RegionThe term 'Region' is frequently used to describe any of the 9 Regions (Former Government Office Regions) of England.
Further information about Regions (Former GORs)
Region (Scottish Local Government)9 Local Government Regions existed in Scotland between 1975 and 1996, where they were each split into a number of districts, thus forming a 2-tier local government structure. During this period Scotland also had 3 single-tier island authorities (Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands and Western Isles). On 1 April 1996, the existing Scottish administrative structure was abolished and replaced by 32 unitary council areas.
Further Information on Scottish Administrative Geographies
Regional Development Agency (RDA)The 9 Regional Development Agencies (RDAs) in England are responsible for promoting sustainable economic development and economic and social regeneration within their regions. The areas covered by the RDAs coincide with the Regions (Former GORs). RDAs will close at the end of March 2012.
Further Information about RDAs
Regional Health Authority (RHA)Regional Health Authorities were the upper tier of NHS administration in England between the 1970s and 1996, when they were replaced by NHS Regional Offices.
Further Information about English Health Geographies
Regional Office (NHS)
Three Regional Offices were introduced in April 2003 as subdivisions of the NHS Wales Department of the National Assembly. Each Regional Office is responsible for performance managing groups of the new Local Health Boards (LHBs), one of which is found in each Welsh unitary authority.
NHS Regional Offices were also the top level of the NHS in England prior to April 2002, when they were replaced by 4 Directorates of Health and Social Care (DHSCs). The Regional Offices covered groups of Health Authorities (HAs) and did not fit into the Government Office Region (GOR) structure.
Further Information about Health Geographies
Registration districts are the areas used for recording births, marriages and deaths.
Further information about Registration Districts
Royal Mail Group plc is a public limited company wholly owned by the government, responsible for the main UK postal service.
Further Information about the Royal Mail
There is no single definition of a rural area as there are many different approaches to classifying what is 'rural' (or 'non-urban'). These include approaches based on population, on population density, on land use and on socio-economic characteristics, and all have different advantages and disadvantages depending on what the classification is being used for. However, the Rural and Urban Area Classification 2004 is now available as a National Statistics standard. This classifies Output Areas and wards as either urban or rural depending on whether the bulk of their population falls in a settlement of greater than 10,000 residents. It also offers subclassifications of urban and rural, based on population density.
Further Information about the Rural Areas