   Arab XXX
   Any other ethnic group XXX

Issues to note when presenting GB data based on using the harmonised country specific ethnic group questions for England and Wales and using the same question for Scotland  

* Where numbers are small or disclosive for England, Wales and Scotland it is recommended to output to ‘Other White’. There are differences in data collection across GB - Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller is collected in England and Wales and ‘Gypsy/Traveller’ is collected in Scotland. It is recommended that 'Roma' responses are included under 'Other ethnic group' and a footnote should be presented to clarify this, however for Scotland it is likely that some ‘Roma’ might be included under Gypsy/Traveller.

 

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How should data be presented for a full UK output when using the country specific questions for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland?

If the harmonised country specific ethnic group questions for England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland are used to produce a UK output then the presentation of data should follow that below. It is important to note that due to some of the differences in the format and wording of the Scotland harmonised country specific ethnic group question some responses are not directly comparable. Response categories should be aggregated and presented at the main level category with footnotes to explain the issues surrounding the differences in the data collection process.

Note: XXX indicates where data will be in the presentation table
White* XXX
Irish Traveller** XXX

Mixed/ Multiple ethnic groups***

XXX

Asian/ Asian British

   Indian XXX
   Pakistani XXX
   Bangladeshi XXX
   Chinese XXX
   Any other Asian background XXX

Black/ African/ Caribbean/ Black British****

XXX
Other ethnic group
   Arab XXX
   Any other ethnic group***** XXX

Issues to note when presenting UK data based on using the harmonised country specific ethnic group questions for England, Wales, Northern Ireland and Scotland
* This category could include Polish responses from the country specific question for Scotland which would have been outputted to ‘Other White’ and then included under ‘White’ for UK. Also be aware of the possibility that ‘White Africans’ could have been recorded under ‘Other White’ and then included under ‘White’ for UK.

** For Northern Ireland, ‘Irish Traveller is collected under its own ethnic group. Where numbers for ‘Irish Traveller’ are small or disclosive in Northern Ireland it is recommended to output to ‘Other ethnic group’. Where numbers are small or disclosive for England, Wales and Scotland it is recommended to output to ‘Other White’.

There are differences in data collection across the UK for ‘Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller’, which make it difficult to produce a UK estimate. Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller is collected in England and Wales and ‘Gypsy/Traveller’ is collected in Scotland and they are both output under ‘White’. However, if there is a need to show a UK output for, 'Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller'(and the numbers are not small or disclosive,) the responses from the GB questions can be combined with the responses from the 'Irish Traveller' category from Northern Ireland. It is recommended that 'Roma' responses are included under 'Other ethnic group' and a footnote should be presented to clarify this, however for Scotland it is likely that some ‘Roma’ might be included under Gypsy/Traveller . Northern Ireland's framework for monitoring minority ethnic and migrant people' published by the Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister in July 2011 recommends that Roma is categorised under 'Other' ethnic group. This is because there is a distinct category for Irish Travellers, who by law (Race Relations Order) are categorised as an ethnic group in their own right. Roma is not a subset of the Irish Traveller group and the need is to have accurate data on both Roma and on Irish Travellers).

***This classification isn’t broken down for the country specific question for Scotland and a footnote should be included to explain differences in data collection.

****Differences in the terminology and data collection of the country specific Scotland question make these categories difficult to compare. The ‘African’ category in the Scottish question is presented in a separate section to the ‘Caribbean’ or ‘Black’ category, however, under the harmonised output these two categories are output as part of Black/African/Caribbean/Black British’. The African categories used in Scotland could potentially capture ‘White/Asian/Other African’ in addition to ‘Black’ identities.

*****See Irish Travellers above

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How should data be presented for a UK output when using the country specific ethnic group questions for England, Wales and Northern Ireland and the England and Wales ethnic group question for Scotland?

If the harmonised country specific ethnic group questions for England, Wales and Northern Ireland are used along with the England and Wales question for Scotland then the presentation of data should follow that below with footnotes to explain the issues surrounding the differences in the data collection process.

Note: XXX indicates where data will be in the presentation table
White* XXX
Irish Traveller** XXX

Mixed/ Multiple ethnic groups

   White and Black Caribbean XXX
   White and Black African XXX
   White and Asian XXX
   Any other Mixed/ Multiple ethnic background XXX

Asian/ Asian British

   Indian XXX
   Pakistani XXX
   Bangladeshi XXX
   Chinese XXX
   Any other Asian background XXX

Black/ African/ Caribbean/ Black British

   African XXX
   Caribbean XXX
   Any other Black/ African/ Caribbean background XXX
Other ethnic group
   Arab XXX
   Any other ethnic group*** XXX

Issues to note when presenting UK data based on using the harmonised country specific ethnic group questions for England , Wales and Northern Ireland and the England and Wales question for Scotland

*There are differences in data collection across the UK for ‘Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller which make it difficult to produce a UK estimate - Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller is collected in England and Wales and ‘Gypsy/Traveller’ is collected in Scotland. Also for GB ‘Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller’ is included under ‘White’ and where numbers are small or disclosive for England, Wales and Scotland it is recommended to output to ‘Other White’

** For Northern Ireland, ‘Irish Traveller is collected under its own ethnic group and should be presented as Irish Traveller’. Where numbers for ‘Irish Traveller’ are small or disclosive in Northern Ireland it is recommended to output to ‘Other ethnic group’ (***). Where numbers are small or disclosive for England, Wales and Scotland it is recommended to output to ‘Other White’.

There are differences in data collection across the UK for ‘Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller’, which make it difficult to produce a UK estimate. Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller is collected in England and Wales and ‘Gypsy/Traveller’ is collected in Scotland and they are both output under ‘White’. However, if there is a need to show a UK output for, 'Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller'(and the numbers are not small or disclosive,) the responses from the GB questions can be combined with the responses from the 'Irish Traveller' category from Northern Ireland. It is recommended that 'Roma' responses are included under 'Other ethnic group' and a footnote should be presented to clarify this, however for Scotland it is likely that some ‘Roma’ might be included under Gypsy/Traveller. Northern Ireland's framework for monitoring minority ethnic and migrant people' published by the Office of the First Minister and deputy First Minister in July 2011 recommends that Roma is categorised under 'Other' ethnic group. This is because there is a distinct category for Irish Travellers, who by law (Race Relations Order) are categorised as an ethnic group in their own right. Roma is not a subset of the Irish Traveller group and the need is to have accurate data on both Roma and on Irish Travellers).

***Where ‘Irish Traveller’ ‘numbers are small or disclosive it is recommended to output to ‘other ethnic group’.

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Content from the Office for National Statistics.
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